Limopsoidea

Cucullaea barbara, from Beu & Raine (2009).


Belongs within: Pteriomorphia.
Contains: Glycymeris, Limopsis, Hochstetteria.

The Limopsoidea are a group of bivalves that first appeared in the Lower Permian. Members of the family Glycymerididae are commonly known as 'dog cockles' in reference to their resemblance to the distantly related true cockles (Cardiidae). The shell is more or less equilateral in Glycymerididae but strongly inequilateral in Philobryidae; the Limopsidae include both equilateral and inequilateral species.

Characters (from Cox et al. 1969): Orbicular to obliquely ovoid, generally without umbonal ridge; smooth or radially ornamented.

<==Limopsoidea [Limopsacea]
    |--Cucullaea Lamarck 1801 F27b, S98 [Cucullaeidae S98]
    |    |  i. s.: C. adelaidensis Tate 1886 DK10
    |    |         C. concamera Bruguiere 1789 H09
    |    |         C. corioensis Q72
    |    |         C. labiata (Lightfoot 1786) ES88
    |    |         C. keepingi Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
    |    |         C. minuta Sowerby 1824 F27b
    |    |         C. ‘obesa’ (Pictet & Roux 1852) [=Arca obesa non Sowerby 1833] F27b
    |    |         C. waihaoensis Allan 1926 F27a
    |    |         C. worthingtoni Hutton 1873 [incl. C. attenuata Hutton 1873] F27a
    |    |--*C. (Cucullaea) auriculifera Lamarck 1801 S98
    |    `--C. (Cucullastis Finlay & Marwick 1937) S98
    |         |--C. (*C.) barbara Finly & Marwick 1938 S98
    |         `--C. (C.) zealandica Woods 1917 [=C. (C.) zelandica] S98
    |--Glycymerididae KS02
    |    |--Glycymeris MG-H11
    |    |--Pectunculus F27b
    |    |    |--P. flabellatus [incl. P. orbicularis Angas 1879] F27b
    |    |    |--P. globosus Sowerby 1850 F27b
    |    |    |--P. glycymeris M62
    |    |    |--P. obliquus Defrance 1826 F27b
    |    |    |--P. ‘obliquus’ Lea 1833 non Defrance 1826 F27b
    |    |    `--P. ‘obliquus’ Munster 1835 nec Defrance 1826 nec Lea 1833 F27b
    |    `--Tucetona Iredale 1931 DK08
    |         |--T. gealei (Angas 1873) MG-H11
    |         |--T. hoylei (Melvill & Standen 1899) MG-H11
    |         |--T. laticostata HS01
    |         |--T. lenticularis (Tate 1886) [=Pectunculus lenticularis] DK08
    |         |--T. pectunculus (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
    |         |--T. scalarisculpta Lamprell & Whitehead 1990 MG-H11
    |         |--T. sordida (Tate 1891) MG-H11
    |         `--T. strigilata (Sowerby 1833) [=Glycymeris (Tucetona) strigilata] PP78
    |--Limopsidae SC04
    |    |--Limopsis DK08
    |    |--Aupouria Powell 1937 P61
    |    |    `--*A. parvula Powell 1937 P61
    |    |--Pectunculina d’Orbigny 1843 P61
    |    |    |--*P. scalaris P61
    |    |    |--P. lata Smith 1885 P61
    |    |    `--P. tasmani Dell 1956 P61
    |    |--Austrosarepta Hedley 1899 P61
    |    |    |--*A. picta [=Lissarca picta] P61
    |    |    |--A. benthicola Dell 1956 P61
    |    |    |--A. harrisonae (Powell 1927) P61
    |    |    |--A. pileopsis (Powell 1927) P61
    |    |    `--A. trapezina (Bernard 1897) P61
    |    `--Lissarca Smith 1902 P61
    |         |--*L. rubrofusca P61
    |         |--L. aucklandica Smith 1902 P61
    |         |--L. exilis Suter 1913 P61
    |         |--L. pisum Suter 1913 P61
    |         |--L. stationis Fleming 1948 P61
    |         `--L. stewartiana Powell 1935 P61
    `--Philobryidae SC04
         |--Micromytilus crenuliferus SC04
         |--Notomytilus Hedley 1916 F27a
         |--Hochstetteria F27a
         |--Eophilobryoidella Stiller & Chen 2004 SC04
         |    `--*E. sinoanisica Stiller & Chen 2004 SC04
         |--Philippiella F27a
         |    |--P. hamiltoni Hedley 1916 F27a
         |    `--P. modiolus F27a
         |--Philobrya H09
         |    |--P. modiolus HS01
         |    |--P. scabra Hedley 1906 H09
         |    `--P. recapitula Hedley 1906 H09
         |--Cratis Hedley 1915 P61
         |    |--*C. progressa P61
         |    |--C. delicatula Powell 1937 P61
         |    `--C. retiaria Powell 1937 P61
         `--Cosa Finlay 1927 F27a
              |--*C. costata (Bernard 1896) [=Hochstetteria costata] P61
              |--C. caribaea Abbott 1958 B59
              |--C. filholi (Bernard 1897) P61
              |--C. laevicostata Powell 1933 P61
              |--C. parallelogramma [=Hochstetteria parallelogramma] F27a
              `--C. serratocostata Powell 1933 P61
                   |--C. s. serratocostata P61
                   `--C. s. dispar Powell 1937 P61

Cucullaea keepingi Finlay 1927 [=Pectunculus obliquus Keeping 1883 nec Defrance 1826 nec Lea 1833 nec Munster 1835 nec Reeve 1843, C. (Dicranodonta) obliqua] F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B59] Baker, B. B. 1959. Publications received: The marine mollusks of Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. By R. Tucker Abbott. Nautilus 72 (4): 147–148.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

Cox, L. R., N. D. Newell et al. 1969. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt N. Bivalvia vol. 1. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[DK10] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2010. Eocene molluscs from the Merlinleigh Sandstone, Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (1): 23–41.

[ES88] Emerson, W. K., & W. E. Sage III. 1988. A new species of Vasum (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) from off Somalia. Nautilus 102 (1): 36–39.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[KS02] Kanjilal, S., & M. S. Srinivasan. 2002. New bivalves from the Miocene of Little Andaman Island, Bay of Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India 60: 527–536.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

[SC04] Stiller, F., & Chen J. 2004. Eophilobryoidella sinoanisica new genus and species, an early philobryid bivalve from the Upper Anisian (Middle Triassic) of Qingyan, southwestern China. Journal of Paleontology 78 (2): 418–419.

[S98] Stilwell, J. D. 1998. Late Cretaceous Mollusca from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Alcheringa 22 (1): 29–85.

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