Zodariidae

Zodarion germanicum, from Pavouci.


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.

The Zodariidae are a primarily tropical and subtropical group of free-living spiders, many of which are specialised predators of ants.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; six or eight eyes present, eye arrangement variable; cheliceral fangs very short; serrula absent; legs with three tarsal claws with teeth on paired tarsal claws implanted on lateral side facing opposing claw; ecribellate; anterior lateral spinnerets long, posterior spinnerets reduced; entelegyne.

Zodariidae [Zodarioidae]
    |--Lutica Marx 1891 J01
    |--Diores Simon 1893 J01
    |--Forsterella faceta FF99
    |--Habronestes bradleyi (Pickard-Cambridge 1869) C08
    |--Ranops expers (Pickard-Cambridge 1876) PO08
    |--Cybaeodamus meridionalis Lise, Ott & Rodrigues 2010 FM11
    |--Leprolochus birabeni Mello-Leitão 1942 FM11
    |--Amphiledorus ungoliantae Pekar & Cardoso 2005 F05
    |--Hermippus JD-S07
    |--Mallinella JD-S07
    |--Psammorygma JD-S07
    |--Cyrioctea [Cyriocteinae] JD-S07
    |--Storenomorpha [Storenomorphinae] JD-S07
    |--Caesetius JD-S07
    |--Cryptothele Koch 1872 T94 [Cryptothelidae, Cryptothelinae JD-S07, Cydrelinae]
    |    `--C. sundaica Thorell 1890 T94
    |--Lachesana PO08 [Lachesaninae JD-S07]
    |    `--L. rufiventris (Simon 1873) PO08
    |--Trygetus Simon 1882 MG03
    |    |--*T. sexoculatus (Pickard-Cambridge 1872) MG03
    |    `--T. jacksoni Marusik & Guseinov 2003 MG03
    |--Storena Walckenaer 1805 T94
    |    |--*S. annulipes [=Enyo annulipes, Habronestes annulipes] T94
    |    `--S. melanognatha van Hass 1882 T94
    |--Zodarion Walckenaer 1826 MG03 [Zodariinae JD-S07]
    |    |--Z. atlanticum Pekar & Cardoso 2005 F05
    |    |--Z. bosmansi Pekar & Cardoso 2005 F05
    |    |--Z. elegans (Simon 1873) K55
    |    |--Z. germanicum (Koch 1837) C08
    |    |--Z. lutipes (Pickard-Cambridge 1872) PO08
    |    |--Z. nitidum (Audouin 1826) PO08
    |    `--Z. rubidium Simon 1914 C08
    |--Minasteron minusculum Baehr & Jocqué 2000 T13
    |--Australutica MC13
    `--Neostorena MC13

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C08] Ceccarelli, F. S. 2008. Behavioral mimicry in Myrmarachne species (Araneae, Salticidae) from north Queensland, Australia. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 344–351.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[J01] Jocqué, R. 2001. Chummidae, a new spider family (Arachnida, Araneae) from South Africa. Journal of Zoology 254: 481–493.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[PO08] Pluess, T., I. Opatovsky, E. Gavish-Regev, Y. Lubin & M. H. Schmidt. 2008. Spiders in wheat fields and semi-desert in the Negev (Israel). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 368–373.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt. 4 (4): 1–63.

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