Erysiphaceae

Cleistothecium of Microsphaera vanbruntiana, copyright W. N. Ellis.


Belongs within: Sordariomyceta.

The Erysiphaceae are a group of fungi including the powdery mildews. Members of this family have a white mycelium producing large, non-septate conidia on simple, erect conidiophores, and indehiscent perithecia containing non-septate ascospores.

Erysiphaceae EB03
    |--Sphaerotheca cucurbitae LK04
    `--+--Golovinomyces orontii LK04
       `--+--Phyllactinia LK04
          |    |--P. guttata ST99
          |    `--P. moricola LK04
          `--+--Leveillula taurica LK04
             |--Uncinula LK04
             |    |--U. mori LK04
             |    `--U. necator GAK07
             `--Microsphaera LK04
                  |--M. friestii LK04
                  |    |--M. f. var. friestii LK04
                  |    `--M. f. var. dahurica LK04
                  |--M. thermopsis D03
                  `--M. vanbruntiana SS09

Erysiphaceae incertae sedis:
  Erysiphe EB03
    |--E. aceris H04
    |--E. alni H04
    |--E. berberidis H04
    |--E. carpophila Sydow 1924 M26
    |    |--E. c. var. carpophila M26
    |    `--E. c. var. rubicola Murray 1926 M26
    |--E. cichoracearum LG91
    |--E. glycines SS09
    |--E. graminis [incl. Oidium monilioides] H86
    `--E. salicis H04
  Blumeria graminis EB03, SL02
  Arthrocladiella EB03
  Brasiliomyces EB03
  Bulbomicrosphaera EB03
  Bulbouncinula EB03
  Cystotheca EB03
  Medusosphaera EB03
  Neoerysiphe EB03
  Pleochaeta EB03
  Podosphaera leucotricha EB03, KD83
  Sawadaea EB03
  Setoerysiphe EB03
  Typhulochaeta EB03
  Uncinuliella EB03
  Erysiphites T93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[D03] David, J. C. 2003. Orthographic conundrums: The problem of –opsis and –botrys. Taxon 52: 603–608.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota – 2003. Myconet 9: 1–89.

[GAK07] Guichou, S., P. Auger & S. Kreiter. 2007. The acaricidal effect of sulfur on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) under laboratory conditions. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 535–545. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H86] Haviland, E. 1886. On a microscopic fungus parasitic upon the Cucurbitaceae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 173–175.

[KD83] Koç, N. K., & G. Défago. 1983. Studies on the host range of the hyperparasite Aphanocladium album. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 107: 214–218.

[LG91] Li, W.-H., & D. Graur. 1991. Fundamentals of Molecular Evolution. Sinauer: Sunderland (MA).

[LK04] Lutzoni, F., F. Kauff, C. J. Cox, D. McLaughlin, G. Celio, B. Dentinger, M. Padamsee, D. Hibbett, T. Y. James, E. Baloch, M. Grube, V. Reeb, V. Hofstetter, C. Schoch, A. E. Arnold, J. Miadlikowska, J. Spatafora, D. Johnson, S. Hambleton, M. Crockett, R. Shoemaker, G.-H. Sung, R. Lücking, T. Lumbsch, K. O'Donnell, M. Binder, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, C. Gueidan, K. Hansen, R. C. Harris, K. Hosaka, Y.-W. Lim, B. Matheny, H. Nishida, D. Pfister, J. Rogers, A. Rossman, I. Schmitt, H. Sipman, J. Stone, J. Sugiyama, R. Yahr & R. Vilgalys. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1446–1480.

[M26] Murray, B. J. 1926. Four fungi on the endemic species of Rubus in New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 218–225.

[ST99] Saenz, G. S., & J. W. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Meliola and Meliolina inferred from nuclear small subunit rRNA sequences. Mycological Research 103 (8): 1049–1056.

[SS09] Schoch, C. L., G.-H. Sung, F. López-Giráldez, J. P. Townsend, J. Miadlikowska, V. Hofstetter, B. Robbertse, P. B. Matheny, F. Kauff, Z. Wang, C. Gueidan, R. M. Andrie, K. Trippe, L. M. Ciufetti, A. Wynns, E. Fraker, B. P. Hodkinson, G. Bonito, J. Z. Groenewald, M. Arzanlou, G. S. de Hoog, P. W. Crous, D. Hewitt, D. H. Pfister, K. Peterson, M. Gryzenhout, M. J. Wingfield, A. Aptroot, S.-O. Suh, M. Blackwell, D. M. Hillis, G. W. Griffith, L. A. Castlebury, A. Y. Rossman, H. T. Lumbsch, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, A. Rauhut, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, D. M. Geiser, K. Hosaka, P. Inderbitzin, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, L. Mostert, K. O'Donnell, H. Sipman, J. D. Rogers, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Sugiyama, R. C. Summerbell, W. Untereiner, P. R. Johnston, S. Stenroos, A. Zuccaro, P. S. Dyer, P. D. Crittenden, M. S. Cole, K. Hansen, J. M. Trappe, R. Yahr, F. Lutzoni & J. W. Spatafora. 2009. The Ascomycota tree of life: a phylum-wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological traits. Systematic Biology 58 (2): 224–239.

[SL02] Schweigkofler, W., K. Lopandic, O. Molnár & H. Prillinger. 2002. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Ascomycota with yeast phases using ribosomal DNA sequences and cell wall sugars. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2: 1–17.

[T93] Taylor, T. N. 1993. Fungi. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 9–13. Chapman & Hall: London.

Parholaspididae

Holaspina sp., copyright Centre for Biodiversity Genomics.


Belongs within: Eviphidoidea.

The Parholaspididae are a group of moderately to heavily sclerotised mites often found in litter and soil habitats or in tree holes in the Northern Hemisphere, often at higher altitudes (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Posterior end of peritreme straight, joining stigmata anteriorly; genu I usually with three ventral setae; tarsus I with or without claws; paired paradactyli of pretarsi II–IV usually setiform, undivided distally; female with lateral accessory sclerites faint or absent beneath lateral margins of epigynal shield.

<==Parholaspididae [Parholaspinae]
    |--Lattinella Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    `--L. capizzii Krantz 1960 FH93
    |--Gamasholaspis Berlese 1904 [incl. Evansolaspis Bregetova & Koroleva 1960] FH93
    |    `--G. gamasoides Berlese 1904 FH93
    |--Krantzholaspis Petrova 1967 FH93
    |    `--K. zwartae (Marshall 1964) [=Neparholaspis zwartae] FH93
    |--Parholaspis Berlese 1918 ET79
    |    |--*P. desertus Berlese 1918 ET79
    |    `--P. kewensis LKW09
    |--Neparholaspis Evans 1956 [incl. Tricholaspis Evans 1956] FH93
    |    |--N. evansi Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    `--N. spathulatus [incl. N. crispus] LKW09
    |--Parholaspella Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    |--P. peltata Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    |--P. spatulata Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    `--P. womersleyi Krantz 1960 FH93
    |--Snaveolaspis Johnston 1969 FH93
    |    |--‘Parholaspulus’ hiasmaticus Petrova 1967 H95
    |    |--S. lobata (Krantz 1960) [=Parholaspulus lobatus] FH93
    |    |--S. parvilobata (Krantz 1960) [=Parholaspulus parvilobatus] FH93
    |    `--S. tragardhi (Krantz 1960) [=Parholaspulus tragardhi] FH93
    |--Holaspulus Berlese 1904 I91
    |    |  i. s.: H. confusus Halliday 1995 H95
    |    |         H. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H95
    |    |--H. tweedei Evans 1956 I91, H95
    |    `--+--*H. tenuipes (Berlese 1904) I91, ET79 (see below for synonymy)
    |       `--H. serratus I91
    |--Calholaspis Berlese 1918 FH93
    |    |--C. appalachica (Jacot 1939) [=Macrocheles appalachicus] FH93
    |    |--C. berlesei Krantz 1960 FH93
    |    |--C. bihastata (Ewing 1920) [=Macrocheles bihastatus] FH93
    |    |--C. carolinensis (Banks 1904) [=Macrocheles carolinensis] FH93
    |    |--C. superba Berlese 1918 FH93
    |    `--C. trianothrix Krantz 1963 FH93
    |--Holaspina Berlese 1916 [incl. Neoparholaspulus Krantz 1960, Parholaspulus Evans 1956] H95
    |    |--H. muscorum (Ewing 1909) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--H. alstoni (Evans 1956) FH93, ET79 [=*Parholaspulus alstoni ET79, FH93]
    |    |--H. bakeri (Krantz 1960) [=Neoparholaspulus bakeri] FH93
    |    |--H. coalescens (Krantz 1960) [=Neoparholaspulus coalescens] FH93
    |    |--H. cuspidata (Krantz 1960) [=Neoparholaspulus cuspidatus] FH93
    |    |--H. maunaloaensis (Tenorio & Marshall 1977) [=Parholaspulus (Parholaspidellus) maunaloaensis] FH93
    |    |--‘Parholaspulus’ ochraeus LKW09
    |    |--H. schusteri (Hirschmann 1966) [=Parholaspulus schusteri] FH93
    |    `--H. solimani E-KO07
    `--Proparholaspulus H95

Holaspina muscorum (Ewing 1909) FH93 [=Macrocheles muscorum FH93, H. muscarum H95; incl. Neoparholaspulus hurlbutti Krantz 1960 FH93, H. hurlbutti KA90, *H. pulchella Berlese 1916 H95]

*Holaspulus tenuipes (Berlese 1904) I91, ET79 [=Holostaspis (Holaspulus) tenuipes I91; incl. Parholaspis pachylaelapsoides Schweizer 1932 H95, Macrocheles tridentifer Ewing 1913 FH93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H95] Halliday, R. B. 1995. A new genus and two new species of Parholaspididae from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 209–217.

[I91] Ishikawa, K. 1991. Phylogenetic systematics and zoogeography of the genus Holaspulus Berlese (Acarina, Gamasida, Parholaspididae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 129–134. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583–665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

Uroobovella

Deutonymphs of Uroobovella marginatus on red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, from Porcelli et al. (2009). Legend from source: a, phoretic deutonymphs on pygidium; b, mites tethered (black arrows) on thorax and head; c, d, phoretic form from dorsum and venter, respectively, black arrow on terminal anus; e, left stigma; f, deutonymph: black arrow on left chelicera; g, conidia of Curvularia attached to shield seta of a deutonymph.


Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Uroobovella is a genus of uropodoid mites in which both sexes have pedofossae and accessory setae in the intercoxal region (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Dorsal shield not divided. Levator tendon of movable digit of chelicera with sclerotised node. Palpfemur with five setae. Forked pilus dentis absent. Both sexes with accessory setae in the intercoxal region and pedofossae. Femur I with nine setae; genu I with a pair of ventral setae; genu III and IV without ventral setae.

<==Uroobovella Berlese 1903 [incl. Austruropoda Womersley 1955] H98
    |--*U. (Uroobovella) obovata (Canestrini & Berlese 1884) [=Uropoda obovata] ET79
    `--U. (Fuscuropoda Vitzthum 1924) ET79 [incl. Pseuduropoda Oudemans 1936 FH93]
         |--U. (*F.) marginatus (Koch 1839) H98, ET79, H98 [=Notaspis marginata H98, Uropoda (*F.) marginata ET79]
         |--‘Fuscuropoda’ moneta (Gervais in Walckenaer 1844) [=Uropoda moneta] FH93
         |--‘Fuscuropoda’ tricuspis Sellnick 1973 FH93
         `--U. (F.) vegetans (Koch 1839) LKW09, A91, FH93 (see below for synonymy)

Uroobovella incertae sedis:
  U. ambigua Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. assatomarginata VKC07
  U. attaae Hirschmann 1972 FH93
  U. australiensis Wisniewski & Hirschmann 1992 H98
  U. australiobovata Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975 H98
  U. australiovalis Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975 H98
  U. bicarinata Trägårdh 1931 T31
  U. cassida Fox 1948 FH93
  U. coprophila (Womersley 1960) [=Cilliba coprophila] H98
  U. cribraria (Ewing 1909) [=Uropoda cribraria] FH93
  U. cristobalensis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. cylliboides Hull 1923 (n. d.) [=Urobovella (l. c.) cylliboides] H98
  U. danyii Kontschán 2007 K07
  U. decui Huţu 1977 FH93
  U. elimata T31
  U. faceta VKC07
  U. fimicola (Berlese 1903) EU03
  U. flagelligerformis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. folsomi (Ewing 1909) [=Uropoda folsomi] FH93
  U. hamata Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. japonica VKC07
  U. levis Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936 FH93
  U. ligulaformis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. magna VKC07
  U. marmorea LKW09
  U. mazatlana Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. mexicana Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. michiganenssi (Vitzthum 1926) [=Uropoda michiganensis] FH93
  U. moseri Hirschmann 1972 FH93
  U. negreai Huţu 1977 FH93
  U. notabilis S61
  U. orri Hirschmann 1972 [=Nenteria orri Moser & Roton 1972 (n. n.)] FH93
  U. orrisimilis Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975 H98
  U. pearsei (Wharton 1938) [=Uropoda pearsei] FH93
  U. peteti (Coineau & Travé 1964) K07
  U. pyriformis LKW09
  U. sellnickivillosella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. setosa Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936 FH93
  U. similizairensis Hirschmann 1981 FH93
  U. spinosa Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936 FH93
  U. spinulipes (Canestrini 1884) [=Uropoda spinulipes, Centrouropoda spinulipes] H98
  U. tamena Hirschmann 1979 FH93
  U. tasmanica (Womersley 1955) [=Austruropoda tasmanica] H98
  U. treati Hirschmann 1980 FH93

Uroobovella (Fuscuropoda) vegetans (Koch 1839) LKW09, A91, FH93 [=Acarus vegetans FH93, Cilliba vegetans S61, Cyllibano vegetans S22, *Pseudouropoda vegetans E57, Uropoda vegetans E57; incl. Uropoda obscura S61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A91] Axtell, R. C. 1991. Role of mesostigmatid mites in integrated fly control. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 639–646. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[EU03] Ekiz, A. N., & R. Urhan. 2003. A new record of Uroobovella Berlese, 1903 (Acari: Uropodina) from Turkey with some ecological notes. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 105–111.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K07] Kontschán, J. 2007. Some new records of Uropodina mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro with descriptions of two new species. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 177–188.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[T31] Trägårdh, I. 1931. Acarina from the Juan Fernandez Islands. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Islands 3 (4): 553–628.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Histiostomatidae

Deutonymph of Myianoetus, copyright Olivier9099.


Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Histiostoma.

The Histiostomatidae are a group of astigmatan mites found on wet substrates, most commonly feeding by filtering organic particles and microorganisms from the water film (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Adult with body not dorsoventrally flattened; chelicerae laterally compressed, often attenuate, usually with numerous finely divided teeth, nonchelate; palpi with terminal solenidion and usually at least one elongate eupathidial seta, normal setae strongly reduced, usually reflexed outward; genital papillae ring-like, usually not directly associated with the genital opening; female genital valves fused to body posteriorly, open anteriorly forming a transverse oviporus. Deutonymph with Legs III–IV with femur-genu-tibia-tarsus partially or completely fused; legs III–IV flexed at trochanter-femur articulation and directed anteriorly in repose; rostral and lamellar pairs of setae absent; setae 4b absent.

<==Histiostomatidae [Anoeteae, Anoetidae, Anoetoidea, Histiostomina] W07
    |--Bonomoia W07
    `--+--+--Pelzneria W07
       |  `--Myianoetus Oudemans 1929 W07, H98 [incl. Anoetostoma Womersley 1941 H98]
       |       |--M. dyucei Fain & Domrow 1980 H98
       |       |--M. muscarum A-B91
       |       |--M. oudemansi (Womersley 1941) [=Anoestostoma oudemansi, Anoetostoma oudemansi] H98
       |       `--M. travei Fain 1976 F76
       `--+--Glyphanoetus W07
          |--+--Aphodanoetus W07
          |  `--+--Rhopalanoetus W07
          |     `--Spinanoetus W07
          `--Histiostoma W07

Histiostomatidae incertae sedis:
  Hexanoetus O09
  Ameranoetus P90
  Anoetus O09
    |--A. fimetarius (Canestrini & Berlese 1881) [=Histiostoma fimetarium, Hypopus fimetarius] V25
    |--A. gladiger V25
    |--A. lorentzi Oudemans 1905 V25
    |--A. muscarum V25
    `--A. toxopei Oudemans 1927 O28
  Copronomoia O09
  Tensiostoma veliaphilum O09
  Fibulanoetus O09
  Peripatetes O09
  Scolianoetus O09
  Kanoetus O09
  Curculanoetus O09
  Chiloanoetus O09
  Prowichmannia O09
  Nepenthanoetus O09
  Loxanoetus Fain 1970 H98
    `--L. lenae Domrow & Ladds 1984 H98
  Otanoetus O09
  Amyzanoetus Fain 1976 F76
    `--*A. halophilus Fain 1976 F76
  Comyianoetus O09
  Xenanoetus kofrankova O09
  Chiropteranoetus Womersley 1942 H98
    `--C. chalinolobus Womersley 1942 H98
  Austranoetus Fain 1976 F76
    `--*A. kerguelenensis Fain 1976 F76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27–41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[F76] Fain, A. 1976. Acariens récoltés par le Dr. J. Travé aux iles subantarctiques II. Familles Acaridae, Anoetidae, Ereynetidae et Tarsonemidae (astigmates et prostigmates). Acarologia 18 (2): 302–328.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757–778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W07] Wirth, S. 2007. Phylogeny and character transformations of the Histiostomatidae. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 607–615. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Rhizoglyphini

Bulb mites Rhizoglyphus robini, from here.


Belongs within: Rhizoglyphinae.
Contains: Schwiebea.

The Rhizoglyphini are a group of acarid mites characterised by the lack of seta aa on the first tarsus. Klimov (1998) divided this lineage into two tribes, Rhizoglyphini and Thyreophagini, based on the appearance of seta ba on the first two tarsi (stout and spine-like in 'Rhizoglyphini', weak and stick-like in 'Thyreophagini') but these divisions were not shown as reciprocally monophyletic by OConnor (2001).

<==Rhizoglyphini [Thyreophagini] K98
    |--+--Boletacarus Volgin & Mironov 1980 O01, K98
    |  |--Bromeliaglyphus O01
    |  |--Mesorhizoglyphus Kadzhaya 1966 O01, K98
    |  |    `--M. colchicus K98
    |  `--Rhizoglyphus Claparede 1869 O01, K98
    |       |--R. callae YM91
    |       |--R. echinopus (Fumouze & Robin 1868) [=Tyroglyphus echinopus] H98
    |       |--R. longispinosus H07
    |       |--R. robini Claparède 1869 W91
    |       |--R. setosus H07
    |       |--R. termitum Womersley 1941 H98
    |       `--R. tsutienensis H07
    `--+--Boletoglyphus Volgin 1953 O01, K98 [incl. Fantovia Samšińák 1957 K98]
       |    |--B. (Boletoglyphus) boletophagi (Türk & Türk 1952) (see below for synonymy) K98
       |    `--B. (Ellipsopus Fain & Ide 1976) [incl. Lindquistia Mahunka 1977] K98
       |         `--B. (*E.) ornatus (Fain & Ide 1976) (see below for synonymy) K98
       `--+--+--Calvoliella cyclopis O01
          |  `--+--Histiogaster Berlese 1883 O01, K98
          |     |    |--*H. carpio G39
          |     |    |--H. anops N96
          |     |    |--H. arborsignis O01
          |     |    |--H. rotundus N96
          |     |    `--H. xylophaga J37
          |     `--Thyreophagus Rondani 1874 O01, K98 (see below for synonymy)
          |          |--*T. entomophagus (Laboulbene 1852) K98 (see below for synonymy)
          |          |--T. cooremani Fain 1982 K98
          |          |--T. gallegoi Portus & Gomez 1980 C-RSV-S88
          |          `--T. odyneri Fain 1982 K98
          `--+--Troupeauia O01
             |--Naiacus O01
             |--Stereoglyphus O01 [incl. Troglocoptes Fain 1966 O01, K98]
             |    |--‘Schwiebea’ barbei Cooreman 1959 [=Troglocoptes barbei] F76
             |    `--*Troglocoptes’ luciae Fain 1966 F76
             |--Lamtoglyphus O01
             |--Passaloglyphus O01
             |--Naiadacarus [Naiadacarinae] O01
             |    `--N. arboricolus N07
             |--Lasioacarus [Lasioacarini] O01
             |    `--L. nidicolus C91
             `--Schwiebea O01

Rhizoglyphini incertae sedis:
  Michaelopus Fain & Johnston 1974 K98
    |--*M. corticalis (Michael 1885) K98 (see below for synonymy)
    |--M. africanus (Mahunka 1974) K98
    |--M. angustus (Banks 1906) K98
    |--M. annae Sevastianov & Kivganov 1992 K98
    |--M. athiasae Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. berlesiana (Zachvatkin 1941) K98
    |--M. evansi Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. gallegoi (Portus & Gomez 1980) K98
    |    |--M. g. gallegoi K98
    |    `--M. g. mauritianus Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. incanus Fain & Rack 1987 K98
    |--M. johnstoni Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. leclercqi Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. lignieri (Zachvatkin 1953) [=Monieziella lignieri] K98
    |--M. macfarlanei Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. magnus (Berlese 1910) K98
    |--M. passerinus Cruz 1990 K98
    |--M. polezhaevi (Zachvatkin 1953) K98
    |--M. rwandanus Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. sminthurus Fain & Johnston 1974 K98
    |--M. spinitarsis Fain 1982 K98
    |--M. tridens Fain & Lukoschus 1986 K98
    `--M. vermicularis (Fain & Lukoschus 1982) K98
  Capillaroglyphus Klimov 1998 K98
    `--*C. polypori Klimov 1998 K98
  Acarotalpa Volgin 1966 K98
  Rhizoglyphoides Volgin 1978 K98
  Megninietta Jacot 1936 (n. d.) F76
    |--*M. ulmi Jacot 1936 F76
    `--M. terrena Jacot 1937 J37

Nomen nudum: Monieziella oryctis Kamenskiy 1940 [=Michelopus oryctis] K98

Boletoglyphus (Boletoglyphus) boletophagi (Türk & Türk 1952) [=Schwiebea boletophagi, *Fantovia boletophagi; incl. *Boletoglyphus cribrosus Volgin 1953] K98

Boletoglyphus (*Ellipsopus) ornatus (Fain & Ide 1976) [=*Ellipsopus ornatus; incl. *Lindquistia bolitotheri Mahunka 1977] K98

*Michaelopus corticalis (Michael 1885) K98 [=Tyroglyphus corticalis K98, Histiogaster corticalis H98, Monieziella corticalis H98, Thyreophagus corticalis H98]

Thyreophagus Rondani 1874 O01, K98 [=Fumouzea Zachvatkin 1953 K98, Monieziella Berlese 1897 K98]

*Thyreophagus entomophagus (Laboulbene 1852) K98 [=Acarus entomophagus K98, *Fumouzea entomophaga K98, Histiogaster entomophagus H98, *Monieziella entomophaga K98]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C91] Chmielewski, W. 1991. Stored products mites (Acaroidea) in Polish bee hives. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 615–619. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[C-RSV-S88] Corpuz-Raros, L. A., G. C. Sabio & M. Velasco-Soriano. 1988. Mites associated with stored products, poultry houses and house dust in the Philippines. Philippine Entomologist 7 (3): 311–321.

[F76] Fain, A. 1976. Acariens récoltés par le Dr. J. Travé aux iles subantarctiques II. Familles Acaridae, Anoetidae, Ereynetidae et Tarsonemidae (astigmates et prostigmates). Acarologia 18 (2): 302–328.

[G39] Grandjean, F. 1939. La chaetotaxie des pattes chez les Acaridiae. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 64: 50–60.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H07] Ho, C.-C. 2007. Crop mite pests of southeast Asia and tropical far east. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 259–266. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[J37] Jacot, A. P. 1937. Six new mites from western North Carolina. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (6): 163–166.

[K98] Klimov, P. B. 1998. A new tribe of acarid mites of the subfamily Rhizoglyphinae (Acariformes, Acaridae). Far Eastern Entomologist 59: 1–19.

[K91] Kuwahara, Y. 1991. Pheromone studies on astigmatid mites—alarm, aggregation and sex. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 43–52. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[N96] Nannelli, R. 1996. Biological obsevations on Michaelopus corticalis (Mich.) and Histiogaster carpio (Kramer) (Acaridae) associated with chestnut blight fungus. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 67–69. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[N07] Norton, R. A. 2007. Holistic acarology and ultimate causes: examples from the oribatid mites. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 3–20. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[O01] OConnor, B. M. 2001. Historical ecology of the Acaridae (Acari): phylogenetic evidence for host and habitat shifts. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 76–82. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[W91] Walzl, M. G. 1991. Comparison of the sclerotized structures of Acaridae and Glycyphagidae used for copulation. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 283–286. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[YM91] Yaninek, J. S., & G. J. de Moraes. 1991. A synopsis of classical biological control of mites in agriculture. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 133–149. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

Analgoidea

Female Trouessartia corvina, from Federmilben.de.


Belongs within: Psoroptidia.
Contains: Alloptidae, Avenzoariidae, Xolalgidae, Analgidae, Pteronyssidae, Proctophyllodidae, Sarcoptoidea, Pyroglyphidae.

The Analgoidea are a group of astigmatan mites usually found as parasites or paraphages of birds, more rarely as nidicoles or in synanthropic habitats (OConnor 2009). They are closely related to the mammal-associated Sarcoptoidea and may possibly be paraphyletic to the latter group.

Characters (from OConnor 2009): All tarsi lacking proral setae, tarsus IV lacking seta s; genu I with 0–2 solenidia; pretarsus with empodium claw-like in center of ambulacral disc or flattened as central sclerite; condylophore guide typically present at junction of ambulacral stalk and disc; pretarsus often retractable. Paraproctal chaetome with 0–3 pairs of p setae and no ad setae.

<==Analgoidea DW10
    |--+--Avenzoariidae DW10
    |  `--Trouessartia Canestrini in Canestrini & Kramer 1899 H98 [Trouessartiidae DW10, Trouessartiinae]
    |       |--T. corvina (Koch 1841) [=Dermaleichus corvinus, Pterocolus corvinus] H98
    |       |--T. funiculata DW10
    |       |--T. geospiza O09
    |       |--T. megadisca Gaud 1962 H98
    |       `--T. rosterii DW10
    `--+--+--Xolalgidae DW10
       |  `--+--Analgidae DW10
       |     `--Knemidocoptidae [Knemidokoptinae] DW10
       |          |--Neocnemidocoptes Fain 1966 H98
       |          |    |--N. australiensis Fain & Lukoschus 1979 H98
       |          |    `--N. gallinae (Railliet 1887) (see below for synonymy) H98
       |          `--Knemidocoptes Fürstenberg 1967 DW10, H98
       |               |--K. intermedius Fain & Macfarlane 1967 (see below for synonymy) H98
       |               |--K. jamaicensis Turk 1950 (see below for synonymy) H98
       |               |--K. mutans (Robin & Lanquentin 1859) (see below for synonymy) H98
       |               `--K. pilae Lavoipierre & Griffiths 1951 [=Cnemidocoptes pilae, Knemidokoptes pilae] H98
       `--+--+--Pteronyssidae DW10
          |  `--Proctophyllodidae DW10
          `--+--Sarcoptoidea DW10
             `--Pyroglyphoidea O09
                  |--Pyroglyphidae DW10
                  |--Ptyssalges [Ptyssalgidae] O09
                  `--Turbinoptidae [Turbinoptinae] O09
                       |--Congocoptes sphyrapicicola O09
                       |--Mycteroptes Fain 1956 H98
                       |    `--M. basilewskyi Fain 1956 H98
                       |--Oxleya Domrow 1965 H98
                       |    `--O. podargi Domrow 1965 H98
                       |--Passerrhinoptes Fain 1956 H98
                       |    `--P. pomatostomi Domrow 1966 H98
                       |--Rhinoptes de Castro & Periera 1951 H98
                       |    `--R. gallinae de Castro & Periera 1951 H98
                       `--Turbinoptes Boyd 1949 H98
                            `--T. strandtmanni Boyd 1949 H98

Analgoidea incertae sedis:
  Alloptidae O09
  Thysanocercus [Thysanocercidae] O09
    `--T. affinis O09
  Psoroptoididae O09
    |--Pandalura strigisoti O09
    `--Mesalgoides Gaud & Atyeo 1967 O09, H98
         `--M. oscinum (Koch 1840) [=Dermalichus oscinum, Megninia oscinum, Mesalges oscinum] H98
  Dermoglyphidae O09
    |--Paralges microtrichus O09
    `--Dermoglyphus E-KO07
         |--D. columbae E-KO07
         `--D. elongatus RN72
  Gaudoglyphus [Gaudoglyphidae] O09
    `--G. minor O09
  Atelespoda [Apionacaridae] O09
    `--A. crena O09
  Dermationidae [Dermationinae] O09
    |--Rivoltasia Canestrini 1894 H98
    |    `--R. bifurcata (Rivolta & Delprato 1880) [=Epidermoptes bifurcatus] H98
    `--Passeroptes Fain 1964 H98
         |--P. dermicola O09
         `--P. lophophaps Fain 1965 H98
  Epidermoptidae O09
    |--Rallepidermoptes fulicae O09
    |--Epidermoptes Rivolta & Delprato 1880 H98
    |    `--E. bilobatus Rivolta & Delprato 1880 H98
    `--Myialges Trouessart 1906 H98
         |--M. ancistronae Fain 1965 H98
         |--M. bombycillae Fain 1965 H98
         |--M. (Promyialges) macdonaldi Evans et al. 1963 K09, H98
         `--M. nudus O09
  Laminosioptidae [Caminosioptidae] O09
    |--Laminosioptes Mégnin 1880 H98
    |    `--L. cysticola (Vizioli 1868) O09, H98 (see below for synonymy)
    `--Fainocoptes Lukoschus & Lombert 1979 (see below for synonymy) H98
         |--F. australis (Lukoschus & Lombert 1979) [=Streetacarus australis] H98
         |--F. columbicola O09
         |--F. conopophilae (Lukoschus & Lombert 1979) [=Calamicoptes conopophilae] H98
         |--F. meliphagae (Lukoschus & Lombert 1979) [=Calamicoptes meliphagae] H98
         `--F. nixoni Lukoschus & Lombert 1979 [=F. nizoni (l. c.)] H98
  Cytoditidae [Cytoditinae] O09
    |--Cytonyssus Fain 1960 H98
    |    |--C. andrei Fain 1960 [=Kytonyssus (l. c.) andrei] H98
    |    `--C. temenuchi O09
    `--Cytodites Mégnin in Girard 1877 O09, H98
         |--C. amandavae Fain & Bafort 1964 [=Kytodites amandavae] H98
         |--C. geopeliae Fain & Lukoschus 1979 [=Kytodites geopeliae] H98
         `--C. nudus (Vizioli 1868) (see below for synonymy) H98

Cytodites nudus (Vizioli 1868) [=Sarcoptes nudus, Cytolichus nudus, Cytoleichus (l. c.) nudus, Kytodites nudus] H98

Fainocoptes Lukoschus & Lombert 1979 [incl. Calamicoptes Lukoschus & Lombert 1979, Streetacarus Lukoschus & Lombert 1979] H98

Knemidocoptes intermedius Fain & Macfarlane 1967 [=Knemidocopties (l. c.) intermedius, Knemidokoptes intermedius] H98

Knemidocoptes jamaicensis Turk 1950 [=Cnemidocoptes jamaicensis, Knemidocoptes mutans var. jamaicensis, Knemidokoptes jamaicensis] H98

Knemidocoptes mutans (Robin & Lanquentin 1859) [=Sarcoptes mutans, Cnemidocoptes mutans, Knemidokoptes mutans] H98

Laminosioptes cysticola (Vizioli 1868) O09, H98 [=Sarcoptes cisticola H98, Caminopioptes (l. c.) cysticola H98, Laminosioptes cisticola H98]

Neocnemidocoptes gallinae (Railliet 1887) [=Sarcoptes laeva var. gallinae, Cnemidocoptes gallinae, Knemidocoptes gallinae, Knemidokoptes gallinae] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Habits and habitats. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 64–82. Texas Tech University Press.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

Psoroptidia

Male Freyanella tarandus, from OConnor (2009).


Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Eustathiidae, Freyanidae, Listrophoridae, Analgoidea, Pterolichidae.

The Psoroptidia are a group of astigmatan mites usually found as parasites or commensals on birds or mammals, most commonly in association with the feathers or hair (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Body cuticle usually at least partially striate: genital papillae greatly reduced or absent; tibiae Iand II with a dorsal solenidion and one (v') or rarely no ventral setae; unguinal serae absent from all tarsi; pretarsi often enlarged, with ambulacral stalk and disc well developed, empodial claws usually reduced or incorporated into ambulacral disc as central sclerite; deutonymph absent from life cycle.

<==Psoroptidia [Freyanoidea, Psoroptides, Psoroptoidae, Pterolichoidea] DW10
    |--Syringobiidae DW10
    |    |--Syringobia longipenis DW10
    |    |--Plutarchusia O09
    |    |--Paidoplutarchusia O09
    |    `--Phyllochaeta DW10
    |         |--P. bouveti DW10
    |         `--P. tenuiseta O09
    `--+--Kramerellidae [Kramerellinae] DW10
       |    |--Petitota O09
       |    |--Parabdellorhynchus O09
       |    |--Kramerella DW10
       |    |    |--K. maculata O09
       |    |    `--K. oti DW10
       |    `--Freyanella Dubinin 1953 H98
       |         |--F. alcicornus Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. perpapillata Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. plataleae (Dubinin & Dubinina 1940) [=Freyana plataleae] H98
       |         `--F. tarandus (Trouessart & Neumann 1888) [=Freyana tarandus] H98
       `--+--Freyanidae DW10
          `--+--+--Listrophoridae DW10
             |  `--Analgoidea DW10
             `--+--Pterolichidae DW10
                `--Falculiferidae DW10
                     |--Atyeonia bifurcata O09
                     |--Falculifer Railliet 1896 H98
                     |    `--F. rostratus (Buchholz 1869) (see below for synonymy) H98
                     |--Pterophagus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     |    `--P. strictus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     `--Psittophagus Gaud & Atyeo 1996 H98
                          |--P. obsoletus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus obsoletus] H98
                          `--P. ornatus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus] H98

Psoroptidia incertae sedis:
  Gabuciniidae DW10
    |--Gabucinia delibata WP99
    |--Hieracolichus nisi DW10
    |--Capitolichus tetroplourus O09
    |--Aetacarus phylloproctus O09
    `--Artamacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
         `--A. diacanthurus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
  Caudifera [Caudiferidae] O09
    `--C. marginata O09
  Vexillariidae O09
    |--Vexillaria intermedia O09
    `--Calaobia [Calaobiinae] O09
  Ptiloxenus [Ptiloxenidae O09]
    `--P. major O09
  Eustathiidae O09
  Crypturoptidae O09
    |--Mesosathes tetrasetosus O09
    `--Allosathes anepiandrius O09
  Gangolichus [Cheylabididae] O09
    `--G. prionurus O09
  Psilolichus [Ochrolichidae] O09
    `--P. brachyurus O09
  Rectijanua [Rectijanuidae] O09
    `--R. striata O09
  Thoracosathes [Thoracosathesidae] O09
    `--T. thoracosathes O09
  Ascouracaridae [Ascouracarinae] O09
    |--Orphanacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1976 H98
    |    `--O. parvisetiger Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
    `--Ascouracarus Gaud & Kolebinova 1973 H98
         |--A. distinctus Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
         `--A. michigani O09
  Kiwilichus [Kiwilichidae] O09
    `--K. delosikyus O09
  Oconnoria [Oconnoriidae] O09
    `--O. inexpectata O09

Falculifer rostratus (Buchholz 1869) [=Dermaleichus rostratus, Faculifer (l. c.) rostratus, Falciger rostratus] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Alloptidae

Ventral views of female (left) and male Oxyalges cardiurus, from OConnor (2009).


Belongs within: Analgoidea.

The Alloptidae are a group of ectoparasitic mites specialised for life on the flight and covert feathers of aquatic birds (Mironov 2007).

Synapomorphies (from Mironov 2007): Subhmeral seta c3 posterior to humeral seta cp. Central sclerite of ambulacral disc an inverted T or Y. Male with genital apodemes well developed. Female with opisthosoma bilobate; hysteronotal shield completely covering posterior end of opisthosoma.

<==Alloptidae
    |--+--+--Aramolichus foliatus Peterson & Atyeo 1968 M07
    |  |  `--Psilobrephosceles ortygometrae (Canestrini 1878) M07
    |  `--Brephosceles Hull 1934 M07, H98
    |       |  i. s.: B. haematopi Peterson 1971 H98
    |       |--+--B. forficiger (Megnin & Trouessart 1884) M07
    |       |  `--+--+--B. diomedei Atyeo & Peterson 1970 M07
    |       |     |  |--B. lanceolatus Peterson 1971 M07
    |       |     |  `--B. marginiventris (Trouessart 1899) B07
    |       |     `--+--Onychalloptes microphaeton (Trouessart 1885) M07
    |       |        `--+--B. decapus (Gaud 1953) M07
    |       |           `--B. pachyptilae Peterson 1971 M07
    |       `--+--+--B. geranoxenus Peterson 1968 M07
    |          |  `--+--Alloptoides aythinae (Dubinin 1951) M07
    |          |     `--+--B. anhimae Peterson 1971 M07
    |          |        `--B. lambda (Trouessart 1885) M07
    |          `--+--Homeobrephosceles M07
    |             |    |--H. discosurus (Trouessart 1886) M07
    |             |    `--H. orthothrix M07
    |             `--+--Dichobrephosceles actitidis (Canestrini 1878) M07
    |                `--+--B. charadrii Dubinin 1951 M07
    |                   `--+--B. chaubaudi Gaud 1968 M07
    |                      `--B. haematopi Peterson 1971 M07
    `--+--+--Oxyalginae M07
       |  |    |--Diomedalloptes pacificus (Peterson & Atyeo 1972) M07
       |  |    `--Oxyalges M07
       |  |         |--O. cardiurus Gaud & Atyeo 1966 M07
       |  |         `--O. incertus (Gaud 1952) M07
       |  `--+--Echinacarus [Echinacarinae] M07
       |     |    `--E. rubidus (Trouesart 1886) M07
       |     `--Microspalax Mégnin & Trouessart 1884 M07, H98 [Microspalacinae]
       |          |--M. ardennae Dubinin 1949 H98
       |          |--M. manicata (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Freyana manicata] H98
       |          `--M. puffini Dubinin 1949 M07
       `--+--Rhynchalloptes pyrgognathus Peterson & Atyeo 1977 M07
          `--+--+--Heterobrephosceles rapiformis Peterson & Atyeo 1977 M07
             |  `--+--Gaudium abbreviatum (Trouessart 1885) M07
             |     `--+--Ibidocolus sexangularis (Peterson & Atyeo 1977) M07
             |        `--+--+--Anisanchus ptilotus Peterson & Atyeo 1977 M07
             |           |  `--Tauralloptes cornutus Mironov 2002 M07
             |           `--+--Hyperpedalloptes titanopedes Dubinin 1955 M07
             |              `--Nealloptes Gaud & Mouchet 1957 M07, H98
             |                   |--N. corymbophorus (Trouessart & Neumann 1888) [=Alloptes corymbophorus] H98
             |                   `--N. petazophorus (Trouessart 1887) M07
             `--Alloptinae M07
                  |--Dinalloptes chelionatus Atyeo & Peterson 1966 M07
                  `--+--Alloptellus M07
                     |    |--A. coniventris (Trouesart 1887) M07
                     |    `--A. pelecanus Dubinin 1955 M07
                     `--+--Alloptes M07
                        |    |--A. aschizurus Gaud 1952 M07
                        |    |--A. cepphusi Dubinin 1952 M07
                        |    `--A. crassipes (Canestrini 1879) M07
                        |--+--Paradoxalloptes ibidorhynchae Mironov 1998 M07
                        |  `--+--Apodalloptes curtipes (Trouessart 1885) M07
                        |     `--Conuralloptes M07
                        |          |--C. chionis (Atyeo & Peterson 1967) M07
                        |          |--C. conurus (Trouessart 1885) M07
                        |          `--C. eurytrichus Gaud 1972 M07
                        `--+--Sternalloptes M07
                           |    |--S. bisetatus (Haller 1882) M07
                           |    |--S. mandei Gaud 1976 M07
                           |    `--S. stercorarii (Dubinin 1952) M07
                           `--+--+--Laminalloptes phaetontis (Fabricius 1775) M07
                              |  `--Megalloptes triphyllurus Mironov & Perez 1998 M07
                              `--+--+--Ceraturoptellus euryurus (Trouessart 1885) M07
                                 |  `--+--Ptyctalloptes claviger (Trouessart 1885) M07
                                 |     `--Spinicnemis reticulatus Mironov 2002 M07
                                 `--Plicatalloptes M07
                                      |--P. fregatae (Atyeo & Peterson 1992) M07
                                      |--P. plegadis Dubidin 1955 M07
                                      |--P. umbrettae (Gaud 1960) M07
                                      `--+--P. pelecani (Dubinin 1954) M07
                                         `--P. subcrassipes (Dubinin & Dubinina 1940) M07

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

Mironov, S. V. 2007. Phylogeny of the feather mite family Alloptidae (Astigmata, Analgoidea) and coevolutionary trends with aquatic birds. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 617–633. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.