Dorsum (left) and venter of Ereynetes meliponae, from OConnor & Klimov (2012).

Belongs within: Tydeidae.
Contains: Pronematinae, Speleognathinae.

The Procurvata are a group of mites united by a procurved dehiscence line across the prodorsum (André & Fain 2000). It unites the Ereynetidae, which have two pairs of genital papillae, a characteristic deeply recessed solenidion in a sac-like structure on the first leg tarsus, and are often ornamented in a net-like pattern on the prodorsum and legs, and the Iolinidae, which have a single pair of genital papillae and usually have three or four elongated setae at the end of the tarsus (Walter et al. 2009).

<==Procurvata AF00
    |--Iolinidae [Iolinoidea] AF00
    |    |--Pronematinae WL09
    |    `--Tydaeolinae DW10
    |         |--Microtydeus Thor 1931 WL09, A05
    |         |    `--M. beltrani M83
    |         `--Tydaeolus WL09
    |              |--T. krantzi M83
    |              |--T. loadmani M83
    |              `--T. tenuiclaviger AF00
    `--Ereynetidae [Ereynetinae] AF00
         |  i. s.: Opsereynetes Thor 1932 AF00
         |           `--O. simplexus Baker 1945 AF00
         |         Hanriccardoella WL09
         |         Coccotydeus G39
         |         Aureliania Fain 1958 H98
         |           `--A. aureliani (Fain 1955) [=Boydaia aureliani, Neoboydaia aureliani, N. aureliania (l. c.)] H98
         |         Domrownetes OConnor 1978 H98
         |           `--D. exul (Domrow 1975) [=Paraspeleognathopsis exul] H98
         |         Neospeleognathopsis Fain 1958 H98
         |           `--N. pteropus Fain & Lukoschus 1979 H98
         |         Ophthalmognathus Dubinin 1957 [incl. Neospeleognathus Fain 1958] H98
         |         Paraspeleognathopsis Fain 1958 H98
         |           |--P. bakeri (Fain 1955) [=Speleognathopsis bakeri] H98
         |           |--P. derricki (Womersley 1954) [=Boydaia derricki, Astrida derricki] H98
         |           `--P. exaeta Domrow 1991 H98
         |         Psittaboydaia Fain 1985 H98
         |           |--P. psittaculae (Fain 1962) [=Neoboydaia psittaculae] H98
         |           `--P. trichoglossi (Fain 1970) [=Aureliania trichoglossi] H98
         |         Ralliboydaia Fain 1962 H98
         |           `--R. porphyrionis (Domrow 1965) [=Speleognathopsis porphyrionis] H98
         |--Gymnereynetes Fain 1964 AF00, F76
         |    `--G. macquariensis (Fain 1962) [=Ereynetes (Gymnereynetes) macquariensis] F76
         |--Pseudotydeus [Pseudotydeinae] AF00
         |    `--P. perplexus AF00
         |--+--Huntereynetes Fain 1964 AF00
         |  |    `--*H. scutulis (Hunter 1964) [=Ereynetoides scutulis, Ereynetes (*Huntereynetes) scutulis] AF00
         |  `--+--Hydranetes Kethley 1971 AF00
         |     |    `--H. tropisternus AF00
         |     `--+--Speleognathinae AF00
         |        `--Lawrencarinae AF00
         |             |--Xenopacarus africanus AF00, WL09
         |             `--+--Batracarus hylaranae AF00, AF91
         |                `--Lawrencarus AF00
         |                     |--L. angelae (Womersley 1953) [=Boydaia angelae] H98
         |                     |--L. domrowi Fain 1961 H98
         |                     |--L. eweri WL09
         |                     |--L. hylae Fain 1961 H98
         |                     |    |--L. h. hylae AF00
         |                     |    `--L. h. afrixali AF00
         |                     `--L. lechriodi AF00
         `--+--+--Proriccardoella AF00
            |  `--Riccardoella Berlese 1923 AF00
            |       |--*R. limacum (Schrank 1781) [=Acarus limacum] SB63
            |       |--R. concolor RP91
            |       `--R. oudemansi Thor 1932 PM88
            `--Ereynetes Berlese 1883 AF00 [incl. Protereunetes Berlese 1923 ZF11, SB63]
                 |  i. s.: E. berlesei Oudemans 1928 SB63
                 |         *Protereunetes’ agilis Berlese 1923 SB63
                 |         ‘Micrereunetes (Protereneutes)’ brevipes Berlese 1923 SB63
                 |         E. exilis AF00
                 |         E. limacum S22
                 |         E. ministralis (Koch 1838) [=Tydeus ministralis] SB63
                 |         E. papuanus AF00
                 |--E. (Ereynetes) AF00
                 |    |--*E. (E.) polymitus AF00 (see below for synonymy)
                 |    |--E. (E.) faini S76
                 |    |--E. (E.) husatoi Shiba 1976 S76
                 |    `--E. (E.) tadakii Shiba 1976 S76
                 `--E. (Anereynetes) meliponae AF00

*Ereynetes (Ereynetes) polymitus AF00 [=Tydeus polymitus AF00; incl. T. celeripes CF77, T. melanchlaenus CF77, T. tetranemus CF77]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A05] André, H. M. 2005. In search of the true Tydeus (Acari, Tydeidae). Journal of Natural History 39 (13): 975–1001.

[AF91] André, H. M., & A. Fain. 1991. Ontogeny in the Tydeoidea (Ereynetidae, Tydeidae and Iolinidae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 297–300. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[AF00] André, H. M., & A. Fain. 2000. Phylogeny, ontogeny and adaptive radiation in the superfamily Tydeoidea (Acari: Actinedida), with a reappraisal of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 405–448.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[F76] Fain, A. 1976. Acariens récoltés par le Dr. J. Travé aux iles subantarctiques II. Familles Acaridae, Anoetidae, Ereynetidae et Tarsonemidae (astigmates et prostigmates). Acarologia 18 (2): 302–328.

[G39] Grandjean, F. 1939. Observations sur les acariens (5e série). Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 2e Série 11 (4): 394–401.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[PM88] Polaco, O. J., & W. Mendl. 1988. Occurrence of mites in Mexican land snails. Nautilus 102 (3): 129.

[RP91] Raut, S. K., & A. Panigrahi. 1991. The mite Fuscuropoda marginata (C. L. Koch) for the control of pest slugs Laevicaulis alte (Férussac). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 683–687. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[ZF11] Zhang, Z.-Q., Q.-H. Fan, V. Pesic, H. Smit, A. V. Bochkov, A. A. Khaustov, A. Baker, A. Wohltmann, T. Wen, J. W. Amrine, P. Beron, J. Lin, G. Gabryś & R. Husband. 2011. Order Trombiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 129–138.

Last updated: 23 April 2018.

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