Celaenopsoidea

Dorsum (left) and venter of Celaenopsis austriaca, from Evans & Till (1979).


Belongs within: Trigynaspida.

The Celaenopsoidea are a diverse group of mites associated with various arthropods and reptiles (Lindquist et al. 2009b).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009b): Deutonymph with separate podonotal, mesonotal, and pygidial shields; adults usually with holodorsal shield bearing an unpaired median seta at its anterior margin (adults of Neotenogynium retain free shields as in deutonymph). Mesogynal shield small, triangular, and free or amalgamated with latiglynal and/or ventral elements; latigynal shields free or fused to ventral plate; vaginal sclerites well developed. Sternal shield bearing 3-4 setae; free metasternal shield bearing st4 and stp3 often present. Venter covered by single extensive plate, or plate flanked by free lateral and/or anal shields. Palptibia and tarsus distinct, unfused; palpgenu with 5-7 setae; chelicerae with robust, dentate digits, movable digit with large proximal tooth and dendritic or brushlike excrescences. Male genital opening on anterior margin of sternal shield.

<==Celaenopsoidea LKW09b
    |  i. s.: Celaenosthanus trigonophilus LKW09b
    |--Costacarus [Costacaridae] LKW09b
    |    `--C. reyesi LKW09b
    |--Neotenogynium [Neotenogyniidae] LKW09b
    |    `--N. malkini LKW09b
    |--Megacelaenopsidae LKW09b
    |    |--Pelorocelaenopsis camini LKW09b
    |    `--Megacelaenopsis Funk 1975 FH93
    |         `--M. oudemansi Funk 1975 FH93
    |--Schizogyniidae LKW09b
    |    |--Indogynium LKW09b
    |    |--Schizogynium Trägårdh 1950 FH93
    |    |    `--S. megisthanoides (Stoll 1893) [=Celaenopsis megisthanoides] FH93
    |    `--Choriarchus Kinn 1966 FH93
    |         `--C. reginus Kinn 1966 FH93
    |--Triplogyniidae LKW09b
    |    |--Funkotriplogynium Datta 1985 FH93
    |    |    |--F. iagobadius Seeman & Walter 1997 H98
    |    |    `--F. vallei (Fox 1959) [=Neodiplogynium vallei] FH93
    |    `--Triplogynium LKW09b
    |         |--T. krantzi LKW09b
    |         `--T. vallei LKW09b
    |--Euzerconidae LKW09b
    |    |--Etazercon Berlese 1888 FH93
    |    |    `--E. starri Hunter & Rosario 1989 FH93
    |    |--Neoeuzercon Funk 1980 FH93
    |    |    `--N. diplopodophilus Funk 1980 FH93
    |    |--Trinizercon Hunter & Rosario 1989 FH93
    |    |    `--T. atyeoi Hunter & Rosario 1989 FH93
    |    `--Euzercon Berlese 1888 FH93
    |         |--E. balzani Berlese 1888 FH93
    |         |--E. latus (Banks 1910) [=Celaenopsis latus] FH93
    |         `--E. ovale Kramer 1927 O28
    |--Celaenopsidae LKW09b
    |    |--Brachycelaenopsis Trägårdh 1951 H98
    |    |    `--B. breviatus (Banks 1916) [=Celaenopsis breviatus] H98
    |    |--Pleuronectocelaeno Vitzthum 1926 FH93
    |    |    `--P. drymoecetes Kinn 1968 FH93
    |    |--Ceratocelaenopsis Trägårdh 1950 LKW09b, FH93
    |    |    `--C. womersleyi LKW09b
    |    |--Schizocyrtillus Kinn 1970 FH93
    |    |    `--S. lathrius Kinn 1970 FH93
    |    `--Celaenopsis Berlese 1886 ET79
    |         |--C. badius (Koch 1839) [=Gamasus badius; incl. G. cuspidatus Kramer 1876, *Celaenopsis cuspidata] ET79
    |         |--C. angustus Banks 1914 [=Cryptometasternum angustum] FH93
    |         |--C. austriaca ET79
    |         |--C. canadensis Berlese 1910 [=C. (Anoplocelaeno) canadensis, Diplogynium canadense] FH93
    |         |--C. nitida Banks 1914 [=Meinertula nitida] FH93
    |         |--C. pedalis Banks 1910 FH93
    |         `--C. uropodoides Stoll 1893 FH93
    `--Diplogyniidae LKW09b
         |--Ophiocelaeno sellnicki LKW09b
         |--Crenamargo Hick 1958 FH93
         |    `--C. binuseta Hicks 1958 FH93
         |--Lobogyniella Krantz 1958 FH93
         |    `--L. tragardhi Krantz 1958 FH93
         |--Diplogynium Canestrini 1888 [incl. Anoplocelaeno Berlese 1910] FH93
         |    |--‘Celaenopsis (Anoplocelaeno)’ indica Oudemans 1927 O28
         |    |--D. ovatum (Berlese 1888) [=Celaenopsis ovata] FH93
         |    `--‘Celaenopsis (Anoplocelaeno)’ tropica Oudemans 1927 O28
         |--Heterodiplogynium Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |    `--H. vestitum Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |--Lobogynioides Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |    `--L. obtusum Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |--Neolobogynium Hicks 1957 FH93
         |    `--N. americanum (Banks 1904) [=Celaenopsis americana; incl. N. lateriseta Hicks 1957] FH93
         |--Trichodiplogynium Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |    `--T. hirsutum Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |--Diplogyniella Trägårdh 1950 H98
         |    `--D. gayi Womersley 1958 H98
         |--Paradiplogynium Womersley 1958 H98
         |    `--P. panesthia Womersley 1958 H98
         |--Passalacarus Pearse & Wharton 1936 H98
         |    |--P. brooksi Womersley 1958 H98
         |    `--P. sylvestris Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936 FH93
         |--Tridiplogynium Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |    |--T. inexpectatum Trägårdh 1950 FH93
         |    `--T. munizi Machado 1964 FH93
         `--Cryptometasternum Trägårdh 1950 H98
              |--C. derricki Womersley 1958 H98
              `--C. queenslandense Womersley 1958 H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

Pergamasus

Pergamasus sp., copyright R. Penttinen.


Belongs within: Parasitidae.

Pergamasus is a genus of predatory mites found primarily in stable habitats such as forest and grassland soils. Females of this genus have the peritrematic shield fused with the holodorsal shield and both sexes have the opisthonotal region of the dorsal shield densely setose.

<==Pergamasus Berlese 1904 [incl. Plesiogamasus Hull 1918] S61
    |--P. (Pergamasus) FH93
    |    |--*P. (P.) crassipes (Linnaeus 1758) S61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. (P.) alpestris [=Gamasus (P.) alpestris] S22
    |    |--P. (P.) decipiens [=Gamasus (P.) decipiens] S22
    |    |--P. (P.) hamatus (Koch 1839) S22, D91 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. (P.) lapponicus Trägårdh 1910 S22, D91 [=Gamasus (P.) lapponicus S22]
    |    |--P. (P.) longicornis (Berlese 1906) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |--P. (P.) misellus Berlese 1903 S22, Koe91 [=Gamasus (P.) misellus S22]
    |    |--P. (P.) noster [=Gamasus (P.) noster] S22
    |    |--P. (P.) parvulus S22 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. (P.) probsti [=Gamasus (P.) probsti] S22
    |    |--P. (P.) quisquiliarum (Canestrini & Canestrini 1882) S22, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. (P.) runcatellus (Berlese 1903) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |--P. (P.) runciger [=Gamasus (P.) runciger; incl. G. (P.) runciger var. armatus] S22
    |    `--P. (P.) theseus S22 [=Gamasus (P.) theseus S22; incl. P. theseus var. alpinus S61]
    `--P. (Thenargamasus) norvegicus (Berlese 1906) (see below for synonymy) FH93

Pergamasus incertae sedis:
  P. aequicornis Athias-Henriot 1967 FH93
  P. barbarus (Berlese 1905) [=Gamasus barbarus] H98
  P. basileus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. brevicornis K09
  P. cornutus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. crassicornutus D91
  P. cuneatus D91
  P. diessenhofenerus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. digitulus Karg 1963 Koe91
  P. elegantulus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. forazi Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. germanicus D91
  P. helveticus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. homopodoides Athias-Henriot 1967 D91
  P. humusorum Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. lobatus Koh91
  P. mirabilis Willmann 1951 FH93 [=Amblygamasus mirabilis S61]
  P. neorunciger Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. obesus Koh91
  P. oxygynellus S61
  P. perlongum Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. petrophilus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. pinetum Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. plenuspollex Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. serratulus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. suecicus (Trägårdh 1936) D91
  P. truncus Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. trupchumi Schweizer 1961 S61
  P. valesianus S61
  P. vargasi Gorirossi 1955 FH93
  P. xerothermus Schweizer 1961 S61

Nomina nuda: Pergamasus arcuatus Dielmann 1991 D91
             Pergamasus carniolus Dielmann 1991 D91
             Pergamasus italicus Dielmann 1991 D91
             Pergamasus minutissimus Dielmann 1991 D91
             Pergamasus turriger Dielmann 1991 D91

*Pergamasus (Pergamasus) crassipes (Linnaeus 1758) S61 [=Acarus crassipes S61, Gamasus crassipes CF77, Siro crassipes G00; incl. Gamasus agilis CF77, Pergamasus crassipes var. alsacienne Dielmann 1991 (n. n.) D91, G. equestris CF77, G. fungorum CF77, G. quinquespinosus CF77, Acarus testudinarius Hermann 1804 CF77, G00, Gamasus testudinarius CF77, Siro testudinarius G00]

Pergamasus (Pergamasus) hamatus (Koch 1839) S22, D91 [=*Plesiogamasus hamatus S61; incl. Gamasus (Pergamasus) hamatus var. gracilis S22, Pergamasus hamatus var. longipes Schweizer 1961 S61]

Pergamasus (Pergamasus) longicornis (Berlese 1906) [=Gamasus (Pergamasus) crassipes var. longicornis; incl. G. (Pe.) magnicornutus Ewing 1909, G. (Parasitus) predator Banks 1910] FH93

Pergamasus (Pergamasus) parvulus S22 [=Gamasus (P.) parvulus S22; incl. P. parvulus var. denticulatus Schweizer 1961 S61, G. (P.) parvulus var. dilatellus S22]

Pergamasus (Pergamasus) quisquiliarum (Canestrini & Canestrini 1882) S22, FH93 [=Gamasus quisquiliarum FH93; incl. P. crassipes var. australicus Womersley 1942 H98]

Pergamasus (Pergamasus) runcatellus (Berlese 1903) [=Gamasus (P.) runcatellus; incl. P. neoruncatellus Schweizer 1961, P. teutonicus Willmann 1956] FH93

Pergamasus (Thenargamasus) norvegicus (Berlese 1906) [=Gamasus (Amblygamasus) septentrionalis var. norvegicus; incl. G. attenuipes Banks 1910, Hologamasus quinquedentatus Ewing 1920, Pergamasus septentrionalis Oudemans 1902] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[D91] Dielmann, M. 1991. Computer in acarine taxonomy: a method for systematical analysis of the genus Pergamasus (Acari: Mesostigmata). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 239–248. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[G00] Giribet, G. 2000. Catalogue of the Cyphophthalmi of the world (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 2: 49–76.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Form and function. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 5–53. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

Eviphidoidea

Thinoseius spinosus, copyright Steve Coulson.


Belongs within: Gamasina.
Contains: Pachylaelapidae, Leptolaelapidae, Macrochelidae, Parholaspidae.

The Eviphidoidea are a group of primarily soil- and litter-dwelling predatory mites.

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Adult dorsal shield entire; sternal shield of female with 3-4 pairs of setae, metasternal setae on small shields that are amalgamated with adjacent sternal-endopodal elements or present as discrete shields, occasionally inserted free in the integument; preendopodal platelets present or absent, female with a ventrianal or anal shield. Tibia I with 1 posteroventral seta, 2-3 posterodorsal setae, and 1 or 2 anterolateral setae (1(2) 3/2, 2(3)/1 2), tibia III with 7-8 setae (1(2) 1/1, 2/1 1). Palptarsal apotele 2-3-tined, epistome variously produced. Female podospermous, sacculus of the "A" or laelapid type. Male with genital aperture at anterior margin of a holoventral or sternitigenital shield; spematodactyl arises either from internal or external face of movable digit, free distally. Dorsal shield of deutonymph divided or entire; protonymph with 8-11 pairs of pygidial setae; larva with or without pygidial shield.

<==Eviphidoidea LKW09
    |  i. s.: Bulbogamasus [Bulbogamasidae] LKW09
    |           `--B. sinicus LKW09
    |--+--Pachylaelapidae K91
    |  `--+--Leptolaelapidae K91
    |     `--+--Macrochelidae K91
    |        `--Parholaspidae K91
    `--Eviphididae K91
         |  i. s.: Scamiphis LKW09
         |         Rafaphis LKW09
         |         Scarabacariphis grandisternalis LKW09
         |         Canestriniphis Potter & Johnston 1976 FH93
         |           `--C. megalodacne Potter & Johnston 1976 FH93
         |         Iphidiosoma S61
         |           |--I. bennwili Schweizer 1961 S61
         |           `--I. fimetarium S61
         |--Thinoseius Halbert 1920 [incl. Gammaridacarus Canaris 1962, Ligialaelaps Radford 1942; Thinoseiinae] ET79
         |    |--*T. berlesei Halbert 1920 ET79 [incl. Lasioseius fucicola Halbert 1920 ET79, T. fucicola S79]
         |    |--T. acuminatus ET79
         |    |--T. brevisternalis (Canaris 1962) [=Gammaridacarus brevisternalis] FH93
         |    |--T. hirschmanni P94
         |    |--T. kargi Hirschmann 1966 H66
         |    |--T. orchestoideae (Hall 1912) [=Seius orchestoideae] FH93
         |    |--T. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
         |    `--T. spinosus (Willmann 1939) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         `--Eviphidinae KA90
              |--Scamaphis Karg 1976 ET79
              |    `--*S. equestris (Berl. 1911) [=Iphis (Pelethiphis) equestris; incl. S. exanimis Karg 1976] ET79
              |--Evimirus Karg 1963 ET79
              |    |--*E. uropodinus (Berlese 1904) ET79, FH93 [=Eviphis uropodina FH93]
              |    `--E. pulcherpori Karg 1989 FH93
              |--Crassicheles Karg 1963 ET79
              |    |--*C. concentricus (Oudemans 1904) [=Eviphis concentricus] ET79
              |    `--C. holsaticus ET79
              |--Scarabaspis Womersley 1956
              |    |--*S. inexpectatus (Oudemans 1905) ET79 [=Eumaeus inexpectatus ET79, Iphidozercon inexpectatus S61]
              |    |--S. orientalis (Berlese 1920) [=Iphidozercon orientalis; incl. S. aspera Womersley 1956] H98
              |    `--S. rykei LKW09
              |--Alliphis Halbert 1923 ET79
              |    |--*A. halleri (Canestrini & Canestrini 1881) ET79 (see below for synonymy)
              |    |--A. alpinus Schweizer 1961 S61
              |    `--A. oviforme (Schweizer 1949) [=Ameroseius oviforme] S61
              |--Copriphis Berlese 1910 ET79
              |    |--*C. pterophilus (Berl. 1882) [=Iphis pterophilus] ET79
              |    |--C. (Pelethiphis) dermanyssoides Berlese 1911 FH93
              |    |--C. elongatus Berlese 1911 FH93
              |    |--C. hastatellus RK91
              |    |--C. orbinellus Schweizer 1949 S61
              |    `--C. variola Schweizer 1949 S61
              `--Eviphis Berlese 1903 [incl. Iphidoides Oudemans 1904, Iphis Koch 1835] FH93
                   |--*E. pyrobolus (Koch 1839) [=Iphis pyrobolus, Eumaeus pyrobolus] ET79
                   |--E. drepanogaster LKW09
                   |--E. exemplaris Vitzthum 1925 V25
                   |--E. halleri S22
                   |--E. ostrinus (Koch 1835) [=*Iphis ostrinus] FH93
                   |--E. rufus Oudemans 1914 V25
                   `--E. stephaniniarus LKW09

*Alliphis halleri (Canestrini & Canestrini 1881) ET79 [=Gamasus halleri ET79; incl. A. alpinus Schweizer 1961 FH93, Copriphis (Pelethiphis) crinitus var. curtipilus Berlese 1911 FH93, Eviphis siculus Oudemans 1905 FH93, Alliphis siculus FH93]

Thinoseius spinosus (Willmann 1939) [=Lasioseius spinosus; incl. L. spinatus Sellnick 1940, L. uncinatus Sellnick 1940] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[K91] Karg, W. 1991. The integration of morphologic, biogeographic and palaeogeographic studies to reveal the phylogeny of predatory mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 121–127. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583–665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[P94] Pugh, P. J. A. 1994. Non-indigenous Acari of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 207–217.

[RK91] Royce, L. A., & G. W. Krantz. 1991. A new rearing method for nematophagous mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 619–622. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S79] Schuster, R. 1979. Soil mites in the marine environment. Recent Advances in Acarology 1: 593–602.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

Platyseiinae

Cheiroseius phoretic on crane fly Erioptera cana, copyright Stephen Luk.


Belongs within: Phytoseioidea.

The Platyseiinae are a group of predatory mites often found in subaquatic or damp habitats. They typically have several large, acutely pointed structures at the ends of legs II–IV, including the pretarsal paradactyli and a median projection of the pulvillus (Lindquist et al. 2009).

<==Platyseiinae LKW09
    |--Cheiroseiulus LKW09
    |--Platyseius Berlese 1916 [incl. Paraseius Halbert 1915 non Trägårdh 1910, Plesiosejus Evans & Hyatt 1960] FH93
    |    |--P. subglaber (Oudemans 1903) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. aequalis Schweizer 1949 S61
    |    |--P. basileus Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--P. corniger [=Lasioseius corniger, Epicrius corniger] S61
    |    |--P. echinatus Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--P. grimseli Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--P. handschini (Schweizer 1949) [=Episeius handschini] S61
    |    |--P. horridus (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Plesiosejus horridus] FH93
    |    |--P. italicus [=Episeius italicus] S61
    |    |--P. major LKW09
    |    |--P. michaeli S61
    |    |--P. mutilus [=Episeius mutilus] S61
    |    |--P. neocorniger S61
    |    |--P. ovaspini (Schweizer 1929) S61
    |    |--P. serratus (Halbert 1915) [=Paraseius serratus] S61
    |    |--P. tenuipes S61
    |    `--P. trupchumi Schweizer 1961 S61
    `--Cheiroseius Berlese 1916 [incl. Episeiella Willmann 1938, Episeius Hull 1918] ET79
         |  i. s.: C. areolacus McDaniel & Bolen 1983 FH93
         |         C. cassiteridus (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Sejus cassiteridum] FH93
         |         C. curtipes (Halbert 1923) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |         C. groenlandicus (Haarløv 1942) [=Episeius groenlandicus] FH93
         |         C. hurlbutti Baker, Delfinado & Abbatiello 1976 FH93
         |         C. mackerrasae (Womersley 1956) [=Platyseius mackerrasae] H98
         |         C. neborealis (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Sejus neborealis] FH93
         |         C. necorniger (Oudemans 1904) [=Hypoaspis necorniger] FH93
         |         C. parbatensis WL95
         |--C. (Cheiroseius) FH93
         |    |--*C. (C.) unguiculatus (Berlese 1887) [=Seius unguiculatus] ET79
         |    |--C. (C.) antillanus (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Sejus antillanus] FH93
         |    |--C. (C.) bellingeri Evans & Hyatt 1960 FH93
         |    |--C. (C.) borealis (Berlese 1904) [=Ameroseius borealis; incl. Episeius montanus Willmann 1949] FH93
         |    |--C. (C.) greeneae (De Leon 1964) [=Sejus greeneae] FH93
         |    |--C. (C.) hulli (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Sejus hulli] FH93
         |    |--C. (C.) nasutus Karg 1981 FH93
         |    `--C. (C.) tennesseensis (De Leon 1964) [=Sejus tennesseensis; incl. C. flagellatus Karg 1979] FH93
         `--C. (Posttrematus) FH93
              |--C. (P.) cascadensis (De Leon 1964) [=Sejus cascadensis] FH93
              |--C. (P.) floridianus (De Leon 1964) [=Sejus floridianus] FH93
              |--C. (P.) guthriei (Ewing 1913) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
              |--C. (P.) insculptus (Keegan 1946) [=Pachyseius insculpta] FH93
              |--C. (P.) laelaptoides (Berlese 1887) (see below for synonymy) FH93
              |--C. (P.) mutilus (Berlese 1916) [=Lasioseius mutilus] FH93
              `--C. (P.) nodosus (Evans & Hyatt 1960) [=Sejus nodosus] FH93

Cheiroseius curtipes (Halbert 1923) [=Lasioseius (Episeius) glaber var. curtipes; incl. Episeius ovaspini Schweizer 1949] FH93

Cheiroseius (Posttrematus) guthriei (Ewing 1913) FH93 [=Podocinum guthriei FH93; incl. Sejus jamaicensis Evans & Hyatt 1960 FH93, Cheiroseius jamaicensis WL95]

Cheiroseius (Posttrematus) laelaptoides (Berlese 1887) [=Epicrius laelaptoides; incl. Parasejus glaber var. minor Trägårdh 1910, Lasioseius (Episeius) sphagni] FH93

Platyseius subglaber (Oudemans 1903) FH93 [=Hypoaspis subglabra FH93; incl. Lasioseius (*Platyseius) capillatus Berlese 1916 S61, FH93, L. listrophorus Schweizer 1924 FH93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[WL95] Walter, D. E., & E. E. Lindquist. 1995. The distributions of parthenogenetic ascid mites (Acari: Parasitiformes) do not support the biotic uncertainty hypothesis. Experimental and Applied Acarology 19: 423–442.

Blattisociinae

Lasioseius berlesei, copyright Centre for Biodiversity Genomics.


Belongs within: Phytoseioidea.
Contains: Lasioseius (Crinidens).

The Blattisociinae are an ecologically diverse group of mites, found in both terrestrial and above-ground habitats and encompassing predators, insect parasites, fungivores and pollenivores (Lindquist et al. 2009).

<==Blattisociinae [Aceosejidae, Blattisociini, Gnoriminae]
    |--Adhaerenseius LKW09
    |--Arrhenoseius gloriosus Walter & Lindquist 2001 WP07
    |--Aceodromus Muma 1961 LKW09, FH93
    |    |--A. asternalis Lindquist & Chant 1964 RM07
    |    `--A. convolvuli Muma 1961 FH93
    |--Orthadenella LKW09
    |    |--O. lawrencei LKW09
    |    `--O. tennesseensis LKW09
    |--Zercoseius Berlese 1916 LKW09, ET79
    |    |--*Z. spathuliger (Leonardi 1899) [=Seius spathuliger] ET79
    |    |--Z. paliger (Berlese 1916) [=Lasioseius (Zercoseius) paliger] FH93
    |    `--Z. remiger [=Lasioseius (Zercoseius) remiger] S22
    |--Hoploseius Berlese 1914 LKW09, FH93
    |    |--H. australianus W01
    |    |--H. cometa (Berlese 1910) [=Zercon cometa] V25
    |    `--H. tenuis Lindquist 1965 FH93
    |--Blattisocius Keegan 1944 ET79
    |    |--B. tarsalis (Berlese 1918) S61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--B. dentriticus (Berlese 1918) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |--B. keegani Fox 1947 [=Blattiosocius (l. c.) keegani, Melichares keegani] H98
    |    |--B. mali (Oudemans 1929) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |--B. patagiorum Treat 1966 FH93
    |    `--B. quadridentatus Haines 1978 FH93
    `--Lasioseius Berlese 1916 LKW09, ET79 (see below for synonymy)
         |  i. s.: L. allii Chant 1958 FH93 [incl. L. bispinosus Evans 1958 FH93, L. martini LKW09]
         |         L. boomsmai Womersley 1956 [=L. boommai (l. c.)] H98
         |         ‘Gnorimus’ chaudhrii WL01
         |         L. chelaserratus Naeem, Dobkin & OConner 1985 FH93
         |         L. confusus Evans 1958 FH93
         |         L. cynari Chant 1963 FH93
         |         L. elegans Fain, Hyland & Aiken 1977 FH93
         |         *Hyattella’ epicriodes Krantz 1962 WL97
         |         L. fleschneri Chant 1963 FH93
         |         L. floridensis Berlese 1916 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |         L. glaber S22
         |         L. italicus S22
         |         L. jueradeus Schweizer 1949 S61
         |         L. kinikinik Walter & Lindquist 1989 FH93
         |         L. lacunosus Westerboer in Stammer 1963 FH93
         |         L. lasiodactyli Ishikawa 1969 FH93
         |         L. mexicanus (Banks 1904) [=Laelaps mexicanus] FH93
         |         L. muestairi Schweizer 1949 S61
         |         L. neometes McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
         |         L. nivalis Schweizer 1961 S61
         |         L. oblongus (Ewing 1909) [=Gamasus oblongus] FH93
         |         L. ometes (Oudemans 1903) FH93 [=Hypoaspis ometes FH93, L. (Zercoseius) ometes V25]
         |         L. ometisimilis LKW09
         |         L. penicilliger Berlese 1916 (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |         L. peritremus Nasr & Abou-Awad 1987 FH93
         |         L. quadrisetosus WL97
         |         L. queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) (see below for synonymy) WL97
         |         L. rugosa (Halliday 1995) H98 [=*Neolaspina rugosa H95]
         |         L. serratus S22
         |         L. sugawarai Ehara 1964 FH93
         |         L. tenuipes S22
         |         L. terrestris G91
         |         L. tridentatus Baker, Delfinado & Abbatiello 1976 FH93
         |         L. tuberculiger (Berlese 1916) [=Ameroseius tuberculiger; incl. L. spectabilis De Leon 1963] FH93
         |         L. youcefi Athias-Henriot 1959 (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |         L. zaluckii Walter & Lindquist 1997 H98
         |--L. (Lasioseius) FH93
         |    |--L. (L.) berlesei (Oudemans 1938) K91 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--L. (L.) americanus Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (L.) aurora Vitzthum 1925 V25
         |    |--L. (L.) fissuratus V25
         |    |--L. (L.) muricatus (Koch 1839) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |    |--L. (L.) parvulus V25
         |    `--L. (L.) pusillus V25
         |--L. (Criniacus) FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) arboreus Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) drosophili Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) krantzi Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) lanciolatus Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) matthyssei Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) multisetus Chant 1963 FH93
         |    |--L. (C.) safroi (Ewing 1920) [=Seius safroi; incl. L. dendroctoni Chant 1963] FH93
         |    `--L. (C.) subterraneus Chant 1963 [=L. (Criniacus) subterraneus] FH93
         `--L. (Crinidens) FH93

Nomina nuda: Lasioseius aparapilus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Lasioseius muricatus var. floridensis Berlese 1918 non L. pencilliger var. floridensis Berlese 1916 FH93
             Lasioseius halimus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Lasioseius polypori Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Lasioseius scabridus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Lasioseius muricatus var. transoceanicus Berlese 1918 FH93

Blattisocius dentriticus (Berlese 1918) H98 [=Lasioseius dentriticus H98, B. dendriticus (l. c.) H98, Melichares dentriticus H98; incl. Seiulus amboinensis Oudemans 1925 FH93, Laelaps fimbriatus Halbert 1923 FH93]

Blattisocius mali (Oudemans 1929) [=Typhlodromus mali; incl. Lasioseius (Paragarmania) bakeri Chant 1958, Blattisocius daci Narayanan & Ghai 1961] FH93

Blattisocius tarsalis
(Berlese 1918) S61 [=Lasioseius tarsalis S61, Melichares tarsalis H98; incl. L. similis Schweizer 1949 S61, Typhlodromus tineivorus Oudemans 1929 FH93, Blattisocius tineivorus H98, *B. tridons Keegan 1944 ET79, FH93]

Lasioseius Berlese 1916 LKW09, ET79 [incl. Aceoseius Sellnick 1941 FH93, Borinquolaelaps Fox 1946 ET79, Gnorimus Chaudri 1975 WL97, Hyattella Krantz 1962 nec Lendenfeld 1889 nec Hall & Clarke 1893 ET79, Indiraseius Dansehvar 1987 WL97, Neolaspina Halliday 1995 H98]

Lasioseius (Lasioseius) berlesei (Oudemans 1938) K91 [=Typhlodromus berlesei ET79; incl. L. aba Baker & Wharton 1952 FH93, Seius muricatus Berlese 1887 non Koch 1839 ET79, *Aceoseius muricatus WL97, *Lasioseius muricatus ET79, L. sylvestris Pintschuk 1972 FH93]

Lasioseius floridensis Berlese 1916 FH93 [=L. (Zercoseius) pencilliger var. floridensis FH93; incl. L. analis Evans 1958 FH93, *Borinquolaelaps dentatus Fox 1946 WL97, FH93, L. dentatus WL95, L. scapulatus Kennett 1958 FH93]

Lasioseius muricatus (Koch 1839) [=Sejus muricatus; incl. Laelaps ligoniformis Michael 1892, Ameroseius pseudocometa Schweizer 1922] FH93

Lasioseius penicilliger Berlese 1916 [incl. L. (Zercoseius) lanciolatus Chant 1963 non L. (Criniacus) lanciolatus Chant 1963] FH93

Lasioseius queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) [=Platyseius queenslandicus; incl. L. athiasae Nawar & Nasr 1991] WL97

Lasioseius youcefi Athias-Henriot 1959 [incl. L. mcgregori Chant 1963, L. paucisetosus Westerboer in Stammer 1963, L. proteae Ryke 1964] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[G91] Gupta, S. K. 1991. The mites of agricultural importance in India with remarks on their economic status. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 509–522. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H95] Halliday, R. B. 1995. A new genus and two new species of Parholaspididae from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 209–217.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[RM07] Ramos, M., & G. J. de Moraes. 2007. Predatory mites associated with Steneotarsonemus spinki (Acari: Tarsonemidae) on rice in Cuba. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 459–462. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W01] Walter, D. E. 2001. Achilles and the mite: Zeno’s paradox and rainforest mite diversity. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 113–120. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[WL95] Walter, D. E., & E. E. Lindquist. 1995. The distributions of parthenogenetic ascid mites (Acari: Parasitiformes) do not support the biotic uncertainty hypothesis. Experimental and Applied Acarology 19: 423–442.

[WL97] Walter, D. E., & E. E. Lindquist. 1997. Australian species of Lasioseius (Acari: Mesostigmata: Ascidae): the porulosus group and other species from rainforest canopies. Invertebrate Taxonomy 11: 525–547.

[WP07] Walter, D. E., & H. Proctor. 2007. Using your genetic system to win friends and obfuscate theorists: patterns in the distribution of genetic sex determination in the Parasitiformes. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 637–643. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[WL01] Wu, W.-N., & W.-M. Lan. 2001. The phytoseiid mites of major crops in China. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 530–532. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

Digamasellidae

Dendrolaelaps alongside collembolan, copyright Scott Justis.


Belongs within: Gamasina.

The Digamasellidae are a widespread group of mostly predatory mites though the genus Digamasellus is considered fungivorous (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Dorsal shield of adults divided; palpi five-segmented, palptarsal apotele two-tined; legs IV usually with seven setae on genu (1 2/1, 2/0 1) and seven on tibia (1 1/1, 2/1 1); anterior portion of female sternal shield and male sternitigenital shield weakly defined; male with sternal setae st5 on separate platelets; female with separate epigynal shield.

<==Digamasellidae [Dendrolaelapinae] LKW09
    |--Panteniphis LKW09
    |    |--P. athiasae Hirschmann 1983 G00
    |    `--P. mirandus Willmann 1949 G00
    |--Oligodentatus Shcherbak 1980 FH93
    |--Dendroseius Karg 1965 ET79
    |    `--*D. scotarius (Sheals 1958) [=Digamasellus scotarius, Di. reticualtus Sheals 1956 (preoc.)] ET79
    |--Longoseius Chant 1961 FH93
    |    |--L. (Longoseius) cuniculus Chant 1961 FH93
    |    `--L. (Longoseiulus) brachypodus (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus brachypoda] FH93
    |--Insectolaelaps Shcherbak 1980 FH93
    |    |--I. armatus (Hirschmann 1960) [=Dendrolaelaps armatus] FH93
    |    |--I. latoamarmatus Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1982 FH93
    |    |--I. neoarmatus Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1982 FH93
    |    `--I. quadrisetus (Berlese 1920) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--Dendrolaelaspis Lindquist 1975 FH93
    |    |--D. angulosus (Willmann 1936) [=Digamasellus angulosus] FH93
    |    |--D. baloghi (Hirschmann 1974) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) baloghi FH93
    |    |--D. bregetovae (Shcherbak 1978) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) bregetovae] FH93
    |    |--D. brevisetosus (Shcherbak 1978) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) brevisetosus] FH93
    |    |--D. cienfuegi (Wiśniewski & Hirschmann 1989) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) cienfuegi] FH93
    |    |--D. lindquisti (Shcherbak 1978) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) lindquisti] FH93
    |    `--D. miniangulosus (Shcherbak 1978) [=Dendrolaelaps (Dendrolaelaspis) miniangulosus] FH93
    |--Digamasellus Berlese 1905 S61
    |    |--D. punctum (Berlese 1904) LKW09, ET79 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--D. australis Lindquist 1975 H98
    |    |--D. cornutus [=Dendrolaelaps cornutus; incl. Gamasellus captator, Cyrtolaelaps captator] S61
    |    |--D. crassipes Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--D. inermis (Halbert 1920) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) inermis] V25
    |    |--D. lemani Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--D. magnituberculatus (Vitzthum 1925) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) magnituberculatus] V25
    |    |--D. puntperivi Schweizer 1961 S61
    |    |--D. schauenburgi Schweizer 1961 A61
    |    `--D. variabilis Wiśniewski & Hirschmann 1989 FH93
    |--Multidendrolaelaps Hirschmann 1974 FH93
    |    |--M. bakeri (Hirschman & Wiśniewski 1982) [=Dendrolaelaps (Epistodendrolaelaps) bakeri] FH93
    |    |--M. epistospinosus Shcherbak 1985 FH93
    |    |--M. fossilis (Hirschmann 1971) [=Dendrolaelaps fossilis] FH93
    |    |--M. hurlbutti Shcherbak 1985 [=M. harlbutti] FH93
    |    |--M. inconstans Shcherbak 1985 FH93
    |    |--M. isodentatus (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus isodentatus] FH93
    |    |--M. spinosus FH93
    |    |    |--M. s. spinosus FH93
    |    |    `--M. s. elongatus Shcherbak 1985 FH93
    |    |--M. tetraspinosus (Hirschmann 1960) [=Dendrolaelaps tetraspinosus] FH93
    |    |--M. trispinosus Shcherbak 1985 FH93
    |    `--M. ulmi (Hirschmann 1960) [=Dendrolaelaps ulmi] FH93
    `--Dendrolaelaps Halbert 1915 ET79
         |  i. s.: D. adelaideae Womersley 1954 (see below for synonymy) H98
         |         D. aegypticus E-KO07
         |         D. euarmatus Hirschmann 1960 K91
         |         D. fukikoae LKW09
         |         D. insignis Hirschmann 1960 K91
         |         D. kargi Hirschmann 1966 H66
         |         D. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
         |         D. unsipinatus LKW09
         |         D. watsoni Hirschmann 1966 H66
         |--D. (Dendrolaelaps) FH93
         |    |--*D. (D.) oudemansi Halbert 1915 ET79 [=Digamasellus oudemansi S61]
         |    |--D. (D.) cylindricus (Berlese 1918) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) cylindricus] FH93
         |    |--D. (D.) hurlbutti Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1982 FH93
         |    |--D. (D.) moseri (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus moseri] FH93
         |    `--D. (D.) neocornutus (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus neocornutus] FH93
         |--D. (Apophyseodendrolaelaps) FH93
         |    |--D. (A.) neodisetosimilis McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
         |    |--D. (A.) neozwoelferi Hirschmann 1983 FH93
         |    `--D. (A.) zwoelferi Hirschmann 1960 FH93
         |--D. (Cornodendrolaelaps) FH93
         |    |--D. (C.) carolinensis McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
         |    |--D. (C.) passalorum (Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936) [=Zercon passalorum] FH93
         |    |--D. (C.) quadritorus (Robillard 1971) [=Digamasellus quadritorus] FH93
         |    |--D. (C.) reticulosus Hirschmann 1960 FH93
         |    `--D. (C.) varipunctatus (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus varipunctatus] FH93
         |--D. (Disetodendrolaelaps) FH93
         |    |--D. (D.) disetus Hirschmann 1960 FH93
         |    `--D. (D.) neodisetus (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus neodisetus] FH93
         |--D. (Epistodendrolaelaps) manualkrantzi Hirschmann 1983 FH93
         |--D. (Ipidodendrolaelaps) quadrisetosimilis Hirschmann 1960 FH93
         |--D. (Majestidendrolaelaps) majesticus Wiśniewski & Hirschmann 1989 FH93
         |--D. (Presepodendrolaelaps) presepum (Berlese 1918) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) presepum] FH93
         |--D. (Punctodendrolaelaps) FH93
         |    |--D. (P.) debilipes (Berlese 1920) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) debilipes] FH93
         |    |--D. (P.) fallax (Leitner 1949) [=Digamasellus fallax] FH93
         |    |--D. (P.) louisianae Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1982 FH93
         |    |--D. (P.) quadricrinis (Berlese 1920) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) quadricrinis] FH93
         |    |--D. (P.) rotoni (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus rotoni] FH93
         |    `--D. (P.) strenzkei Hirschmann 1960 FH93
         `--D. (Sellinickidendrolaelaps) marylandae (Hurlbutt 1967) [=Digamasellus marylandae] FH93

Dendrolaelaps adelaideae Womersley 1954 [=Cyrtolaelaps adelaideae; incl. D. concinna Womersley 1954, C. concinna] H98

Digamasellus punctum (Berlese 1904) LKW09, ET79 [=Gamasellus (Cyrtolaelaps) punctum FH93; incl. Gamasellus (*Digamasellus) perpusillus Berlese 1905 ET79]

Insectolaelaps quadrisetus (Berlese 1920) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) quadrisetus; incl. Dendrolaelaps quadrisetoides Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1982] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[G00] Gwiazdowicz, D. J. 2000. Description of deutonymph of Panteniphis mirandus (Acari, Rhodacaridae) from Poland. Biologia 55 (5): 465–467.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[K91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

Hypoaspis

Ventral view of female Hypoaspis, copyright Pavel Klimov.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Hypoaspis is a genus of free-living predatory mites found in soil, litter and mosses (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Apotele with two tines. Opisthonotum with Zx setae present. Chelicerae of male chelate-dentate, spermatodactyl free. Female typically with genital shield.

<==Hypoaspis Canestrini 1884 ET79
    |--H. (Hypoaspis) HB69
    |    |--*H. (H.) krameri (Canestrini & Canestrini 1881) [=Gamasus krameri] ET79
    |    |--H. (H.) brevipilis Bernhard 1955 HB69
    |    `--H. (H.) ellipsoides Bernhard 1955 HB69
    `--H. (Hypoaspisella Bernhard in Karg 1965) HB69, ET79
         |--H. (H.) berlesei Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) heterosetosus Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) incertus Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) intermedius Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) lasiomyrmecophilus Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
         `--H. (H.) myrmecophilus Bernhard 1955 HB69

Hypoaspis incertae sedis:
  H. acme Womersley 1955 H98
  H. angusta Karg 1965 Koe91
  H. angustiscutatus Willmann 1951 HB69
  H. armstrongi (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps armstrongi, Geolaelaps armstrongi] H98
  H. atomaria Berlese 1916 S95
  H. australis Hull 1923 H98
  H. barbarae Strong 1995 S95
  H. blattae Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. breviseta Evans & Till 1966 FH93
  H. cavernicola (Packard 1888) [=Laelaps cavernicola, Iphis cavernicola] FH93
  H, curtipilus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. dasypa Menzies & Strandtmann 1952 FH93
  H. disjuncta SF07
  H. disparatus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus disparatus] H98
  H. distans Banks 1914 FH93
  H. elegantula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) elegantulus] S22
  H. elongatus Götz 1952 HB69
  H. eupatori (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps eupatori] H98
  H. evansi P94
  H. favosus Turk 1948 FH93
  H. giffordi Koh91
  H. glabrosimilis Hischmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
  H. gracilis Greim 1952 HB69
  H. grandiporus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. heteronychus (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps heteronychus] H98
  H. inepilis Banks 1916 H98
  H. inversus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus inversus] H98
  H. lyratus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus lyratus] H98
  H. marksi Strandtmann & Crossley 1962 FH93
  H. meliponarum Vitzthum 1930 FH93
  H. minor Costa 1969 HB69
  H. neoaculeifer Hirschmann 1966 FH93
  H. ninabregus McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
  H. oblonga M-PV-G01
  H. orientalis E-KO07
  H. ovatula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) ovatulus] S22
  H. ovoideus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. pini Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
  H. queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) (see below for synonymy) H98
  H. rhopaea (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps rhopaea] H98
  H. rosei Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. ruggi Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. sardoa Koh91
  H. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
  H. similis (Moniez 1894) [=Laelaps similis] FH93
  H. simplexans (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps simplexans] H98
  H. stammeri Götz 1952 HB69
  H. stilosus (Canestrini 1884) [=Laelaps stilosus] H98
  H. vanpletzeni Van Aswegen & Loots 1970 S95
  H. womersleyi Domrow 1957 H98

Hypoaspis queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps queenslandicus, Geolaelaps queenslandicus, Hypoaspis queenslandica] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 586–593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[P94] Pugh, P. J. A. 1994. Non-indigenous Acari of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 207–217.

[SF07] Satterlee, S. M., & N. J. Fashing. 2007. A preliminary investigation of cues used by mesostigmatic mites to locate their passalid beetle hosts. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 241–248. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S95] Strong, K. L. 1995. A new species of Hypoaspis (Acarina: Laelapidae) associated with funnel-web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 219–223.