Dysderidae

Slater spider Dysdera crocota, copyright Whitney Cranshaw.


Belongs within: Haplogynae.

The Dysderidae is a western Palaearctic family of free-living spiders with large chelicerae, some of which have a predilection for hunting woodlice (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Medium-sized; six eyes present in compact group near clypeal edge; chelicerae and fangs well-developed; sternum joined to carapace by intercoxal sclerites; legs with two or three tarsal claws; distinct pair of tracheal spiracles posterior to booklung slits; ecribellate; haplogyne.

Dysderidae
    |  i. s.: Stalagtia hercegovinensis PN01
    |         Tedia PO08
    |           |--T. abdominalis Deeleman-Reinhold 1988 PO08
    |           `--T. oxygnatha Simon 1882 PO08
    |         Harpactocrates K55
    |           |--H. ignavus Kraus 1955 K55
    |           |--H. limbarae Kraus 1955 K55
    |           `--H. teruelis Kraus 1955 K55
    |--Rhodinae JD-S07
    |--Harpactea SL14 [Harpacteinae JD-S07]
    |    |--H. hombergi (Scopoli 1763) VPB11
    |    `--H. lepida (Koch 1838) SL14
    `--Dysdera Latreille 1804 [Dysderinae] JD-S07
         |--D. angustata Lucas 1846 E12
         |--D. crocota Koch 1839 K55
         |--D. erythrina (Walckenaer 1802) VPB11
         |--D. hungarica FF99
         |--D. ninaii Canestrini 1868 K55
         |--D. nubila Simon 1882 K55
         |--D. spinipes Lucas 1846 E12
         `--D. westringi Pickard-Cambridge 1872 PO08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[PO08] Pluess, T., I. Opatovsky, E. Gavish-Regev, Y. Lubin & M. H. Schmidt. 2008. Spiders in wheat fields and semi-desert in the Negev (Israel). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 368–373.

[PN01] Poggi, R., G. Nonveiller, A. Colla, D. Pavićević & T. Rađa. 2001–2002. Thaumastocephalini, a new tribe of Pselaphinae for Thaumastocephalus folliculipalpus n. gen., n. sp., an interesting new troglobious species from central Dalmatia (Croatia) (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Pselaphinae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria” 94: 1–20.

[SL14] Samu, F., G. Lengyel, É. Szita, A. Bidló & P. Ódor. 2014. The effect of forest stand characteristics on spider diversity and species composition in deciduous-coniferous mixed forests. Journal of Arachnology 42 (2): 135–141.

[VPB11] Varet, M., J. Pétillon & F. Burel. 2011. Comparative responses of spider and carabid beetle assemblages along an urban-rural boundary gradient. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 236–243.

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