Erigone

Male Erigone atra, copyright Michael Hohner.


Belongs within: Linyphiidae.

Erigone is a cosmopolitan genus of small spiders, one of the group commonly known as 'money spiders'. The genus is most diverse in the Holarctic region.

Characters (from here): Margin of carapace bearing teeth (large in male, small in female); tibial spination 2-2-1-1, tibia I without ventral spines; metatarsus IV without trichobothrion.

<==Erigone Audouin 1826 PVD10
    |--E. arctica (White 1852) BBM02
    |--E. atra (Blackwall 1833) BH02
    |--E. autumnalis Emerton 1882 WCH11
    |--E. dentipalpis (Wider 1834) SS02
    |--E. dentosa BS09
    |--E. eisenschmidti Wunderlich 1976 W76
    |--E. graminicola K01
    |--E. longipalpis (Sundevall 1830) BBM02
    |--E. piechockii Heimer 1987 MKD01
    |--E. prominens Bösenberg & Strand 1906 W76
    |--E. promiscua (Cambridge 1873) BBM02
    |--E. vagans Audouin 1827 [incl. E. jeannei Bristowe 1935] W77
    `--E. wiltoni Locket 1973 W76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BH02] Bell, J. R., A. J. Haughton, N. D. Boatman & A. Wilcox. 2002. Do incremental increases of the herbicide glyphosate have indirect consequences for spider communities? Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 288–297.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[K01] Kulczyński, V. 1901. Arachnoideák [Arachnoidea]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 311–369. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MKD01] Marusik, Y. M., S. Koponen & S. N. Danilov. 2001. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on linyphiids of Transbaikalia and South Siberia (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12 (2): 83–92.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[SS02] Samu, F., & C. Szinetár. 2002. On the nature of agrobiont spiders. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 389–402.

[WCH11] Welch, K. D., P. R. Crain & J. D. Harwood. 2011. Phenological dynamics of web-building spider populations in alfalfa: implications for biological control. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 244–249.

[W76] Wunderlich, J. 1976. Spinnen aus Australien. 2. Linyphiidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 125–142.

[W77] Wunderlich, J. 1977. Zur Synonymie südeuropäischer Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneida: Theridiidae, Linyphiidae, Gnaphosidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (4–6): 289–293.

Last updated: 23 June 2017.

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