Hahniidae

Male Hahnia pusilla, from Danish Spiders.


Belongs within: Neocribellatae.

The Hahniidae are a cosmopolitan family of small spiders that construct delicate sheetwebs close to the ground. They are characterised by the distinctive arrangement of the spinnerets which form a single transverse row (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small; eight eyes present in two rows; legs with three tarsal claws; tracheal spiracles opening midway on abdomen; ecribellate; spinnerets arranged in a transverse row; entelegyne.

<==Hahniidae
    |--Cybaeolinae JD-S07
    |--Cryphoeca Thorell 1870 MG03 [Cryphoecinae JD-S07]
    |    |--C. angularis Saito 1934 MG03
    |    |--C. montana Emerton 1909 PS08
    |    |--C. silvicola (Koch 1834) MG03
    |    `--C. thaleri Wunderlich 1995 MG03
    `--Hahnia Koch 1841 [Hahniinae] JD-S07
         |--H. crozetensis Hickman 1939 H39
         |--H. hickmani Forster 1964 F64
         |--H. michaelseni H39
         |--H. nava (Blackwall 1841) BBM02
         |--H. pusilla RKD02
         `--H. tabulicola H39

Hahniidae incertae sedis:
  Iberina Simon 1881 MG03
  Neohahnia L-M-HM11
  Neoantistea D90
  Tuberta Simon 1884 MG03
    `--T. maerens (Pickard-Cambridge 1863) MG03
  Antistea D90
    |--A. brunnea JVHN90
    `--A. elegans (Balckwall 1841) K02
  Alistra Thorell 1894 [incl. Tawerana Forster 1970] PVD10
    |--*A. longicauda Thorell 1894 T94
    |--A. centralis (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--A. inanga (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--A. mangareia (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--A. napua (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--A. opina (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--A. reinga (Forster 1970) PVD10
    `--A. tuna (Forster 1970) PVD10
  Kapanga Forster 1970 [incl. Tuata Forster 1970] PVD10
    |--*K. wiltoni Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. alta Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. festiva Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. grana Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. hickmani (Forster 1964) PVD10
    |--K. isulata (Forster 1970) PVD10 [=Tuata insulata FF99]
    |--K. luana Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. mana Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--K. manga Forster 1970 PVD10
    `--K. solitaria (Bryant 1935) [=Hahnia solitaria] NS00
  Porioides Forster in Platnick 1989 [=Poria Forster 1970 (preoc.)] PVD10
    |--*P. rima (Forster 1970) PVD10 [=Poria rima NS00]
    `--P. tasmani (Forster 1970) PVD10
  Scotospilus Simon 1886 [incl. Tuana Forster 1970] PVD10
    |--S. divisus (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--S. nelsonensis (Forster 1970) PVD10
    |--S. plenus (Forster 1970) PVD10
    `--S. westlandicus (Forster 1970) PVD10
  Rinawa Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--*R. otagoensis Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--R. bola Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--R. cantuaria Forster 1970 NS00
    `--R. pula Forster 1970 PVD10
  Eohahnia succini Petrunkevitch 1958 S93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[D90] Dondale, C. D. 1990. Litter Araneae (Araneida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 477–502. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[H39] Hickman, V. V. 1939. Opiliones and Araneae. British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition Reports Series B 4: 157–188.

[JVHN90] Jennings, D. T., W. M. Vander Haegen & A. M. Narahara. 1990. A sampling of forest-floor spiders (Araneae) by expellant, Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, Maine. Journal of Arachnology 18: 173–180.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K02] Koponen, S. 2002. Ground-living spiders in bogs in northern Europe. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 262–267.

[L-M-HM11] Lo-Man-Hung, N. F., R. Marichal, D. F. Candiani, L. S. Carvalho, R. P. Indicatti, A. B. Bonaldo, D. H. R. Cobo, A. Feijoo M., S. Tselouiko, C. Praxedes, G. Brown, E. Velasquez, T. Decaëns, J. Oszwald, M. Martins & P. Lavelle. 2011. Impact of different land management on soil spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in two Amazonian areas of Brazil and Colombia. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 296–302.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[PS08] Pinzón, J., & J. Spence. 2008. Performance of two arboreal pitfall trap designs in sampling cursorial spiders from tree trunks. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 280–286.

[RKD02] Relys, V., S. Koponen & D. Dapkus. 2002. Annual differences and species turnover in peat bog spider communities. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 416–424.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

Last updated: 7 October 2019.

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