Anyphaenidae

Buzzing spider Anyphaena accentuata, copyright Robert Flogaus-Faust.


Belongs within: Dionycha.

The Anyphaenidae are a cosmopolitan family of actively hunting spiders that build tubular silk retreats. They have a complex tracheal system with the median tracheae branched into the cephalothorax (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007); such a system has previously been regarded as characteristic of the family but may have arisen on more than one occasion (Ramírez 2014).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present in two rows; legs with two tarsal claws, tarsal claw tufts composed of several rows of lamelliform setae; tracheal spiracle situated about one-third of abdomen length from spinnerets; ecribellate; spinnerets lacking cylindrical gland spigots; entelegyne.

<==Anyphaenidae JD-S07
    |  i. s.: Hibana similaris (Banks 1929) JD-S07, S02
    |         Osoriella rubella BR07
    |         Aysha FM11
    |         Arachosia R14
    |--+--Gayenna americana R14
    |  `--Amaurobioides Pickard-Cambridge 1883 R14, PVD10 [Amaurobioididae, Amaurobioidinae]
    |       |--*A. maritima Pickard-Cambridge 1883 PVD10
    |       |--A. africana R14
    |       |--A. chilensis R14
    |       |--A. major Forster 1970 PVD10
    |       |--A. pallida Forster 1970 PVD10
    |       |--A. picuna Forster 1970 PVD10
    |       |--A. piscator Hogg 1909 PVD10
    |       |--A. pleta Forster 1970 PVD10
    |       `--A. pohara Forster 1970 PVD10
    `--+--Xiruana R14
       |    |--X. gracilipes R14
       |    `--X. hirsuta R14
       `--Anyphaena Sundevall 1833 R14, CH12 [Anyphaeninae JD-S07]
            |--*A. accentuata (Walckenaer 1802) CH12 (see below for synonymy)
            |--A. celer R14
            |--A. fuscata Koch & Berendt 1854 S93
            |--A. pacifica MC02
            |--A. pugil CH12
            |--A. sabina Koch 1866 K55
            |--A. taiwanensis Chen & Huang 2010 CH12
            |--A. velox B06
            `--A. wuyi Zhang, Zhu & Song 2005 CH12

*Anyphaena accentuata (Walckenaer 1802) CH12 [=Aranea accentuata C01, Clubiona accetuata C01, Micromata accentuata C01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[BR07] Buzatto, B. A., G. S. Requena, E. G. Martins & G. Machado. 2007. Effects of maternal care on the lifetime reproductive success of females in a Neotropical harvestman. Journal of Animal Ecology 76 (5): 937–945.

[C01] Cambridge, F. O. P. 1901. A revision of the genera of the Araneae or spiders with reference to their type species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 51–65.

[CH12] Chen, S.-H., & W.-J. Huang. 2012. The Spider Fauna of Taiwan—Araneae: Miturgidae, Anyphaenidae, Clubionidae. National Taiwan Normal University.

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[MC02] Miliczky, E. R., & C. O. Calkins. 2002. Spiders (Araneae) as potential predators of leafroller larvae and egg masses (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in central Washington apple and pear orchards. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 78 (2): 140–150.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S02] Selden, P. A. 2002. Missing links between Argyroneta and Cybaeidae revealed by fossil spiders. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 189–200.

Last updated: 26 September 2019.

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