Meta

Female Meta mengei, copyright James K. Lindsey.


Belongs within: Tetragnathidae.

Meta is a cosmopolitan genus of orb-weaving spiders, commonly found in caverns and rock crevices. They have long front legs and a simple epigynum that is little more than a small lobe (Forster & Forster 1999). The two lateral eyes on each side are placed on a common tubercle (Stoliczka 1869).

Meta Koch 1836 [Metainae] K92
    |--M. adspersata Karsch 1892 K92
    |--M. arborea FF99
    |--M. argentata [=Tetragnatha argentata] K92
    |--M. gracilis Stoliczka 1869 S69
    |--M. graeffei (Keyserling 1865) [=Epeira graeffei] KK84
    |--M. latiuscula FF99
    |--M. melania [=Epeira melania] KK84
    |--M. menardi V09
    |--M. mengei (Blackwall 1869) BH02
    |--M. merianae CM07
    |--M. ovalis BS09
    |--M. reticuloides Yaginuma 1958 B11
    |--M. rufolineata (Urquhart 1889) [=Linyphia rufolineata] NS00
    |--M. selivira Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK84
    |--M. trivittata Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK84
    `--M. turbatrix Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK84

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BH02] Bell, J. R., A. J. Haughton, N. D. Boatman & A. Wilcox. 2002. Do incremental increases of the herbicide glyphosate have indirect consequences for spider communities? Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 288–297.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[CM07] Cokendolpher, J. C., & P. G. Mitov. 2007. Natural enemies. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (eds) Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones pp. 339–373. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK84] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[S69] Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution to the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 38 pt 2 (4): 201–251, plates 18–20.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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