Lesser bulldog bat Noctilio albiventris, photographed by Stephen Dalton.

Belongs within: Chiroptera.
Contains: Mormoopidae, Phyllostomidae.

The Noctilionoidea are a clade of bats primarily found in the New World, with the Mystacinidae (short-tailed bats) known from New Zealand and the Miocene of Australia. Many noctilionoids are at least partially nectarivorous and the primary pollinators for some flowering plants. The bulldog bats of the genus Noctilio are insectivorous and piscivorous bats found in Central and South America with very full lips forming distinct cheek pouches (Miller 1907). The disk-winged bats of the genus Thyroptera possess suction cups at the base of the thumb and under the heel that they use to roost inside coiled leaves of bananas and other such plants.

<==Noctilionoidea [Phyllostomatoidea, Phyllostomoidea]
    |--Mystacinidae [Mystacinae, Mystacopidae] MJ11
    |    |--Mystacina Gray 1843 [=Mystacops Lydekker in Flower & Lydekker 1891] M07
    |    |    |--*M. tuberculata Gray 1843 HM98 [=*Mystacops tuberculatus M07; incl. Mystacops velutinus K92]
    |    |    `--M. robusta Dwyer 1962 [=M. tuberculata robusta] WH02
    |    `--Icarops Hand, Murray et al. 1998 HM98
    |         |--*I. breviceps Hand, Murray et al. 1998 HM98
    |         |--I. aenae Hand, Murray et al. 1998 HM98
    |         `--I. paradox Hand, Murray et al. 1998 HM98
    `--+--Thyroptera Spix 1823 M07 [incl. Hyonycteris Lictenstein & Peters 1854 M07; Thyropteridae MJ11]
       |    |--T. discifera Lichtenstein & Peters 1854 FS15, C57 [=*Hyonycteris discifera M07]
       |    |    |--T. d. discifera C57
       |    |    `--T. d. major Miller 1931 C57
       |    `--+--T. lavali FS15
       |       `--+--*T. tricolor Spix 1823 C57, FS15, C57 [=Molossus tricolor C57]
       |          |    |--T. t. tricolor [incl. T. bicolor Cantraine 1845, Dysopes thyropterus Schinz 1844] C57
       |          |    |--T. t. albiventer (Tomes 1856) (see below for synonymy) C57
       |          |    `--T. t. juquiaensis Vieira 1942 [=T. albiventer juquiaensis] C57
       |          `--T. devivoi FS15
       `--+--+--Mormoopidae MJ11
          |  `--Phyllostomidae MJ11
          `--+--Furipteridae [Furiae, Furipterina] MJ11
             |    |--Furipterus Bonaparte 1837 [incl. Furia Cuvier 1828 non Linnaeus 1758, Furiella Gray 1866] C57
             |    |    `--*F. horrens (Cuvier 1828) (see below for synonymy) C57
             |    `--Amorphochilus Peters 1877 C57
             |         `--*A. schnablii Peters 1877 [incl. A. schnablii osgoodi Allen 1914] C57
             `--Noctilio Linnaeus 1766 SM93 (see below for synonymy)
                  |--N. leporinus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Vespertilio leporinus, Pteropus leporinus] C57
                  |    |--N. l. leporinus C57 (see below for synonymy)
                  |    |--N. l. mexicanus G69
                  |    `--N. l. rufipes D’Orbigny 1835 [incl. N. rufescens Pelzeln 1883] C57
                  |--N. albiventris Desmarest 1818 PB78, C57 (see below for synonymy)
                  |--N. labialis (Kerr 1792) [=Vespertilio labialis] C57
                  |    |--N. l. labialis (see below for synonymy) C57
                  |    `--N. l. zaparo Cabrera 1907 [=Dirias zaparo] C57
                  `--N. lacrimaelunaris MJ11

*Furipterus horrens (Cuvier 1828) [=Furia horrens, Furipterus torrens (l. c.); incl. Furipterus coerulescens Tomes 1856] C57

Noctilio Linnaeus 1766 SM93 [=Noctileo Tiedemann 1808 C57; incl. Celaeno Leach 1821 C57, Dirias Miller 1906 C57; Noctilionidae MJ11, Noctilionineae]

Noctilio albiventris Desmarest 1818 PB78, C57 [=*Dirias albiventer M07, N. albiventer C57, N. labialis albiventris C57; incl. N. affinis D’Orbigny 1835 C57, Dirias irex Thomas 1930 C57, N. ruber Rengger 1830 C57]

Noctilio labialis labialis (Kerr. 1792) [incl. N. albiventer minor Osgood 1912, Dirias albiventer minor, N. labialis minor] C57

Noctilio leporinus leporinus (Linnaeus 1758) C57 [incl. *N. americanus Linné 1766 C57, *Celaeno brocksiana Leach 1821 M07, C57, N. dorsatus Desmarest 1818 C57, N. leporinus var. dorsatus C57, N. longipes Pelzeln 1883 C57, N. macropus Pelzeln 1883 C57, N. leporinus var. mastivus Ribeiro 1914 non Vahl 1797 C57, N. rufus Spix 1823 C57, N. unicolor Desmarest 1818 C57, N. vittatus Schinz 1821 C57]

Thyroptera tricolor albiventer (Tomes 1856) [=Hyonycteris albiventer; incl. T. tricolor albigula Allen 1923] C57

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C57] Cabrera, A. 1957. Catalogo de los mamiferos de America del Sur. I (Metatheria—Unguiculata—Carnivora). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” e Instituto Nacional de Investigacion de Las Ciencias Naturales, Ciencias Zoológicas 4 (1): 1–307.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[HM98] Hand, S. J., P. Murray, D. Megirian, M. Archer & H. Godthelp. 1998. Mystacinid bats (Microchiroptera) from the Australian Tertiary. Journal of Paleontology 72 (3): 538–545.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[MJ11] Meredith, R. W., J. E. Janečka, J. Gatesy, O. A. Ryder, C. A. Fisher, E. C. Teeling, A. Goodbla, E. Eizirik, T. L. L. Simão, T. Stadler, D. L. Rabosky, R. L. Honeycutt, J. J. Flynn, C. M. Ingram, C. Steiner, T. L. Williams, T. J. Robinson, A. Burk-Herrick, M. Westerman, N. A. Ayoub, M. S. Springer & W. J. Murphy. 2011. Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science 334: 521–524.

[M07] Miller, G. S., Jr. 1907. The families and genera of bats. Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, Bulletin 57: i–xvii, 1–282, pls 1–14.

[PB78] Patton, J. C., & R. J. Baker. 1978. Chromosomal homology and evolution of phyllostomatoid bats. Systematic Zoology 27 (4): 449–462.

[SM93] Stucky, R. K., & M. C. McKenna. 1993. Mammalia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 739–771. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

Last updated: 27 October 2019.

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