Plateremaeoidea

Jacotella quadricaudicula, copyright Roy Norton.


Belongs within: Brachypylina.
Contains: Pheroliodes, Adrodamaeus, Gymnodamaeus, Pedrocortesella.

The Plateremaeoidea are a group of oribatid mites in which the notogaster is often more or less flattened dorsally; members of this group are characterised by a reduction in the dorsocentral setae, with at most only a single pair present, though a number of setae remain around the posterior margin of the notogaster. The legs are thin and filiform in members of the families Gymnodamaeidae, Idiodamaeidae and Aleurodamaeidae though not in other families (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

Members of the family Gymnodamaeidae have the notogaster concave in lateral aspect. The family as listed below differs from some circumscriptions in excluding the austral genus Austrodamaeus, which differs from gymnodamaeids sensu stricto in having a long filiform sensillus, three pairs of anal setae, and the lamellar setae behind and above the rostral setae. Larger members of the Gymnodamaeidae bear an interlamellar apophysis on the prodorsum, but this structure is absent in the smaller species of the genera Joshuella, Nortonella, Jacotella and some smaller species of Gymnodamaeus. The genus Plesiodamaeus is distinguished by having the cerotegument highly piled on the dorsum of the body. Socketed leg joints are characteristic of the genera Adrodamaeus and Arthrodamaeus (Balogh & Balogh 1992 vol. 1).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Adults with subnormal apodemato-acetabular system, lacking trachea I; with or without porose sac opening into acetabulum. Well-developed cerotegument covering body and setae. Prodorsum usually with deep transverse furrow. Prodorsal lamellae and costulae absent. Parastigmatic enantiophysis, dorsophragmata and pleurophragmata absent. Notogaster flattish in lateral aspect; usually concave inside distinct margin; four, five, or six pairs of notogastral setae. Genal notch absent. Subcapitulum diarthric; palpal eupathidium acm separate from solenidion. Tibia I with long apophysis distally, bearing solenidia φl and φ2; femora III–IV with retrotecta; tibiae with or without retrotecta. Tarsus II with one or two solenidia. Leg segments with or without internalised porose organs. Larva plicate, unideficient. Nymphs eupheredermous, quadrideficient. Platytracheae or brachytracheae present. Small porose sclerites in adanal or aggenital region present or absent.

Plateremaeoidea [Pheronotae, Polytricha] NB-P09
    |--Plateremaeidae S04
    |    |--Calipteremaeus Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |    `--*C. yaginumai (Aoki 1977) [=Plateremaeus yaginumai] S04
    |    |--Paralopheremaeus Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |    |--*P. legendrei (Balogh 1962) [=Plateremaeus legendrei; incl. Pl. elongatus Mahunka 1987] S04
    |    |    `--P. hispanicus (Ruiz, Kahwash & Subías 1990) [=Plateremaeus hispanicus] S04
    |    |--Allodamaeus Banks 1947 S04
    |    |    |--*A. ewingi Banks 1947 S04
    |    |    `--A. coralgablensis Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |--Lopheremaeus Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |    |--*L. mirabilis (Csiszár in Csiszár & Jeleva 1962) [=Plateremaeus mirabilis] P87a
    |    |    |--L. laminipes (Berlese 1916) [=Plateremaeus laminipes] S04
    |    |    `--L. tunicatus (Balogh 1958) (n. d.) S04 [=Gymnodamaeus tunicatus S04, Plateremaeus tunicatus P87a]
    |    |--Rusnecella B86
    |    `--Plateremaeus Berlese 1908 S04
    |         |--*P. ornatissimus (Berlese 1888) [=Damoeus (l. c. for Damaeus) ornatissimus] CH98
    |         |--P. anteriosetosus Woas 1992 S04
    |         |--P. berlesei Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
    |         |--P. callosus Hammer 1979 S04
    |         |--P. complanatus (Warburton 1912) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |         |--P. costulatus Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
    |         |--P. excavatus Hammer 1979 S04
    |         |--P. latus Balogh 1988 S04
    |         `--P. novemsetosus Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |--Licnodamaeidae S04
    |    |--Licnodamaeolus Covarrubias 1998 S04
    |    |    `--*L. travei Covarrubias 1998 S04
    |    `--Licnodamaeus Grandjean 1931 S04
    |         |--*L. undulatus (Paoli 1908) [=Licneremaeus undulatus] S04
    |         |--L. baccettii Bernini 1972 S04
    |         |--L. costula Grandjean 1931 S04
    |         |--L. fissuratus (Balogh & Mahunka 1965) [=Pedrocortesia fissurata] S04
    |         |--L. granulatus Balogh & Csiszár 1963 S04
    |         |--L. inaequalis (Balogh & Mahunka 1965) [=Pedrocortesia inaequalis] S04
    |         |--L. pulcherrimus (Paoli 1908) [=Licneremaeus pulcherrimus] S04
    |         |--L. stebaevae (Grishina 1981) [=Pedrocortesia stebaevae] S04
    |         `--L. triangulatus (Bayartogtokh 2001) [=Pedrocortesella triangulata] S04
    |--Pheroliodidae [Hammeriellidae, Nooliodidae] S04
    |    |--Labiogena Hunt 1996 NB-P09, S04
    |    |    `--*L. queenslandica (Balogh 1985) H96b (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--Darthvaderum Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |    `--*D. greensladeae Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |--Flammaeremaeus Balogh 1968 S04
    |    |    `--*F. gressiti Balogh 1968 S04
    |    |--Neonooliodes Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |    `--*N. ceroplastes Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |--Nooliodes Paschoal 1989 S04
    |    |    |--*N. glaber (Balogh 1962) [=Plateremaeus glaber] S04
    |    |    `--N. franzi (Balogh 1966) [=Pedrocortesia franzi] S04
    |    |--Paschoalia Subías 2004 S04 [=Hammeriella Paschoal 1989 non Balogh 1983] S04
    |    |    |--*P. grandis (Hammer 1961) [=Pedrocortesia grandis, *Hammeriella grandis] S04
    |    |    `--P. australis (Hammer 1962) S04 [=Pedrocortesia australis S04, Hammeriella australis BB92]
    |    |--Licnoliodes Grandjean 1931 S04
    |    |    |--*L. andrei Grandjean 1931 S04
    |    |    |--L. adminensis Grandjean 1933 S04
    |    |    `--L. apunctatus Mahunka 1977 S04
    |    |--Lopholiodes Paschoal 1987 [incl. Octoliodes Paschoal 1987] S04
    |    |    |--*L. micropunctinatum Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |    |--L. diamantei Fernández & Cleva 1999 S04
    |    |    |--L. luteomarginatus (Hammer 1966) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--L. macropunctinatum Paschoal 1987 S04
    |    |    |--L. robustus (Hunt & Lee 1995) S04 [=Pheroliodes robustus S04, Octoliodes robustus H96c]
    |    |    `--L. rotoruensis (Hammer 1966) [=Pedrocortesia rotoruensis] S04
    |    `--Pheroliodes S04
    |--Gymnodamaeidae [Gymnodamaeinae] SK10
    |    |--Plesiodamaeus Grandjean 1954 S04
    |    |    `--*P. craterifer (Haller 1884) [=Damaeus craterifer] S04
    |    |--Joshuella Wallwork 1972 S04
    |    |    |--*J. striata Wallwork 1972 S04
    |    |    |--J. agrostricula Paschoal 1983 S04
    |    |    `--J. bicentenaria Paschoal 1983 S04
    |    |--Nortonella Paschoal 1982 S04
    |    |    |--*N. gildersleeveae (Hammer 1952) [=Gymnodamaeus gildersleeveae] S04
    |    |    |--N. mongolica Bayartogtokh & Aoki 1997 S04
    |    |    |--N. polygrammus (Wen & Chen 1992) [=Allodamaeus polygrammus] S04
    |    |    |--N. tectorius (Wen & Chen 1992) [=Allodamaeus tectorius] S04
    |    |    `--N. transitus (Aoki 1984) [=Allodamaeus transitus] S04
    |    |--Arthrodamaeus Grandjean 1954 S04
    |    |    |--*A. reticulatus (Berlese 1910) S04 [=Gymnodamaeus reticulatus S04, Allodamaeus reticulatus P87a]
    |    |    |--A. bicristatus Subías, Arillo & Subías 1997 S04
    |    |    |--A. cereus Subías, Arillo & Subías 1997 S04
    |    |    |--A. femoratus [=Allodamaeus femoratus] P87a
    |    |    |--A. hispanicus (Grandjean 1928) SM91 [=Allodamaeus hispanicus P87a]
    |    |    |--A. mediterraneus Subías, Arillo & Subías 1997 S04
    |    |    |--A. octosetosus Subías, Arillo & Subías 1997 S04
    |    |    |--A. pusillus [=Allodamaeus pusillus] P87a
    |    |    `--A. rosarius Subías, Arillo & Subías 1997 [incl. A. reticulatus tenuis Mihelčič 1958 (n. d.)] S04
    |    |--Jacotella Banks 1947 S04
    |    |    |--*J. quadricaudicula (Jacot 1937) [=Gymnodamaeus quadricaudiculus; incl. G. minor Banks 1947] S04
    |    |    |--J. austriaca (Willmann 1935) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    |--J. enoplura Paschoal 1983 S04
    |    |    |--J. frondeus (Kulijev 1979) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    |--J. glabra (Mihelčič 1957) [=Plesiodamaeus glaber; incl. G. aprofundatus Mihelčič 1956 (n. d.)] S04
    |    |    |--J. neonominata Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    |--J. ornata (Balogh & Csiszár 1963) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    |--J. reticulata Ruiz, Kahwash & Subías 1990 S04
    |    |    `--J. whartoni Paschoal 1983 S04
    |    |--Adrodamaeus S04
    |    `--Gymnodamaeus S04
    |--Pedrocortesellidae NB-P09
    |    |--Novazelandiella Paschoal 1989 NB-P09, S04
    |    |    |--*N. nigroclava (Hammer 1966) [=Pedrocortesella nigroclava] S04
    |    |    |--N. convexa (Hunt 1996) [=Labiogena convexa] S04
    |    |    |--N. kellyi Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |    `--N. walteri (Hunt 1996) [=Labiogena walteri] S04
    |    |--Hexachaetoniella Paschoal 1987 NB-P09, S04
    |    |    |--*H. sexpilosa (Hammer 1966) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--H. bunya Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |    |--H. contigua Hunt 1996 S04
    |    |    |--H. dispersa (Balogh 1985) [=Pedrocortesella dispersa] S04
    |    |    `--H. norfolkensis Hunt 1996 S04
    |    `--Pedrocortesella S04
    |--Nacunansella Fernández & Cleva 1998 S04 [Nacunansellidae NB-P09]
    |    `--*N. diminuta Fernández & Cleva 1998 S04
    |--Lyrifissella Paschoal 1989 NB-P09, S04 [Lyrifissellidae]
    |    |--*L. latoclava (Hammer 1966) [=Pedrocortesella latoclava] S04
    |    |--L. cryptonota (Hammer 1966) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--L. vestita (Trägårdh 1931) [=Plateremaeus vestitus] S04
    |--Idiodamaeidae NB-P09
    |    |--Austrodamaeus Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
    |    |    `--A. elegantulus (Hammer 1958) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--Idiodamaeus Paschoal 1984 NB-P09, S04
    |         `--*I. illecebrosus Paschoal 1984 NB-P09, S04
    |--Licnobelbidae S04
    |    |--Flabellobelba Pérez-Íñigo 1995 S04
    |    |    `--*F. almeriensis (Ruiz, Kahwash & Subías 1990) [=Licnobelba almeriensis] S04
    |    `--Licnobelba Grandjean 1931 S04
    |         |--*L. alestensis Grandjean 1931 S04, NB-P09, S04
    |         |--L. caesarea (Berlese 1910) [=Licneremaeus caesareus] S04
    |         `--L. latiflabellata (Paoli 1908) [=Licneremaeus latiflabellatus; incl. Licno. montana Mihelčič 1957] S04
    `--Aleurodamaeus Grandjean 1954 [Aleurodamaeidae] S04
         |  i. s.: A. australis Woas 1992 NB-P09, S04 [=Austrodamaeus australis S04]
         |--A. (Aleurodamaeus) S04
         |    |--*A. (A.) setosus (Berlese 1883) (see below for synonymy) S04
         |    |--A. (A.) cephalotes (Berlese 1916) [=Gymnodamaeus cephalotes] S04
         |    |--A. (A.) hungaricus Paschoal & Johnston 1985 S04
         |    `--A. (A.) trichosus (Kulijev 1979) [=Allodamaeus trichosus] S04
         `--A. (Trichodamaeus Mahunka 1984) S04
              `--A. (*T.) africanus Mahunka 1984 S04

*Aleurodamaeus (Aleurodamaeus) setosus (Berlese 1883) [=Damaeus setosus; incl. Gymnodamaeus gibbus Mihelčič 1963, G. nitidus Mihelčič 1956] S04

Austrodamaeus elegantulus (Hammer 1958) S04 [=Gymnodamaeus elegantulus S04, Allodamaeus elegantulus P87a, Idiodamaeus elegantulus P87a; incl. *Austrodamaeus rimosus Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04, Allodamaeus trisetosus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04, Idiodamaeus trisetosus P87a]

*Hexachaetoniella sexpilosa (Hammer 1966) S04 [=Pedrocortesella sexpilosa S04, P. sexpilosus P87b, Arthrodamaeus sexpilosus Ramsay 1959 (n. n.) H96a]

Jacotella austriaca (Willmann 1935) [=Gymnodamaeus austriacus; incl. G. austriacus stepposus Bashkiroba 1958] S04

Jacotella frondeus (Kulijev 1979) [=Plesiodamaeus frondeus; incl. P. ornatus Mahunka 1979 non Pérez-Íñigo 1972, P. perezinigoi Mahunka 1986] S04

Jacotella neonominata Subías 2004 [=Plesiodamaeus ornatus Pérez-Íñigo 1972 non Allodamaeus ornatus Balogh & Csiszár 1963] S04

Jacotella ornata (Balogh & Csiszár 1963) [=Allodamaeus ornatus non Gymnodamaeus ornatus Hammer 1952 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.), A. tuberculatus Aoki & Fujikawa 1971] S04

*Labiogena queenslandica (Balogh 1985) H96b [=Pedrocortesella queenslandica S04, Novazelandiella queenslandica S04]

Lopholiodes luteomarginatus (Hammer 1966) S04 [=Pedrocortesia luteomarginata S04, *Octoliodes luteomarginata H96c]

Lyrifissella cryptonota (Hammer 1966) S04 [=Pedrocortesella cryptonota S04, Arthrodamaeus cryptonotus Ramsay 1962 (n. n.) AS70]

Plateremaeus complanatus (Warburton 1912) [=Damaeus complanatus non Eremaeus complanatus Berlese 1901 (not preoc. as in dif. gen.)] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AS70] Aoki, J., & K. Suzuki. 1970. A new species of the genus Pedrocortesella from Japan (Acari, Cryptostigmata). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 13 (2): 117–120.

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 2. Plates. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[B86] Bernini, F. 1986. Current ideas on the phylogeny and the adaptive radiations of Acarida. Bolletino di Zoologia 53: 279–313.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H96a] Hunt, G. S. 1996a. A review of the genus Hexachaetoniella Paschoal in Australia (Acarina: Cryptostigmata: Pedrocortesellidae). Records of the Australian Museum 48 (3): 287–302.

[H96b] Hunt, G. S. 1996b. Description of predominantly arboreal plateremaeoid mites from eastern Australia (Acarina: Cryptostigmata: Plateremaeoidea). Records of the Australian Museum 48 (3): 303–324.

[H96c] Hunt, G. S. 1996c. A review of the family Pheroliodidae Paschoal in Australia (Acarina: Cryptostigmata: Plateremaeoidea). Records of the Australian Museum 48 (3): 325–358.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[P87a] Paschoal, A. D. 1987a. A revision of the Plateremaeidae (Acari: Oribatei). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 3 (6): 327–356.

[P87b] Paschoal, A. D. 1987b. A revision of the Pedrocortesellidae, fam. n. (Acari: Oribatei). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 3 (6): 385–395.

[SK10] Schäffer, S., S. Koblmüller, T. Pfingstl, C. Sturmbauer & G. Krisper. 2010. Ancestral state reconstruction reveals multiple independent evolution of diagnostic morphological characters in the "Higher Oribatida" (Acari), conflicting with current classification. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 246.

[SM91] Serralheiro, F., & M. Madeira. 1991. Acari colonization of Quercus suber and Eucalyptus globulus litter. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 353–358. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Last updated: 18 August 2017.

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