Amphinectidae

Female Tasmabrochus, from Tasmanian Spiders.


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.
Contains: Maniho, Mamoea, Aorangia, Huara.

The Amphinectidae is a poorly-defined group of mostly forest-dwelling spiders found in Australasia and South America. Many are cribellate spiders that build small sheet webs extending from a retreat but some (including Amphinecta and Mamoea) are ecribellate and active nocturnal hunters (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Medium-sized; eight eyes present in two rows; 'thoracic patches' often present on carapce; legs with three tarsal claws; cribellate or ecribellate; male cymbium usually with trichobothria (absent in Neolana); entelegyne.

<==Amphinectidae [Neolanidae]
    |--Metaltellinae R14
    |    |--Calacadia dentifera R14
    |    `--Metaltella Mello-Leitão 1931 D02
    |         |--*M. argentinensis Mello-Leitão 1931 M-L31
    |         `--M. simoni R14
    |--Tasmarubriinae D02
    |    |--Tasmarubrius milvinus (Simon 1903) [=Rubrius milvinus, Amphinecta milvina] D02
    |    `--Tasmabrochus Davies 2002 D02
    |         |--*T. cranstoni Davies 2002 D02
    |         |--T. montanus Davies 2002 D02
    |         `--T. turnerae Davies 2002 D02
    `--Amphinecta Simon 1898 D02 [Amphinectinae JD-S07]
         |--*A. decemmaculata Simon 1898 D02
         |--A. dejecta Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. luta Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. mara Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. milina Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. mula Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. pika Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. pila Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. puka Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |--A. tama Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         `--A. tula Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10

Amphinectidae incertae sedis:
  Maniho D02
  Mamoea PVD10
  Paramamoea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*P. incerta Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. aquilonalis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. arawa Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. incertoides Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. insulana Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. pandora Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. paradisica Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. parva Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--P. urewera Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--P. waipoua Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Akatorea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*A. gracilis (Marples 1959) PVD10
    `--A. otagoensis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Neolana Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--N. dalmasi (Marples 1959) PVD10 [=Ixeuticus dalmasi FF99]
    |--N. pallida Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--N. septentrionalis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Waterea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--*W. cornigera Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Marplesia Lehtinen 1967 PVD10
    |--*M. dugdalei Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--M. pohara Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Dunstania JD-S07
  Aorangia PVD10
  Dunstanoides Forster & Wilton 1989 PVD10
    |--*D. hesperis (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. angustiae (Marples 1959) PVD10
    |--D. hinawa (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. hova (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. kochi (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. mira (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. montana (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
    |--D. nuntia (Marples 1959) PVD10
    `--D. salmoni (Forster & Wilton 1973) PVD10
  Holomamoea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--*H. foveata Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Huara PVD10
  Makora Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*M. figurata Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--M. calypso (Marples 1959) PVD10
    |--M. detrita Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--M. diversa Forster & Wilton 1973 NS00
    `--M. mimica Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Neororea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*N. sorenseni (Forster 1955) PVD10
    `--N. homerica Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Oparara Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*O. vallus (Marples 1959) PVD10 [=Ixeuticus vallus NS00, O. valla NS00]
    `--O. karamea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Rangitata Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--*R. peelensis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Reinga Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*R. media Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--R. apica Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--R. aucklandensis (Marples 1959) PVD10
    |--R. grossa Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--R. waipoua Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
  Rorea Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |--*R. aucklandensis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    `--R. otagoensis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[D02] Davies, V. T. 2002. Tasmabrochus, a new spider genus from Tasmania, Australia (Araneae, Amphinectidae, Tasmarubriinae). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 219–226.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[M-L31] Mello-Leitão, C. F. de. 1931. Notas sobre arachnideos argentinos. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias 3 (2): 83–97.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

Last updated: 28 September 2019.

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