Anyphaenidae

Buzzing spider Anyphaena accentuata, copyright Robert Flogaus-Faust.


Belongs within: Tubitelariae.

The Anyphaenidae are a cosmopolitan family of actively hunting spiders that build tubular silk retreats (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present in two rows; legs with two tarsal claws, tarsal claw tufts composed of several rows of lamelliform setae; tracheal spiracle situated about one-third of abdomen length from spinnerets; ecribellate; spinnerets lacking cylindrical gland spigots; entelegyne.

Anyphaenidae
    |  i. s.: Hibana similaris (Banks 1929) S02
    |         Osoriella rubella BR07
    |         Aysha FM11
    |--Malenellinae JD-S07
    |--Amaurobioides Cambridge 1883 F64 [Amaurobioididae, Amaurobioidinae JD-S07]
    |    |--A. maritimus Pickard-Cambridge 1883 S02
    |    |--A. pallidus Forster 1970 NS00
    |    `--A. picunus FF99
    `--Anyphaena Sundevall 1833 CH12 [Anyphaeninae JD-S07]
         |--*A. accentuata (Walckenaer 1802) CH12
         |--A. pacifica MC02
         |--A. pugil CH12
         |--A. sabina Koch 1866 K55
         |--A. taiwanensis Chen & Huang 2010 CH12
         |--A. velox B06
         `--A. wuyi Zhang, Zhu & Song 2005 CH12

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[BR07] Buzatto, B. A., G. S. Requena, E. G. Martins & G. Machado. 2007. Effects of maternal care on the lifetime reproductive success of females in a Neotropical harvestman. Journal of Animal Ecology 76 (5): 937–945.

[CH12] Chen, S.-H., & W.-J. Huang. 2012. The Spider Fauna of Taiwan—Araneae: Miturgidae, Anyphaenidae, Clubionidae. National Taiwan Normal University.

[F99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[MC02] Miliczky, E. R., & C. O. Calkins. 2002. Spiders (Araneae) as potential predators of leafroller larvae and egg masses (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in central Washington apple and pear orchards. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 78 (2): 140–150.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[S02] Selden, P. A. 2002. Missing links between Argyroneta and Cybaeidae revealed by fossil spiders. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 189–200.

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