Field of Science

Asteraceae

Mutisia decurrens, photographed by Pato Novoa.


Belongs within: Asterales.
Contains: Celmisia, Filago, Geigeria, Lipochaeta, Cremanthodium, Saussurea, Hieracium, Carduoideae, Cichorioideae, Asteroideae.

The Asteraceae, also known as Compositae, are a large family of plants distinguished by their production of composite flowers: a large number of minute flowers are clustered together on a common base, giving the superficial appearance of a single flower. The individual flowers may be tubular or ligulate. In the classic radiate 'daisy' arrangement, the central flowers are tubular with a circumferential ring of ligulate flowers; alternatively, all flowers may be tubular or ligulate. Past classifications accordingly divided the composite-flowered plants between the subfamilies Liguliflorae and Tubuliflorae, but this division has since been recognised as somewhat artificial.

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Herbs or shrubs with alternate or opposite exstipulate leaves. Flowers regular or irregular, bisexual or unisexual, sessile or almost so, collected together on a common receptacle or floral base in heads surrounded by an involucre of bracts arranged in one or several rows; surface of receptacle nake or furnished with bracts (chaffy scales), normally one to each flower but sometimes split into fine bristles; calyx mounted on summit of ovary and consisting of ring of bristles or scales or of a small cup or crown called the pappus, or rarely absent; corolla sympetalous, either regular and tubular, the tube expanded upwards into a long or short limb which is more or less deeply cut into five, rarely four, valvate lobes or teeth, or irregular with the teeth or lobes united and extended outwards on one side into a flat usually linear or oblong tongue or ligule, or sometime outer female flowers very slender (filiform) with two or three minute teeth; stamens as many as corolla-lobes, alternate with them and inserted in tube, anthers linear, two-celled, opening inwards by longitudinal slits and usually united in tube round style; ovary inferior, one-celled, with one erect anatropous ovule; style divided at summit in fertile flowers into two (rarely more) long or short stigmatic branches; fruit a small indehiscent achene, naked or crowned by pappus; seed exalbuminous, with thin testa often adherent to pericarp; embryo straight, with short inferior radicle.

Asteraceae [Compositae, Lactucoideae, Tubuliflorae]
    |--Barnadesia Ka03 [Barnadesieae, Barnadesioideae PF02]
    |    `--B. caryophylla Ka03
    `--+--Mutisioideae [Mutisieae] PF02
       |    |--Leucomeris PF02
       |    |--Nouelia PF02
       |    `--Mutisia YY22
       |         |--M. decurrens D03
       |         `--M. retusa D03
       `--+--Gochnatioideae [Gochnatieae] PF02
          |    |--Gochnatia Kunth in HBK 1820 PF02
          |    |--Cnicothamnus PF02
          |    |--Cyclolepis PF02
          |    |--Richterago [incl. Actinoseris] PF02
          |    `--Chucoa PF02
          `--+--Hecastocleis Gray 1882 [Hecastocleideae, Hecastocleioideae] PF02
             `--+--Carduoideae PF02
                `--+--+--Gymnarrhena Desfontaines 1818 [Gymnarrheneae, Gymnarrhenoideae] PF02
                   |  `--+--Cichorioideae PF02
                   |     `--+--Corymbium Linnaeus 1737 [Corymbieae, Corymbioideae] PF02
                   |        `--Asteroideae PF02
                   `--Pertyoideae [Pertyeae] PF02
                        |--Pertya Schultz 1862 PF02
                        |--Ainsliaea latifolia PF02, D07
                        |--Diaspananthus PF02
                        |--Macroclinidium PF02
                        `--Myripnois PF02

Asteraceae incertae sedis:
  Celmisia WH02
  Conyza TS03
    |--C. albida GK00
    |--C. apurensis J87
    |--C. bonariensis Y98
    `--C. canadensis AGF98
         |--C. c. var. canadensis J87
         `--C. c. var. pusilla J87
  Adenocaulon TS03
    |--A. chilense D03
    `--A. himalaicum O88
  Pectis TS03
  Liatris Gaertner ex von Schreber 1791 (nom. cons.) [incl. Lacinaria Hill 1762] GYS03
    |--L. ligulistylis GYS03
    `--L. scariosa (Linnaeus) von Willdenow 1803 (see below for synonymy) GYS03
         |--L. s. var. scariosa (see below for synonymy) GYS03
         |--L. s. var. nieuwlandii (Lunell) Voss 1995 (see below for synonymy) GYS03
         `--L. s. var. novae-angliae (Lunell) Gandhi, Young & Somers 2003 (see below for synonymy) GYS03
  Blumea Ku03
    |--B. balsamifera Ku03
    |--B. lacera VB02
    `--B. riparia Ku03
  Elephantopus Ku03
    |--E. scaber Ku03
    `--E. tomentosus Ku03
  Synedrella nodiflora Ku03
  Fitchia H03
  Tetramolopium H03
  Tuberostylis H03
  Catamixis YY22
  Dinoseris YY22
  Franseria YY22
  Hyaloseris YY22
  Hymenoclea YY22
  Abrotanella linearis YY22, W91
  Acanthospermum YY22
  Acamptopappus YY22
  Achaetogeron YY22
  Achmophora YY22
  Achyrachaena YY22
  Achyrocline YY22
  Adelostigma YY22
  Aganippea YY22
  Aiolotheca YY22
  Allendea YY22
  Aniauria YY22
  Amblyocarpum YY22
  Amblyopappus YY22
  Amellus YY22
  Amphiglossa thuja CV06
  Amphoricarpus YY22
  Anaglypha YY22
  Anaxeton YY22
  Antithrixia YY22
  Aphanactis YY22
  Aphanostephus YY22
  Agyroxiphium YY22
  Arnica YY22
  Arnicastrum YY22
  Arrowsmithia YY22
  Astephania YY22
  Asteromoea YY22
  Axiniphyllum YY22
  Baeria YY22
  Balleya YY22
  Balsamorhiza YY22
  Baltimora YY22
  Bellida YY22
  Bellium minutum PT98
  Berlandiera YY22
  Bileveillea YY22
  Blainvillea acmella PP07
  Blepharizonia YY22
  Boltonia YY22
  Borrichia YY22
  Brachychaeta YY22
  Brachyclados YY22
  Brachyglottis YY22
    |--B. adamsii W91
    |--B. belidioides W91
    |    |--B. b. var. bellidioides W91
    |    `--B. b. var. crassa W91
    |--B. buchanani W91
    |--B. rangiora T27
    |--B. repanda T27
    `--B. rotundifolia WH02
  Bradburia YY22
  Bryomorphe YY22
  Burrielia YY22
  Cacosmia YY22
  Cadiscus YY22
  Callistephus chinensis BR65, MN03
  Calostephane marlothiana CV06
  Calyptrocarpus YY22
  Carpesium YY22
  Ceruana YY22
  Chaetanthira YY22
  Chaetopappa YY22
  Chaptalia albicans J87
  Chardinia YY22
  Charieis YY22
  Chiliophyllum YY22
  Chiliotrichium diffusum YY22, CL85
  Chionolaena YY22
  Chlamydites YY22
  Chroilema YY22
  Chromolepis YY22
  Chrysactinia YY22
  Chrysanthellum YY22
  Chrysogonum YY22
  Chrysopsis YY22
  Cineraria YY22
  Clappia YY22
  Clibadium villosum MM96
  Coleocoma YY22
  Commidendron YY22
  Corethrogyne YY22
  Cosmos BR65
    |--C. bipinnatus MH98
    `--C. caudatus BBO01
  Crocidium YY22
  Crossostephium YY22
  Cyathocline SS02
    |--C. lutea SS02
    |--C. manilaliana Prabhakar Raju & Venkata Raju 1999 SS02
    `--C. purpurea SS02
  Cylindrocline YY22
  Cypselodontia YY22
  Delameres YY22
  Denekia YY22
  Dichaetophora YY22
  Dichrocephala integrifolia YY22, D07
  Dicranocarpus YY22
  Diplostephium YY22
    |--D. eriophorum R96
    |--D. revolutum R96
    `--D. rosmarinifolium R96
  Dipterocome YY22
  Disparago YY22
  Doronicum YY22
    |--D. austriacum C55a
    |--D. caucasicum C55a
    |--D. pardalianches C55b
    |--D. plantagineum C55b
    |--D. roylei O88
    `--D. scorpioides C55a
  Egletes YY22
  Elvira YY22
  Enydra YY22
  Epallage YY22
  Erechtites YY22
    |--E. diversifolia A27
    |--E. glabrescens A27
    |--E. hieracifolia MH98
    |--E. scaberula A27
    `--E. valerianaefolia Ku03
  Eriachaenium YY22
  Eriothrix YY22
  Ermeiastrum YY22
  Espeletia hartwegiana YY22, R96
    |--E. h. var. hartwegiana R96
    `--E. h. var. centroandina R96
  Eutetras YY22
  Evax pygmaea PT98
  Facelea YY22
  Felicia CV06
    |--F. alba CV06
    |--F. gunillae CV06
    `--F. smaragdina CV06
  Filago PL04
  Fresenia YY22
  Gamolepis YY22
  Garcilassa YY22
  Garuleum schinzii CV06
    |--G. s. ssp. schinzii CV06
    `--G. s. ssp. crinitum CV06
  Geigeria CV06
  Gerbera O88
    |--G. discolor M30
    |--G. galpini M30
    |--G. glandulosa M30
    |--G. hybrida MN03
    |--G. nivea O88
    |--G. piloselloides M30
    |--G. plantaginea M30
    `--G. viridifolia M30
  Glossocardia bosvallea PP07
  Glycideras YY22
  Goldmanella YY22
  Golionema YY22
  Grangea maderaspatana VB02
  Grantia YY22
  Gratwickia YY22
  Greenella YY22
  Grypocarpha YY22
  Guardiola YY22
  Guizotia YY22
  Gutierrezia sarothrae YY22, CL86
  Gymnodiscus YY22
  Gymnosperma YY22
  Gymnostephium YY22
  Heliopsis YY22
  Hemizonella YY22
  Hemizonia YY22
  Heptanthus YY22
  Hertia YY22
  Heterolepis YY22
  Heteropappus YY22
  Heterospermum YY22
  Hidalgoa YY22
  Hinterhubera YY22
  Hippia YY22
  Homochaete YY22
  Homochroma YY22
  Homogyne YY22
  Hysterionica YY22
  Ichthyothere YY22
  Ifloga YY22
  Inulopsis YY22
  Ischnea YY22
  Isocarpha YY22
  Isostigma YY22
  Jaegena YY22
  Jaegeria YY22
  Jasonia YY22
  Keerlia YY22
  Koehneola YY22
  Lachnophyllum YY22
  Laestadia YY22
  Laggera alata (Don.) Schultz ex Oliver 1873 (see below for synonymy) SS02
  Lagophylla YY22
  Lantanopsis hispidula J87
  Lasiocoma YY22
  Lasiopogon CV06
    |--L. ponticulus CV06
    `--L. volkii CV06
  Lasthenia YY22
  Lecocarpus YY22
  Leontonyx YY22
  Lepidostephium YY22
  Leptocarpha YY22
  Lessingia YY22
  Leucopholis YY22
  Leyssera YY22
  Lifago YY22
  Lindheimera YY22
  Lipochaeta YY22
  Macowania YY22
  Mairia YY22
  Melalema YY22
  Melampodium YY22
  Melanodendron YY22
  Melanthera YY22
  Merrittia YY22
  Micractis YY22
  Microglossa YY22
  Microlecane YY22
  Microtrichia YY22
  Minurothamnus YY22
  Mollera YY22
  Monactis YY22
  Monarrhenus YY22
  Monolopia YY22
  Monoptilon YY22
  Moonia YY22
  Myriactis YY22
  Nananthea YY22
  Nannoglottis O88
    |--N. hookeri O88
    `--N. souliei O88
  Nanothamnus YY22
  Narvalina domingensis J87
  Nerrittia YY22
  Nestlera YY22
  Nicolasia heterophylla CV06
    |--N. h. ssp. heterophylla CV06
    `--N. h. ssp. affinis CV06
  Nidorella mordenstamii CV06
  Nolletia tenuifolia CV06
  Odontospermum YY22
  Oedera YY22
  Olivaea YY22
  Ondetia linearis CV06
  Onoseris YY22
  Oreochrysum YY22
  Osmites YY22
  Osmitopsis YY22
  Otochlamya YY22
  Oxypappus YY22
  Pachylaena YY22
  Pachyrhynchus YY22
  Parthenice YY22
  Parthenium hysterophorus H06
  Parantennaria YY22
  Pechuelloeschea [=Pechuel-Löschea] YY22
  Perralderia YY22
  Perymenium YY22
  Petalacte YY22
  Petalactella YY22
  Petrollinia YY22
  Phacellothrix YY22
  Phaenocoma YY22
  Phalacrocarpum YY22
  Phemmera YY22
  Philactis YY22
  Philoglossa YY22
  Philyrophyllum brandbergense CV06
  Phymaspermum YY22
  Pinillosia YY22
  Plagiocheilus YY22
  Plazia YY22
  Pleurophyllum YY22
    |--P. criniferum A27
    `--P. speciosum A27
  Podochaenium YY22
  Polygyne YY22
  Porphyrostemma YY22
  Printzia YY22
  Psiadia YY22
  Psilactis YY22
  Psilocarphus YY22
  Pulicaria VB02
    |--P. angustifolia PP07
    |--P. crispa PP07
    |--P. foliosa VB02
    `--P. rajputanae PP07
  Raillardella YY22
  Relhania YY22
  Remya YY22
  Rhantherium YY22
  Rhodogeron YY22
  Rhynchospermum YY22
  Riddelia YY22
  Riencourtia YY22
  Rochonia YY22
  Ruckeria YY22
  Rumfordia YY22
  Sabazia YY22
  Sachaia YY22
  Sanvitalia YY22
  Sartwellia YY22
  Schistocarpha YY22
  Schistostephium YY22
  Schizoptera YY22
  Schizotrichia YY22
  Schkuhria YY22
  Sclerocarpus africanus PP07
  Scyphocoronis YY22
  Selloa YY22
  Sheareria YY22
  Siebera YY22
  Silphium YY22
  Sommerfeltia YY22
  Sphacophyllum YY22
  Sphaeromorphaea YY22
  Sphagneticola trilobata [=Thelechitonia trilobata] H06
  Stachycephalum YY22
  Staurochlamys YY22
  Steirodiscus YY22
  Stenachaenium YY22
  Stemmatella YY22
  Stenocline YY22
  Stephanodoria YY22
  Stilpnogyne YY22
  Styloclyne YY22
  Symphyllocarpus YY22
  Syncephalantha YY22
  Syntrichopappus YY22
  Tessaria YY22
  Tetracanthus YY22
  Tetragonotheca YY22
  Tetranthus YY22
  Tetraperone YY22
  Thelesperma YY22
  Thespidium YY22
  Thespis YY22
  Thymopsis YY22
  Tolbonia YY22
  Townsendia YY22
  Tragoceros YY22
  Trichocline spathulata GK00
  Trigonospermum YY22
  Triplocephalum YY22
  Urbinella YY22
  Vanclevea YY22
  Varilla YY22
  Venegazia YY22
  Vieraea YY22
  Villanova YY22
  Welwitschiella YY22
  Whitneya YY22
  Wyomingia YY22
  Xanthisma YY22
  Zexmenia YY22
  Zoegea YY22
  Dicoria YY22
  Euphrosyne YY22
  Oxytenia YY22
  Antennaria margaritacea YY22, C55b [=Gnaphalium margaritaceum C55b]
  Arsium arvense YY22
  Astemma YY22
  Baccharis MM96
    |--B. douglasii C55b
    |--B. halimifolia M83
    |--B. magellanica D03
    |--B. myrsinites J87
    |--B. palenae D03
    |--B. polyantha H49
    `--B. sagittalis D03
  Heterothalamus nivalis YY22, D03
  Luciliopsis YY22
  Lycoseris YY22
  Moquinia YY22
  Parastrephia YY22
  Petrobium YY22
  Podanthus YY22
  Synchodendron YY22
  Tafalla YY22
  Archibaccharis YY22
  Rhetinodendron YY22
  Robinsonia YY22
  Leontopodium O88
    |--L. brachyactis O88
    |--L. haastioides O88
    |--L. himalayanum O88
    |--L. jacotianum O88
    |--L. makianum O88
    |--L. monocephalum O88
    |--L. nanum O88
    `--L. stracheyi O88
  Oligandra YY22
  Blepharipappus YY22
  Cladanthus YY22
  Cremanthodium O88
  Dahlia pinnata BR65, MH98
  Eatonella YY22
  Geissopappus YY22
  Gonospermum YY22
  Gynoxys YY22
  Gynura YY22
  Jaumea YY22
  Ligularia fischeri O88
  Oligothrix YY22
  Othake YY22
  Pericome YY22
  Waldheimia O88
    |--W. glabra O88
    |--W. nivea O88
    `--W. tomentosa O88
  Werneria YY22
  Petasites O88
    |--P. albus [=Tussilago alba] C55b
    |--P. niveus C55a
    `--P. tricholobus O88
  Chuquiragua YY22
  Doniophyton YY22
  Nardosmia fragrans [=Tussilago fragrans] C55b
  Tussilago farfara C55a, C55b
  Machaeranthera FM80
  Ageratum MM96
    |--A. conyzoides MM96
    `--A. haustonianum SR07
  Brachyactis O88
    |--B. anomala O88
    |--B. pubescens O88
    `--B. roylei O88
  Cacalia O88
    |¬--C. chenopodiifolia O88
    |--C. penninervis O88
    `--C. pentaloba O88
  Cicerbita GR98
    |--C. cyanea O88
    |--C. filicina (Duthie) Mamgain & Rao 1989 [=Lactuca filicina Duthie ex Stebbins 1939] SS05
    |--C. macrantha O88
    |--C. macrorhiza O88
    |    |--C. m. var. macrorhiza O88
    |    `--C. m. var. saxatilis O88
    `--C. pancicii GR98
  Cousinia thomsonii O88
  Dendranthema O88
    |--D. mutellina O88
    |--D. nubigenum O88
    `--D. tenuiflorum O88
  Dubyaea hispida O88
  Jurinea C98
    |--J. dolomiaea O88
    `--J. mollis (Linnaeus) Reichenb. 1831 PL04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--J. m. ssp. mollis C98
         |    |--J. m. ssp. m. f. mollis C98
         |    `--J. m. ssp. m. f. erectobracteata Conti 1998 C98
         `--J. m. ssp. anatolica (Boissier) Stoj. & Stef. 1925 PL04
  Leibnitzia nepalensis O88
  Prenanthes violaefolia O88
  Saussurea O88
  Soroseris O88
    |--S. deasyi O88
    |--S. gillii O88
    |    |--S. g. ssp. gillii O88
    |    `--S. g. ssp. occidentalis O88
    |--S. glomerata O88
    |--S. hookeriana O88
    |    |--S. h. ssp. hookeriana O88
    |    `--S. h. ssp. erysimoides O88
    `--S. pumila O88
  Youngia O88
    |--Y. depressa O88
    |--Y. gracilipes O88
    |--Y. japonica J87
    |--Y. racemifera O88
    |--Y. simulatrix O88
    `--Y. tenuifolia O88
         |--Y. t. ssp. tenuifolia O88
         `--Y. t. ssp. diversifolia O88
  Chromolaena H06
    |--C. odorata H06
    `--C. squalida W03
  Mikania MM96
    |--M. batatifolia M83
    |--M. cordata W03
    |--M. cyanosma J87
    |--M. dissecta J87
    |--M. hotteana J87
    |--M. micrantha W03
    |--M. rhomboidea J87
    |--M. scandens MM96
    `--M. tripartita J87
  Praxelis clematidea W03
  Atractylis Y98
    |--A. cancellata PT98 [=Acarna cancellata C55a]
    `--A. gummifera Y98
  Aetheorhiza bulbosa PT98
    |--A. b. ssp. bulbosa PT98
    `--A. b. ssp. microcephala PT98
  Asteriscus aquaticus PT98
  Carlina PL04
    |--C. corymbosa Linnaeus 1753 PL04
    |    |--C. c. ssp. corymbosa PL04
    |    `--C. c. ssp. graeca (Bociss.) Nyman 1879 PL04
    |--C. lanata PT98
    `--C. vulgaris G88
  Dittrichia PL04
    |--D. graveolens GK00
    `--D. viscosa (Linnaeus) Greuter 1973 PL04
  Geropogon hybridus PT98
  Hyoseris scabra PT98
  Logfia gallica PT98
  Notobasis syriaca PT98
  Ptilostemon chamaepeuce PT98, S98
  Rhagadiolus stellatus PT98
  Scolymus hispanicus PT98
  Arctium GR98
    |--A. lappa GR98
    |--A. minus GR98
    `--A. pubens G88
  Bombycilaena erecta GR98 [=Micropus erecta H91]
  Hieracium GR98
  Leucopsis (de Candolle 1836) Baker in Martius 1882 non Olivier 1792 (ICZN) FT93
  Kleinia neriifolia ES06
  Actinobole KM08
    |--A. condensatum KM08
    `--A. uliginosum G04a
  Asteridea G04b
    |--A. athrixioides G04b
    `--A. pulverulenta GK00
  Blennospora drummondii OS04
  Erymophyllum ramosum G04a
  Gilberta tenuifolia G04a
  Gilruthia osbornei G04a
  Leucochrysum fitzgibbonii G04a
  Rhodanthe KM08
    |--R. chlorocephalum RL06
    |--R. citrina OS04
    |--R. condensata KM08
    |--R. humboldtiana KM08
    |--R. laevis G04b
    |--R. pygmaea G04b
    |--R. pyrethrum GK00
    |--R. rubella G04a
    `--R. stricta G04a
  Streptoglossa G04a
    |--S. cylindriceps G04a
    `--S. liatroides G04a
  Trichanthodium skirrophorum G04a
  Hyalosperma G04b
    |--H. cotula GK00
    |--H. demissum G04b
    `--H. simplex GK00
  Argentipallium niveum OS04
  Pterochaeta paniculata OS04
  Steptorhamphus tuberosus (von Jacquin) Grossh. 1934 PL04
  Malacothamnus BS04
  Caesulia axillaris VB02
  Launaea VB02
    |--L. procumbens VB02
    `--L. resedifolia PP07
  Eremothamneae T00
    |--Eremothamnus marlothianus CV06
    `--Hoplophyllum T00
  Chamaemelum nobile MH98
  Lagenifera GK00
    |--L. huegelii GK00
    `--L. strangulata W91
  Vellereophyton dealbatum GK00
  Pithocarpa GK00
    |--P. corymbulosa GK00
    `--P. pulchella GK00
  Pogonolepis KM08
    |--P. muelleriana KM08
    `--P. stricta GK00
  Elytropappus rhinocerotis K02
  Antiphiona CV06
    |--A. fragrans CV06
    `--A. pinnatisecta CV06
  Pentatrichia CV06
    |--P. avasmontana CV06
    `--P. rehmii CV06
  Aspilia eenii CV06
  Chrysocoma puberula CV06
  Dauresia alliariifolia [=Senecio alliariifolius] CV06
  Gazania thermalis CV06
  Gorteria diffusa CV06
    |--G. d. ssp. diffusa CV06
    `--G. d. ssp. parviligulata CV06
  Myxopappus hereroensis CV06
  Norlindhia aptera CV06
  Pegolettia CV06
    |--P. pinnatilobata CV06
    `--P. plumosa CV06
  Pentzia tomentosa CV06
  Pteronia CV06
    |--P. eenii CV06
    |--P. polygalifolia CV06
    |--P. pomonae CV06
    |--P. rangei CV06
    `--P. spinulosa CV06
  Rennera eenii CV06
  Tripteris nervosa CV06
  Ageratina H06
    |--A. adenophora H06
    `--A. riparia H06
  Campuloclinium macrocephalum H06
  Tithonia H06
    |--T. diversifolia H06
    `--T. rotundifolia H06
  Emilia J87
    |--E. fosbergii J87
    `--E. sonchifolia J87
  Lampsana communis J87
  Piqueria trinerva J87
  Pembertonia latisquamea KM08
  Brickellia argyrolepsis MM96
  Xerochrysum bracteatum MM09
  Oligochaeta ramosa PP07
  Tridax procumbens P03
  Lapsana communis H59
  Leptinella D95
    |--L. dioica [=Cotula dioica] HFR93
    |--L. dispersa HFR93
    |--L. featherstonii D95
    `--L. squalida W91
         |--L. s. ssp. squalida W91
         `--L. s. ssp. mediana W91
  *Artemisiastrum palmeri [=Artemisia palmeri] M79

Jurinea mollis (Linnaeus) Reichenb. 1831 PL04 [=Carduus mollis Linnaeus 1759 C98; incl. C. moschatus Gussone 1825 C98, Jurinea mollis ssp. moschata (Gussone) Nyman 1879 C98, J. mollis var. moschata (Gussone) Visiani 1847 C98, J. moschata (Gussone) de Candolle 1838 C98]

Laggera alata (Don.) Schultz ex Oliver 1873 [=Erigeron alatum Don. 1825, Blumea alata (Don) de Candolle 1836] SS02

Liatris scariosa (Linnaeus) von Willdenow 1803 [=Serratula scariosa Linnaeus 1753, Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill 1762, Vernonia scariosa (Linnaeus) Poiret in Lamarck 1808] GYS03

Liatris scariosa var. nieuwlandii (Lunell) Voss 1995 [=Lacinaria scariosa var. nieuwlandii Lunell 1912, Liatris × nieuwlandii (Lunell) Gaiser 1946, Liatris novae-angliae var. nieuwlandii (Lunell) Shinners 1943] GYS03

Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae (Lunell) Gandhi, Young & Somers 2003 [=Lacinaria scariosa var. novae-angliae Lunell 1912, Liatris novae-angliae (Lunell) Shinners 1943] GYS03

Liatris scariosa (Linnaeus) von Willdenow 1803 var. scariosa [incl. Liatris borealis Nuttall ex McNab 1835, Lacinaria scariosa var. borealis (Nuttall) Lunell 1912, Lacinaria scariosa var. virginiana Lunell 1912, Liatris scariosa var. virginiana (Lunell) Gaiser 1948] GYS03

*Type species of generic name indicated

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