Desidae

Myro kerguelenensis, from here.


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.

The Desidae is a heterogeneous family of free-living or snare-building spiders, mostly found in the Southern Hemisphere.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present; legs with three tarsal claws; inner and outer pair of tracheae branched; cribellate or ecribellate; entelegyne.

Desidae [Desiae, Toxopidae]
    |--Toxopinae [Toxopidae] JD-S07
    |    |--Toxops montanus FF99
    |    `--Laestrygones Urquhart 1893 F64
    |         |--L. albiceres Urquhart 1894 NS00 (see below for synonymy)
    |         `--L. otagoensis
    |--Desis Walckenaer 1837 MG03 [Desinae GC99]
    |    |--D. formidabilis JD-S07
    |    |--D. marina [=Argyroneta marina; incl. D. robsoni] FF99
    |    |--D. martensii Koch 1872 T94
    |    `--D. vorax K. 1871 R13
    |--Myro Cambridge 1876 F64 [Myroninae JD-S07]
    |    |--*M. kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876 F64 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. kirki Hogg 1909 F64
    |    |--M. manneringi Forster 1964 F64
    |    |--M. marinus [=Habronestes marinus] FF99
    |    `--M. ovalis Hogg 1909 F64
    `--Matachiinae GC99
         |--Matachia Dalmas 1917 J01
         |    |--M. australis FF99
         |    `--M. livor (Urquhart 1893) [=Tegenaria livoris] NS00
         `--Badumna Thorell 1890 GC99, J01
              |--B. candida GC99
              |--B. insignis (Koch 1872) B96 [incl. Ixeuticus robustus FF99, B. robusta FF99]
              |--B. longinquua GC99
              `--B. senilellus (Strand 1907) [=Amaurobius senilellus, Ixeuticus senilellus] J98

Desidae incertae sedis:
  Otagoa nova FF99
  Notomatachia FF99
  Nuisiana arboris FF99
  Rapua australis Forster 1970 FF99, NS00
  Goyenia FF99
    |--G. electa Forster 1970 NS00
    `--G. fresa FF99
  Hapona FF99
    |--H. muscicola (Forster 1964) [=Toxopsiella muscicola] NS00
    `--H. otagoa FF99
  Lamina FF99
    |--L. minor FF99
    `--L. montana FF99
  Cedicus Simon 1875 MG03
    |--*C. flavipes Simon 1875 MG03
    |--C. dubius Strand 1907 MG03
    `--C. pumilus Thorell 1895 MG03
  Paracedicus Fet 1993 MG03
    |--*P. ephthalitus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus ephthalitus] MG03
    |--P. feti Marusik & Guseinov 2003 MG03
    `--P. gennadii (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus gennadii] MG03
  Cedicoides Charitonov 1946 MG03
    |--*C. simoni (Charitonov 1946) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) simoni] MG03
    |--C. maerens (Simon 1889) [=Cedicus maerens] MG03
    |--C. parthus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus parthus] MG03
    `--C. pavlovskii (Spassky 1941) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) pavlovskii] MG03
  Paratheuma JD-S07
  Paramatachia JD-S07
  Forsterina MC13

Laestrygones albiceres Urquhart 1894 NS00 [incl. Stiphidion minutissimum Hogg 1909 F64, La. minutissimum F64, Stiphidiellum minutissimum F64, Lycosa proxima Urquhart 1886 non Koch 1847 NS00, Laestrygones urquhartii Bryant 1933 NS00]

*Myro kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876 F64 [=M. kerguelensis (l. c.) H39; incl. M. kerguelensis crozetensis Enderlein 1909 H39, M. hamiltoni Hogg 1909 H39]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[GC99] Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, N. I. Platnick & R. R. Forster. 1999. Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53–63.

[H39] Hickman, V. V. 1939. Opiliones and Araneae. British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition Reports Series B 4: 157–188.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[J01] Jocqué, R. 2001. Chummidae, a new spider family (Arachnida, Araneae) from South Africa. Journal of Zoology 254: 481–493.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt. 4 (4): 1–63.

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