Egretta

Little egret Egretta garzetta, from here.


Belongs within: Ardeidae.

The genus Egretta contains the egrets, colonially-breeding herons that are known for the feathery plumes which they grow in the breeding season. They also possess powder-down patches on the thighs in addition to those on the breast and rump (Heather & Robertson 1996). Many egrets are white in colouration, but the genus also includes darker-coloured species such as the white-faced heron Egretta novaehollandiae and the little blue heron E. caerulea.

<==Egretta Forster 1817 M02 [incl. Herodius Boie 1822 B94; Herodiini]
    |--+--E. caerulea JT12
    |  `--+--E. rufescens JT12
    |     `--E. tricolor JT12
    `--+--E. novaehollandiae JT12
       `--+--E. eulophotes (Swinhoe 1860) JT12, I92
          `--+--E. garzetta Linnaeus 1766 JT12, M02 [=Ardea garzetta Mo03; incl. A. elegans S66, A. xanthopoda S66]
             |    |--E. g. garzetta WS48
             |    |--E. g. immaculata (Gould 1846) [=Herodias immaculata] WS48
             |    |--E. g. nigripes HR96
             |    `--E. g. schistacea SU93
             `--E. thula JT12

Egretta incertae sedis:
  E. ardesiaca JT12
  ‘Herodias’ egretta SS66
  E. gularis Ma03
  E. ibis SJ85
  E. intermedia (Wagler 1829) [=Ardea intermedia] WS48
    |--E. i. intermedia HR96
    |--E. i. brachyrhyncha HR96
    `--E. i. plumifera (Gould 1847) [=Herodias plumifera] WS48
  E. picata SU93
  E. sacra (Gmelin 1789) WH02 (see below for synonymy)
    |--E. s. sacra HR96
    `--E. s. albolineata HR96 [=Ardea albolineata S13, Herodias albolineata S13]
  E. vinaceigula JT12

Nomen nudum: Egretta brevipes Verr. & Murs 1862 S13

Egretta sacra (Gmelin 1789) WH02 [=Ardea sacra Mo03, Demigretta sacra WS48; incl. D. matook carteri Mathews 1920 WS48, D. sacra tormenti Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[HR96] Heather, B. D., & H. A. Robertson. 1996. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Viking: Auckland.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[Ma03] Mayr, G. 2003. The phylogenetic affinities of the shoebill (Balaeniceps rex). Journal für Ornithologie 144: 157-175.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[Mo03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft I (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 1-78, pl. 1-3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419-426.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175-201.

[SU93] Sonobe, K., & S. Usui (eds.) 1993. A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. Wild Bird Society of Japan: Tokyo.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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