Anystina

Dorsum of female Adamystis yvesi, from Ueckermann (1989).


Belongs within: Prostigmata.
Contains: Caeculidae, Anystidae.

The Anystina are a diverse group of mostly predatory mites, members of which have the fixed cheliceral digits reduced and the movable digit often blade- or sickle-like. A well-developed palpal thumb-claw process is also often present. Many members of the Anystina are associated with dry soils and litter; these include the Adamystidae, a group of medium-sized reddish mites with a sclerotised plate covering much of the dorsum. The Anystoidea are soft-bodied mites, with at most only a weakly-developed prodorsal shield. The Paratydeoidea are soft-bodied, elongate mites with the front two pairs of legs widely separated from the rear two pairs (Walter et al. 2009).

<==Anystina [Anystae, Anystides] DPD16
    |  i. s.: Pomerantziidae [Pomerantzioidea] WL09
    |           |--Apomerantzia WL09
    |           `--Pomerantzia WL09
    |                |--P. charlesi WL09
    |                |--P. philippina WL09
    |                `--P. subterranea WL09
    |--Adamystidae [Adamystoidea] OW01
    |    |--Saxidrominae [Saxidromidae] FL10
    |    |    |--Saxidromus Coineau 1974 U89
    |    |    |    |--*S. delamarei Coineau 1974 U89
    |    |    |    |--S. anahoffmannae Lopez-Campos 1996 FL10
    |    |    |    |--S. caribeus Palacios-Vargus & Prieto-Trueba 1995 FL10
    |    |    |    `--S. knoepffleri Coineau 1974 U89
    |    |    |--Bovidromus roussouwi Coineau et al. 2006 FL10
    |    |    `--Rhinodromus lootsi Coineau et al. 2006 FL10
    |    `--Adamystis Cunliffe 1957 U89 [Adamystinae FL10]
    |         |--*A. donnae Cunliffe 1957 U89
    |         |--A. beckyanneae McDaniel & Bolen 1983 U89
    |         |--A. buchelis Ueckermann 1989 U89
    |         |--A. coineaui Rafalski 1982 U89
    |         |--A. doumengei Coineau 1974 U89
    |         |--A. fonsi Coineau 1974 U89
    |         |--A. monomaculata Ueckermann 1989 U89
    |         |--A. nudis Ueckermann 1989 U89
    |         |--A. oculeusis Ueckermann 1989 U89
    |         |--A. sarae Hunter & Crossley 1968 U89
    |         |--A. sartorum Barilo 1987 FL10
    |         |--A. thailandensis Fuangarworn & Lekprayoon 2010 FL10
    |         |--A. trimaculata Ueckermann 1989 U89
    |         `--A. yvesi Ueckermann 1989 U89
    `--+--Caeculidae OW01
       `--+--Paratydeoidea DPD16
          |    |--Stigmocheylus [Stigmocheylidae] WL09
          |    `--Paratydeidae WL09
          |         |--Tanytydeus lamington WL09
          |         |--Hexatydeus WL09
          |         |--Neotydeus WL09
          |         |--Walytydeus WL09
          |         |--Scolotydaeus corticicola DPD16
          |         |--Sacotydeus WL09
          |         `--Paratydeus WL09
          `--Anystoidea WL09
               |--Anystidae OW01
               |--Pseudocheylidae [Pseudochelidae] WL09
               |    |--Pseudocheylus Berlese 1888 S76
               |    |    `--P. americanus (Ewing 1909) [=Cheyletiella americana] S76
               |    |--Neocheylus Trägårdh 1906 H98
               |    |    |--N. americanus WL09
               |    |    |--N. collis Baker & Atyeo 1964 H98
               |    |    `--N. nidicolus WL09
               |    `--Anoplocheylus Berlese 1910 [incl. Rhagina Womersley 1935] H98
               |         |--A. clavatus Baker & Atyeo 1964 H98
               |         |--A. protea (Womersley 1935) [=Rhagina protea] H98
               |         |--A. tauricus WL09
               |         `--A. transiens WL09
               `--Teneriffiidae WL09
                    |--Neoteneriffiola WL09
                    |--Mesoteneriffia Irk 1939 SB63
                    |    `--*M. steinboecki Irk 1939 SB63
                    |--Heteroteneriffia Hirst 1926 S76
                    |    `--H. marina Hirst 1925 [incl. H. tokiokai Ehara 1965] S76
                    |--Austroteneriffia Womersley 1935 H98
                    |    |--A. hirsti Womersley 1935 H98
                    |    `--A. leei Judson 1995 H98
                    |--Parateneriffia WL09
                    |    |--P. luxoriensis WL09
                    |    `--P. uta WL09
                    `--Teneriffia WL09
                         |--*T. quadripapillata WL09
                         |--T. marina WL09
                         `--T. mexicana McDaniel, Morihara & Lewis 1976 M-PV-G01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DPD16] Dabert, M., H. Proctor & J. Dabert. 2016. Higher-level molecular phylogeny of the water mites (Acariformes: Prostigmata: Parasitengonina: Hydrachnidiae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101: 75–90.

[FL10] Fuangarworn, M., & C. Lekprayoon. 2010. Adamystis thailandensis sp. nov. (Acari: Prostigmata: Adamystidae), a new species of soil mites from Thailand with a key to world species of Adamystidae. Zootaxa 2649: 61–68.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 586–593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[OW01] Otto, J. C., & K. J. Wilson. 2001. Assessment of the usefulness of ribosomal 18S and mitochondrial COI sequences in Prostigmata phylogeny. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 100–109. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[U89] Ueckermann, E. A. 1989. A revision of the family Adamystidae Cunliffe (Acari: Prostigmata). Phytophylactica 21: 227–240.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

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