Hadeninae

Sugar cane armyworm Leucania stenographa, copyright Simon Hinkley & Ken Walker.


Belongs within: Macrolepidoptera.

The Hadeninae are a group of moths whose larvae often feed on grasses (Poaceae); the oblong, smooth eggs are often laid in clusters in a gel. Adults have hairy, unlashed eyes and unspined tibiae (Nielsen & Common 1991).

<==Hadeninae M83
    |--Hadena lateritia P01
    |--Metopiora sanguinata (Lucas 1892) M99
    |--Dasygaster padockina NC91
    |--Tiracola plagiata NC91
    |--Persectania M83
    |    |--P. atristriga M83
    |    |--P. aversa M83
    |    |--P. ewingii G84
    |    `--P. steropastis L27
    |--Pseudaletia C70
    |    |--P. adultera [=Cirphis adultera] S72
    |    |--P. convecta C70
    |    |--P. separata H74
    |    `--P. unipuncta LY07
    |--Mythimna M83
    |    |--M. conigera G84
    |    |--M. convecta G84
    |    |--M. impura [=Leucania impura] V09
    |    |--M. separata G84
    |    `--M. turca G84
    `--Leucania M99
         |--L. alopa T27
         |--L. atristriga T27
         |--L. cruegeri MC13
         |--L. griseipennis T27
         |--L. mollis L27
         |--L. obtusa Guenée 1852 M99
         |--L. purdii T27
         |--L. semivittata T27
         |--L. stenographa Lower 1900 M99
         `--L. unipunctata B88

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[C70] Common, I. F. B. 1970. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 765–866. Melbourne University Press.

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[L27] Lindsay, S. 1927. A list of the Lepidoptera of Deans Bush, Riccarton, Canterbury. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 693–696.

[LY07] Liu, J., X. Yang, Y. Zhang & Z. Liu. 2007. Effects of exogenous juvenile hormone III on the ixodid tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann (Acari: Ixodidae). In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 209–213. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P01] Pável, J. 1901. Lepkék [Lepidopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 171–177. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[S72] Southcott, R. V. 1972. Revision of the larvae of the tribe Callidosomatini (Acarina: Erythraeidae) with observations on post-larval instars. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 13: 1–84.

[T27] Thomson, G. M. 1927. The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 106–125.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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