Field of Science

Gunneridae

'Giant rhubarb' Gunnera manicata, from here.


Belongs within: Eudicotyledoneae.
Contains: Balanophorales, Dilleniaceae, Saxifragales, Rosidae, Santalanae, Caryophyllales, Asteridae.

The Gunneridae is a major clade of flowering plants, corresponding to the eudicotyledons minus the basal 'ranunculids' of some classifications. Cantino et al. (2007) defined the Gunneridae as the smallest clade containing Gunnera perpensa and Helianthus annuus. The clade is mostly supported by molecular analyses, but another synapomorphy may be the presence of ellagic acid. The major subclade within the Gunneridae, the Pentapetalae, is characterised by the ancestral possession of pentamerous flowers (altered in many subsidiary lineages) (Cantino et al. 2007).

<==Gunneridae [Corniflorae, Saxifraganae, Hamamelidanae]
    |--Pentapetalae [Theales, Theiflorae] CD07
    |    |--Dilleniaceae DL07
    |    `--+--+--Saxifragales WM09
    |       |  `--Rosidae WM09
    |       `--+--Santalanae BL04
    |          |--+--Caryophyllales WM09
    |          |  `--Asteridae WM09
    |          `--Berberidopsidales WM09
    |               |--Aextoxicon T00 [Aextoxicaceae CD07]
    |               `--Berberidopsis [Berberidopsidaceae] WM09
    |                    `--B. corallina Hooker 1862 CD07
    `--Gunnera [Gunneraceae, Gunnerales, Gunnerineae] WM09
         |--G. albocarpa An27
         |--G. arenaria An27
         |--G. chilensis D03
         |--G. dentata An27
         |--G. hamiltonii An27
         |--G. lobata CL85
         |--G. magellanica D03
         |--G. manicata Linden ex André 1873 CD07
         |--G. monoica An27
         |--G. perpensa Linnaeus 1767 CD07
         `--G. prorepens An27

Gunneridae incertae sedis:
  Balanophorales D01
  Haloragaceae T00 [Haloragales D01]
    |--Laurembergia YY22
    |--Haloragodendron glandulosum G04b
    |--Hoppea dichotoma VB02
    |--Glischrocaryon RL05
    |    |--G. aureum RL05
    |    |    |--G. a. var. aureum G04b
    |    |    `--G. a. var. angustifolium G04b
    |    `--G. flavescens G04a
    |--Haloragis H03
    |    |--H. alata C55
    |    |--H. brownii GK00
    |    |--H. erecta An27
    |    |--H. gossei G04a
    |    |--H. incana An27
    |    |--H. micrantha H03
    |    |--H. procumbens Al27
    |    `--H. trigonocarpa KM08
    |--Gonocarpus G04a
    |    |--G. aggregatus W91
    |    |--G. cordiger GK00
    |    |--G. hexandrus GK00
    |    |    |--G. h. ssp. hexandrus GK00
    |    |    `--G. h. ssp. integrifolius GK00
    |    |--G. nodulosus G04a
    |    |--G. paniculatus GK00
    |    `--G. pithyoides GK00
    `--Myriophyllum GK00
         |--M. alterniflorum C55
         |--M. aquaticum H06
         |--M. crispatum GK00
         |--M. drummondii GK00
         |--M. elatinoides An27
         |--M. limnophilum GK00
         |--M. propinquum Al27
         |--M. robusta An27
         |--M. spicatum C55
         |--M. tillaeoides GK00
         |--M. verrucosum GK00
         |--M. verticillatum D03
         `--M. votschii An27

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[Al27] Allan, H. H. 1927. The vegetation of Mount Peel, Canterbury, New Zealand. Part 2. – The grassland and other herbaceous communities. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 73-89.

[An27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[BL04] Barkman, T. J., S.-H. Lim, K. M. Salleh & J. Nais. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesia, the world’s largest flower. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (3): 787-792.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[CL85] Cokendolpher, J. C., & D. Lanfranco L. 1985. Opiliones from the Cape Horn Archipelago: New southern records for harvestmen. Journal of Arachnology 13: 311-319.

[DL07] Davis, C. C., M. Latvis, D. L. Nickrent, K. J. Wurdack & D. A. Baum. 2007. Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315: 1812.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75-103.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[G04a] Gibson, N. 2004a. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35-47.

[G04b] Gibson, N. 2004b. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 7. Middle and South Ironcap, Digger Rock and Hatter Hill. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 49-62.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323-402.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: Vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311-449.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201-222.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11-19.

[RL05] Rafferty, C., & B. B. Lamont. 2005. Selective feeding by macropods on vegetation regenerating following fire. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 155-165.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573-581.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

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