Anser

Greylag geese Anser anser, photographed by Michael Maggs.


Belongs within: Anserinae.

The genus Anser contains the grey and white geese, including the domestic goose. Anser species generally have uniform grey, brown or white body coloration with pink, orange or yellow bills and/or legs. Most domestic goose breeds are derived from the greylag goose Anser anser, except for the Chinese goose which is derived from the swan goose A. cygnoides.

<==Anser Brisson 1760 M02 [incl. Anseria Rafinesque 1815 (n. n.) B94, Cygnopsis Brandt 1836 B94]
    |  i. s.: A. brumeli Milne-Edwards 1871 M02
    |         A. caerulescens (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy) CC10
    |           |--A. c. caerulescens L81
    |           `--A. c. hyperborea L81
    |         A. scaldii Beneden ex Lambrecht 1933 [=Anas scaldii] M02
    |         A. thraceiensis Burčak-Abramovič & Nikolov 1984 M02
    |--A. rossii PJ02
    `--+--A. canagicus PJ02
       `--+--A. indicus BKB15
          `--+--A. brachyrhynchus BKB15 [=A. fabalis brachyrhynchus FP64]
             `--+--+--A. erythropus BKB15
                |  `--A. fabalis BKB15
                |       |--A. f. fabalis I92
                |       |--A. f. middendorffi SU93
                |       `--A. f. serrirostris Swinhoe 1871 I92
                `--+--A. albifrons BKB15
                   |    |--A. a. albifrons I92 [incl. A. bruchii M05]
                   |    |--A. a. flavirostris PJ02
                   |    `--A. a. frontalis Baird 1858 I92
                   `--+--A. anser (Linnaeus 1758) BKB15, M02 (see below for synonymy)
                      |    |--A. a. anser VP89
                      |    `--A. a. rubrirostris VP89
                      `--A. cygnoides (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, I92

Anser anser (Linnaeus 1758) BKB15, M02 [=Anas anser M02; incl. Anser cinereus Meyer 1810 CC10, Anser anser cinereus L81, *Anser domesticus CC10, Anser anser ferus Brünnich 1764 CC10]

Anser caerulescens (Linnaeus 1758) [=Anas caerulescens; incl. Anser hyperboreus Pallas 1769, Chen hyperboreus] CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[M05] Möller, R. 2005. Zur Biographie des Ornithologen Karl Friedrich Bruch (1789–1857). Mauritiana 19 (2): 327–357.

[PJ02] Paxinos, E. E., H. F. James, S. L. Olson, M. D. Sorenson, J. Jackson & R. C. Fleischer. 2002. MtDNA from fossils reveals a radiation of Hawaiian geese recently derived from the Canada goose (Branta canadensis). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99: 1399–1404.

[SU93] Sonobe, K., & S. Usui (eds.) 1993. A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. Wild Bird Society of Japan: Tokyo.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

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