Dasypogoninae

Dasypogon diadema, copyright Fritz Geller-Grimm.


Belongs within: Asilidae.

The Dasypogoninae are a varied group of robber flies, many of which possess a stout spine-like apical bristle on the fore tibia (Wood 1981).

<==Dasypogoninae BT04
    |--Molobratia F09 [Molobratiini L02]
    |    |--*M. teutonus (Linnaeus 1776) [=Osilus teutonus] L02
    |    |--M. arkadii Lehr 2002 L02
    |    |--M. bokhai Lehr 2002 L02
    |    `--M. pekinensis L02
    |--Lastaurini BT04
    |    |--Lastaurus fallax F09
    |    `--Diogmites BT04
    |         |--D. basalis W81
    |         |--D. grossus BT04
    |         |--D. lindigii F09
    |         |--D. litoralis F09
    |         |--D. memnon F09
    |         `--D. nigripennis F09
    `--Dasypogonini BT04
         |--Saropogon BT04
         |    |--S. aurifrons J61
         |    |--S. combustus W81
         |    |--S. dispar W81
         |    |--S. fletcheri BT04
         |    |--S. luctuosus J61
         |    |--S. obscuripennis J61
         |    `--S. villosus Janssens 1961 J61
         `--Dasypogon F09
              |--D. apiformis Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. aurifrons Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. crassus Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. diadema F09
              |--D. dorycus Boisduval 1835 B35
              |--D. maurus Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. obscuripennis Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. pusio Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. pygmaeus Macquart 1849 E12
              |--D. rubigipennis Macquart 1849 E12
              `--D. rubriventris Macquart 1849 E12

Dasypogoninae incertae sedis:
  Cophura W81
    |--C. arizonensis F09
    |--C. brevicornis W81
    `--C. fur F09
  Ablautus W81
  Omniablautus W81
  Wilcoxia martinorum W81
  Stenocinclis W81
  Paleomolobra W81
  Nicocles W81
  Taracticus W81
    |--T. dimidiatus F09
    `--T. octopunctatus W81
  Microstylum galactodes W81
  Lestomyia W81
  Ceraturgopsis W81
  Aphamartania F09
    |--A. frauenfeldi [incl. A. panamensis] F09
    `--A. knutsoni F09
  Blepharepium F09
    |--B. annulatum F09
    `--B. secabile W81
  Comantella F09
  Bathypogon CM91

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[J61] Janssens, E. 1961. Sur quelques asilides mediterranees. Boll. Mus. Civ. Venezia 14: 29–36.

[L02] Lehr, P. A. 2002. Robber-flies (Diptera, Asilidae) of the subfamily Dioctriinae stat. n. (Diptera, Asilidae) of Asia: 2. Taxonomy and ecology. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 81 (2): 445–459.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

Atomosini

Female Eumecosoma, copyright dguzman58.


Belongs within: Laphriinae.

The Atomosini are a group of small, sparsely haired robber flies.

Characters (from Wood 1981): Small rather bare species, less than 20 mm long, often with punctate mesonotum and abdomen. Antenna blunt apically; first flagellomere either with short bristle arising near middle of dorsal surface, or with stylus at apex. Palpus two-segmented. R2+3 joining R1 proximal to end of R1, cell r1 thus separated from wing margin; crossvein m-cu present, apex of cell bm closed by three veins. Postmetacoxal region with transverse heavily sclerotised bridge with posterodorsal margin V-shaped. Anatergite with bristly pile.

<==Atomosini BT04
    |--Adelodus BT04
    |--Atomosiella antennata W81
    |--Atractimosia filamentosa F09
    |--Bathropsis basalis [incl. B. delgadoi] F09
    |--Dissmeryngodes F09
    |--*Strombocodia elegans F09
    |--Atomosia F09
    |    |--A. puella W81
    |    `--A. tibialis F09
    |--Atoniomyia W81
    |    |--A. ancylocera F09
    |    `--A. duncani W81
    |--Aphestia F09
    |    |--A. annulipes F09
    |    `--A. nigra F09
    |--Aphractia F09
    |    |--A. comata [=Atractia comata] F09
    |    `--A. vivax [=Atractia vivax] F09
    |--Protichisma F09
    |    |--*P. longimana F09
    |    `--P. albibarbis F09
    |--Oidardis F09
    |    |--*O. gibbosa F09
    |    |--O. aenescens F09
    |    |--O. gibbum F09
    |    `--O. signaseta F09
    |--Cerotainia W81
    |    |--C. albipilosa W81
    |    |--C. feminea F09
    |    |--C. macrocera W81
    |    |--C. minima F09
    |    `--C. ornatipes F09
    |--Atractia F09
    |    |--A. (Atractia) [incl. Lophoceraea] F09
    |    |    |--*A. (A.) psilogaster F09
    |    |    |--A. (A.) dispar F09
    |    |    |--A. (A.) marginata F09
    |    |    `--A. (A.) pennata [=*Lophoceraea pennata] F09
    |    `--A. (*Hybozelodes) nigellus F09
    `--Eumecosoma F09
         |--+--*E. pleuriticum F09
         |  `--E. tarsalis F09
         `--+--E. calverti F09
            |--E. componens F09
            |--E. shropshirei F09
            `--E. staurophorum F09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

Apocleinae

Promachus yesonicus, copyright Brian Adler.


Belongs within: Asilidae.

The Apocleinae are a group of robber flies characterised by a bare anatergite and bare antennal stylus.

Characters (from Wood 1981, as subgroup of Asilini): Apex of antenna with long, slender, bare bristle-like stylus. Palpus one-segmented. Postmetacoxal area membranous. R2+3 joining R1 proximal to end of R1, with cell r thus separated from wing margin. Anatergite bare.

<==Apocleinae [Apocleini] BT04
    |--Promachus Loew 1848 BT04, Z01
    |    |--P. anceps F09
    |    |--P. bastardii BT04
    |    |--P. bellardii F09
    |    |--P. fuscipennis F09
    |    `--P. yesonicus W81
    `--+--Efferia BT04 (see below for synonymy)
       |    |--E. aestuans W81
       |    |--E. albibarbis F09
       |    |--E. nemoralis BT04
       |    `--E. quadrimaculata F09
       `--Proctacanthus BT04
            |--P. fulviventris F09
            |--P. milbertii W81
            |--P. nearno BT04
            `--P. occidentalis BM76

Apocleinae incertae sedis:
  Mallophora F09
    |--M. media W81
    |--M. minos F09
    |--M. orcina W81
    |--M. ruficauda W81
    `--M. tibialis F09
  Ctenodontina F09
    |--*C. pectinatipes F09
    |--C. complicata F09
    `--C. martini F09
  Eccritosia F09
    |--E. barbata F09
    `--E. zamon F09
  Eicherax F09
    |--E. bellardii F09
    |--E. disjunctus F09
    `--E. nigripes F09
  Eichoichemus lizbethae F09
  Glaphyropyga dryas F09
  Martintella Artigas 1996 [=Martinella Artigas & Papavero 1995 non Jousseaume 1887] F09
    `--*M. lestes [=Asilus lestes, *Martinella lestes, Wilcoxius lestes] F09
  Taurhynchus F09
    |--T. caudatus F09
    `--T. xanthopterus F09
  Triorla F09
    |--T. interrupta F09
    `--T. striola F09
  Wilcoxius Martin 1975 F09
    |--W. acutulus F09
    |--W. crenus F09
    `--W. truncus F09
  Erax F09

Efferia BT04 [incl. Albibarbefferia F09, Carinefferia F09, Diplosynapsis F09, Nerax F09, Pogonioefferia F09, Porasilus F09]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[Z01] Zompro, O. 2001. A review of Eurycanthinae: Eurycanthini, with a key to genera, notes on the subfamily and designation of type species. Phasmid Studies 10 (1): 19–23.

Mydidae

Diochlistus mitis, copyright Jean and Fred Hort.


Belongs within: Asiloidea.

The Mydidae, mydas flies, are a group of predatory flies with a characteristic clubbed second antennal flagellomere.

Characters (from Wilcox 1981): Medium to very large flies, 9-60 mm long, usually sparsely pilose, and without bristles except on legs. Second flagellomere of antenna clubbe. Abdomen long, cylindrical, and slightly tapered apically in male, but usually widest at segment 4 in female. Hindleg much longer and stronger than midleg and foreleg; hind femur usually swollen, with ventral spines; hind tibia with apical spur or bristles. Wing long, narrow to wide; most veins ending in upper margin before apex.

Mydidae
    |--Anomalomydas CM91 [Anomalomydinae W81]
    |--Apiophorinae W81
    |--Cacatuopyginae W81
    |--Rhopalinae W81
    |--Syllegomydas [Syllegomydinae] W81
    |    `--S. daltoni W81
    |--Leptomydinae W81
    |    |--Pseudonomoneura hirta W81
    |    `--Nemomydas W81
    |         |--N. melanopogon W81
    |         `--N. pantherinus W81
    |--Ectyphinae W81
    |    |--Ectyphus armipes W81
    |    |--Heteromydas bicolor W81
    |    `--Opomydas W81
    |         |--O. limbatus W81
    |         `--O. townsendi W81
    |--Diochlistus Gerstaecker 1868 P50 [Diochlistinae W81]
    |    |--D. analogus Paramonov 1950 P50
    |    |--D. apollinosus Paramonov 1950 P50
    |    |--D. auripennis Westwood 1835 [incl. Mydas fulvipennis Macq. 1849] P50
    |    |--D. gracilis Macq. 1847 (see below for synonymy) P50
    |    |--D. hackeri Paramonov 1950 P50
    |    |--D. melleipennis Westw. 1848 (see below for synonymy) P50
    |    |--D. mitis Gerst. 1868 P50
    |    |--D. neogracilis Hardy 1948 P50
    |    |--D. nicholsoni Mackerras 1928 P50
    |    `--D. tenebrosus Paramonov 1950 P50
    `--Mydinae W81
         |--Phyllomydas currani W81
         |--Messiasia W81
         |    |--M. decor W09
         |    |--M. perpolita W09
         |    `--M. pertenuis W81
         `--Mydas [incl. Gauromydas, Protomydas, Stratiomydas] W09
              |--M. bitaeniatus [=Stratiomydas bitaeniatus] W09
              |--M. clavatus W81
              |--M. heros W81
              |--M. illucens L02
              |--M. rubidapex [=Protomydas rubidapex] W09
              `--M. rufiventris [=Stratiomydas rufiventris] W09

Mydidae incertae sedis:
  Dolichogaster P53
  Triclonus P50
  Harmophana P50
  Mitrodetus W81
    |--M. dentitarsus W81
    `--M. microglossa W81
  Midacritus kuscheli W81
  Miltinus Gerst. 1868 P50
    |--M. atripes Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. australicus Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. cardinalis Gerst. 1868 P50
    |--M. commoni Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. dentipennis Mackerras 1928 P50
    |--M. mackerrasi Norr. 1937 P50
    |--M. maculipennis Westw. 1841 P50
    |--M. minutus Mackerras 1928 P50
    |--M. musgravei Mackerras 1928 [incl. M. concinnus Macq. 1846 (n. d.)] P50
    |--M. norrisi Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. parviduatus Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. rieki Paramonov 1950 P50
    |--M. sordidus Westw. 1848 [incl. M. limpidipennis Westw. 1848] P50
    |--M. stenogaster Westw. 1841 [incl. M. bicolor Westw. 1841, M. haemorrhous Gerst. 1868] P50
    |--M. tenuis Mackerras 1928 P50
    `--M. viduatus Westw. 1835 [incl. M. signatus Walk. 1857, M. varipes Macq. 1849] P50
  Rhaphiomidas Osten-Sacken 1874 W09, P53 (see below for synonymy)
    |--R. acton M90
    |--R. episcopus W09
    |--R. terminatus P81
    `--R. xanthos W09

Diochlistus gracilis Macq. 1847 [incl. D. bispinifer Westw. 1848, D. clavatus Macq. 1849, D. clavata, D. macquarti Schin. 1868] P50

Diochlistus melleipennis Westw. 1848 [incl. D. claviger Walk. 1848, D. effractus Walk. 1857, D. flavipes Thoms. 1868] P50

Rhaphiomidas Osten-Sacken 1874 W09, P53 [=Rhaphiomydas P53; incl. Apomidas Coquillett 1892 P53, Apomydas P53]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[M90] McAlpine, J. F. 1990. Insecta: Diptera adults. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1211–1252. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[P50] Paramonov, S. J. 1950. A review of the Australian Mydaidae (Diptera). CSIRO Bulletin 255: 1–32.

[P53] Paramonov, S. J. 1953. A review of Australian Apioceridae (Diptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 1 (3): 449–536.

[P81] Peterson, B. V. 1981. Apioceridae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 541–548. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[W81] Wilcox, J. 1981. Mydidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 533–540. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[W09] Woodley, N. E. 2009. Mydidae (mydas flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 579–583. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

Therevinae

Ozodiceromyia sp., possibly O. notata, copyright Yurika Alexander.


Belongs within: Therevidae.

The Therevinae are a group of stiletto flies found in the Americas and the Palaearctic region (Irwin & Lyneborg 1981).

Characters (from Winterton et al. 2001): Male genitalia with dorsal apodeme of parameral sheath free from gonocoxal apodeme; ventral apodeme of parameral sheath simple. Female genitalia with acanthophorites well developed; intersegmental membrane between sternite 8 and furca sclerotised; tergite 8 joined to tergite 9+10 by sclerotised bridge; two spermathecae; spermathecal sac present. Pupa with alar spine present. Larva with labial beard present; anterior maxillary palp large.

<==Therevinae WY01
    `--Cyclotelini GW09
         |--Anolinga longiventris GW09
         |--Breviperna placida GW09
         |--Coleiana GW09
         |--Crebraseta GW09
         |--Nesonana GW09
         |--Spiracolis GW09
         |--Cyclotelus GW09
         |    |--C. bellus GW09
         |    |--C. nigrifrons GW09
         |    |--C. pictipennis GW09
         |    |--C. rufiventris IL81
         |    `--C. sumichrasti GW09
         `--Ozodiceromyia GW09
              |--O. argentifera GW09
              |--O. costalis BT04
              |--O. mexicana GW09
              |--O. notata GW09
              `--O. signatipennis IL81

Therevinae incertae sedis:
  Anabarhynchus WY01
    |--A. calceatus CM91
    `--A. tristis WY01
  Irwiniella WY01
  Megathereva WY01
  Platycarenum WY01
  Brachylinga cinerea IL81
  Thereva Latreille 1802 L02
    |--*T. plebeja [=Bibio plebeja] L02
    |--T. bipunctata K01
    |--T. fucata IL81
    `--T. marginula K01
  Psilocephala WY01
    |--P. electrella GE05
    |--P. hypogaea IL81
    `--P. scudderi IL81

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[GW09] Gaimari, S. D., & D. W. Webb. 2009. Therevidae (stiletto flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 633–647. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[IL81] Irwin, M. E., & L. Lyneborg. 1981. Therevidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 513–523. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[WY01] Winterton, S. L., L. Yang, B. M. Wiegmann & D. K. Yeates. 2001. Phylogenetic revision of Agapophytinae subf. n. (Diptera: Therevidae) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Systematic Entomology 26: 173–211.

Stratiomyomorpha

Pantophthalmus bellardii, copyright Martin Hauser.


Belongs within: Orthorrhapha.
Contains: Stratiomyidae.

The Stratiomyomorpha are a group of flies including the soldier flies of the Stratiomyidae and their relatives, most of which have saprophagic larvae. Larvae of the families Pantophthalmidae and Xylomyidae are particularly associated with decaying wood.

&t;==Stratiomyomorpha [Stratiomyoidea] WT11
    |--Oligophryne WT11 [Oligophrynidae GE05]
    `--+--Cratomyia macrorrhyncha GE05
       |--Pantophthalmidae WT11
       |    |--Opetiops W09a
       |    `--Pantophthalmus W09a
       |         |--P. argyropastus BW09
       |         |--P. bellardii W09a
       |         |--P. heydeni NB-P09
       |         |--P. roseni W09a
       |         `--P. tabaninus W09a
       `--+--Stratiomyidae WT11
          `--Xylomyidae [Solvidae, Xylomyinae] WT11
               |--Archisolva cupressa GE05
               |--Arthropeina W09b
               |--Solva J81
               |    |--S. laeta CM91
               |    `--S. pallipes J81
               `--Xylomya J81
                    |--X. americana J81
                    |--X. parens WT11
                    |--X. shcherbakovi WT11
                    `--X. tenthredinoides M81

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[J81] James, M. T. 1981. Xylomyidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 493–495. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[M81] McAlpine, J. F. 1981. Morphology and terminology—adults. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 9–63. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

[W09a] Woodley, N. E. 2009a. Pantophthalmidae (pantophthalmid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 509–512. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W09b] Woodley, N. E. 2009b. Xylomyidae (xylomyid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 517–519. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

Oxycerini

Euparyphus mutabilis, copyright Centre for Biodiversity Genomics.


Belongs within: Stratiomyidae.

The Oxycerini are a group of soldier flies with a six-segmented flagellum and a variegated body pattern (James 1981).

Characters (from James 1981): Antennal flagellum with six flagellomeres. Body variegated in background. Scutellum with pair of straight and moderately long spines. Four veins arising from cell dm; crossvein m-cu absent; branches of M often weakened. Abdomen with five visible tergites.

<==Oxycerini J81
    |--Oxycera albovittata J81
    |--Glariopsis decemmaculatus J81
    |--Caloparyphus major J81
    |--Glaris W09
    `--Euparyphus J81
         |--E. cinctus J81
         |--E. limbrocutris J81
         |--E. mutabilis J81
         |--E. ornatus J81
         `--E. (Nigriparyphus) patagius J81

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[J81] James, M. T. 1981. Stratiomyidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 497–511. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[W09] Woodley, N. E. 2009. Stratiomyidae (soldier flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 521–549. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.