Lantana camara, from here.

Belongs within: Lamiales.

The Verbenaceae are a family of flowering plants that are most speciose in tropical areas. Some species are popular garden plants, such as Verbena officinalis (vervain) and Lantana camara, and have become established invasives outside their native ranges. Some taxa previously included in Verbenaceae are now placed in the Lamiaceae as members of the subfamilies Chloanthoideae and Ajugoideae. Species of Newcastlia and Dicrastylis have indehiscent fruits (Black & Robertson 1965); Verbena, Phyla, Aloysia and Lantana have dry fruits dehiscing into two or four nutlets (Hickman 1993). Lantana and Aloysia are strong-smelling perennials or shrubs (Hickman 1993).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Herbs, trees or shrubs; leaves without stipules, opposite, alternate or whorled. Flowers usually sessile or subsessile, bisexual, irregular or almost regular; calyx with 4 or 5, rarely 6, lobes or teeth, persistent; corolla with cylindrical tube and limb (rarely two-lipped) of 4-6 imbricate lobes; stamens inserted in corolla tube, 4 in pairs or 4-6 alternate with lobes; anthers 2-celled, cells usually parallel; ovary superior, originally of two carpels, entire or shortly four-lobed, often seated on small disk, usually four-celled by intrusion of two secondary dissepiments, with one ovule in each cell; placentas axile; style rising from summit of ovary, usually more or less two-lobed; fruit dry or drupaceous, generally enclosed in calyx, indehiscent or separating septicidally into two or four nutlets or fruitlets; seeds one in each cell, or fewer by abortion; albumen scanty or absent; embryo straight, with an inferior radicle shorter than the thick cotyledons.

<==Verbenaceae [Verbenoideae]
    |--Aegiphila YY22
    |--Cornutia grandifolia MM96
    |--Chascanum marrubifolium PP07
    |--Faradaya splendida B00
    |--Premnophyllum trigonum Velenovsky 1884 CBH93
    |--Gmelina arborea CBH93, P03
    |--Aloysia H93
    |    |--A. gratissima OB11
    |    `--A. wrightii [=Lippia wrightii (nom. inv.)] H93
    |--Stachytarpheta OP01
    |    |--S. cayennensis LK14
    |    |--S. dichotoma OP01
    |    `--S. jamaicensis MM96
    |--Teucridium Hooker 1854 A61
    |    `--T. parvifolium Hooker 1854 A61
    |         |--T. p. var. parvifolium A61
    |         `--T. p. var. luxurians Cheeseman 1925 A61
    |--Lippia P03
    |    |--L. asperifolia C55
    |    |--L. hypoleia BT87
    |    |--L. javanica P03
    |    |--L. lycioides C55
    |    `--L. umbellata BT87
    |--Lantana BR65
    |    |--L. camara BR65
    |    |--L. montevidensis H93
    |    `--L. trifolia J87
    |--Phyla B00
    |    |--P. canescens B00 [=Lippia canescens BR65]
    |    |--P. lanceolata [=Lippia lanceolata] H93
    |    `--P. nodiflora BR65 [=Verbena nodiflora C55, Lippia nodiflora BR65, Zapania nodiflora C55]
    |         |--P. n. var. nodiflora (see below for synonymy) H93
    |         `--P. n. var. incisa [=Lippia incisa] H93
    |--Duranta H06
    |    |--D. arida JS87
    |    |    |--D. a. ssp. arida JS87
    |    |    `--D. s. ssp. serpentina Sanders & Judd in Judd & Sanders 1986 JS87
    |    |--D. armata OA02
    |    `--D. erecta H06
    |--Citharexylum MP00
    |    |--C. caudatum JS87
    |    |--C. flexuosum OA02
    |    |--C. fruticosum SWK87
    |    |--C. myrianthum MP00
    |    `--C. spinosum MHG04
    |--Newcastlia BR65
    |    |--N. bracteosa BR65
    |    |--N. cephalantha BR65
    |    |--N. chrysotricha BR65
    |    |--N. dixonii BR65
    |    `--N. spodiotricha BR65
    |--Verbena LC02
    |    |--V. bonariensis OP01
    |    |--V. bracteata OP01
    |    |--V. californica H93
    |    |--V. domingensis J87
    |    |--V. officinalis BR65
    |    |--V. gooddingii H93
    |    |--V. hastata [incl. V. hastata var. scabra] H93
    |    |--V. lasiostachys H93
    |    |    |--V. l. var. lasiostachys H93
    |    |    `--V. l. var. scabrida H93
    |    |--V. litoralis [incl. V. brasiliensis] H93
    |    |--V. menthifolia H93
    |    |--V. rigida [incl. V. venosa] BR65
    |    |--V. scabra H93
    |    |--V. scabrido-glandulosa LC02
    |    |--V. supina BR65
    |    |--V. tenuisecta [incl. V. tenera] H93
    |    `--V. urticifolia J87
    `--Clerodendrum H93
         |--C. colebrookeanum D07
         |--C. costatum B00
         |--C. floribundum LK14
         |    |--C. f. var. floribundum LK14
         |    |--C. f. var. coriaceum LK14
         |    `--C. f. var. ovatum LK14
         |--C. hastatum BB07
         |--C. indicum BB07
         |--C. inerme C78
         |--C. phlomoides PP07
         |--C. serratum BB07
         |--C. siphonanthus RA07
         |--C. × speciosum RA07
         |--C. thomsonae RA07
         |--C. tomentosum LK14
         |    |--C. t. var. tomentosum LK14
         |    `--C. t. var. lanceolatum LK14
         |--C. trichotomum M01
         |--C. ugandense MHG04
         `--C. viscosum HU08

Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora [incl. Lippia nodiflora var. canescens, L. nodiflora var. reptans, L. nodiflora var. rosea] H93

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 21 March 2019.

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