Eupodidae

Holotype of Eupodes longisetatus, copyright Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.


Belongs within: Eupodoidea.

The Eupodidae are a group of mites commonly found in soil and low vegetation in temperate and boreal climates. Many eupodids have the femora of the last pair of legs swollen as an adaptation to jumping or rapid rearwards movement to escape threats (Walter et al. 2009).

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Soft-bodied; chelicerae freely articulating; naso not enlarged; palptibia without clawlike setae or thumblike palptarsus; peritremes absent; prodorsal bothridia present; intercoxal region with fewer than 10 pairs of setae; postpedal furrows absent; anal opening ventral or terminal; leg trichobothria absent; tarsus I with a famulus; femora IV normal or strongly swollen, used in jumping.

<==Eupodidae [Eupodini]
    |--Claveupodes delicatus Strandtmann & Prasse 1977 J91
    |--*Benoinyssus najae WL09
    |--Aethosolenia WL09
    |--Hawaiieupodes thermophilus WL09
    |--Protopenthalodes coniunctus WL09
    |--Egypteupodes Abou-Awad 1984 ZF11
    |--Linopenthaleus Willmann 1951 SB63
    |    `--*L. irki Willmann 1951 SB63
    |--Linopodes Koch 1836 SB63
    |    |--L. agitatorius Berlese 1916 B16
    |    |--L. antennapes WL09
    |    |--L. cameronensis Shiba 1976 S76
    |    |--L. eupodoides Canestrini 1886 SB63
    |    |--L. iwatensis WL09
    |    `--L. motatorius (Linnaeus 1758) SB63 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Caleupodes Baker 1987 AF00
    `--Eupodes Koch 1836 SB63
         |--*E. hiemalis Koch 1838 SB63
         |--E. angardi WL09
         |--E. berensis Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. berlesei Sig Thor 1891 SB63
         |--E. boerneri WL09
         |--E. cozetensis M83
         |--E. ereynetoides Strandtmann & Prasse 1976 J91
         |--E. fusiferellus S76
         |--E. longisetatus WL09
         |--E. lumbarus Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. minipilus Oliver & Theron 1998 E-VVM-M07
         |--E. minutus WL09
         |--E. onoi Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. parafusifer S76
         |--E. pasohenis Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. paulinae WL09
         |--E. pseudolumbarus Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. pusillus Shiba 1976 S76
         |--E. sigmoidensis Strandtmann & Goff 1978 E-VVM-M07
         |--E. strandtmanni WL09
         |--E. tottanfiella WL09
         |--E. unifasciatus [incl. E. formosulus, E. leucomelas, E. modicellus] CF77
         |--E. vallombrosae Sig Thor 1934 SB63
         |--E. variegatus DW10 [incl. E. versicolor CF77]
         `--E. voxencollinus Sig Thor 1934 J91

Linopodes motatorius (Linnaeus 1758) SB63 [=Acarus motatorius SB63; incl. Trombidium longipes CF77, Linopodes longipes CF77, L. lutescens CF77]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AF00] André, H. M., & A. Fain. 2000. Phylogeny, ontogeny and adaptive radiation in the superfamily Tydeoidea (Acari: Actinedida), with a reappraisal of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 405–448.

[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[E-VVM-M07] Estrada-Venegas, E. G., I. M. Vázquez & J. A. Moreno-Moreno. 2007. Prostigmatid mites (Acarida: Prostigmata) in decaying wood from “La Mancha” Veracruz, Mexico. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 691–695. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[J91] Jesionowska, K. 1991. Morphology of the Eupodidae (Actinotrichida, Actinedida, Eupodoidea). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 265–278. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[ZF11] Zhang, Z.-Q., Q.-H. Fan, V. Pesic, H. Smit, A. V. Bochkov, A. A. Khaustov, A. Baker, A. Wohltmann, T. Wen, J. W. Amrine, P. Beron, J. Lin, G. Gabryś & R. Husband. 2011. Order Trombiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 129–138.

Last updated: 23 April 2018.

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