Lamponidae

White-tailed spider Lampona murina, copyright Ed Nieuwenhuys.


Belongs within: Gnaphosoidea.

The Lamponidae, white-tailed spiders, are a group of ground-hunting spiders found in Australasia, some of which specialise in hunting other spiders (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Tiny to large; eight eyes present in two rows, with posterior median eyes flattened; endites obliquely depressed, often with conspicuous groove along median margin (absent in Pseudolamponinae); legs with two tarsal claws; venter of opisthosoma with pair of invaginated sclerites present just behind epigastric furrow; ecribellate; anterior spinnerets parallel, large, cylindrical and usually well separated; piriform gland spigots of anterior spinnerets not enlarged; entelegyne.

Lamponidae
    |  i. s.: Lamponina scutata (Strand 1913) T13
    |         Lamponega MC13
    |         Lamponella MC13
    |--Pseudolamponinae JD-S07
    |--Lampona Thorell 1869 [Lamponinae] JD-S07
    |    |--L. barrow Platnick 2000 T13
    |    |--L. cylindrata Koch 1866 [incl. Drassus formicarius Urquhart 1886 non Lucas 1846] FF99
    |    `--L. murina FF99
    `--Centrothelinae PD08
         |--Bigenditia Platnick 2000 PD08
         |    `--B. zuytdorp MC13
         |--Prionosternum Dunn 1951 PD08
         |--Longepi Platnick 2000 PD08
         |--Asadipus Simon 1897 PD08
         |    |--A. phaleratus JD-S07
         |    `--A. yundamindra MC13
         `--Notsodipus Platnick 2000 PD08
              |--*N. dalby Platnick 2000 PD08
              |--N. linnaei Platnick & Dupérré 2008 PD08
              `--N. quobba PD08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[PD08] Platnick, N. I., & N. Dupérré. 2008. A new species of the spider genus Notsodipus (Araneae: Lamponidae) from Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 349–350.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

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