Segestriidae

Female Ariadna dysderina, copyright S. Pearson.


Belongs within: Haplogynae.

The Segestriidae are a cosmopolitan group of spiders that construct tubular retreats from the mouth of which extend trip-lines (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Medium-sized; six eyes present in two rows, with lateral eyes contiguous, posterior median eyes closely grouped; legs with three tarsal claws; third pair of legs directed forwards; posterior tracheal spiracles far forward, just behind booklung slits; ecribellate; haplogyne; female palpal claw turned inwards over almost 90°.

Segestriidae [Segestriinae]
    |--Gippsicola Hogg 1900 JD-S07
    |--Segestria Latreille 1804 JD-S07
    |    |--S. florentina (Rossi 1790) K55
    |    `--S. senoculata (Linnaeus 1758) K55
    `--Ariadna Audouin 1826 JD-S07
         |--A. barbigera H09
         |--A. bicolor JD-S07
         |--A. burcheli Hogg 1900 [=Macedonia burcheli] M54
         |--A. decatetracantha Main 1954 M54
         |--A. dysderina M54
         |--A. fidicina BS09
         |--A. montana Rainbow 1920 M54
         |--A. natalis Pocock 1900 FT08
         |--A. octospinata Lamb 1911 [=Macedonia octospinata] M54
         |--A. segmentata Simon 1908 M54
         |--A. septemcincta FF99
         `--A. thyrianthina Simon 1908 M54

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[H09] Hogg, H. R. 1909. Some New Zealand and Tasmanian Arachnidae. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 42: 273–283.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[M54] Main, B. Y. 1954. Spiders and Opiliones. In: Willis, J. H. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 37–53. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

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