Aphid fly Leucopis sp., copyright ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources.

Belongs within: Schizophora.
Contains: Lauxaniidae.

The Lauxanioidea are a group of small to medium-sized flies characterised by convergent postvertical bristles, a shortened anal vein that does not reach the wing margin, and the presence of only a single dorsal sclerite between the sixth tergite and the periandrium in the male. They include the Chamaemyiidae, small stocky flies with larvae predatory on plant-sucking bugs such as aphids and scales (McAlpine 1987). Members of the Holarctic chamaemyiid genus Cremifania lack a prescutellum and presutural supra-alar seta, and have a large, darkly clouded pterostigmal space on the wing, whereas other chamaemyiids in the subfamily Chamaemyiinae have the supra-alar seta and usually the prescutellum, and the pterostigmal space is smaller and usually only lightly clouded (Gaimari 2010). The Celyphidae, beetle flies, are a group of tropical flies with an enlarged scutellum overhanging the abdomen, beneath which the wings are folded at rest.

<==Lauxanioidea WT11
    |--+--Lauxaniidae WT11
    |  `--Celyphidae WT11
    |       |--Spaniocelyphus umsinduzi WT11
    |       |--Acelyphus O98
    |       `--Idiocelyphus O98
    `--Chamaemyiidae WT11
         |  i. s.: Chaetoleucopis CM91
         |         Gayomyia CM91
         |         Procremifania electrica M87
         |         Anochthiphila nigra O98
         |--Ochthiphila [Ochthiphilidae, Ochthiphilinae] K01
         |    |--O. aridella K01
         |    `--O. coronata K01
         |--Cremifania [Cremifaniidae, Cremifaniinae] G10
         |    |--C. nearctica WT11
         |    `--C. nigrocellulata G10
         `--Chamaemyiinae G10
              |--Chamaemyiini [Acrometopiini] G10
              |    |--Acrometopia reicherti G10, O98
              |    |--Parapamecia G10
              |    |--Parochthiphila coronata G10, WT11
              |    |--Plunomia elegans G10
              |    |--Chamaemyia G10
              |    |    |--C. flavipalpis GT96
              |    |    |--C. fumicosta G10
              |    |    `--C. polystigma G10
              |    |--Pseudoleucopis M87
              |    |    |--P. benefica M87
              |    |    `--P. fasciventris CM91
              |    |--Pseudodinia G10
              |    |    |--P. meridionalis G10
              |    |    |--P. obscura G10
              |    |    |--P. tuberculata G10
              |    |    `--P. varipes G10
              |    `--Ortalidina G10
              |         |--*O. cellularis G10
              |         |--O. longipennis G10
              |         |--O. nigripalpis G10
              |         `--O. punctata [=Toropamecia punctata] G10
              `--Leucopini [Leucopinae] G10
                   |--Melaleucopis simmondsi G10
                   |--Leucopomyia pulvinaria G10 [=Leucopis (Leucopomyia) pulvinariae M87]
                   |--Anchioleucopis macalpinei G10
                   |--Echinoleucopis G10
                   |--Lipoleucopis praecox M87
                   |--Neoleucopis G10
                   |    |--N. atratula [=Leucopis (Neoleucopis) atratula] M87
                   |    |--N. obscura GT96
                   |    `--N. pinicola G10 [=Leucopis (Neoleucopis) pinicola M87]
                   |--Leucopina G10
                   |    |--L. bellula G10
                   |    |--L. bivittata G10
                   |    `--L. ocellaris G10 [=Leucopis ocellaris BW09]
                   `--Leucopis G10
                        |  i. s.: L. albipuncta GT96
                        |         L. americana [=Leucopina americana] GT96
                        |         L. annulipes Zetterstedt 1848 R96
                        |         L. cerasiphila T96
                        |         L. conciliata GT96
                        |         L. gaimarii Tanasijtshuk 1996 T96
                        |         L. glyphinivora T96
                        |         L. griseola K01
                        |         L. interruptovittata GT96
                        |         L. ninae Tanasijtshuk 1966 T96
                        |         L. pallidolineata T96
                        |         L. tapiae P09
                        |         L. verticalis GT96
                        |--L. (Leucopis) G10
                        |    |--L. (L.) charactophalla G10
                        |    |--L. (L.) flavicornis G10
                        |    |--L. (L.) hennigrata M87
                        |    `--L. (L.) simplex G10
                        `--L. geniculata M87

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[G10] Gaimari, S. D. 2010. Chamaemyiidae (chamaemyiid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 997–1007. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GT96] Gaimari, S. D., & W. J. Turner. 1996. Immature stages of Leucopis ninae Tanasijtshuk and two variant populations of Leucopis gaimarii Tanasijtshuk (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) feeding on Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (4): 647–666.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[M87] McAlpine, J. F. 1987. Chamaemyiidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 965–971. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[O98] Oosterbroek, P. 1998. The Families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Brill: Leiden.

[P09] Pape, T. 2009. Economic importance of Diptera. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera, vol. 1 pp. 65–77. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[R96] Raspi, A. 1996. Thaumatomyia elongatula (Becker) (Chloropidae) and Leucopis annulipes Zetterstedt (Chamaemyiidae): two Diptera preying on Phloeomyzus passerinii (Signoret) (Homoptera: Phloeomyzidae) in Italy. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (3): 509–516.

[T96] Tanasijtshuk, V. N. 1996. Two new species of Leucopis Meigen (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) predacious on the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (Homoptera: Aphididae), in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (4): 640–646.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

Last updated: 9 January 2021.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS