Male Stephanopis barbipes, copyright Ed Nieuwenhuys.

Belongs within: Dionycha.
Contains: Misumena, Diaea, Oxyptila, Thomisus, Xysticus.

The Thomisidae, crab spiders, are a diverse group of spiders primarily found hunting on vegetation. Members of the family include Borboropactus, a genus of moderately large, ground-dwelling thomisids found in the Asian and African tropics that characteristically have the body coated with mud. The genus Stephanopis, found in Australasia and South America, includes species with the anterior eye row strongly recurved and the larger anterior lateral eyes positioned on a pair of protruding points at the front of the cephalothorax. The South American genus Aphantochilus includes ant-mimicking species with spinose processes on the cephalothorax.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present in two rows, lateral eyes usually on tubercles; legs laterigrade, with two tarsal claws, legs I and II usually longer than III and IV; ecribellate; entelegyne.

<==Thomisidae [Misumenoidae, Stephanopinae, Stephanopseae, Thomisoidea] S93
    |--+--Epidius parvati R14
    |  `--Stephanopoides R14
    |       |--S. brasiliana R14
    |       |--S. sexmaculata R14
    |       `--S. simoni R14
    `--+--Cebrenninus rugosus R14
       `--+--+--Geraesta hirta R14
          |  `--+--Borboropactus Simon 1884 R14, JD-S07 [Borboropactidae]
          |     |    `--B. bituberculatus R14
          |     `--Stephanopis Cambridge 1869 R14, H09 [=Stephanopsis (l. c.) nec Bedot 1896 nec Lambert 1900 H09]
          |          |--S. barbipes Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
          |          |--S. benhami Hogg 1909 H09
          |          |--S. cambridgei R14
          |          |--S. ditissima R14
          |          |--S. longipes H09
          |          `--S. ornata B96
          `--+--Boliscus [Bominae] R14
             |    `--B. tuberculatus R14
             `--+--Thomisus R14
                `--+--Tmarus R14
                   |    |--T. holmbergi R14
                   |    `--T. piger K01
                   `--+--Xysticus R14
                      `--+--Strophius [Strophiinae] R14
                         |    `--S. albofasciatus R14
                         `--Aphantochilus R14 [Aphantochilinae JD-S07]
                              |--A. rogersi R14
                              `--A. taurifrons R14

Thomisidae incertae sedis:
  Cymbachina Bryant 1933 PVD10
    `--*C. albobrunnea (Urquhart 1893) PVD10 [=Xysticus albobrunnea NS00]
  Saccodamus formivorus B96
  Runcinia JD-S07
    |--R. acuminata B96
    |--R. flavida JD-S07
    `--R. grammica R14
  Synema Simon 1864 PVD10
    |--S. globosum (Fabricius 1775) K55 [incl. S. globosum var. nigriventris Kulczyński 1901 K01]
    |--S. japonicum K01
    |--S. ornatum K01
    `--S. suteri Dahl 1907 PVD10
  Heriaeus hirtus (Latreille 1819) K55
  Camaricus striatipes (Van Hass 1882) [=Platythomisus striatipes; incl. C. formosus Thorell 1887] T94
  ‘Pasithea’ Blackwall 1858 non Lea 1833 S69
  Erissoides argentinus Mello-Leitão 1931 M-L31
  Bucranium L-M-HM11
  Tharpyna PVD10
    |--T. campestrata Koch 1874 E07
    `--T. munda Koch 1875 PVD10
  Cymbacha Ev95
    |--C. festiva Koch 1874 E07
    `--C. saucia R96
  Amyciaea Simon 1885 T72
    |--A. albomaculata B96
    `--A. forticeps (Cambridge 1873) [=Amycle forticeps] T72
  Pistius Simon 1875 T72
    |--P. barchensis Basu 1965 T72
    |--P. bhadurii Basu 1965 T72
    |--P. gangulyi Basu 1965 T72
    |--P. kanikae Basu 1964 T72
    |--P. robusta Basu 1965 T72
    |--P. roonwali Basu 1964 T72
    |--P. sreeponchamii Tikader 1962 T72
    `--P. truncatus K01
  Rhynchognatha Thorell 1887 K92
    `--R. cinerascens Thorell 1887 K92
  Misumena K01
  Daradius Sim. 1886 K92
    |--D. bipunctatus (Thorell 1877) [=Pistius bipunctatus] K92
    `--D. callidus Thorell 1890 K92
  Platythomisus Doleschall 1859 T94
    |--*P. phryniformis Doleschall 1859 D59
    `--P. jucundus Thorell 1894 T94
  Sidymella Strand 1942 PVD10
    |--S. angularis (Urquhart 1885) PVD10 [=Sparassus angularis NS00]
    |--S. angulata (Urquhart 1885) PVD10 [=Sparassus angulatus NS00]
    |--S. benhami (Hogg 1910) PVD10
    |--S. lampei (Strand 1913) [=Sidyma lampei] J98
    |--S. lobata B96
    `--S. longipes (Koch 1874) PVD10
  Misumenops Cambridge 1900 T72
    |--M. asperatus GV09
    |--M. californicus P74
    |--M. gabrielensis P74
    |--M. khandalaensis Tikader 1965 T72
    |--M. lepidus MC02
    |--M. nepenthicola GV09
    |--M. rothi P74
    `--M. tricuspidatus R14
  Diaea PVD10
  Oxyptila K55
  Monaeses Thorell 1870 T72
    `--M. parvati Tikader 1963 T72
  Thomisops pupa JD-S07
  Pherecydes JD-S07
  Misumenoides Cambridge 1900 T72
    |--M. deccanes Tikader 1965 T72
    |--M. formosipes E95
    |--M. kripalaniae Tikader 1963 T72
    `--M. shulli Tikader 1965 T72
  Pselloninae S99
    |--Psellonus planus S99
    `--Pterelas Simon 1899 S99
         `--*P. schauinslandi Simon 1899 S99
  Facundia clara Petrunkevitch 1942 S93
  Fiducia tenuipes Petrunkevitch 1942 S93
  Filiolella argentata (Petrunkevitch 1942) S93
  Medela baltica Petrunkevitch 1942 S93
  Alcimochthes limbatus R14
  Titidius R14
  Dietinae JD-S07
  Stiphropodinae JD-S07
  Anatone P92
  Athera P92
  Opisthophylax P92
  Heterotmarus P92
  Komisumena P92
  Angaeus Thorell 1881 T72
    `--A. pantagonalis Pocock 1901 T72
  Apollophanes Cambridge 1898 T72
    `--A. bengalores Tikader 1963 T72
  Bomis Koch 1873 T72
    `--B. bengalensis Tikader 1962 T72
  Pasias Simon 1895 T72
    |--P. maratha Tikader 1965 T72
    `--P. puspagiri Tikader 1963 T72

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 22 January 2022.

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