Iguanidae

The Fijian crested iguana Brachylophus vitiensis, photographed by Joseph Burgess.


Belongs within: Lepidosauria.

The Iguanidae are a family of lizards, the iguanas and their relatives, found primarily in the Americas with the genus Brachylophus found in Fiji. Many iguanids are primarily herbivorous.

Characters (from Grismer 2002): Caudal vertebrae with two pairs of transverse processes; valves in descending colon; multicusped, compressed and flared posterior marginal teeth; medially oriented supratemporal bone on parietal.

<==Iguanidae
    |--Iguana DS86
    |    |--I. delicatissima GWN71
    |    `--I. iguana DS86
    |--Ophyoessoides aculeatus DS86
    |--Pristiguana R88
    |--Conolophus DS86
    |    |--C. pallidus USDI77
    |    `--C. subcristate MH96
    |--Enyalioides DS86
    |    |--E. cofanorum DS86
    |    `--E. laticeps DS86
    |--Polychrus DS86
    |    |--P. liogaster DS86
    |    `--P. marmoratus DS86
    |--Brachylophus DS90
    |    |--B. fasciatus DS90
    |    `--B. vitiensis DS90
    |--Leiocephalus H81
    |    |--L. eremitus Cope 1868 H81
    |    `--L. herminieri Dumeril & Bibron 1837 H81
    |--Sceloporus VH02
    |    |--S. cautus C72
    |    |--S. clarki F71
    |    |--S. graciosus F71
    |    |--S. grammicus VH02
    |    |--S. jarrovii VH02
    |    |--S. lineatulus F71
    |    |--S. magister F71
    |    |--S. occidentalis SRS02
    |    |    |--S. o. occidentalis C72
    |    |    `--S. o. biseriatus C72
    |    |--S. olivaceus JP79
    |    |--S. orcutti F71
    |    |--S. undulatus MH96
    |    |    |--S. u. undulatus M68
    |    |    |--S. u. consobrinus C72
    |    |    |--S. u. cowlesi C72
    |    |    |--S. u. elongatus C72
    |    |    |--S. u. erythrocheilus M68
    |    |    |--S. u. hyacinthinus C72
    |    |    `--S. u. tristichus C72
    |    |--S. virgatus C72
    |    `--S. woodi ZL74
    |--Cyclura RFN02
    |    |--C. collei (Gray 1845) H81
    |    |--C. cornuta H81
    |    |    |--C. c. cornuta H81
    |    |    `--C. c. onchiopsis (Cope 1885) [incl. C. nigerrima Cope 1886] H81
    |    |--C. macleayi GWN71
    |    |--C. mattea Miller 1918 H81
    |    |--C. pinguis USDI77
    |    `--C. portoricensis Barbour 1919 H81
    |--Uta F71
    |    |--U. antiquus F71
    |    |--U. nolascensis F71
    |    |--U. palmeri F71
    |    `--U. stansburiana F71
    |         |--U. s. stansburiana F71
    |         |--U. s. elegans F71
    |         `--U. s. nevadensis F71
    |--Streptosaurus mearnsi F71
    |--Urosaurus F71
    |    |--U. graciosus F71
    |    |--U. microscutatus F71
    |    `--U. ornatus F71
    |--Callisaurus draconoides F71
    |--Holbrookia F71
    |    |--H. maculata F71
    |    `--H. texana F71
    |--Uma notata F71, JP79
    |--Sauromalus obesus GWN71
    |--Ctenosaura pectinata GWN71
    |--Dipsosaurus dorsalis GWN71
    |--Basiliscus GWN71
    |    |--B. basiliscus
    |    `--B. vittatus GWN71
    `--Oplurus sebae GWN71


REFERENCES

[C72] Cole, C. J. 1972. Chromosome variation in North American fence lizards (genus Sceloporus; undulatus species group). Systematic Zoology 21 (4): 357-363.

[DS86] Dixon, J. R. & P. Soini. 1986. The Reptiles of the Upper Amazon Basin, Iquitos Region, Peru. Milwaukee Public Museum: Milwaukee.

[DS90] Dye, T., & D. W. Steadman. 1990. Polynesian ancestors and their animal world. American Scientist 78 (May-June): 207-215.

[F71] Ferguson, G. W. 1971. Variation and evolution of the push-up displays of the side-blotched lizard genus Uta (Iguanidae). Systematic Zoology 20 (1): 79-101.

[GWN71] Gorman, G. C., A. C. Wilson & M. Nakanishi. 1971. A biochemical approach towards the study of reptilian phylogeny: evolution of serum albumin and lactic dehydrogenase. Systematic Zoology 20 (2): 167-185.

Grismer, L. L. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, including its Pacific islands, and the islands in the Sea of Cort├ęs. University of California Press.

[H81] Honegger, R. E. 1981. List of amphibians and reptiles either known or thought to have become extinct since 1600. Biological Conservation 19: 141-158.

[JP79] Jackson, J. F. & J. A. Pounds. 1979. Comments on assessing the dedifferentiating effect of gene flow. Systematic Zoology 28 (1): 78-85.

[M68] Maslin, T. P. 1968. Taxonomic problems in parthenogenetic vertebrates. Systematic Zoology 17 (3): 219-231.

[MH96] Miller, S. A., & J. P. Harley. 1996. Zoology (3rd ed.) Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[RFN02] Raxworthy, C. J., M. R. J. Forstner & R. A. Nussbaum. 2002. Chameleon radiation by oceanic dispersal. Nature 415: 784-787.

[R88] Rieppel, O. 1988. The classification of the Squamata. In The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods, vol. 1. Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds (M. J. Benton, ed.) pp. 261-293. Clarendon Press: Oxford.

[SRS02] Shanbhag, B. A., R. S. Radder & S. K. Saidapur. 2002. Members of opposite sex mutually regulate gonadal recrudescence in the lizard Calotes versicolor (Agamidae). Journal of Biosciences 27 (5): 529-537.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants - republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420-36431.

[VH02] Vidal, N., & S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Comptes Rendus Biologies 325: 977-985.

[ZL74] Zimmerman, J. R. & J. A. Ludwig. 1974. Multiple-discriminant analysis of geographical variation in the aquatic beetle, Rhantus gutticollis (Say) (Dytiscidae). Systematic Zoology 24 (1): 63-71.

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