Branta

Red-breasted goose Branta ruficollis, photographed by Annette Cutts.


Belongs within: Anserinae.

The genus Branta contains the black geese of northern parts of Eurasia and North America. Branta species have contrastingly patterned black or brown and white plumage, and black legs and bills. The type species, the brant goose Branta bernicla is a primarily coastal species found over most of the genus' range.

<==Branta Scopoli 1769 M02 [=Brenta B94; incl. Bernicla Boie 1822 B94; Berniclinae, Brantinae]
    |  i. s.: B. minor Kessler & Gál 1996 M02
    |--+--*B. bernicla CC10, PJ02 [=Anas bernicla CC10]
    |  |    |--B. b. bernicla I92
    |  |    |--B. b. hrota PJ02
    |  |    |--B. b. nigricans PJ02
    |  |    `--B. b. orientalis Tougarinov 1941 I92
    |  `--B. ruficollis (Pallas 1769) PJ02, M02 [=Anas ruficollis M02]
    `--+--+--+--B. hutchinsii (Richardson in Swainson & Richardson 1832) JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
       |  |  |--B. ‘canadensis’ parvipes PJ02
       |  |  `--B. ‘canadensis’ taverneri PJ02
       |  `--B. leucopsis PJ02
       `--+--B. canadensis (Linnaeus 1758) PJ02, CC10 [=Anas canadensis CC10]
          |    |--B. c. canadensis I92
          |    |--B. c. interior L81
          |    |--B. c. leucopareia (Brandt 1836) I92
          |    |--B. c. maxima Delacour 1951 CC10
          |    |--B. c. minima I92
          |    |--B. c. moffitti Aldrich 1946 R85
          |    `--B. c. occidentalis PJ02
          `--+--B. hylobadistes PJ02
             `--B. sandvicensis PJ02 [=Nesochen sandvicensis BS00]

Branta hutchinsii (Richardson in Swainson & Richardson 1832) JT12, CC10 [=Anser hutchinsii CC10, B. canadensis hutchinsii PJ02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BS00] Ballard, H. E., Jr & K. J. Systsma. 2000. Evolution and biogeography of the woody Hawaiian violets (Viola, Violaceae): Arctic origins, herbaceous ancestry and bird dispersal. Evolution 54 (5): 1521–1532.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[PJ02] Paxinos, E. E., H. F. James, S. L. Olson, M. D. Sorenson, J. Jackson & R. C. Fleischer. 2002. MtDNA from fossils reveals a radiation of Hawaiian geese recently derived from the Canada goose (Branta canadensis). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99: 1399–1404.

[R85] Robertson, C. J. R. (ed.) 1985. Reader’s Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader’s Digest: Sydney.

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