Deinopoidea

Garden centre spider Uloborus plumipes, copyright Olaf Leillinger.


Belongs within: Entelegynae.

The Deinopoidea are the cribellate orb-weaving spiders, including the net-casting spiders of the Deinopidae and the triangle-web spiders of the Uloboridae.

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Tapeta absent; abdominal tubercles present; deinopoid tarsal comb present; numerous cylindrical gland spigots on posterior median and lateral spinnerets; resting position on web with anterior legs extended.

<==Deinopoidea
    |--Deinopidae BS09
    |    |--Avella P.-Cambridge 1877 JD-S07
    |    |--Avellopsis Purcell 1904 JD-S07
    |    |--Menneus Simon 1876 JD-S07
    |    |    `--M. camelus JD-S07
    |    `--Deinopis Macleay 1839 JD-S07
    |         |--D. bicornis B96
    |         |--D. kollari Doleschall 1859 D59
    |         |--D. ravidus B96
    |         |--D. spinosa BS09
    |         `--D. subrufa (Koch 1879) B96
    `--Uloboridae [Uloboroidae, Uloboroidea] BS09
         |  i. s.: Philoponella E90
         |           |--P. oweni WY88
         |           |--P. republicana (Simon 1891) A02
         |           `--P. vicina E90
         |         Philoponus Thorell 1887 K92
         |           `--P. pinnipes (Thor. 1877) [=Uloborus pinnipes] K92
         |         Octonoba sybotides (Bösenberg & Strand 1906) B11
         |         Miagrammopinae [Miagrammopoidae] W76
         |           |--Miagrammopes Cambridge 1869 W76
         |           |    `--M. candata Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK84
         |           |--Miagrammopsidis Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           |    `--*M. flavus Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           `--Ranguma Lehtinen 1967 W76
         |                |--R. bradleyi (Pickard-Cambridge 1874) [=Miagrammopes bradleyi] W76
         |                `--R. lehtineni Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |         Tangaroinae JD-S07
         |--+--Waitkera waitakerensis BS09
         |  `--Hyptiotes BS09 [Hyptiotinae]
         |       |--H. cavatus E90
         |       |--H. gertschi BS09
         |       `--H. paradoxus E90
         `--Uloborus Latreille 1806 BS09, JD-S07 [Uloborinae]
              |--U. americanus B06
              |--U. diversus E90
              |--U. domesticus Doleschall 1859 D59
              |--U. geniculatus Olivier 1789 B06, Z02 [=Uloborus geniculatus B96]
              |--U. pantherinus Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK84
              |--U. plumipes Lucas 1846 E12
              |--U. spinitarsis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK84
              |--U. trilineatus E90
              `--U. variabilis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK84

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A02] Agnarsson, I. 2002. Sharing a web—on the relation of sociality and kleptoparasitism in theridiid spiders (Theridiidae, Araneae). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 181–188.

[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[E90] Eberhard, W. G. 1990. Early stages of orb construction by Philoponella vicinia, Leucauge mariana, and Nephila clavipes (Araneae, Uloboridae and Tetragnathidae), and their phylogenetic implications. Journal of Arachnology 18: 205–234.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK84] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[WY88] Welbourn, W. C., & O. P. Young. 1988. Mites parasitic on spiders, with a description of a new species of Eutrombidium (Acari, Eutrombidiidae). Journal of Arachnology 16: 373–385.

[W76] Wunderlich, J. 1976. Spinnen aus Australien. 1. Uloboridae, Theridiosomatidae und Symphytognathidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 113–124.

[Z02] Zschokke, S. 2002. Ultraviolet reflectance of spiders and their webs. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 246–254.

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