Swan River daisy Brachycome iberidifolia, from here.

Belongs within: Astereae.

The Bellidinae includes the garden daisy Bellis perennis and its close relatives. Members of the Bellidinae are distinguished from other Astereae by having the pappus absent or much shorter than the achene (Black & Robertson 1965). The include the primarily Australasian genus Brachycome, members of which have predominately white ray-florets, a pappus of short scales if present, and oblong phyllaries. Members of the genus Lagenophora, found in southern Asia, Australasia and South America, similarly have white to purple ray-florets but lack a pappus and possess narrow-linear phyllaries; they also bear achenes with a short, more or less viscid beak (Allan 1961).

    |--Bellis perennis LNB03
    |--Erodiophyllum elderi BR65
    |--Solenogyne bellioides BR65
    |    |--S. b. var. bellioides BR65
    |    `--S. b. var. gunnii (see below for synonymy) BR65
    |--Lagenophora Cass. 1818 BR65, A61
    |    |--L. cuneata Petrie 1919 A61
    |    |--L. huegelii BR65
    |    |--L. lanata Cunn. 1839 A61
    |    |--L. nudicaulis D03
    |    |--L. petiolata Hooker 1853 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |    |--L. pinnatifida Hooker 1853 [incl. L. pinnatifida var. hirsutissima Cockayne 1916] A61
    |    |    |--L. p. var. pinnatifida A61
    |    |    `--L. p. var. tenuifolia Cockayne 1916 A61
    |    |--L. pumila (Forster) Cheeseman 1909 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |    |    |--L. p. var. pumila A61
    |    |    |--L. p. var. barkeri (Kirk) Simpson 1945 [=L. barkeri Kirk 1899, Brachycome barkeri ms] A61
    |    |    `--L. p. var. multidentata Simpson 1945 [=L. barkeri var. multidentata Simpson & Thomson 1943] A61
    |    |--L. stipitata (Labillardière) Druce 1917 (see below for synonymy) BR65
    |    `--L. thomsoni A27
    `--Brachycome Cass. 1825 BR65, A61 [=Brachyscome Cassini 1817 A61]
         |--B. aculeata (Labillardière) Lessing 1832 (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |--B. alpina Colenso 1899 (n. d.) A61
         |--B. angustifolia BR65
         |--B. basaltica BR65
         |    |--B. b. var. basaltica BR65
         |    `--B. b. var. gracilis BR65
         |--B. bellidioides GK00
         |--B. blackii BR65
         |--B. brevifolia Simpson 1952 (n. d.) A61
         |--B. campylocarpa M99
         |--B. cardiocarpa BR65
         |--‘Brachyscome’ cheilocarpa KM08
         |--B. ciliaris M99 [=Bellis ciliaris BR65]
         |    |--B. c. var. ciliaris BR65
         |    |--B. c. var. lanuginosa BR65
         |    |--B. c. var. lyrifolia BR65
         |    `--B. c. var. subintegrifolia BR65
         |--B. cuneata Simpson 1952 (n. d.) A61
         |--B. debilis BR65
         |--B. diversifolia BR65
         |--B. eriogona [=B. goniocarpa var. eriogona] BR65
         |--B. exilis [incl. B. neglecta] BR65
         |--B. glandulosa OS04
         |--B. goniocarpa BR65
         |--B. graminea BR65
         |--B. humilis Simpson & Thomson 1943 (n. d.) [=B. humile] A61
         |--B. iberidifolia BR65
         |--B. leptocarpa BR65
         |--B. linearifolia H87
         |--B. lineariloba (Candolle) Druce 1917 (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |--B. linearis (Petrie) Druce 1917 [=Lagenophora linearis Petrie 1893; incl. B. lineata Kirk 1899] A61
         |--B. longiscapa Simpson & Thomson 1943 A61
         |--B. marginata [incl. B. calocarpa] BR65
         |--B. melanocarpa M99
         |--B. montana Simpson 1945 (n. d.) non B. sinclairii var. montana Kirk 1899 A61
         |--B. muelleri BR65
         |--B. parvula BR65
         |    |--B. p. var. parvula BR65
         |    `--B. p. var. lissocarpa BR65
         |--B. perpusilla [=Silphiosperma perpusilla] BR65
         |    |--B. p. var. perpusilla BR65
         |    `--B. p. var. tenella (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |--B. radicata Hooker 1853 A61
         |    |--B. r. var. radicata [incl. B. odorata Hooker 1864] A61
         |    |--B. r. var. dubia (Kirk) Allan 1961 [=B. thomsonii var. dubia Kirk 1899] A61
         |    |--B. r. var. membranifolia (Kirk) Allan 1961 [=B. thomsonii var. membranifolia Kirk 1899] A61
         |    |--B. r. var. polita (Kirk) Allan 1961 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |    `--B. r. var. thomsonii (Kirk) Allan 1961 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |--B. simplicifolia Armst. 1881 (n. d.) A61
         |--B. sinclairii Hooker 1864 [incl. B. sinclairii var. montana Kirk 1899] A61
         |    |--B. s. var. sinclairii A61
         |    `--B. s. var. pinnata (Hooker) Allan 1961 [=B. pinnata Hooker 1864] A61
         |--B. tatei BR65
         |--B. tesquorum BR65
         |--B. tetrapterocarpa M99
         `--B. trachycarpa BR65

Brachycome aculeata (Labillardière) Lessing 1832 [=Bellis aculeata Labillardière 1806; incl. Br. cuneifolia Tate 1889, Br. scapiformis Candolle 1836, Br. stricta Candolle 1836] BR65

Brachycome lineariloba (Candolle) Druce 1917 [=Steiroglossa lineariloba Candolle 1838; incl. B. pachyptera Turczaninow 1851] BR65

Brachycome perpusilla var. tenella [=B. tenella Turczaninow 1851; incl. Silphiosperma collinum Sonder 1852, B. collina (Sonder) Bentham 1866] BR65

Brachycome radicata var. polita (Kirk) Allan 1961 [=B. polita Kirk 1899, B. thomsonii var. polita (Kirk) Cheeseman 1906] A61

Brachycome radicata var. thomsonii (Kirk) Allan 1961 [=B. thomsonii Kirk 1884; incl. B. thomsonii var. minima Kirk 1899] A61

Lagenophora petiolata Hooker 1853 [incl. L. strangulata Colenso 1890, L. purpurea Kirk 1899, L. pumila var. purpuratea (Kirk) Simpson 1945] A61

Lagenophora pumila (Forster) Cheeseman 1909 [=Calendula pumila Forster 1786; incl. Microcalia australis Rich. 1832, Lagenophora forsteri DC. 1836, L. forsteri var. minima Kirk 1899, L. petiolata var. minima Cheeseman 1906, L. pumila var. minima Cheeseman 1925] A61

Lagenophora stipitata (Labillardière) Druce 1917 [=Bellis stipitata Labillardière 1806; incl. L. billardieri Cassini 1822] BR65

Solenogyne bellioides var. gunnii [=Emphysopus gunnii Hooker 1847, Lagenophora gunnii Black 1929; incl. L. emphysopus Hooker 1860, Solenogyne emphysopus von Mueller 1888] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Part 2. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905–977.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[H87] Haviland, E. 1887. Flowering seasons of Australian plants. No. I—List of plants indigenous in the neighbourhood of Sydney, flowering during July. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1049–1051.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LNB03] Ledeganck, P., I. Nijs & L. Beyens. 2003. Plant functional group diversity promotes soil protist diversity. Protist 154 (2): 239–249.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19–28.

Last updated: 22 March 2020.

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