Thomisidae

Male Stephanopis barbipes, copyright Ed Nieuwenhuys.


Belongs within: Entelegynae.
Contains: Diaea, Ozyptila, Xysticus, Thomisus.

The Thomisidae, crab spiders, are a diverse group of spiders primarily found hunting on vegetation. Members of the family include Borboropactus, a genus of moderately large, ground-dwelling thomisids found in the Asian and African tropics that characteristically have the body coated with mud.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present in two rows, lateral eyes usually on tubercles; legs laterigrade, with two tarsal claws, legs I and II usually longer than III and IV; ecribellate; entelegyne.

<==Thomisidae [Misumenoidae]
    |--Borboropactus Simon 1884 [Borboropactidae] JD-S07
    `--+--Aphantochilinae JD-S07
       |--Bominae JD-S07
       |--Dietinae JD-S07
       |--Strophius FM11 [Strophiinae JD-S07]
       |--Stiphropodinae JD-S07
       |--Thomisus JD-S07
       `--Stephanopis Cambridge 1869 H09 (see below for synonymy)
            |--S. barbipes Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
            |--S. benhami Hogg 1909 H09
            |--S. longipes H09
            `--S. ornata B96

Thomisidae incertae sedis:
  Cymbachina Bryant 1933 PVD10
    `--*C. albobrunnea (Urquhart 1893) PVD10 [=Xysticus albobrunnea NS00]
  Saccodamus formivorus B96
  Runcinia JD-S07
    |--R. acuminata B96
    `--R. flavida JD-S07
  Synema Simon 1864 PVD10
    |--S. globosum (Fabricius 1775) K55
    `--S. suteri Dahl 1907 PVD10
  Heriaeus hirtus (Latreille 1819) K55
  Camaricus striatipes (Van Hass 1882) [=Platythomisus striatipes; incl. C. formosus Thorell 1887] T94
  ‘Pasithea’ Blackwall 1858 non Lea 1833 S69
  Erissoides argentinus Mello-Leitão 1931 M-L31
  Tmarus piger K01
  Bucranium L-M-HM11
  Tharpyna PVD10
    |--T. campestrata Koch 1874 E07
    `--T. munda Koch 1875 PVD10
  Cymbacha festiva Koch 1874 E07
  Amyciaea albomaculata ZS10, B96
  Pistius truncatus K01
  Rhynchognatha Thorell 1887 K92
    `--R. cinerascens Thorell 1887 K92
  Misumena M01
    |--M. nesiotis Simon 1899 S99
    |--M. plumbea [=Diaea plumbea] S99
    |--M. tricuspidata K01
    `--M. vatia Clerck 1757 M01
  Daradius Sim. 1886 K92
    |--D. bipunctatus (Thorell 1877) [=Pistius bipunctatus] K92
    `--D. callidus Thorell 1890 K92
  Platythomisus Doleschall 1859 T94
    |--*P. phryniformis Doleschall 1859 D59
    `--P. jucundus Thorell 1894 T94
  Synaema K01
    |--S. globosum [incl. S. globosum var. nigriventris Kulczyński 1901] K01
    |--S. japonicum K01
    `--S. ornatum K01
  Sidymella Strand 1942 PVD10
    |--S. angularis (Urquhart 1885) [=Sparassus angularis] NS00
    |--S. angulata (Urquhart 1885) PVD10 [=Sparassus angulatus NS00]
    |--S. benhami (Hogg 1910) PVD10
    |--S. lampei (Strand 1913) [=Sidyma lampei] J98
    |--S. lobata B96
    `--S. longipes (Koch 1874) PVD10
  Misumenops L-M-HM11
    |--M. asperatus GV09
    |--M. californicus P74
    |--M. gabrielensis P74
    |--M. lepidus MC02
    |--M. nepenthicola GV09
    `--M. rothi P74
  Diaea PVD10
  Ozyptila K55
  Monaeses JD-S07
  Xysticus K01
  Thomisops pupa JD-S07
  Pherecydes JD-S07
  Tibellus K01
    |--T. maritimus (Menge 1875) BBM02
    |--T. oblongus Walckenaer 1802 BH02
    `--T. parallelus K01
  Misumenoides formosipes E95
  Pselloninae S99
    |--Pterelas Simon 1899 S99
    |    `--*P. schauinslandi Simon 1899 S99
    `--Psellonus planus S99

Stephanopis Cambridge 1869 H09 [=Stephanopsis (l. c.) nec Bedot 1896 nec Lambert 1900 H09; Stephanopseae, Stephanopinae JD-S07]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BH02] Bell, J. R., A. J. Haughton, N. D. Boatman & A. Wilcox. 2002. Do incremental increases of the herbicide glyphosate have indirect consequences for spider communities? Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 288–297.

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[E95] Elgar, M. A. 1995. The duration of copulation in spiders: comparative patterns. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 1–11.

[E07] Elliott, M. G. 2007. Annotated catalogue of the Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) of Australia. Zootaxa 1428: 1–83.

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[GV09] Giribet, G., L. Vogt, A. Pérez González, P. Sharma & A. B. Kury. 2009. A multilocus approach to harvestman (Arachnida: Opiliones) phylogeny with emphasis on biogeography and the systematics of Laniatores. Cladistics 25: 1–30.

[H09] Hogg, H. R. 1909. Some New Zealand and Tasmanian Arachnidae. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 42: 273–283.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK90] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[K01] Kulczyński, V. 1901. Arachnoideák [Arachnoidea]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 311–369. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L-M-HM11] Lo-Man-Hung, N. F., R. Marichal, D. F. Candiani, L. S. Carvalho, R. P. Indicatti, A. B. Bonaldo, D. H. R. Cobo, A. Feijoo M., S. Tselouiko, C. Praxedes, G. Brown, E. Velasquez, T. Decaëns, J. Oszwald, M. Martins & P. Lavelle. 2011. Impact of different land management on soil spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in two Amazonian areas of Brazil and Colombia. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 296–302.

[M-L31] Mello-Leitão, C. F. de. 1931. Notas sobre arachnideos argentinos. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias 3 (2): 83–97.

[MC02] Miliczky, E. R., & C. O. Calkins. 2002. Spiders (Araneae) as potential predators of leafroller larvae and egg masses (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in central Washington apple and pear orchards. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 78 (2): 140–150.

[M01] Morse, D. H. 2001. Harvestmen as commensals of crab spiders. Journal of Arachnology 29: 273–275.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[P74] Paulson, D. R. 1974. Reproductive isolation in damselflies. Systematic Zoology 23 (1): 40–49.

[S99] Simon, E. 1899. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896–1897. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie un Biologie der Thiere 12 (4): 411–437.

[S69] Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution to the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 38 pt 2 (4): 201–251, pls 18–20.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

Last updated: 16 November 2017.

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