Field of Science

Siphlonuroidea

Interpretive diagram of holotype abdomen of Siberiogenites mongolicus, from Sinitshenkova (2002).


Belongs within: Pisciformia.

The Siphlonuroidea is a group of mayflies whose members are united by symplesiomorphies only, with unmodified wings and nymphs usually with a plesiomorphic swimming mode (Kluge & Sinitshenkova 2002).

Characters (from Kluge & Sinitshenkova 2002): Wings anteritornal. Nymphs usually with legs able to be pressed to body being stretched posteriorly, abdomen capable of undulating dorsoventral swimming movement, cerci and paracercus much shorter than in imago, with swimming setae (each cercus with row of setae on inner side only, paracercus with pair of such rows on lateral sides), so cerci and paracercus functioning as horizontal caudal flipper.

<==Siphlonuroidea
    |  i. s.: Cretoneta KS02
    |         Promirara KS02
    |         Australurus KS02
    |         Dulcimanna KS02
    |         Siphlurites explanatus D70c
    |--Ametropodidae KS02
    |    |--Ametropus KS02
    |    `--Siphloplecton Clemens 1915 [Metretopodinae] D70a
    |         |--S. jaegeri Demoulin 1968 D70a
    |         `--S. macrops (Pictet 1856) D70a
    |--Siphlonuridae [Ameletopsidae] D70b
    |    |--Stackelbergisca sibirica KS02
    |    |--Proameletus caudatus KS02
    |    |--Siphlonurus KS02
    |    |--Mesobaetis mandalensis S02a
    |    |--Mogzonurella S02a
    |    |--Mogzonurus S02a
    |    |--Albisca tracheata S02b
    |    |--Oniscigaster distans PC66
    |    |--Nesameletus ornatus PC66
    |    |--Ameletopsis perscitus PC66
    |    |--Ameletus punctatus Takahashi 1931 TYM08
    |    |--Mirawara aapta ZS10, K-P83
    |    `--Olgisca Demoulin 1970 D70b
    |         `--*O. schwertschlageri (Handlirsch 1908) [=Paedephemera schwertschlageri] D70b
    `--Hexagenitidae [Paedephemeridea, Stenodicranidae] D70b
         |--Mongologenites laqueatus S02a
         |--Protoligoneuria limai S02a
         |--Hexameropsis selini S02a
         |--Cratogenites corradiniae S02a
         |--Hexagenites Scudder 1880 [incl. Paedephemera Handlirsch 1908; Hexagenitinae, Paedephemeridae] D70b
         |    `--H. cellulosus (Hagen 1862) (see below for synonymy) D70b
         |--Ephemeropsis [Ephemeropsidae] D70b
         |    |--E. melanurus KS02
         |    `--E. trisetalis S02a
         |--Palaeobaetodes S02a
         |    |--P. britoi S02a
         |    `--P. costalimai S02a
         `--Siberiogenites Sinitshenkova 1985 S02b
              |--S. medius S02b
              |--S. mongolicus Sinitshenkova 2002 S02b
              `--S. rotundatus S02b

Hexagenites cellulosus (Hagen 1862) [=Ephemera cellulosa, Mesemphera cellulosa; incl. E. mortua Hagen 1862, Paedephemera mortua, E. multinervosa Oppenheim 1888, *P. multinervosa, P. oppenheimi Handlirsch 1908, *Hexagenites weyenberghi Scudder 1880] D70b

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[D70a] Demoulin, G. 1970a. Troisieme contribution a la connaisance des ephemeropteres d l'ambre Oligocene de la Baltique. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (2): 1-11.

[D70b] Demoulin, G. 1970b. Contribution a l'etude morphologique, systematique et phylogenique de ephemeropteres Jurassiques d'Europe centrale. V. Hexagenitidae = Paedephemeridae (syn. nov.) Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (4): 1-8.

[D70c] Demoulin, G. 1970c. Contribution a la connaisance de ephemeropteres du Miocene. I. Siphlurites explanatus Cockerell. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (5): 1-4.

[KS02] Kluge, N. Yu., & N. D. Sinitshenkova. 2002. Order Ephemerida Latreille, 1810. The true mayflies (=Ephemeroptera Hyatt et Arms, 1891 (s. l.); =Euephemeroptera Kluge, 2000. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 89-97. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[K-P83] Kukalová-Peck, J. 1983. Origin of the insect wing and wing articulation from the arthropodan leg. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1618-1669.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[S02a] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002a. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 388-426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[S02b] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002b. New late Mesozoic mayflies from the Shar-Teeg locality, Mongolia (Insecta, Ephemerida = Ephemeroptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2002 (3): 43-48 (transl. Paleontological Journal 36 (3): 270-276).

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252-280.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

Heptageniomorpha

Female (above) and male of Ecdyonurus torrentis, copyright crnabambula.


Belongs within: Pisciformia.

The Heptageniomorpha is a group of mayflies in which the nymphs bear filamentous gills on the sides of the abdomen.

Synapomorphies (from Kluge & Sinitshenkova 2002): Posterior arms of mesothoracic prealar bridge reduced in adults; eggs with anchors of peculiar structure; nymphal maxillae with ventral longitudinal row of setae; nymphal labial palp with segments 2 and 3 fused; nymphal tergaliae with gill filaments.

<==Heptageniomorpha [Branchitergaliae]
    |--Oligoneurioidea [Eusetisura] KS02
    |    |--Isonychiidae KS02
    |    |    |  i. s.: Siphlurus sanukensis Takahashi 1929 TYM08
    |    |    |--Rallidentinae D70b
    |    |    `--Isonychiinae D70b
    |    |--Oligoneuriidae KS02
    |    |    |  i. s.: Colocrurus KS02
    |    |    |--Chromarcys KS02
    |    |    `--Oligoneuriinae KS02
    |    `--Coloburiscidae [Coloburiscinae] KS02
    |         |--Coloburiscus humeralis PC66
    |         |--Murphyella needhami D70b
    |         |--Coloburiscoides D70b
    |         `--Cronicus Eaton 1871 D70a
    |              `--C. major Demoulin 1968 D70a
    `--Heptagenioidea [Heptagennota] KS02
         |--Pseudiron KS02
         `--Pentamerotarsata KS02
              |--Arthroplea KS02
              `--Heptageniidae [Radulapalpata] KS02
                   |  i. s.: Miocenogenia gorbunovi KS02, S02
                   |         Pseudokageronia KS02
                   |         Trichogenia Braasch & Soldán 1988 B06
                   |           `--T. maxillaris Braasch & Soldán 1988 B06
                   |         Cinygmina Kimmins 1937 B06
                   |         Epeorus Eaton 1881 B06
                   |         Rhithrogeniella Ulmer 1939 B06
                   |         Rhithrogena Eaton 1881 B06
                   |           `--R. diaphana Navás 1917 M86
                   |         Dacnogenia Kluge 1988 B06
                   |         Parafronurus Zhou & Braasch 2003 B06
                   |         Electrogena Zurwerra & Tomka 1985 B06
                   |         Ecdyurus TYM08
                   |           |--E. flavus Takahashi 1929 TYM08
                   |           `--E. tobiironis Takahashi 1929 TYM08
                   |         Iron pellucidus Takahashi 1931 TYM08
                   |--Heptagenia Walsh 1863 [Heptageniinae] D70a
                   |    |--H. bachofeni Demoulin 1968 D70a
                   |    |--H. flava Rostock 1877 M86
                   |    |--H. fuscogrisea KS02
                   |    `--H. sulphurea CCG01
                   `--Ecdyonurinae B06
                        |  i. s.: Compsoneuria Eaton 1881 [incl. Compsoneuriella Ulmer 1939] B06
                        |           |--*C. (Compsoneuria) spectabilis Eaton 1881 B06
                        |           `--C. (Siamoneuria Braasch 2006) B06
                        |                `--C. (*S.) kovaci Braasch 2006 B06
                        |--Leucrocutini B06
                        |--Notacanthurus Tshernova 1972 [Notacanthurini] B06
                        |--Atopopini B06
                        |    |--Afronurus Lestage 1924 B06
                        |    |--Asionurus Braasch & Soldán 1986 B06
                        |    |--Atopopus Eaton 1881 B06
                        |    `--Thalerosphyrus Eaton 1881 B06
                        `--Ecdyonurini B06
                             |--Nixe Flowers 1980 B06
                             `--Ecdyonurus Eaton 1868 B06
                                  |--E. affinis (Eaton 1885) M86
                                  |--E. aurantiacus (Burneister 1839) M86
                                  |--E. baeticus Alba-Tercedor & Derka 2004 F05
                                  |--E. dispar (Curtis 1834) M86
                                  |--E. lateralis (Curtis 1834) M86
                                  |--E. olgae Alba-Tercedor & Derka 2004 F05
                                  |--E. starmachi Sowa 1971 M86
                                  |--E. submontanus M86
                                  `--E. torrentis Kimmins 1942 M86

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B06] Braasch, D. 2006. Compsoneuria (Siamoneuria) kovaci subg. n., sp. n., a new mayfly from northern Thailand (Insecta, Ephemeroptera, Heptageniidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (1): 47-53.

[CCG01] Canivet, V., P. Chambon & J. Gibert. 2001. Toxicity and bioaccumulation of arsenic and chromium in epigean and hypogean freshwater macroinvertebrates. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40: 345-354.

[D70a] Demoulin, G. 1970a. Troisieme contribution a la connaisance des ephemeropteres d l'ambre Oligocene de la Baltique. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (2): 1-11.

[D70b] Demoulin, G. 1970b. Contribution a la connaisance de ephemeropteres du Miocene. I. Siphlurites explanatus Cockerell. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (5): 1-4.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261-282.

[KS02] Kluge, N. Yu., & N. D. Sinitshenkova. 2002. Order Ephemerida Latreille, 1810. The true mayflies (=Ephemeroptera Hyatt et Arms, 1891 (s. l.); =Euephemeroptera Kluge, 2000. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 89-97. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[M86] Marten, M. 1986. Drei für Deutschland neue und weitere, selten gefundene Eintagsfliegen aus der Fulda (Insecta, Ephemeroptera). Spixiana 9 (2): 169-173.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[S02] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 388-426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252-280.

Euodonata

Counterpart, part and interpretive diagram of holotype of Saxonagrion minutus, from Nel et al. (1999).


Belongs within: Pandiscoidalia.
Contains: Zygoptera, Euepiproctophora, Isophlebioptera.

The Euodonata is the crown group of dragonflies and damselflies. Synapomorphies of this clade include the formation of the posterior arculus at the separation of veins RP and MA, and the presence of the subdiscoidal vein (Grimaldi & Engel 2005).

<==Euodonata
    |--+--Zygoptera FB03
    |  `--Saxonagrion NB01 [Saxonagrionidae GE05]
    |       `--S. minutus Nel et al. 1999 NB01
    `--Epiprocta [Epiproctophora] GE05
         |  i. s.: Oreopteridae GE05
         |         Turanothemistidae GE05
         |--Euepiproctophora FB03
         `--+--Steleopteridae RP02
            `--Isophlebioptera FB03

Euodonata incertae sedis:
  Shurabiola Pritykina 1980 FN02
  Mortonagrion hirosei Asahina 1972 I92
  Rhipidolestes I92
    |--R. aculeata I92
    |    |--R. a. aculeata I92
    |    |--R. a. hiraoi I92
    |    `--R. a. yakusimensis I92
    `--R. okinawanus Asahina 1951 I92
  Boninthemis insularis (Matsumura 1913) I92
  Lyriothemis I92
    |--L. elegantissima I92
    `--L. tricolor Ris 1916 I92
  Bayadera brevicauda I92
    |--B. b. brevicauda I92
    `--B. b. ishigakiana Asahina 1964 I92
  Matrona basilaris I92
    |--M. b. basilaris I92
    |--M. b. japonica Foerster 1897 I92
    `--M. b. nigripectus I92
  Asiagomphus I92
    |--A. amamiensis (Asahina 1962) I92
    |    |--A. a. amamiensis I92
    |    `--A. a. okinawanus (Asahina 1964) I92
    `--A. yayeyamensis (Oguma 1926) I92
  Leptogomphus I92
    |--L. sauteri I92
    |    |--L. s. sauteri I92
    |    `--L. s. formosanus I92
    `--L. yayeyamensis Oguma 1926 I92
  Macromidia ishidai Asahina 1964 I92
  Cercion calamorum I92
  Boninagrion ezoin Asahina 1952 I92
  Stylogomphus I92
    |--S. ryukyuanus I92
    |    |--S. r. ryukyuanus I92
    |    `--S. r. asatoi Asahina 1972 I92
    `--S. shirozui I92
         |--S. s. shirozui I92
         `--S. s. watanabei Asahina 1984 I92
  Planaeschna I92
    |--P. ishigakiana Asahina 1951 I92
    |    |--P. i. ishigakiana I92
    |    `--P. i. nagaminei Asahina 1988 I92
    `--P. risi I92
         |--P. r. risi I92
         `--P. r. sakishimana Asahina 1964 I92
  Trapezostigma loewii TDC06
  Argiolestes minimus ASD05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ASD05] Armstrong, K. N., A. W. Storey & P. M. Davies. 2005. Effects of catchment clearing and sedimentation on macroinvertebrate communities of cobble habitat in freshwater streams of southwestern Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (1): 1-11.

[FB03] Fleck, G., G. Bechly, X. Martínez-Delclòs, E. Jarzembowski, R. Coram & A. Nel. 2003. Phylogeny and classification of the Stenophlebioptera (Odonata: Epiproctophora). Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 39 (1): 55-93.

[FN02] Fleck, G., & A. Nel. 2002. The first isophlebioid dragonfly (Odonata: Isophlebioptera: Campterophlebiidae) from the Mesozoic of China. Palaeontology 45 (6): 1123-1136.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[NB01] Nel, A., O. Bethoux, G. Bechly, X. Martínez-Delclòs & F. Papier. 2001. The Permo-Triassic Odonatoptera of the “protodonate” grade (Insecta: Odonatoptera). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 37 (4): 501-525.

Nel, A., G. Gand, G. Fleck, O. Bethoux, J. Lapeyrie & J. Garic. 1999. Saxonagrion minutus nov. gen. et sp., the oldest damselfly from the Upper Permian of France (Odonatoptera, Panodonata, Saxonagrionidae nov. fam.) Geobios 32 (6): 883-888.

[RP02] Rasnitsyn, A. P., & L. N. Pritykina. 2002. Superorder Libellulidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Odonata Fabricius, 1792. The dragonflies. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 97-104. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TDC06] Timms, B. V., B. Datson & M. Coleman. 2006. The wetlands of the Lake Carey catchment, northeast Goldfields of Western Australia, with special reference to large branchiopods. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (4): 175-183.

Pandiscoidalia

Holotype of Reisia gelasii, from Museum Terra Triassica.


Belongs within: Odonatoptera.
Contains: Triadophlebiomorpha, Euodonata.

The Pandiscoidalia is a clade of odonatopterans including the living damselflies and dragonflies, as well as a number of closely related stem taxa.

Synapomorphies (from Nel et al. 2001): Wings with highly developed nodus with kink in ScP; nodal furrow present; nodal and subnodal crossveins aligned; primary antenodal crossvein Ax1 present.

<==Pandiscoidalia [Triadophlebioptera]
    |--Triadotypidae [Reisiidae, Triadotypomorpha] NB01
    |    |--Triadotypus Grauvogel & Laurentiaux 1952 NB01
    |    |    |--*T. guillaumei Grauvogel & Laurentiaux 1952 [=Reisia guillaumei] NB01
    |    |    `--T. nana Bechly 1997 [=T. guillaumei var. nana] NB01
    |    `--Reisia Handlirsch 1912 NB01
    |         |--*R. gelasii (Reis 1909) [=Handlirschia gelasii] NB01
    |         `--R. sodgianus (Pritykina 1981) [=Triadotypus sodgianus, T. sodiques (l. c.)] NB01
    `--Discoidalia NB01
         |--Triadophlebiomorpha RP02
         `--Odonata [Stigmoptera] GE05
              |  i. s.: Epallagoidea PN04
              |           |--Epallage [Epallagidae] P74
              |           |--Litheuphaea carpenteri Fraser 1955 PN04
              |           |--Parazacallites aquisextana Nel 1988 PN04
              |           `--Zacallites balli Cockerell 1928 PN04
              |         Telebasis salva P74
              |--Panodonata [Anisozygoptera, Libellulina] RP02
              |    |--Euodonata RP02
              |    `--Tarsophlebioptera FB03
              |         |--Turanophlebia GE05
              |         `--Tarsophlebia FB03 [Tarsophlebiidae RP02]
              |              `--*T. eximia (Hagen 1862) FB03
              `--Protomyrmeleontoidea [Archizygoptera, Protozygoptera] RP02
                   |  i. s.: Lodevia longialata Nel et al. 1999 BN02
                   |--Kennedyidae RP02
                   |--Permolestidae RP02
                   |--Permepallage BN02 [Permepallagidae RP02]
                   |    `--P. augustissima Martynov 1938 BN02
                   |--Permagrionidae RP02
                   |--Protomyrmeleontidae RP02
                   `--Batkeniidae RP02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BN02] Béthoux, O., A. Nel, J. Lapeyrie, G. Gand & J. Galtier. 2002. Raphogla rubra gen. n., sp. n., the oldest representative of the clade of modern Ensifera (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidea, Gryllidea). European Journal of Entomology 99: 111-116.

[FB03] Fleck, G., G. Bechly, X. Martínez-Delclòs, E. Jarzembowski, R. Coram & A. Nel. 2003. Phylogeny and classification of the Stenophlebioptera (Odonata: Epiproctophora). Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 39 (1): 55-93.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[NB01] Nel, A., O. Bethoux, G. Bechly, X. Martínez-Delclòs & F. Papier. 2001. The Permo-Triassic Odonatoptera of the “protodonate” grade (Insecta: Odonatoptera). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 37 (4): 501-525.

[P74] Paulson, D. R. 1974. Reproductive isolation in damselflies. Systematic Zoology 23 (1): 40-49.

[PN04] Petrulevičius, J. F. & A. Nel. 2004. A new damselfly family from the Upper Palaeocene of Argentina. Palaeontology 47: 109-116.

[RP02] Rasnitsyn, A. P., & L. N. Pritykina. 2002. Superorder Libellulidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Odonata Fabricius, 1792. The dragonflies. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 97-104. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

Dasyurinae

Tiger quolls Dasyurus maculatus, copyright J.-L. Klein & M.-L. Hubert.


Belongs within: Dasyuridae.

The Dasyurinae is a group of carnivorous marsupials including the quolls (marsupial cats), mulgaras and related taxa. Members of this group include the largest living carnivorous marsupials.

Dasyurinae
    |--+--Dasykaluta rosamondae CB-E04
    |  `--Parantechinus Tate 1947 CB-E04, R64
    |       `--*P. apicalis [=Phascogale apicalis] R64
    |--+--‘Pseudantechinus’ ningbing CB-E04
    |  `--Myoictis Gray 1858 CB-E04, LA02
    |       `--*M. melas (Müller 1840) LA02
    `--+--Pseudantechinus Tate 1947 CB-E04, R64
       |    |--*P. macdonnellensis [=Phascogale macdonnellensis] R64
       |    |--P. roryi CWS05
       |    `--P. woolleyae CB-E04
       |--Dasycercus Peters 1875 CB-E04, LA02
       |    |--*D. cristicauda (Krefft 1867) LA02
       |    |--D. blythi TL70
       |    |--D. byrnei CB-E04
       |    |--D. hillieri LA02
       |    `--D. worboysi Dawson, Muirhead & Wroe 1999 LA02
       `--+--‘Antechinus’ bilarni Johnson 1954 R64 [=Parantechinus bilarni CB-E04]
          `--+--+--Neophascogale lorentzi CB-E04
             |  `--Phascolosorex CB-E04
             |       |--P. doriae CB-E04
             |       `--P. dorsalis CB-E04
             `--+--Sarcophilus Cuvier 1837 CB-E04, LA02 [Sarcophilini]
                |    |--*S. laniarius (Owen 1838) LA02
                |    |--S. harrisii (Boitard 1841) K92 [incl. S. ursinus S61]
                |    `--S. moornaensis Crabb 1982 LA02
                `--Dasyurus Geoffroy 1796 CB-E04, LA02
                     |  i. s.: D. bowlingi A14
                     |--D. hallucatus CB-E04 [=Satanellus hallucatus TL70]
                     `--+--+--*D. maculatus (Kerr 1792) LA02, CB-E04, LA02 [=Viverra maculata G91]
                        |  `--D. dunmalli Bartholomai 1971 LA02
                        `--+--D. viverrinus (Shaw 1800) CB-E04, R64 (see below for synonymy)
                           `--+--D. albopunctatus CB-E04
                              `--+--D. geoffroii Gould 1841 CB-E04, BD-D09
                                 `--D. spartacus CB-E04

Dasyurinae incertae sedis:
  Dasyurops D02
  Dasyurinus D02
  Archerium Wroe & Mackness 2000 LA02
    `--*A. chinchillaensis Wroe & Mackness 2000 LA02
  Dasyuroides Spencer 1896 LA02
    |--*D. byrnei Spencer 1896 LA02
    `--D. achilpatna Archer 1982 LA02
  Ganbulanyi Wroe 1998 LA02
    `--*G. djadjinguli Wroe 1998 LA02
  Glaucodon Stirton 1957 LA02
    `--*G. ballaratensis Stirton 1957 LA02

Dasyurus viverrinus (Shaw 1800) CB-E04, R64 [=Didelphis viverrina R64; incl. Mustela quoll Zimmermann 1777 (nom. inv.) R64, Dasyurus quoll R64]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A14] Anderson, W. 1914. Notes on the occurrence of the sand-rock containing bones of extinct species of marsupials (emu, kangaroo, wombat, etc.) on King Island, Bass Strait, Tasmania. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (9): 275-283.

[BD-D09] Beveridge, I. & M.-C. Durette-Desset. 2009. A new species of the nematode genus Copemania (Nematoda: Trichostrongylida), parasitic in the western quoll, Dasyurus geoffroii and short-nosed bandicoot, Isoodon obesulus from south-western Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (3): 345-349.

[CB-E04] Cardillo, M., O. R. P. Bininda-Emonds, E. Boakes & A. Purvis. 2004. A species-level phylogenetic supertree of marsupials. Journal of Zoology 264: 11-31.

[CWS05] Cooper, N. K., P. C. Withers & T. Stewart. 2005. Description of sternal glands in Western Australian Sminthopsis and Ningaui (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (2): 45-49.

[D02] Dyck, S. van. 2002. Morphology-based revision of Murexia and Antechinus (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48: 239-330.

[G91] Groves, C. P. 1991. A Theory of Human and Primate Evolution, revised ed. Clarendon Press: Oxford.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i-vi, 1-154.

[LA02] Long, J., M. Archer, T. Flannery & S. Hand. 2002. Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R64] Ride, W. D. L. 1964. A list of mammals described from Australia between the years 1933 and 1963 (comprising newly proposed names and additions to the Australian faunal list). Australian Mammal Society Bulletin 7 (Suppl.): 1-15.

[S61] Sharman, G. B. 1961. The mitotic chromosomes of marsupials and their bearing on taxonomy and phylogeny. Australian Journal of Zoology 9 (1): 38-60.

[TL70] Turnbull, W. D. & E. L. Lundelius, Jr. 1970. The Hamilton fauna: a Late Pliocene mammalian fauna from the Grange Burn, Victoria, Australia. Fieldiana Geology 19: 1-163.

Macropodini

Yellow-footed rock wallaby Petrogale xanthopus, copyright Talexbikes.


Belongs within: Macropodinae.
Contains: Macropus.

The Macropodini is a clade including the 'true' wallabies and kangaroos. Members of this clade have high-crowned molars, reflecting a change in habit to grazing.

<==Macropodini
    |  i. s.: Baringa Flannery & Hann 1984 LA02
    |           `--*B. nelsonensis Flannery & Hann 1984 LA02
    |--+--Lagorchestes CB-E04
    |  |    |--L. asomatus Finlayson 1943 R64
    |  |    |--L. conspicillatus CB-E04
    |  |    |--L. hirsutus CB-E04
    |  |    `--L. leporides CB-E04
    |  `--+--Setonix brachyurus (Quoy & Gaimard 1830) CB-E04, BD-D09
    |     `--+--Onychogalea CB-E04
    |        |    |--O. unguifera CB-E04
    |        |    `--+--O. fraenata CB-E04
    |        |       `--O. lunata CB-E04
    |        `--+--Macropus CB-E04
    |           |--Kurrabi Flannery & Archer 1984 LA02
    |           |    |--*K. mahoneyi Flannery & Archer 1984 LA02
    |           |    |--K. merriwaensis Flannery & Archer 1984 LA02
    |           |    `--K. pelchenorum Flannery, Rich et al. 1992 LA02
    |           `--Wallabia Trouessart 1905 CB-E04, LA02
    |                |--*W. bicolor (Desmarest 1804) LA02 [=Protemnodon bicolor S61; incl. Macropus ualabatus S61]
    |                |--W. eugenii TL70
    |                |--W. indra (De Vis 1895) LA02
    |                `--W. kitcheneri Flannery 1989 LA02
    `--+--Thylogale Gray 1837 LA02
       |    |  i. s.: T. eugenii R64 [=Protemnodon eugenii S61]
       |    |           |--T. e. eugenii R64
       |    |           `--T. e. decres Troughton 1941 R64
       |    |--*T. billardieri (Desmarest 1822) LA02, CB-E04 [=Protemnodon billardierii S61]
       |    |--T. ignis Flannery, Rich et al. 1992 LA02
       |    |--T. christenseni Hope 1981 LA02
       |    `--+--T. brunii CB-E04
       |       `--+--T. stigmatica CB-E04
       |          `--T. thetis CB-E04
       `--Petrogale CB-E04
            |  i. s.: P. herberti Thomas 1926 CO03
            |         P. sharmani COA02
            |--+--P. brachyotis CB-E04
            |  `--+--P. burbidgei CB-E04
            |     `--P. concinna CB-E04 [=Peradorcas concinna BP87]
            `--+--P. lateralis Gould 1842 CB-E04, S11
               |--P. persephone CB-E04
               |--P. rothschildi CB-E04
               |--P. xanthopus CB-E04
               `--+--P. inornata CB-E04
                  |--P. penicillata CB-E04
                  |    |--P. p. penicillata S61
                  |    `--P. p. pearsoni S61
                  `--+--P. assimilis CB-E04
                     `--P. godmani CB-E04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD-D09] Beveridge, I. & M.-C. Durette-Desset. 2009. A new species of the nematode genus Copemania (Nematoda: Trichostrongylida), parasitic in the western quoll, Dasyurus geoffroii and short-nosed bandicoot, Isoodon obesulus from south-western Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (3): 345-349.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[CO03] Cameron, S. L., & P. J. O’Donoghue. 2003. Trichostome ciliates from Australian marsupials. II. Polycosta gen. nov. (Litostomatea: Polycostidae fam. nov.) European Journal of Protistology 39: 83-99.

[COA02] Cameron, S. L., P. J. O’Donoghue & R. D. Adlard. 2002. Species diversity within Macropodinium (Litostomatea: Trichostomatia): endosymbiotic ciliates from Australian macropodid marsupials. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48 (1): 49-69.

[CB-E04] Cardillo, M., O. R. P. Bininda-Emonds, E. Boakes & A. Purvis. 2004. A species-level phylogenetic supertree of marsupials. Journal of Zoology 264: 11-31.

[LA02] Long, J., M. Archer, T. Flannery & S. Hand. 2002. Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R64] Ride, W. D. L. 1964. A list of mammals described from Australia between the years 1933 and 1963 (comprising newly proposed names and additions to the Australian faunal list). Australian Mammal Society Bulletin 7 (Suppl.): 1-15.

[S61] Sharman, G. B. 1961. The mitotic chromosomes of marsupials and their bearing on taxonomy and phylogeny. Australian Journal of Zoology 9 (1): 38-60.

[S11] Smales, L. R. 2011. New species and new locality records of the nematode genus Labiosimplex (Strongylida: Chabertiidae) from macropodid marsupials in Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (2): 183-190.

[TL70] Turnbull, W. D. & E. L. Lundelius, Jr. 1970. The Hamilton fauna: a Late Pliocene mammalian fauna from the Grange Burn, Victoria, Australia. Fieldiana Geology 19: 1-163.

Rhabditoidea

Female Rhabditis, copyright Ken Ramos.


Belongs within: Rhabditina.

The Rhabditoidea is an assemblage of free-living nematodes, though it is probably paraphyletic to parasitic groups such as the Strongyloidea. Members of the Rhabditoidea are characterised by having the phasmid in males posterior to all other bursal rays (Ley & Blaxter 2002). The bacteriovorous Caenorhabditis elegans has become a model organism in the study of embryology.

<==Rhabditoidea
    |--Diploscapter BG-M11 [Diploscapteridae LB02]
    |    `--D. coronatus BG-M11
    `--Rhabditidae LB02
         |--Cruznema H02
         |--Teratorhabditis H02
         |--Eurhabditis CH-C06
         |--Oscheius insectivora CH-C06
         |--Pellioditis marina CH-C06
         |--Rhabditella CH-C06
         |    |--R. axei V
         |    `--R. leptura RK91
         |--Caenorhabditis H02
         |    |--C. briggsae CH-C06
         |    |--C. elegans CH-C06 [=Rhabditis elegans G02]
         |    `--C. remanei G02
         |         |--C. r. remanei G02
         |         `--C. r. vulgaris G02
         `--Rhabditis CH-C06
              |--R. adenobia MM02
              |--R. blumi CH-C06
              |--R. broughtonalcocki H02
              |--R. caussani G02
              |--R. coarctata L02a
              |--R. dolichura H02
              |--R. dubius W02
              |--R. duthiersi G02
              |--R. guignardi G02
              |--R. marionis G02
              |--R. myriophila CH-C06
              |--R. pellio L02b
              |--R. regenfussi [=Poikilolaimus regenfussi] BG-M11
              |--R. schneideri G02
              |--R. terricola H02
              |--R. tokai G02
              `--R. viguieri G02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BG-M11] Borgonie, G., A. García-Moyano, D. Litthauer, W. Bert, A. Bester, E. van Heerden, C. Möller, M. Erasmus & T. C. Onstott. 2011. Nematoda from the terrestrial deep subsurface of South Africa. Nature 474: 79-82.

[CH-C06] Chilton, N. B., F. Huby-Chilton, R. B. Gasser & I. Beveridge. 2006. The evolutionary origins of nematodes within the order Strongylida are related to predilection sites within hosts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 118-128.

[G02] Gems, D. 2002. Ageing. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 413-455. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[H02] Hope, I. A. 2002. Embryology, developmental biology and the genome. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 121-145. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02a] Lee, D. L. 2002a. Life cycles. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 61-72. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02b] Lee, D. L. 2002b. Behaviour. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 369-387. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[LB02] Ley, P. de, & M. Blaxter. 2002. Systematic position and phylogeny. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 1-30. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[MM02] Munn, E. A., & P. D. Munn. 2002. Feeding and digestion. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 211-232. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[RK91] Royce, L. A., & G. W. Krantz. 1991. A new rearing method for nematophagous mites. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 619-622. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[W02] Wharton, D. A. 2002. Nematode survival strategies. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 389-411. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).