Gasteracantha

Female Westring's spiny spider Gasteracantha westringii, copyright Jon Clarke.


Belongs within: Araneidae.

Gasteracantha, the spiny orb-web spiders, is a pantropical genus of medium-sized spiders with broad, often strikingly patterned, abdomens bearing distinct spikes.

<==Gasteracantha Sund. 1833 T94
    |--G. (Gasteracantha) KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) albiventer KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) fragispina Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) hebridisia KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) metallica Poc. 1898 R13
    |    |--G. (G.) mollusca KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) scintillans Butl. 1873 [incl. G. scintillans var. concolor Rainbow 1913] R13
    |    |--G. (G.) signifer Poc. 1898 R13
    |    |--G. (G.) simoni Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) taeniata KK84
    |    |--G. (G.) violenta KK84
    |    `--G. (G.) westringii KK84
    |--G. (Actinacantha) KK84
    |    |--G. (A.) hepatica KK84
    |    `--G. (A.) regalis KK84
    |--G. (Callocantha) geminata (F. 1798) [=Aranea geminata; incl. G. rimata Cambr. 1879] K92
    |--G. (Isacantha) KK84
    |    |--G. (I.) canningensis Stoliczka 1869 [=Gastracantha (I.) canningensis] S69
    |    |--G. (I.) flavomaculata KK84
    |    |--G. (I.) lugubris KK84
    |    |--G. (I.) minax KK84
    |    |--G. (I.) praetextata KK84
    |    `--G. (I.) sacerdotalis KK84
    `--G. (Stanneoclavis) KK84
         |--G. (S.) pentagona KK84
         |--G. (S.) suminata KK84
         `--G. (S.) variegata KK84

Gasteracantha incertae sedis:
  G. acrosomoides H04
  G. arcuata H04
  G. brevispina (Doleschall 1857) [=Plectana brevispina] K92
  G. cancriformis (Linnaeus 1758) WA02
  G. cuspidata Koch 1837 [=Plectana cuspidata] T94
  G. dalyi (Pocock 1900) HU08
  G. doriae Simon 1877 [incl. G. kulczynskii Strand 1906] J98
  G. fornicata (Fabr. 1781) [=Aranea fornicata] T94
  G. hasselti Koch 1837 AM11
  G. helva S69
  G. kuhli Koch 1837 AM11
  G. leucomelaena (Doleschall 1859) [=Plectana leucomelas; incl. G. annamita Sim. 1886] T94
  G. marsdeni J98
    |--G. m. marsdeni J98
    `--G. m. punctisternis Strand 1906 J98
  G. milvoides JD-S07
  G. vittata Thorell 1860 T94

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AM11] Araujo, D., V. F. Mattos, A. M. Giroti, M. G. Kraeski, L. S. Carvalho & A. D. Brescovit. 2011. Cytogenetical characterization of six orb-weaver species and review of cytogenetical data for Araneidae. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 337–344.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[HU08] Hore, U., & V. P. Uniyal. 2008. Diversity and composition of spider assemblages in five vegetation types of the Terai Conservation Area, India. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 251–258.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK84] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[S69] Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution to the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 38 pt 2 (4): 201–251, plates 18–20.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt. 4 (4): 1–63.

[WA02] Whitehouse, M., I. Agnarsson, T. Miyashita, D. Smith, K. Cangialosi, T. Matsumoto, D. Li & Y. Henaut. 2002. Argyrodes: phylogeny, sociality and interspecific interactions—a report on the Argyrodes symposium, Badplaas 2001. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 238–245.

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