Proctotrupidae

Proctotrupes gravidator, copyright Tom Murray.


Belongs within: Proctotrupomorpha.

The Proctotrupidae are a group of small wasps that are mostly endoparasites of Coleoptera larvae, rarely of Diptera (Naumann 1991).

Characters (from Naumann 1991): Mostly small (3–15 mm); mesosoma without transscutal articulation; metasoma with large syntergum; trochantellus sometimes present on fore leg; T2 and S2 (petiole) and synsternum fused; metasoma in females usually posteriorly down-curved and telescopic; cerci digitiform or absent.

<==Proctotrupidae [Proctotrupinae, Serphidae]
    |--Austroserphini [Austroserphidae] RC74
    |    |--Austroserphus Dodd 1933 MH11, R54
    |    |    `--*A. albofasciatus Dodd 1933 R54
    |    `--Acanthoserphus Dodd 1915 RC74, R54
    |         `--*A. albicoxa Dodd 1915 R54
    `--+--Disogmus Foerster 1856 MH11, R54
       |    |--D. areolator (Haliday 1839) [=Disogmus areolator] R54
       |    `--D. nigerrimus Dodd 1915 R54
       `--+--Exallonyx trifoveatus MH11, N91
          `--Proctotrupes Latreille 1796 MH11, R54
               |--*P. brevipennis Latreille 1802 R54
               |--P. collaris Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
               |--P. doddi Riek 1954 R54
               |--P. gravidator MS01
               |--P. janthinae Dodd 1915 [=Proctotrypes janthinae] R54
               |--P. nitens Dodd 1920 R54
               |--P. splendidus Riek 1954 R54
               |--P. syagrii R70
               `--P. turneri Dodd 1920 R54

Proctotrupidae incertae sedis:
  Codrus A71
  Phaenoserphus Kieffer in André 1908 R54
    |--*P. curtipennis (Haliday 1839) [=Proctotrupes curtipennis] R54
    |--P. australiae (Kieffer 1907) [=Proctotrypes australiae] R54
    |--P. calcar A71
    `--P. viator A71
  Pseudobaeus G28
    |--P. dugandani Girault 1928 G28
    |--P. glorius Girault 1926 G26
    `--P. timorensis Girault 1932 G32
  Labeo pusillus Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
  Prosacantha MS01
    |--P. grandis MS01
    `--P. spinosa Szépligeti in Moscáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
  Isocybus MS01
    |--I. grandis MS01
    `--I. rossicus Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
  Pantoclis MS01
    |--P. barycera MS01
    `--P. rufipes Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
  Acropiesta MS01
  Oxyserphus N91
  Austrocodrus N91
  Mischoserphus N91
  Apoglypha N91
  Serphonostus N91
  Cryptoserphus Kieffer in André 1907 R54
    |--*C. longicalcar Kieffer in André 1908 R54
    |--C. nigriscutum Dodd 1915 R54
    |--C. nitidus Dodd 1915 R54
    `--C. sulcatus Riek 1954 R54
  Paracodrus R54

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[G26] Girault, A. A. 1926. New pests from Australia. II. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 200–202).

[G28] Girault, A. A. 1928. Some new hexapods stolen from authority. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 221–224).

[G32] Girault, A. A. 1932. New lower Hymenoptera from Australia and India. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 293–298).

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6 (11): e27023.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R54] Riek, E. F. 1954. Australian wasps of the family Proctotrupidae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Australian Journal of Zoology 3: 106–117.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

[RC74] Riek, E. F., & J. C. Cardale. 1974. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 107–111. Melbourne University Press.

2 comments:

  1. Not P. gravidator which has the basal half of the gaster red. Probably another genus

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you again, Ruud, and image replaced again. This is, of course, the risk one takes when relying on the accuracy of online identifications!

      Delete

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS