Desidae

Myro kerguelenensis, from here.


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.
Contains: Hapona, Gasparia, Goyenia.

The Desidae is a heterogeneous family of free-living or snare-building spiders, mostly found in the Southern Hemisphere. Members of the type genus Desis are found in the marine intertidal and have large, anterior-directed chelicerae.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present; legs with three tarsal claws; inner and outer pair of tracheae branched; cribellate or ecribellate; entelegyne.

<==Desidae [Desiae, Toxopidae]
    |--Toxopinae [Toxopidae] JD-S07
    |    |--Toxops montanus JD-S07, FF99
    |    |--Hapona PVD10
    |    |--Toxopsoides Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    `--*T. huttoni Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    `--Laestrygones Urquhart 1894 PVD10
    |         |--*L. albiceris Urquhart 1894 PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--L. chathamensis Forster 1970 PVD10
    |         |--L. minutissimus (Hogg 1909) PVD10 [=Stiphidion minutissimum F64, Stiphidiellum minutissimum F64]
    |         |--L. otagoensis Forster 1970 PVD10
    |         `--L. westlandicus Forster 1970 PVD10
    |--Myroninae PVD10
    |    |--Gasparia PVD10
    |    |--Neomyro Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    |--*N. scitulus (Urquhart 1891) PVD10
    |    |    |--N. amplius Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    `--N. circe Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |--Otagoa Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    |--*O. nova Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    |--O. chathamensis Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    `--O. wiltoni Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |--Hulua Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    |--*H. convoluta Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    |--H. manga Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    |--H. minima Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    `--H. pana Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |--Lamina Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    |--*L. minor Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    |--L. montana Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    |--L. parana Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |    `--L. ulva Forster 1970 PVD10
    |    |--Myro Pickard-Cambridge 1876 PVD10
    |    |    |--*M. kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876 F64 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--M. extinctus Petrunkevitch 1942 S93
    |    |    |--M. hirsutus Petrunkevitch 1942 S93
    |    |    |--M. kirki Hogg 1909 F64
    |    |    |--M. manneringi Forster 1964 F64
    |    |    |--M. marinus (Goyen 1890) PVD10 [=Habronestes marinus FF99]
    |    |    `--M. ovalis Hogg 1909 F64
    |    `--Gohia de Dalmas 1917 PVD10
    |         |--*G. falxiata (Hogg 1909) [=Rubrius falxiatus, G. falcata] F64
    |         |--G. clarki Forster 1964 F64
    |         |--G. enderbyensis Forster 1964 F64
    |         |--G. isolata Forster 1970 PVD10
    |         |--G. parisolata Forster 1970 PVD10
    |         `--G. wenhami (Forster 1955) [=Chiracanthium wenhami] F64
    `--Desinae [Matachiinae] PVD10
         |--Goyenia PVD10
         |--Helsonia Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--*H. plata Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Nuisiana Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
         |    `--*N. arboris (Marples 1959) PVD10
         |--Rapua Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--*R. australis Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Mangareia Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--*M. maculata Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--M. motu Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Tuakana Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--*T. wiltoni Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--T. mirada Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Mesudus Özdikmen 2007 [=Manawa Forster 1970 non Hornibrook 1949] PVD10
         |    |--*M. solitarius (Forster 1970) [=*Manawa solitaria] PVD10
         |    |--M. frondosus (Forster 1970) PVD10
         |    `--M. setosus (Forster 1970) PVD10
         |--Notomatachia Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--*N. hirsuta (Marples 1962) PVD10
         |    |--N. cantuaria Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--N. wiltoni Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Desis Walckenaer 1837 JD-S07
         |    |--D. formidabilis JD-S07
         |    |--D. marina (Hector 1877) PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--D. martensii Koch 1872 T94
         |    `--D. vorax K. 1871 R13
         |--Panoa Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--*P. contorta Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--P. fiordensis Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    |--P. mora Forster 1970 PVD10
         |    `--P. tapanuiensis Forster 1970 PVD10
         |--Badumna Thorell 1890 GC99, J01 [incl. Ixeuticus F64]
         |    |--B. candida GC99
         |    |--B. insignis (Koch 1872) B96 [incl. Ixeuticus robustus (Koch 1872) PVD10, B. robusta FF99]
         |    |--B. longinqua (Koch 1867) PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--B. senilellus (Strand 1907) [=Amaurobius senilellus, Ixeuticus senilellus] J98
         |    |--B. senilis [=Amaurobius senilis] S99
         |    |--B. socialis D95
         |    `--B. subfasciata Simon 1899 S99
         `--Matachia de Dalmas 1917 PVD10
              |--*M. ramulicola de Dalmas 1917 PVD10
              |--M. australis Forster 1970 PVD10
              |--M. livor (Urquhart 1893) [=Tegenaria livoris] NS00
              |--M. magna Forster 1970 PVD10
              |--M. marplesi Forster 1970 PVD10
              `--M. similis Forster 1970 PVD10

Desidae incertae sedis:
  Cedicus Simon 1875 MG03
    |--*C. flavipes Simon 1875 MG03
    |--C. dubius Strand 1907 MG03
    `--C. pumilus Thorell 1895 MG03
  Paracedicus Fet 1993 MG03
    |--*P. ephthalitus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus ephthalitus] MG03
    |--P. feti Marusik & Guseinov 2003 MG03
    `--P. gennadii (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus gennadii] MG03
  Cedicoides Charitonov 1946 MG03
    |--*C. simoni (Charitonov 1946) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) simoni] MG03
    |--C. maerens (Simon 1889) [=Cedicus maerens] MG03
    |--C. parthus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus parthus] MG03
    `--C. pavlovskii (Spassky 1941) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) pavlovskii] MG03
  Paratheuma JD-S07
  Paramatachia JD-S07
  Forsterina MC13

Badumna longinqua (Koch 1867) PVD10 [=Ixeuticus longiquus E95; incl. *I. martius (Simon 1899) F64, PVD10, Hesperauximus sternitzkii F64]

Desis marina (Hector 1877) PVD10 [=Argyroneta marina FF99, Robsonia marina S99; incl. Dandridgia dysderoides White 1849 (preoc.) W49, S99, Desis robsoni Powell 1879 S99]

*Laestrygones albiceris Urquhart 1894 PVD10 [incl. Lycosa proxima Urquhart 1886 non Koch 1847 NS00, La. urquhartii Bryant 1933 NS00]

*Myro kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876 F64 [=M. kerguelensis (l. c.) H39; incl. M. kerguelensis crozetensis Enderlein 1909 H39, M. hamiltoni Hogg 1909 H39]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D95] Downes, M. F. 1995. Australasian social spiders: what is meant by 'social'? Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 25–32.

[E95] Elgar, M. A. 1995. The duration of copulation in spiders: comparative patterns. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 1–11.

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[GC99] Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, N. I. Platnick & R. R. Forster. 1999. Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53–63.

[H39] Hickman, V. V. 1939. Opiliones and Araneae. British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition Reports Series B 4: 157–188.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[J01] Jocqué, R. 2001. Chummidae, a new spider family (Arachnida, Araneae) from South Africa. Journal of Zoology 254: 481–493.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[S99] Simon, E. 1899. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896–1897. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie un Biologie der Thiere 12 (4): 411–437.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

[W49] White, A. 1849. Descriptions of apparently new species of Aptera from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 17: 3–6 (reprinted 1850. Annals & Magazine of Natural History series 2, 5: 50–53).

Last updated: 28 September 2019.

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