Asca

Asca aphidioides, copyright Matthew Shepherd.


Belongs within: Ascidae.

Asca is a diverse genus of mites found in a range of habitats including moss, leaf litter, animal nests and on vegetation (Hurlbutt 1963).

Characters (from Hurlbutt 1963): Female with body flattened dorso-ventrally and with two approximately equal dorsal shields. Anterior dorsal shield with either seventeen or eighteen pairs of setae depending upon location of r4 which may be on dorsal shield, on peritrematal shield or on membrane lateral to dorsal shield. Setae r5, r6 and r7 on membrane. Seta r1 absent so only a single pair of setae (il) is situated on anterior margin of idiosoma. Seta r5 similar in length and form to adjacent setae. Posterior dorsal shield with fifteen pairs of setae. Cylindrical tubercle projecting from each corner of posterior shield, each tubercle bearing two setae, one of which is very minute in some species. Sternal shield with two pairs of setae, first pair of sternal setae situated on faintly sclerotized jugularia. First pair of sternal pores on anterior boundary of sternal shield. Third pair of sternal pores (when visible) located on posterolateral corners of sternal shield. Metasternal setae arising from membrane. Two pairs of setae, three pairs of narrow platelets and one pair of pores on membrane between epigynial and ventrianal plates. Pores also present lateral to genital shield, behind coxa IV and near anterolateral corner of ventrianal plate. Outer and inner metapodal plates present. Ventrianal shield always broad, with six pairs of setae in addition to the perianals. Tectum with anterior margin smooth, serrate, or with two or three equal tines. Moveable digit of chelicera with two teeth. All legs with claws. Male with dorsal shield similar to that of female, fused anteriorly to peritrematal shield. Sternigenital and ventrianal shields distinct. Setae V1 and V5 situated on ventrianal shield. Spermatophorentrager rod-shaped or slightly curved. Leg II without processes or spurs.

<==Asca Heyden 1826 [incl. Ceratozercon Berlese 1913] FH93
    |--A. (Asca) FH93
    |    |--*A. (A.) aphidioides (Linnaeus 1758) ET79 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--A. (A.) capria De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) circula De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) citri Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) craneta De Leon 1967 FH93 [incl. A. machadoi Genis, Loots & Ryke 1969 H72]
    |    |--A. (A.) cunliffei De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) denticulata De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) equalis De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) foxi De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) garmanioides De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) hurlbitti De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) incisa Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) leightoni De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) lobata De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) mexicanella De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) muma Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) mumata De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) neopallida Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) nesoica Athias-Henriot 1961 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) nonula De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) nova Willmann 1939 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) perseae De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) piloja Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) pini Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) plumosa De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) quinquesetosa Wharton 1941 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) quinta De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) quintissima De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) sejodes De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) setacea De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) subfoliata De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) tarsialis De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    |--A. (A.) tubula De Leon 1967 FH93
    |    `--A. (A.) unicornis De Leon 1967 FH93
    `--A. (Ascoseius) FH93
         |--A. (A.) acornis Lindquist 1972 FH93
         `--A. (A.) duosetosa Fox 1946 FH93

Asca incertae sedis:
  A. aethiopica Ryke 1961 H63
  A. afroaphidioides Hurlbutt 1972 [=A. afroaphidiodes, A. afroaphidoides] H72
  A. arboriensis Wood 1966 SL71
  A. australica Womersley 1956 H98
  A. brachychaeta Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
  A. brevisetosa Wood 1965 SL71
  A. craneae De Leon 1967 FH93
  A. elongata (Berlese 1910) [=Ceratozercon bicornis var. elongatus] FH93
  A. elongatula De Leon 1967 FH93
  A. evansi Genis, Loots & Ryke 1969 H72
  A. foliata Womersley 1956 H98
  A. garmani Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
  A. grostali Walter et al. 1993 H98
  A. kubwa Hurlbutt 1972 H72
  A. lativentria Hurlbutt 1972 H72
  A. macromela Walter et al. 1993 H98
  A. macropilis De Leon 1967 FH93
  A. major Womersley 1956 H98
  A. mindi Walter et al. 1993 H98
  A. minuta Bhattacharyya 1968 H72
  A. muricata Fox 1947 FH93
  A. novazelandica Wood 1965 SL71
  A. pallida Evans 1958 H63
  A. pineta De Leon 1967 FH93
  A. porosa Wood 1966 H98
  A. pseudospicata H72
  A. spicata Hurlbutt 1963 FH93
  A. spinosa Ryke 1961 H63
  A. squamulata Athias-Henriot 1961 H63
  A. tuberculata Wood 1965 SL71

*Asca (Asca) aphidioides (Linnaeus 1758) ET79 [=Acarus aphidioides FH93; incl. Gamasus (Sejus) bicornis Canestrini & Fanzago 1876 FH93, Asca bicornis K91, Ceratozercon bicornis S61, Zercon bicornis H63]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H63] Hurlbutt, H. W. 1963. The genus Asca von Heyden (Acarina: Mesostigmata) in North America, Hawaii and Europe. Acarologia 5 (4): 480–518.

[H72] Hurlbutt, H. W. 1972. Ascinae and Podocinidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata) from Tanzania. Acarologia 13 (2): 280–300.

[K91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. A five year study on the secondary succession of Gamasina on a ruderal site: the influence of recultivation. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 373–383. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

Haemogamasus

Haemogamasus hirsutus, illustrated by Anthonie Cornelius Oudemans.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Haemogamasus is a genus of nest-dwelling mites characterised by two or three denticles in each of the anterior rows of hypognathal denticles. Females have small, subovate metapodal shields and the opisthogenital shield is narrow (Evans & Till 1979).

<==Haemogamasus Berlese 1889 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*H. hirsutus Berlese 1889 ET79
    |--H. ambulans (Thorell 1872) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--‘Euhaemogamasus’ arvicolarum KK54
    |--H. dauricus Bregetova 1950 FH93
    |--H. ghanni Williams in Williams, Smiley & Redington 1978 FH93
    |--‘Liponyssus’ gordonensis Hirst 1923 H23
    |--H. harperi Keegan 1951 FH93
    |--H. hermonensis Costa 1969 C69
    |--H. hirsutosimilis K91
    |--H. horridus K91
    |--H. keegani (Jameson 1952) [=Euhaemogamasus keegani] FH93
    |--H. liberiensis Hirst 1916 D60
    |--H. liponyssoides Ewing 1925 FH93
    |    |--H. l. liponyssoides FH93
    |    `--H. l. hesperus Radovsky 1960 FH93
    |--H. mandschricus Vitzthum 1931 FH93
    |--H. nidi Michael 1892 FH93 [incl. H. michaeli WL09]
    |--H. occidentalis (Keegan 1951) [=Euhaemogamasus liponyssoides occidentalis] FH93
    |--H. onychomydis (Ewing 1933) FH93 [=*Euhaemogamasus onychomydis E57]
    |--H. pontiger (Berlese 1904) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--H. quadrisetatus D60
    |--H. reidi Ewing 1925 (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--‘Liponyssus’ saurarum H23
    |--‘Liponyssus’ sylvarium RN72
    `--H. thomomysi Williams in Williams, Smiley & Redington 1978 FH93

Haemogamasus Berlese 1889 FH93 [incl. Euhaemogamasus Ewing 1933 FH93, Groschaftella Přívora & Samšiňák 1957 FH93, Liponyssus Kolenati 1858 ET79]

Haemogamasus ambulans (Thorell 1872) [=Dermanyssus ambulans; incl. H. alaskensis Ewing 1925, H. avisugus Vitzthum 1931, Gamasus ovalis Koch 1879, H. pavlovskyi Bregetova 1949, H. sternalis Ewing 1933, H. twitchelli Ewing 1925] FH93

Haemogamasus pontiger (Berlese 1904) [=Laelaps (Eulaelaps) pontiger; incl. Eulaelaps mawsoni Womersley 1937, Haemogamasus oudemansi Hirst 1914] FH93

Haemogamasus reidi Ewing 1925 [incl. H. nidiformis Tipton & Saunders 1971, Euhaemogamasus oregonensis Ewing 1933, E. sciuropteri Keegan 1946] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C69] Costa, M. 1969. New dermanyssid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from nests of Spalax ehrenbergi Nehring. Acarologia 11 (2): 163–174.

[D60] Domrow, R. 1960. Some Acarina Haemogamasidae from Malaya. Acarologia 2 (4): 434–441.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[KK54] Klemmer, K., & H. E. Krampitz. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Säugetierfauna Siziliens. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (3–4): 121–135.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

Hirstionyssus (Hirstionyssus)

Venter (left) and dorsum of female Hirstionyssus parvisoma, from Herrin & Yunker (1975). Scale bar equals 100 µm.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Hirstionyssus is a genus of blood-feeding parasites of small mammals with a holodorsal shield and retrorse non-setigerous spurs on one or more of the coxae (Evans & Till 1979).

<==Hirstionyssus Fonseca 1948 (Hirstionyssus) HY75
    |--H. (H.) talpae Zemskaya 1955 ET79 [incl. *H. arcuatus Fonseca 1948 (preoc.) ET79, Dermanyssus arcuatus E57]
    |--H. (H.) brachysternum Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    |--H. (H.) brevicalcar Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    |--H. (H.) butantanensis (Fonseca 1932) HY75 (see below for synonymy)
    |--H. (H.) dorsolatus Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    |--H. (H.) galindoi Strandtmann & Yunker 1966 HY75
    |--H. (H.) heteromydis Strandtmann & Yunker 1966 HY75
    |--H. (H.) keenani Strandtmann & Yunker 1966 HY75
    |--H. (H.) parvisoma Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    |--H. (H.) proctolatus Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    |--H. (H.) rhipidomys Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75
    `--H. (H.) venezuelensis Herrin & Yunker 1975 HY75

Hirstionyssus (Hirstionyssus) butantanensis (Fonseca 1932) HY75 [=Ichoronyssus butantanensis HY75, Echinonyssus butantanensis FH93; incl. Liponyssus latiscutatus de Meillon & Lavoipierre 1944 HY75, Ichoronyssus orcadensis Turk 1946 HY75]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[HY75] Herrin, C. S., & C. E. Yunker. 1975. Systematics of neotropical Hirstionyssus mites with special emphasis on Venezuela (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Brighman Young University Science Bulletin—Biological Series 20 (2): 93–127.

Trigonuropodidae

Baloghiatrigon sp., copyright Jenő Kontschán.


Belongs within: Uropodina.

The Trigonuropodidae are a group of tropical uropodine mites possessing phylliform setae.

<==Trigonuropodidae FH93
    |--Baloghiatrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Foveolatatrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Kaszabiatrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Latipilitrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Structuratrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Tuberculatatrigon Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    `--Trigonuropoda Trägårdh 1952 FH93
         |--T. cubaandrassyia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubabaloghia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubaborhidiia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubaendrodyia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubahutuaea Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubakaszabia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubaloksaia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubamahunkaia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubanicolaea Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubapecinaia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. cubazicsiia Hirschmann 1975 FH93
         |--T. difoveolata VKC07
         |--T. eustructura Hirschmann 1975 H98
         |--T. nonpolyphemus Hirschmann 1975 H98
         |--T. polyphemus (Vitzthum 1935) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |--T. terraereginae Domrow 1957 H98
         |--T. terraereginaesimilis Hirschmann 1975 [=T. terrareginasimilis Hirschmann & Hutu 1974 (n. n.)] H98
         |--T. trioculata Hirschmann 1975 H98
         `--T. trioculatasimilis Hirschmann 1975 H98

Trigonuropoda polyphemus (Vitzthum 1935) [=Urodinychus polyphemus; incl. T. tragardhi Hirschmann 1975, T. traegardhi] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Pneumolaelaps

Dorsal view of female Pneumolaelaps, from Bee Mite ID.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Pneumolaelaps is a genus of laelapid mites found in the nests of bumblebees (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Apotele with two tines; opisthogastric and lateral unsclerotized cuticle hypertrichous; peritreme often broad; genu IV with two ventral setae; female with anal shield free, metasternal setae not situated on sternal shield.

<==Pneumolaelaps Berlese 1920 FH93
    |--*P. bombicolens (Canestrini 1885) ET79 [=Iphis bombicolens FH93, Hypoaspis (*Pneumolaelaps) bombicolens S61]
    |--P. aequalipilus Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. arctos (Karg 1984) [=Hypoaspis (Pneumolaelaps) arctos] FH93
    |--P. connieae Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93
    |--P. costai Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93
    |--P. groenlandicus (Trägårdh 1906) [=Hypoaspis bombicolens var. groenlandica] FH93
    |--P. hyatti (Evans & Till 1966) [=Hypoaspis hyatti] FH93
    |--P. karawaiewi (Berlese 1904) [=Laelaps (Androlaelaps) karawaiewi] FH93
    |--P. longanalis Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93
    |--P. longipilus Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. lubricus (Voigts & Oudemans 1904) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--P. mistipilus Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. patae Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93
    |--P. richardsi Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93
    |--P. shealsi (Hunter & Costa 1971) [=Gymnolaelaps shealsi] FH93
    `--P. sinhai Hunter & Husband 1973 FH93

Pneumolaelaps lubricus (Voigts & Oudemans 1904) [=Hypoaspis lubrica; incl. H. compressus Hull 1925, H. (Haemolaelaps) inversus Berlese 1918 non Parasitus inversus Banks 1916, H. murinus Strandtmann & Menzies 1948, H. smithii Hughes 1948] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

Laelaps

Laelaps hilaris, drawn by Anthonie Cornelius Oudemans.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Laelaps is a genus of mites found primarily in the nests of rodents, from which they may feed on lymphatic secretions or blood.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Idiosoma with mediodorsal series of setae (j-J) comprising eleven pairs, setae rarely short subspinose, two pairs of Zx setae present; genu III with nine setae; genu IV with ten setae (pl2 present); male with holoventral shield; female with opisthogenital shield present, anal shield free, metasternal setae not situated on sternal shield.

<==Laelaps Koch 1836 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*L. hilaris Koch 1836 ET79
    |--L. aella Domrow 1973 H98
    |--L. agrestis [=Iphis agrestis] S61
    |--L. alaskensis Grant 1947 FH93
    |--L. albycia Domrow 1965 H98
    |--L. algericus GHG91
    |--L. angiodes Domrow 1980 H98
    |--L. assimilis Womersley 1956 H98
    |--L. breviseta Domrow 1961 H98
    |--L. bycalia Domrow 1979 H98
    |--L. calabyi Domrow 1979 H98
    |--L. cancer Pearse 1929 FH93
    |--L. castroi Fonseca 1959 FH93
    |--L. clethrionomydis Lange 1955 FH93
    |--L. cybiala Domrow 1963 H98
    |--L. dearmasi Furman & Tipton 1961 FH93
    |--L. echidninus Berlese 1887 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--L. evansi Tipton 1960 FH93
    |--L. finlaysoni Womersley 1937 H98
    |--L. giganteus H23
    |--L. grahamensis P94
    |--L. habrus Domrow 1958 H98
    |--L. hapaloti Hirst 1931 [=L. hapoloti] H98
    |--L. incilis Allred & Beck 1966 FH93
    |--L. janalis Domrow 1979 H98
    |--L. kochi Oudemans 1936 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--L. lampetes Domrow 1992 [incl. L. elegans Domrow 1980 (preoc.)] H98
    |--L. lemni Grube 1851 [incl. L. grubei Oudemans 1938] FH93
    |--L. lowei (Tipton 1966) [=Echinolaelaps lowei] FH93
    |--L. lybacia Domrow 1979 H98
    |--L. mackerrasi Domrow 1961 H98
    |--L. manguinhosi Fonseca 1936 [incl. L. oryzomydis Pratt & Lane 1953] FH93
    |--L. micromydis K91
    |--L. muricola (Tragardh 1908) T31, L55 [=Macrolaelaps muricola L55]
    |--L. muris (Ljungh 1799) [=Acarus muris; incl. L. agilis Koch 1839, L. festimus] S61
    |--L. musculus (Say 1821) [=Gamasus musculus] FH93
    |--L. myonyssusgnathus R96
    |--L. nuttalli Hirst 1915 H98 (see below for synonymy)
    |--L. pammorphus Domrow 1973 H98
    |--L. parameces Domrow 1980 H98
    |--L. paulistanensis Fonseca 1935 FH93
    |--L. pilifer Tipton in Wenzel & Tipton 1966 FH93
    |--L. rothschildi Hirst 1914 [=Mysolaelaps rothschildi; incl. L. melomys Womersley 1937] H98
    |--L. sculpturatus T31
    |--L. semitectus (Koch 1879) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--L. sinai E-KO07
    |--L. southcotti Domrow 1958 H98
    |--L. spatanges Domrow 1973 H98
    |--L. stupkai Linzey & Crossley 1971 FH93
    |--L. synnomus Domrow 1980 H98
    |--L. thori Fonseca 1939 FH93
    |--L. ugandanus Hirst 1923 H23
    |--L. wasselli Domrow 1958 H98
    |--L. wetmorei Ewing 1925 FH93
    `--L. zaheri R96

Laelaps Koch 1836 FH93 [incl. Echinolaelaps Ewing 1929 FH93, Hyperlaelaps Zakhvatkin 1948 ET79, Macrolaelaps Ewing 1929 FH93, Microtilaelaps Lange 1955 FH93, Myolaelaps Lange 1955 FH93, Rattilaelaps Lange 1955 FH93]

Laelaps echidninus Berlese 1887 FH93 [=L. (Iphis) echidninus FH93, Echinolaelaps echidninus WP99; incl. E. hirsti ceylonicus Turk 1950 FH93, E. flavioi Tipton 1960 FH93, E. hirsti Turk 1950 FH93, Laelaps pallidus Trägårdh 1931 FH93, E. echidninus vitzthumi Turk 1950 FH93]

Laelaps kochi Oudemans 1936 FH93 [incl. Tetragonyssus microti Ewing 1933 FH93, *Hyperlaelaps microti ET79, Laelaps pachypus Koch 1839 non Hermann 1804 FH93]

Laelaps nuttalli Hirst 1915 H98 [=La. nuttali (l. c.) H98, La. (Haemolaelaps) nuttalli FH93; incl. Liponyssus bermudaensis Ewing 1920 FH93, La. hawaiiensis Ewing 1924 FH93]

Laelaps semitectus (Koch 1879) [=Sejus semitectus; incl. L. hilaris Kramer & Neumann 1883 non Koch 1836, L. pachypus Kramer & Neumann 1883 nec Koch 1839 nec Hermann 1804] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[GHG91] Gállego, M., E. Hidalgo & J. Ginés. 1991. Mites of the house mouse, Mus musculus L., in the north-eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula in Spain. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 453–454. Chapman & Hall: London.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L55] Lavoipierre, M. M. J. 1955. On two new species and new records of Acarina mainly from the Ethiopian region. Parasitology 45 (1–2): 121–127.

[P94] Pugh, P. J. A. 1994. Non-indigenous Acari of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 207–217.

[R96] Ruf, A. 1996. Life-history patterns in soil-inhabiting mesostigmatid mites (Dermanyssina, Parasitina). In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 621–628. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[T31] Trägårdh, I. 1931. Acarina from the Juan Fernandez Islands. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Islands 3 (4): 553–628.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Varroidae

Female Varroa destructor on head of bee pupa, copyright Gilles San Martin.


Belongs within: Gamasina.

The Varroidae are a group of mites paraphagic or parasitic on insects, most commonly on bees (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Fixed cheliceral digit absent; with only two pairs of hypostomatic setae; peritremes of female short, looped medially or apically, confined to level of coxae III or coxae III-IV; males with peritremes very short and crooked or vestigial.

<==Varroidae [Varroini] LKW09
    |--Dinogamasus Kramer 1898 LKW09, T69
    |    `--D. braunsi A-B91
    |--Stevellus Hunter 1963 LKW09, FH93
    |    `--S. amiculus Hunter 1963 FH93
    |--Urozercon Berlese in Berlese & Leonardi 1901 LKW09, FH93 [incl. Uronyssus LKW09]
    |    `--U. paradoxus Berlese in Berlese & Leonardi 1901 FH93
    |--Euvarroa LKW09
    |    |--E. sinhai LKW09
    |    `--E. wongsirii D-BSB96
    |--Tropilaelaps Delfinado & Baker 1961 LKW09, LW96
    |    |--T. clarae LKW09
    |    |--T. koenigerum D-BSB96
    |    `--T. mercedesae BSL19
    `--Varroa Oudemans 1904 H98
         |--V. destructor D04
         |--V. jacobsoni Oudemans 1904 H98
         |--V. rinderer LW99
         `--V. underwoodi D-BSB96

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27–41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[BSL19] Ballesteros, J. A., C. E. Santibáñez López, Ľ. Kováč, E. Gavish-Regev & P. P. Sharma. 2019. Ordered phylogenomic subsampling enables diagnosis of systematic errors in the placement of the enigmatic arachnid order Palpigradi. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 286: 20192426.

[D-BSB96] Delfinado-Baker, M., R. L. Smiley & O. Boecking. 1996. The hone bee brood mites (Laelapidae, Varroidae): life history and current status. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 129–131. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[D04] Didham, R. K. 2004. Forever Varroa. Weta 27: 1–7.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LW96] Lekprayoon, C., S. Wongsiri, S. Jayasvasti & S. Leepitakrat. 1996. Survival of the parasitic honey bee mite Tropilaelaps clareae (Definado & Baker) (Laelapidae) on adult Apis florea and Apis andreniformis workers. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 139–142. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[LW99] Lekprayoon, C., S. Wongsiri, T. E. Rinderer & H. A. Sylvester. 1999. Biodiversity of parasitic mites of honey bees in southeast Asia. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 325–329. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[T69] Treat, A. E. 1969. The genus Dicrocheles: three new species and a reappraisal. Acarologia 11 (4): 630–656.

Fedrizzioidea

Ventral view of female Klinckowstroemia starri, from Rosario & Hunter (1988).


Belongs within: Trigynaspida.

The Fedrizzioidea are a group of tropical mites most commonly found in association with passalid beetles (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Holodorsal shield bearing numerous minute setae. Mesogynal and latigynal shields well developed or reduced and withdrawn under ventral plate. Sternal setae 1 on tetartosternum, sternal shield with three pairs of setae. Sternogynum entire, hinged along posterior margin of sternal shield and covering anterior genital opening. Endopodal shields fused to ventral plate (fused ventral, peritrematic, exopodal, and marginal elements) or free; pedofossae often present. Ventrianal shield obtriangular, meeting or partially fused to ventral plate. Palptibia and tarsus distinct, unfused; chelicerae with short digits and dense, mop-like mass of filamentous and ribbonlike excrescences; corniculi broad, membranous.

<==Fedrizzioidea [Fedrizziina] LKW09
    |--Fedrizziidae S09
    |    |--Parafedrizzia S09
    |    |--Fedrizzia Canestrini 1884 H98
    |    |    |--F. bornemisszai Womersley 1959 H98
    |    |    |--F. derricki Womersley 1959 H98
    |    |    |--F. gloriosa Berlese 1910 H98
    |    |    |--F. grossipes Canestrini 1884 H98
    |    |    |--F. oudemansi Womersley 1959 H98
    |    |    `--F. sellnicki Womersley 1959 H98
    |    `--Neofedrizzia Womersley 1959 S09
    |         |--*N. gayi Womersley 1959 S09
    |         |--N. brooksi Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. camini Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. canestrinii Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. cynota Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. gorirossiae Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. jeffi Seeman 2009 S09
    |         |--N. laevis (Canestrini 1884) [=Fedrizzia laevis] H98
    |         |--N. susanae Seeman 2009 S09
    |         |--N. tragardhi Womersley 1959 H98
    |         |--N. vidua Womersley 1959 H98
    |         `--N. vitzthumi LKW09
    `--Klinckowstroemiidae LKW09
         |--Antennurella Berlese 1904 [incl. Eufedrizzia Sellnick 1938, Neooudemansia Trägårdh 1938] FH93
         |    |--A. tragardhi (Baker & Wharton 1952) [=Neooudemansia tragardhi] FH93
         |    `--A. trouessarti Berlese 1904 [incl. Trachyuropoda tricuspis Banks 1914] FH93
         |--Similantennurella Rosario 1988 FH93
         |    |--S. aspinata Rosario 1988 FH93
         |    `--S. spinata Rosario 1988 FH93
         |--Klinckowstroemiella Turk 1951 FH93
         |    |--K. blumae Rosario & Hunter 1987 FH93
         |    |--K. helleri (Oudemans 1929) [=Fedrizzia helleri] FH93
         |    |--K. prima Turk 1951 FH93
         |    `--K. sexisetosa Rosario & Hunter 1987 FH93
         `--Klinckowstroemia Trägårdh 1938 FH93
              |--K. atramaculata Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. candidoi Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. concava Hunter & Butler 1966 FH93
              |--K. grabowskii Chernoff & Pope 1970 FH93
              |--K. multisetillosa Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. reyesi Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. schusteri Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. scotti Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. simplisetosa Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. starri Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
              |--K. tapachulensis Chernoff & Pope 1970 FH93
              |--K. truncata Hunter & Butler 1966 FH93
              `--K. victoriae Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S09] Seeman, O. D. 2009. Two new species of Fedrizziidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Australian passalid beetles (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Systematic and Applied Acarology 14: 51–59.

Laelaspis

Dorsum of Laelaspis myrmicae, from Hirschmann et al. (1969).


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Laelaspis is a genus of laelapid mites found in ant nests, characterised by long, whip-like or serrated setae (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Apotele with two tines; setae of holodorsal shield long, whip-like or marginal setae serrated; opisthogenital shield markedly inflated posterior to coxae IV, abutting anal shield and flanked by linear metapodal shields.

<==Laelaspis Berlese 1904 FH93
    |--*L. astronomicus (Koch 1839) ET79 [=Iphis astronomicus ET79, Laelaps (Laelaspis) astronomicus S22]
    |--L. aequitans (Michael 1891) [=Laelaps aequitans] FH93
    |--L. bakeri Hunter & Davis 1962 FH93
    |--L. brevichelis Hunter 1964 FH93
    |--L. brevipilis Hunter 1961 FH93
    |--L. dubitata Hunter 1964 FH93
    |--L. heselhausi (Oudemans 1912) [=Hypoaspis heselhausi] FH93
    |--L. humeratus Berl. 1903 S61
    |--L. longipilis Hunter 1964 FH93
    |--L. lundi Hunter 1961 FH93
    |--L. mandibularis (Ewing 1909) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--L. moseri (Hunter & Glover 1968) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) moseri] FH93
    |--L. mumai (Hunter & Glover 1968) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) mumai] FH93
    |--L. myrmicae (Greim 1952) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) myrmicae] HB69
    |--L. pauli (Hunter & Davis 1962) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) pauli] FH93
    |--L. picketti (Hunter & Glover 1968) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) picketti] FH93
    |--L. piloscutuli Hunter 1961 FH93
    |--L. regalis Berlese 1920 FH93
    `--L. variopilus (Greim 1952) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) variopilus] HB69

Laelaspis mandibularis (Ewing 1909) [=Laelaps mandibularis; incl. Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) johnieae Hunter & Glover 1968] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

Cosmolaelaps

Dorsal view of female Cosmolaelaps vacuus, from Bee Mite ID.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Cosmolaelaps is a genus of laelapid mites found in the nests of ants, characterised by spatulate, cuneiform or scimitar-like dorsal setae (Evans & Till 1979).

<==Cosmolaelaps Berlese 1903 H98 [incl. Davisiella Zumpt & Patterson 1951 non Petr. 1924 (ICBN) FH93]
    |--*C. claviger (Berlese 1883) ET79 [=Laelaps claviger ET79, Hypoaspis (*Cosmolaelaps) claviger S61]
    |--C. anserinus (Karg 1981) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) anserinus] FH93
    |--C. brevipedestrus (Karg 1985) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) brevipedestra] FH93
    |--C. carvalhoi WK90
    |--C. communis Trägårdh 1931 T31
    |--C. cubaensis (Karg 1981) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) cubaensis] FH93
    |--C. cuneifer (Mich. 1891) S61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--C. cursorius (Karg 1988) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) cursoria] FH93
    |--C. diversichaetatus Grokhovskaya & Nguen-Huan-Hoe 1961 FH93
    |--C. lepauris (Karg 1981) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) lepauris] FH93
    |--C. macroanalis (Bernhard 1955) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) macroanalis] HB69
    |--C. macrochaetus (Karg 1988) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) macrochaeta] FH93
    |--C. mahuncai (Karg 1988) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) mahuncai] FH93
    |--C. multisetosus Domrow 1957 H98
    |--C. musculinus (Karg 1988) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) musculina] FH93
    |--C. nasosetus (Karg 1981) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) nasoseta] FH93
    |--C. ornatus Berlese 1903 S61 [=Laelaps (Cosmolaelaps) ornatus S22]
    |--C. pumili (Karg 1988) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) pumili] FH93
    |--C. rectangularis WO89
    |--C. simplex Berlese 1920 H98
    |--C. trifidus (Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson & Wharton 1936) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--C. ungeri (Karg 1985) [=Hypoaspis (Cosmolaelaps) ungeri] FH93
    |--C. vacuus (Michael 1891) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    `--C. weeversi WK90

Cosmolaelaps cuneifer (Mich. 1891) S61 [=Laelaps (Cosmolaelaps) cuneifer S22; incl. L. (C.) cuneifer var. americanus Berlese 1904 FH93]

Cosmolaelaps trifidus (Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson & Wharton 1936) [=Seiodes trifidus; incl. C. passali Hunter & Mollin 1964] FH93

Cosmolaelaps vacuus (Michael 1891) FH93 [=Laelaps vacua FH93; incl. L. (Cosmolaelaps) vacuus var. ensiger S22, Hypoaspis (C.) serratosimilis Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 FH93, HB69]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[T31] Trägårdh, I. 1931. Acarina from the Juan Fernandez Islands. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Islands 3 (4): 553–628.

[WK90] Walter, D. E., & D. T. Kaplan. 1990. Antagonists of plant-parasitic nematodes in Florida citrus. Journal of Nematology 22 (4): 567–573.

[WO89] Walter, D. E., & J. H. Oliver Jr. 1989. Geolaelaps oreithyiae, n. sp. (Acari: Laelapidae), a thelytokous predator of arthropods and nematodes, and a discussion of clonal reproduction in the Mesostigmata. Acarologia 30 (4): 293–303.

Pseudoparasitus

Pseudoparasitus centralis, copyright Matthew Shepherd.


Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Pseudoparasitus is a genus of laelapid mites found free-living in soil and litter (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Palp apotele three-tined, posterior tine small. Chelicerae of male chelate-dentate, spermatodactyl free. Female with large opisthogenital shield bearing four or more pairs of ventral setae of which two pairs are widely removed from the lateral margins of the shield; anal shield free; metasternal setae not situated on sternal shield.

<==Pseudoparasitus Oudemans 1902 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*P. meridionalis (Canestrini 1882) [=Laelaps meridionalis] ET79
    |--P. alpinus Schweizer 1961 S61
    |--P. annectans (Womersley 1955) H98 [=Gymnolaelaps annectans H98; incl. Hypoaspis nidicorva Evans & Till 1966 FH93]
    |--P. astriatus Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. australicus (Womersley 1956) [=Gymnolaelaps australicus] H98
    |--P. austriacus W88
    |--P. camini (Domrow 1957) [=Austrogamasellus camini] H98
    |--P. centralis ET79
    |--P. dentatus (Halbert 1920) M96
    |--P. domrowi Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. ennsi Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. gracilipes (Banks 1916) [=Cyrtolaelaps gracilipes, Austrogamasus gracilipes] H98
    |--P. margopilus Hunter 1966 FH93
    |--P. ovulum Berlese 1920 FH93
    |--P. placentulus K91
    |--P. planus (Womersley 1956) [=Gymnolaelaps planus] H98
    |--P. porulatus Karg 1989 FH93
    |--P. quadrisetatus Karg 1981 FH93
    |--P. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |--P. stigmatus (Fox 1946) [=Mysolaelaps stigmatus] FH93
    |--P. thatcheri Hunter & Moser 1968 FH93
    |--P. trincisus Hunter 1966 FH93
    `--P. vitzthumi (Womersley 1956) [=Gymnolaelaps vitzthumi, Laelaspis vitzthumi] H98

Pseudoparasitus Oudemans 1902 FH93 [incl. Austrogamasellus Domrow 1957 FH93, Austrogamasus Womersley 1942 H98, Hoplolaelaps Berlese 1910 FH93, Laelapsoides Willmann 1952 FH93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M96] Munderloh, E. 1996. Gamasina (Mesostigmata) in a dune transect at Spiekeroog (Germany, Lower Saxony). In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 589–594. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[W88] Walter, D. E. 1988. Nematophagy by soil arthropods from the shortgrass steppe, Chihuahuan desert and Rocky Mountains of the central United States. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 24: 307–316.

Trichocylliba

Dorsal (left) and ventral views of male Trichocylliba, from Ohio State University.


Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Trichocylliba is a genus of uropodoid mites associated with roaming ants as adults and exhibiting a number of specialisations for attaching to their hosts (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Dorsum covered by a single shield, idiosoma without a defined marginal shield; forked pilus dentilis absent; levator tendon of movable finger of chelicera with sclerotised node; palpfemur with five setae; intercoxal region bearing five pairs of setae; pedofossae present; femur I with nine setae; genu I with a pair of ventral setae; genua III and IV without ventral setae.

<==Trichocylliba Berlese 1904 LKW09, FH93 [=Thrichocylliba FH93; incl. Panamatrichocylliba Hirschmann 1979 FH93; Planodiscini]
    |--*T. (Trichocylliba) comata (Leonardi 1895) ET79 [=Discopoma comata FH93]
    |--T. (Circocylliba Sellnick 1926) FH93
    |    `--T. (C.) krantzi Hirschmann 1975 LKW09, FH93
    |--T. (Coxequesoma Sellnick 1926) FH93
    |    `--T. (C.) panamaensis Hirschmann 1975 LKW09, FH93
    `--T. (Planodiscus Sellnick 1926) FH93
         |--T. (*P.) squamata (Sellnick 1926) LKW09, ER66 [=*Planodiscus squamatim ER66, P. squamatum ER66]
         `--T. (P.) burchelli (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1966) FH93, ER66 [=Planodiscus burchelli FH93]

Trichocylliba incertae sedis:
  T. ablesi Hirschmann 1973 FH93
  T. chiapensis Elzinga 1982 FH93
  T. crinita (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1975) [=Circocylliba crinita] FH93
  T. ecitonis (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1975) [=Circocylliba ecitonis] FH93
  T. elongata (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1970) [=Planodiscus elongatus] FH93
  T. elzingai Hirschmannn 1973 FH93
  T. foreli (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1970) [=Planodiscus foreli] FH93
  T. hamata (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1970) [=Planodiscus hamatus] FH93
  T. hirsuta (Banks 1902) [=Discopoma hirsuta] FH93
  T. hirticoma (Berlese 1903) [=Discopoma hirticoma] FH93
  T. minuta (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1975) [=Circocylliba minuta] FH93
  T. oligochaeta (Elzinga & Rettenmeyer 1975) [=Circocylliba oligochaeta] FH93
  T. praedator Elzinga 1982 FH93
  T. schneirlai Elzinga 1982 FH93
  T. umbocauda (Elzinga 1982) [=Coxequesoma umbocauda] FH93
  T. watkinsi Elzinga 1982 FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ER66] Elzinga, R. J., & C. W. Rettenmeyer. 1966. A neotype and new species of Planodiscus (Acarina: Uropodina) found on doryline ants. Acarologia 8 (2): 191–199.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

Discourella

Dorsal (left) and ventral views of female Discourella modesta, from Bal & Özkan (2003).


Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Discourella is a genus of uropodoid mites with short corniculi, no pedofossae, and females with an epigynial shield extending to the anterior margin of the sternal shield.

<==Discourella Berlese 1910 FH93
    |--D. foraminosa Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--D. hirschmanni Hiramatsu 1983 H98
    |--D. illustris Hiramatsu 1983 FH93
    |--D. lindquisti Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--D. longipilosa Hiramatsu 1980 FH93
    |--D. mexicana Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--D. modesta (Leonardi 1899) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |--D. modestasimilis Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--D. porosa VKC07
    |--D. sellnicki Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1969 FH93
    `--D. torpida Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93

Discourella modesta (Leonardi 1899) [=Celaeno modesta; incl. Trachyuropoda (Ianetiella) bella Berlese 1905, Discourella discopomoides Berlese 1910, Trichodinychura eucoma Willmann 1951, Discopoma puella Berlese 1910] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Oplitis

Venter of female Oplitis aktius, from Lindquist et al. (2009).


Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Oplitis is a genus of relatively small, weakly sclerotised uropodoid mites that are mostly found in association with ants.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Weakly sculptured species typically with well-defined perigenital field; dorsal shield not divided; cheliceral shaft lacking sclerotised spoon-like process above dorsal seta, levator tendon of movable finger with sclerotised node; forked pilus dentilis present; pedofossae present; femur I with eight setae; genu I with pair of ventral setae.

<==Oplitis Berlese 1884 ET79 [incl. Urodiscella Berlese 1903 ET79, Uroplitella Berlese 1903 FH93]
    |--*O. paradoxa (Canestrini & Berlese 1884) ET79 (see below for synonymy)
    |--O. acinaca LKW09
    |--O. aktius Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. alienorum Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. anisus Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. apicata (Banks 1916) [=Uropoda apicata] H98
    |--O. arboricavi Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. attaae Hirschmann 1972 FH93
    |--O. belizensis VKC07
    |--O. blufftonensis Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. carteretensis Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. castrisimilis Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1973 VKC07
    |--O. cheleuta Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. circularis (Miller 1925) [=Uroplitella circularis] FH93
    |--O. communis Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. comparata (Banks 1916) [=Uroplitella comparata] H98
    |--O. dakotensis McDaniel & Bolen 1980 FH93
    |--O. delicta Fox 1957 FH93
    |--O. dictyoeides Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1973 FH93
    |--O. disparata (Banks 1916) [=Uroplitella disparata] H98
    |--O. exopodi Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. exsectoidesorum Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. fraterna (Banks 1916) [=Uropoda fraterna] H98
    |--O. garibaldii Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. granulatus Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. internata (Banks 1916) [=Uropoda internata] H98
    |--O. litoralis Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. macclellani Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. margaritaensis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--O. meliponarum (Turk 1948) [=Uroplitana meliponarum] FH93
    |--O. moseri Hirschmann 1972 FH93
    |--O. nitida (Womersley 1959) [=Urodiscella nitida] H98
    |--O. peckisimilis VKC07
    |--O. pennsylvanica (Berlese 1903) [=Uroplitella pennsylvanica] FH93
    |--O. piedmontensis Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--‘Uropoda’ ricasoliana Berl. 1889 [=*Urodiscella ricasoliana] E57
    |--O. sarcinulus Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. termitophila LKW09
    |--O. testigosensis (Sellnick 1963) [=Cariboplitis testigosensis] FH93
    |--O. trachymyrmecon Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93
    |--O. uncinata Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1973 VKC07
    `--O. virgilinus Hunter & Farrier 1976 FH93

*Oplitis paradoxa (Canestrini & Berlese 1884) ET79 [=Uropoda paradoxa FH93, Uroplitella paradoxa S22; incl. Uropoda paradoxoides Oudemans 1903 FH93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Nenteria

Nenteria sp., ventral view, from Quiroz Ibáñez (2016).


Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Nenteria is a genus of uropodoid mites commonly found in manure or compost (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Fixed digit of chelicera extending well beyond tip of movable digit, levator tendon of movable digit with a sclerotised node; dorsal shield not divided; pedofossae present; genu I lacking paired ventral setae.

<==Nenteria Oudemans 1915 FH93
    |--*N. tropica (Oudemans 1905) [=Uropoda tropica] ET79
    |--N. australiensis Hirschmann & Hiramatsu 1978 H98
    |--N. breviungulata (Willm. 1949) MS91
    |--N. diademata (Vitzthum 1921) [=Uropoda diademata] FH93
    |--N. fici Hirschmann 1978 FH93
    |--N. guatemalae Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1985 FH93
    |--N. lindquisti Hirschmann 1978 FH93
    |--N. mesoamericana Wiśniewski & Hirschmann in Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1985 FH93
    |--N. plumata Wiśniewski & Hirschmann in Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1985 FH93
    |--N. ritzemai (Oudemans 1904) [=Uropoda ritzemai] FH93
    |--N. stammeri EU03
    `--N. stylifera EU03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[EU03] Ekiz, A. N., & R. Urhan. 2003. A new record of Uroobovella Berlese, 1903 (Acari: Uropodina) from Turkey with some ecological notes. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 105–111.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[MS91] Miko, L., & M. Stanko. 1991. Small mammals as carriers of non-parasitic mites (Oribatida, Uropodina). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 395–402. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.