Parasitus

Parasitus coleoptratorum on dor beetle Geotrupes stercorarius, copyright LadyCG.
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Belongs within: Parasitidae.

Parasitus is a diverse genus of soil-living predatory mites. Despite their name, they are not parasites: the name originated from a misinterpretation of the behaviour of the phoretic deuteronymphs.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Setae z5 of the dorsal hexagon markedly different in form and/or length from j5 and j6, usually stout and setose; corniculi short, not extending to anterior margin of palp femur, lacking grooves; seta a1 of palpfemur bifid or with one or more distinct slender processes; male chelicerae symmetrical; tritosternum of male absent or variously modified, if biramous, base closely associated with genital orifice; genital shield of female subtriangular in outline.

<==Parasitus Latreille 1795 [=Gamasus Latreille 1802; incl. Carpais Latreille 1796, Coleogamasus Tichomirov 1969] FH93
    |--*P. coleoptratorum (Linnaeus 1758) ET79 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. arcticus Karg 1985 FH93
    |--‘Gamasus’ attenuatus CF77
    |--P. berlesei (Willmann 1935) D91
    |--P. bituberosus Karg 1972 LKW09, FH93
    |--‘Gamasus’ ciliatus [=Zercon ciliatus] CF77
    |--‘Gamasus’ comosulus [incl. G. arcualis, G. lividus, G. monachus, G. ovatus, G. vegetus] CF77
    |--P. congener Koh91
    |--‘Gamasus’ dentatus Ewing 1912 FH93
    |--P. digitus Fox 1949 FH93
    |--P. diversus LKW09
    |--P. eta Oudemans & Voigts 1904 Koe91
    |--P. favus Richards 1976 FH93
    |--‘Gamasus’ fenilis Megnin 1847 FH93
    |--P. flavolimbatus (Koch 1867) [=Gamasus flavolimbatus] H98
    |--P. fucicolus Trägårdh 1906 FH93
    |--P. gregarius LKW09
    |--P. handschini (Schweizer 1922) Sc61 [=Gamasus handschini Schweizer 1922 S22]
    |--‘Gamasus’ hirtus CF77
    |--P. hobbsi Richards 1976 FH93
    |--P. hyalinus B-SE91
    |--P. inaequalis Banks 1914 FH93
    |--P. inquilinobombus Richards 1976 FH93
    |--P. jugulatus (Schweizer 1949) Sc61
    |--‘Gamasus’ juloides Say 1821 [=Antennurella juloides] FH93
    |--P. kempersi ET79 [=Gamasus kempersi S22]
    |--P. kraepelini Koh91
    |--‘Gamasus’ litus [incl. G. concolor, G. dilatatus] CF77
    |--P. lunaris Koh91
    |--P. lunarisimilis Schweizer 1961 Sc61
    |--P. lunulatus (Müller 1859) D91
    |--P. magnus (Kramer 1876) D91
    |--P. niveus Koh91
    |--P. numerus Koh91
    |--‘Gamasus’ obovatus Lintner 1887 [=Uropoda obovata non Can. & Berl. 1884] FH93
    |--P. papei Karg 1985 FH93
    |--P. passali (Guérin-Méneville 1844) [=Gamasus passali, Megisthanus passali] FH93
    |--P. perthecatus Richards 1976 FH93
    |--‘Gamasus’ petiolatus CF77
    |--‘Gamasus’ pilipes [incl. G. dealbatus] CF77
    |--P. remberti Koh91
    |--P. reticulatus Sc61
    |--‘Gamasus’ similis CF77
    |--‘Gamasus’ stercorarius (n. d.) CF77
    |--‘Gamasus’ terreus Canestrini & Fanzago 1877 CF77
    |--‘Gamasus’ tumidulus CF77
    |-‘Gamasus’ vepallidus (n. d.) CF77
    `--P. womersleyi Nozza 1964 H98

*Parasitus coleoptratorum (Linnaeus 1758) ET79 [=Acarus coleoptratorum ET79, *Gamasus coleoptratorum L02; incl. A. parasitus Latreille 1795 So61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B-SE91] Butz-Strazny, F., & R. Ehrnsberger. 1991. The effects of ploughing and rotary cultivation on soil mites with particular reference to the Mesostigmata. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 473–481. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[D91] Dielmann, M. 1991. Computer in acarine taxonomy: a method for systematical analysis of the genus Pergamasus (Acari: Mesostigmata). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 239–248. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[Sc61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[So61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

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