Tachininae

Tachina grossa, copyright Viridiflavus.


Belongs within: Tachinidae.
Contains: Polideini.

The Tachininae are a poorly defined group of parasitic flies whose females possess a uterus and deposit eggs ready to hatch; the majority of species do not oviposit directly on the host itself but scatter eggs in suitable habitats with the larvae then waiting to encounter a suitable host. Male terminalia of Tachininae usually have the surstyli widely separated and syntergosternite 7 + 8 is often large and bulbous (Wood 1987).

<==Tachininae [Macquartiinae]
    |--+--Gymnocheta viridis (Fallén 1810) KP10
    |  `--Triarthria KP10
    |       |--T. setipennis (Fallén 1810) KP10
    |       `--T. spinipennis W87
    `--Tachinini WZ10
         |--Itacuphocera WZ10
         |--Deopalpus WZ10
         |--Copecrypta ruficauda WZ10
         |--Dejeaniops ollachea WZ10
         |--Eulasiopalpus gertschi WZ10
         |--Adjeania vexatrix WZ10
         |--Eudejeania pallida WZ10
         |--Jurinella lutzi WZ10
         |--Archytas apicifer WZ10
         |--Eujuriniodes eva WZ10
         |--Cryptopalpus WZ10
         |--Phosocephala metallica WZ10
         |--Euepalpus flavicauda WZ10
         |--Gymnomma WZ10
         |--Parepalpus flavidus WZ10
         |--Xanthozona melanopyga WZ10
         |--Xanthoepalpus bicolor WZ10
         |--Quadratosoma WZ10
         |--Austeniops truncaticornis WZ10
         |--Lindigepalpus WZ10
         |--Anepalpus WZ10
         |--Trichophora WZ10
         |    |--T. melas WZ10
         |    `--T. rufina WZ10
         |--Jurinia WZ10
         |    |--J. angustiventris Macquart 1849 E12
         |    `--J. pompalis WZ10
         |--Paradejeania rutilioides WZ10
         |    |--P. r. rutilioides WZ10
         |    `--P. r. nigrescens WZ10
         |--Protodejeania WZ10
         |    |--P. major WZ10
         |    `--P. pachecoi WZ10
         |--Rhachoepalpus WZ10
         |    |--R. immaculatus WZ10
         |    `--R. olivaceus WZ10
         |--Juriniopsis WZ10
         |    |--J. adusta WZ10
         |    |--J. badiiventris WZ10
         |    `--J. floridensis W87
         |--Epalpus WZ10
         |    |--E. albomaculatus WZ10
         |    |--E. rufipes WZ10
         |    `--E. signifer WZ10
         `--Tachina KP10
              |  i. s.: T. florum W87
              |         T. praeceps P93
              |--T. grossa (Linnaeus 1758) KP10
              `--+--Peleteria KP10
                 |    |--P. anaxias WZ10
                 |    `--P. rubescens (Robineau-Desvoidy 1830) KP10
                 `--+--T. ferox KP10
                    `--T. magnicornis (Zetterstedt 1844) KP10

Tachininae incertae sedis:
  Actia interrupta A71, WZ10
  Siphonini WZ10
    |--Pseudosiphona flavipes [=Ceranthia flavipes] WZ10
    `--Siphona A71
         |--*S. geniculata WZ10
         |--S. flavifrons WT11
         `--S. intrudens WZ10
  Dexodes K01
  Somoleja rebaptisata K01
  Ptilops chalybeata K01
  Plagiopsis soror K01
  Myiobia fenestrata K01
  Zophomyia temula K01
  Olivieria lateralis K01
  Plagia curvinervis K01
  Xysta holosericea K01
  Paralophora pusilla K01
  Syntomocera cristata K01
  Myiocera carinifrons K01
  Parexorista K01
    |--P. affinis K01
    `--P. fimbriata K01
  Dinera K01
    |--D. grisescens W87
    |--D. nigripes Macquart 1849 E12
    `--D. rufifrons K01
  Acemyini WZ10
    |--Ceracia dentata WZ10, T81
    `--Acemyia K01
         |--A. cinerea K01
         |--A. csikii Kertész 1901 K01
         `--A. subrotundata K01
  Adejeania vexatrix W87, WZ10
  Ormia [Ormiini] W87
    |--O. depleta WZ10
    `--O. dominicana WZ10
  Glaurocara W87
  Polideini W87
  Loewia foeda [=Fortisia foeda] A71
  Macquartia W87
    |--M. atrata K01
    `--M. obscura W87
  Echinomyia A71
    |--E. algira Macquart 1849 E12
    `--E. fera A71
  Nemoraeini WZ10
    |--Xanthophyto labis WZ10
    |--*Lasiona multisetosa WZ10
    |--Hypotachina chrysophora WZ10
    |--Nemoraea A71
    |    |--N. acrydiorum [=Agria acridiorum, N. acridiorum] B06
    |    |--N. pellucida P93
    |    `--N. vicina Macquart 1849 A71, E12
    `--Macromya WZ10
         |--M. crocata WZ10
         `--M. dorsalis WZ10
  Pelatachina pellucida W87

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B06] Brèthes, J. 1906. Sarcophaga caridei, una nueva mosca langosticida. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 297–301.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

[T81] Teskey, H. J. 1981. Key to families—larvae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 125–147. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

[W87] Wood, D. M. 1987. Tachinidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1193–1269. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[WZ10] Wood, D. M., & M. A. Zumbado. 2010. Tachinidae (tachinid flies, parasitic flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1343–1417. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

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