Deinopoidea

Garden centre spider Uloborus plumipes, copyright Olaf Leillinger.


Belongs within: Neocribellatae.

The Deinopoidea are the cribellate orb-weaving spiders, including the net-casting spiders of the Deinopidae and the triangle-web spiders of the Uloboridae. Members of the Deinopidae have the posterior median eyes greatly enlarged and remarkably long and slender fore legs; they construct a small, expandable web that they hold between the fore legs and cast over prey (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Tapeta absent; abdominal tubercles present; deinopoid tarsal comb present; numerous cylindrical gland spigots on posterior median and lateral spinnerets; resting position on web with anterior legs extended.

Deinopoidea BS09
    |  i. s.: Palaeouloborus lacasae Selden 1990 S93
    |--Deinopidae BS09
    |    |--Avella P.-Cambridge 1877 JD-S07
    |    |--Avellopsis Purcell 1904 JD-S07
    |    |--Eodeinopes longipes Wunderlich 2017 W19
    |    |--Menneus Simon 1876 JD-S07
    |    |    `--M. camelus JD-S07
    |    `--Deinopis Macleay 1839 JD-S07
    |         |--D. bicornis B96
    |         |--D. kollari Doleschall 1859 D59
    |         |--D. ravidus B96
    |         |--D. spinosa Marx 1889 SC97
    |         `--D. subrufa (Koch 1879) B96
    `--Uloboridae [Uloboroidae, Uloboroidea] BS09
         |  i. s.: Philoponella E90
         |           |--P. congregabilis D95
         |           |--P. oweni WY88
         |           |--P. republican (Simon 1891) B11
         |           `--P. vicina E90
         |         Philoponus Thorell 1887 K92
         |           `--P. pinnipes (Thor. 1877) [=Uloborus pinnipes] K92
         |         Octonoba sybotides (Bösenberg & Strand 1906) GC99, B11
         |         Miagrammopinae [Miagrammopoidae] W76
         |           |--Miagrammopes Cambridge 1869 W76
         |           |    `--M. candata Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
         |           |--Miagrammopsidis Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           |    `--*M. flavus Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           `--Ranguma Lehtinen 1967 W76
         |                |--R. bradleyi (Pickard-Cambridge 1874) [=Miagrammopes bradleyi] W76
         |                `--R. lehtineni Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |         Tangaroinae JD-S07
         |         Conifaber guarani R14
         |--+--Waitkera Opell 1979 BS09, PVD10
         |  |    `--*W. waitakerensis (Chamberlain 1946) PVD10
         |  `--Hyptiotes [Hyptiotinae] BS09
         |       |--H. cavatus E90
         |       |--H. gertschi BS09
         |       `--H. paradoxus E90
         `--Uloborus Latreille 1806 BS09, JD-S07 [Uloborinae]
              |--U. americanus B06
              |--U. diversus E90
              |--U. domesticus Doleschall 1859 D59
              |--U. geniculatus Olivier 1789 B06, Z02 [=Zosis geniculatus B96]
              |--U. glomosus (Walckenaer 1841) SC97
              |--U. pantherinus Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
              |--U. plumipes Lucas 1846 E12
              |--U. spinitarsis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK90
              |--U. trilineatus E90
              |--U. variabilis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK90
              `--U. walckenaerius E95

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[D95] Downes, M. F. 1995. Australasian social spiders: what is meant by 'social'? Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 25–32.

[E90] Eberhard, W. G. 1990. Early stages of orb construction by Philoponella vicinia, Leucauge mariana, and Nephila clavipes (Araneae, Uloboridae and Tetragnathidae), and their phylogenetic implications. Journal of Arachnology 18: 205–234.

[E95] Elgar, M. A. 1995. The duration of copulation in spiders: comparative patterns. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 1–11.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK90] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[SC97] Scharff, N., & J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 355–434.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WY88] Welbourn, W. C., & O. P. Young. 1988. Mites parasitic on spiders, with a description of a new species of Eutrombidium (Acari, Eutrombidiidae). Journal of Arachnology 16: 373–385.

[W76] Wunderlich, J. 1976. Spinnen aus Australien. 1. Uloboridae, Theridiosomatidae und Symphytognathidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 113–124.

[W19] Wunderlich, J. 2019. What is a spider? Cretaceous fossils modify strongly phylogenetics as well as diagnoses of families, superfamilies and even suborders of spiders (Araneida) and other arthropods. Beiträge zur Araneologie 12: 1–32.

[Z02] Zschokke, S. 2002. Ultraviolet reflectance of spiders and their webs. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 246–254.

Last updated: 22 September 2019.

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