Garden centre spider Uloborus plumipes, copyright Olaf Leillinger.

Belongs within: Neocribellatae.

The Deinopoidea are the cribellate orb-weaving spiders, including the net-casting spiders of the Deinopidae and the triangle-web spiders of the Uloboridae. Members of the Deinopidae have the posterior median eyes greatly enlarged and remarkably long and slender fore legs; they construct a small, expandable web that they hold between the fore legs and cast over prey. The Uloboridae have rows of long trichobothria on the femora, and the fourth metatarsi dorsally compressed and curved under a uniseriate calamistrum; they also lack venom glands (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Tapeta absent; abdominal tubercles present; deinopoid tarsal comb present; numerous cylindrical gland spigots on posterior median and lateral spinnerets; resting position on web with anterior legs extended.

<==Deinopoidea BS09
    |  i. s.: Palaeouloborus lacasae Selden 1990 S93
    |--Deinopidae PVD10
    |    |--Avella P.-Cambridge 1877 JD-S07
    |    |--Avellopsis Purcell 1904 JD-S07
    |    |--Eodeinopes longipes Wunderlich 2017 W19
    |    |--Menneus Simon 1876 JD-S07
    |    |    `--M. camelus JD-S07
    |    `--Deinopis MacLeay 1839 PVD10
    |         |--D. bicornis B96
    |         |--D. kollari Doleschall 1859 D59
    |         |--D. ravidus B96
    |         |--D. spinosa Marx 1889 SC97
    |         `--D. subrufa (Koch 1879) PVD10
    `--Uloboridae [Uloboroidae, Uloboroidea] BS09
         |  i. s.: Philoponella E90
         |           |--P. congregabilis D95
         |           |--P. oweni WY88
         |           |--P. republican (Simon 1891) B11
         |           `--P. vicina E90
         |         Philoponus Thorell 1887 K92
         |           `--P. pinnipes (Thor. 1877) [=Uloborus pinnipes] K92
         |         Octonoba sybotides (Bösenberg & Strand 1906) GC99, B11
         |         Miagrammopinae [Miagrammopoidae] W76
         |           |--Miagrammopes Cambridge 1869 W76
         |           |    `--M. candata Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
         |           |--Miagrammopsidis Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           |    `--*M. flavus Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |           `--Ranguma Lehtinen 1967 W76
         |                |--R. bradleyi (Pickard-Cambridge 1874) [=Miagrammopes bradleyi] W76
         |                `--R. lehtineni Wunderlich 1976 W76
         |         Tangaroinae JD-S07
         |         Conifaber guarani R14
         |         Androgeus P92
         |--+--Waitkera Opell 1979 BS09, PVD10
         |  |    `--*W. waitakerensis (Chamberlain 1946) PVD10
         |  `--Hyptiotes [Hyptiotinae] BS09
         |       |--H. cavatus E90
         |       |--H. gertschi BS09
         |       `--H. paradoxus E90
         `--Uloborus Latreille 1806 BS09, JD-S07 [Uloborinae]
              |--U. americanus B06
              |--U. diversus E90
              |--U. domesticus Doleschall 1859 D59
              |--U. geniculatus Olivier 1789 B06, Z02 [=Zosis geniculatus B96]
              |--U. glomosus (Walckenaer 1841) SC97
              |--U. pantherinus Koch & Keyserling 1890 KK90
              |--U. plumipes Lucas 1846 E12
              |--U. spinitarsis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK90
              |--U. trilineatus E90
              |--U. variabilis Koch & Keyserling 1887 KK90
              `--U. walckenaerius E95 [=Theridion (Uloborus) walkenarium G20]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[D95] Downes, M. F. 1995. Australasian social spiders: what is meant by 'social'? Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 25–32.

[E90] Eberhard, W. G. 1990. Early stages of orb construction by Philoponella vicinia, Leucauge mariana, and Nephila clavipes (Araneae, Uloboridae and Tetragnathidae), and their phylogenetic implications. Journal of Arachnology 18: 205–234.

[E95] Elgar, M. A. 1995. The duration of copulation in spiders: comparative patterns. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 1–11.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[GC99] Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, N. I. Platnick & R. R. Forster. 1999. Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53–63.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK90] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[SC97] Scharff, N., & J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 355–434.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WY88] Welbourn, W. C., & O. P. Young. 1988. Mites parasitic on spiders, with a description of a new species of Eutrombidium (Acari, Eutrombidiidae). Journal of Arachnology 16: 373–385.

[W76] Wunderlich, J. 1976. Spinnen aus Australien. 1. Uloboridae, Theridiosomatidae und Symphytognathidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 113–124.

[W19] Wunderlich, J. 2019. What is a spider? Cretaceous fossils modify strongly phylogenetics as well as diagnoses of families, superfamilies and even suborders of spiders (Araneida) and other arthropods. Beiträge zur Araneologie 12: 1–32.

[Z02] Zschokke, S. 2002. Ultraviolet reflectance of spiders and their webs. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 246–254.

Last updated: 17 January 2022.

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