Palpimanoidea

Male Afrarchaea woodae, copyright J. Miller.


Belongs within: Entelegynae.
Contains: Micropholcommatidae.

The Palpimanoidea is a clade of spiders characterised by the presence of cheliceral peg teeth, and (as recognised here) a strong reduction or loss of leg spination (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

<==Palpimanoidea [Paurospinata]
    |  i. s.: Sinaranea Selden, Huang & Ren 2008 SHR08
    |           `--*S. metaxyostraca Selden, Huang & Ren 2008 SHR08
    |         Spatiatoridae SHR08
    |         Lagonomegops S02 [Lagonomegopidae SHR08]
    |           `--L. sukatchevae Eskov & Wunderlich 1994 S02
    |--+--Huttonia Pickard-Cambridge 1870 [Huttoniidae] JD-S07
    |  |    `--*H. palpimanoides Pickard-Cambridge 1879 FF99
    |  `--+--Stenochilidae JD-S07
    |     |    |--Colopea Simon 1893 JD-S07
    |     |    |    `--C. malayanus JD-S07
    |     |    `--Stenochilus P.-Cambridge 1870 non Brown 1810 (ICBN) JD-S07
    |     |         |--S. crocatus JD-S07
    |     |         `--S. hobsoni JD-S07
    |     `--Palpimanidae JD-S07
    |          |  i. s.: Fernandezina L-M-HM11
    |          |         Diaphorocellus JD-S07
    |          |         Boagrius JD-S07
    |          |         Hybosida JD-S07
    |          |         Scelidocteus lamottei JD-S07
    |          |--Chediminae JD-S07
    |          |--Otiothops [Otiothopinae] JD-S07
    |          |    `--O. walckenaeri JD-S07
    |          `--Palpimanus Dufour 1820 MG03 [Palpimaninae JD-S07]
    |               |--P. gibbulus (Dufour 1820) MG03
    |               |--P. schmitzi Kulczyński 1909 MG03
    |               `--P. sogdianus Charitonov 1946 MG03
    `--+--Micropholcommatidae JD-S07
       `--+--Holarchaea Forster 1955 [Holarchaeidae] JD-S07
          |    |--H. globosa (Hickman 1981) [=Zearchaea globosa] FF99
          |    `--H. novaeseelandia JD-S07
          `--+--Pararchaea Forster 1955 S03 [Pararchaeidae JD-S07]
             |    |--P. alba FF99
             |    `--P. rubra FF99
             `--+--Mecysmaucheniidae JD-S07
                |    |  i. s.: Baltarchaea Eskov 1992 SHR08
                |    |           `--*B. conica (Koch & Berendt 1854) [=Archaea conica] SHR08
                |    |--Zearchaeinae JD-S07
                |    |    |--Chilarchaea Forster & Platnick 19845 JD-S07
                |    |    `--Zearchaea Wilton 1946 JD-S07
                |    |         `--Z. clypeata FF99
                |    `--Mecysmaucheniinae JD-S07
                |         |--Mecysmauchenioides Forster & Platnick 1984 JD-S07
                |         |--Mesarchaea Forster & Platnick 1984 JD-S07
                |         |--Semysmauchenius Forster & Platnick 1984 JD-S07
                |         |--Mecysmauchenius Simon 1884 JD-S07
                |         |    `--M. segmentatus Simon 1884 FF99
                |         `--Aotearoa Forster & Platnick 1984 JD-S07
                |              `--A. magna FF99
                `--Archaeidae JD-S07
                     |--Myrmecarchaea Wunderlich 2004 SHR08
                     |--Saxonarchaea Wunderlich 2004 SHR08
                     |--Zephyrarchaea robinsi (Harvey 2002) W13
                     |--Archaea Koch & Berendt 1854 SHR08
                     |    `--A. gracilicollis FF99
                     |--Patarchaea Selden, Huang & Ren 2008 SHR08
                     |    `--*P. muralis Selden, Huang & Ren 2008 SHR08
                     |--Austrarchaea Forster & Platnick 1984 SHR08
                     |    `--A. robinsi Harvey 2002 RRH09
                     |--Eoarchaea Forster & Platnick 1984 SHR08
                     |    `--*E. hyperoptica (Menge in Koch & Berendt 1854) [=Archaea hyperoptica] SHR08
                     |--Eriauchenius Pickard-Cambridge 1881 SHR08
                     |    |--E. cornutus (Lotz 2003) SHR08
                     |    `--E. gracilicollis Millot 1948 SHR08
                     `--Afrarchaea Forster & Platnick 1984 SHR08
                          |--*A. godfreyi (Hewitt 1919) SHR08
                          |--A. grimaldii Penney 2003 SHR08
                          |--A. royalensis Lotz 2006 SHR08
                          `--A. woodae Lotz 2006 SHR08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[L-M-HM11] Lo-Man-Hung, N. F., R. Marichal, D. F. Candiani, L. S. Carvalho, R. P. Indicatti, A. B. Bonaldo, D. H. R. Cobo, A. Feijoo M., S. Tselouiko, C. Praxedes, G. Brown, E. Velasquez, T. Decaëns, J. Oszwald, M. Martins & P. Lavelle. 2011. Impact of different land management on soil spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in two Amazonian areas of Brazil and Colombia. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 296–302.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[RRH09] Rix, M. G., J. D. Roberts & M. S. Harvey. 2009. The spider families Synotaxidae and Malkaridae (Arachnida: Araneae: Araneoidea) in Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (3): 295–304.

[S03] Schütt, K. 2003. Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae s.l. (Araneae, Araneoidea). Zoologica Scripta 32 (2): 129–151.

[S02] Selden, P. A. 2002. First British Mesozoic spider, from Cretaceous amber of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Palaeontology 45 (5): 973–983.

[SHR08] Selden, P. A., Huang D. & Ren D. 2008. Palpimanoid spiders from the Jurassic of China. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 306–321.

[W13] Waldock, J. M. 2013. A review of the peacock spiders of the Maratus mungaich species-group (Araneae: Salticidae), with descriptions of four new species. Records of the Western Australian Museum 28 (1): 66–81.

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