Tineidae

Tinea pellionella, copyright James K. Lindsey.


Belongs within: Ditrysia.

The Tineidae are a group of small to medium-sized moths that rest with the body flat and the wings tented, and often tend to run when disturbed rather than fly (Nielsen & Common 1991).

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Small to medium sized; head usually rough, with hair-scales, or smooth scaled; chaetosemata and ocelli absent; antennae simple filiform, scape usually with pecten; proboscis usually short, long in some genera; maxillary palps five-segmented and folded, or reduced; labial palps drooping, porrect or ascending, second segment usually with lateral bristles; epiphysis usually present, spurs 0-2-4, hind tibiae never smooth scaled; fore wing with chorda and M-stem often present in cell, M frequently forked, Rs to costa or apex; ovipositor usually telescopic. Eggs oval and slightly flattened. Larva sometimes case-bearing, usually feeding on dried animal or vegetable matter, or on fungi, with 0–6 stemmata on each side of head, crochets in uniserial circle or ellipse. Pupa usually with two transverse rows of spines on terga, rarely with one; segments 4–7 movable in male, 4–6 in female; in larval shelter or cocoon.

<==Tineidae GE05
    |--Nemapogon [Nemapogoninae] NC91
    |    `--N. granella NC91
    |--Meessiinae NC91
    |    |--Meessia leopoldella YS10
    |    |--Dryadaula NC91
    |    `--Demobrotis NC91
    |--Scardiinae NC91
    |    |--Tinissa NC91
    |    |--Morophaga clonodes NC91
    |    `--Scardia P01
    |         |--S. australasiella P27b
    |         |--S. boleti P01
    |         |--S. clonodes P27b
    |         `--S. primaeva P27b
    |--Hieroxestinae NC91
    |    |--Hieroxestis P27b
    |    |    |--H. hapsimacha L27
    |    |    `--H. omoscopa P27b
    |    `--Opogona [Oinophilidae] NC91
    |         |--O. comptella C70
    |         |--O. glycyphaga NC91
    |         |--O. micranthes P27b
    |         `--O. omoscopa M83
    |--Erechthias [Erechthiinae] NC91
    |    |--E. acontistes NC91
    |    |--E. acrodina L27
    |    |--E. charadota L27
    |    |--E. externella M27
    |    |--E. fulguritella L27
    |    |--E. lychnopa Meyrick 1927 M27
    |    |--E. mystacinella NC91
    |    `--E. symmacha C70
    |--Myrmecozelinae [Setomorphinae] NC91
    |    |--Setomorpha rutella NC91
    |    |--Lindera tessellatella NC91
    |    |--Timaea NC91
    |    |--Harmaclona NC91
    |    |--Mimoscopa NC91
    |    |--Gerontha NC91
    |    |--Edosa [Perissomasticinae] NC91
    |    |    `--E. meliphanes NC91
    |    `--Moerarchis NC91
    |         |--M. australasiella ZS10
    |         `--M. clathrata NC91
    `--Tineinae NC91
         |--Tineola bisselliella NC91
         |--Acridotarsa NC91
         |--Monopis NC91
         |    |--M. argillacea NC91
         |    |--M. chrysogramma NC91
         |    `--M. ethelella P27b
         `--Tinea GE05
              |--T. accusatrix P27b
              |--T. columbariella NC91
              |--T. corynephora NC91
              |--T. diaphora C70
              |--T. dubiella NC91
              |--T. fagicola P27b
              |--T. granella [=Alucita granella] L02
              |--T. lindsayi Philpott 1927 P27a
              |--T. mochlota L27
              |--T. pallescentella G84
              |--T. pellionella G84
              |--T. porphyropa Meyrick 1893 SGS04
              |--T. translucens NC91
              `--T. tryphera C70

Tineidae incertae sedis:
  Prothinodes grammocosma P27b
  Sagephora phortegella P27b
  Archyala terranea P27b
  Daviscardia GE05
  Amydria GE05
  Trichophaga GE05
  Obesoceras abchasicus YS10
  Lysiphragma P27b
    |--L. epixyla P27b
    `--L. howesi L27
  Mallobathra P27a
    |--M. araneosa P27a
    |--M. fragilis Philpott 1927 P27a
    `--M. strigulata P27b
  Achrea grisella M86
  Comodica C74
    |--C. acontistes C70
    `--C. mystacinella C70
  Ardiosteres moretonella C70, B88
  Mesopherna C70
  Nitidinea fuscipunctella C70

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[C70] Common, I. F. B. 1970. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 765–866. Melbourne University Press.

[C74] Common, I. F. B. 1974. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 98–107. Melbourne University Press.

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L27] Lindsay, S. 1927. A list of the Lepidoptera of Deans Bush, Riccarton, Canterbury. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 693–696.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Notes and exhibits. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 164.

[M27] Meyrick, E. 1927. Descriptions of New Zealand Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 697–702.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P01] Pável, J. 1901. Lepkék [Lepidopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 171–177. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[P27a] Philpott, A. 1927a. New Zealand Lepidoptera: notes and descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 703–709.

[P27b] Philpott, A. 1927b. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721–746.

[SGS04] Schwendinger, P. J., G. Giribet & H. Steiner. 2004. A remarkable new cave-dwelling Stylocellus (Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi) from peninsular Malaysia, with a discussion on taxonomic characters in the family Stylocellidae. Journal of Natural History 38: 1421–1435.

[YS10] Yefremova, Z. A., & I. S. Strakhova. 2010. A review of the species of the genus Elasmus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) from Russia and neighboring countries. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 89 (3): 634–661.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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