Anthemideae

Florist's daisy Chrysanthemum morifolium, photographed by Apple2000.


Belongs within: Asteroideae.
Contains: Artemisia, Leptinella, Cotula.

The Anthemideae is a tribe of composite-flowered plants including such plants as chamomiles, yarrow, tansies and chrysanthemums. In members of the subtribe Anthemidinae, the receptacle bears chaffy scales, but in the Chrysanthemidinae the receptacle is naked. Anthemidinae include the genera Achillea, with compressed achenes and almost orbicular ligules, and Anthemis, with little compressed achenes and oblong ligules (Black & Robertson 1965).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Involucral bracts with scarious margins; heads heterogamous-radiate, or heterogamous-discoid with female flowers tubular; receptacle naked or chaffy; style-branches of fertile bisexual flowers always truncate with tuft of collecting hairs at summit; pappus absent or rarely of scales or bristles or small crown; leaves alternate.

<==Anthemideae
    |--Anthemidinae BR65
    |    |--Achillea BR65
    |    |    |--A. alpina C55a
    |    |    |--A. millefolium (see below for synonymy) H93
    |    |    |--A. nana C55a
    |    |    |--A. ptarmica C55b
    |    |    |--A. tanacetifolia C55b
    |    |    `--A. tomentosa BR65
    |    `--Anthemis M79
    |         |--A. arvensis BR65
    |         |--A. chia PT98
    |         |--A. cotula BR65 [=Maruta cotula C55b]
    |         |--A. rigida PT98
    |         |--A. ruthenica BO08
    |         `--A. tinctoria C55b
    `--Chrysantheminae BR65
         |--Ceratogyne obionoides BR65
         |--Dimorphocoma minutula BR65
         |--Isoetopsis graminifolia BR65
         |--Elachanthus pusillus BR65
         |--Cotula BR65
         |--Soliva BR65
         |    |--S. anthemifolia Br. 1817 C06
         |    |--S. nasturtiifolia C55b
         |    `--S. sessilis [incl. S. daucifolia, S. pterosperma] H93
         |--Matricaria BR65
         |    |--M. chamomilla TG88
         |    |--M. discoidea C06
         |    |--M. inodora C06
         |    `--M. suffruticosa [incl. M. multiflora] BR65
         |--Centipeda Loureiro 1790 [incl. Myriogyne Lessing 1831] BR65
         |    |--C. borealis LK14
         |    |--C. cunninghamii [=Myriogyne cunninghamii] BR65
         |    |--C. minima (Linnaeus) Brown & Ascherson 1867 (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |    `--C. thespidioides BR65
         |--Tanacetum BR65
         |    |--T. atkinsoni O88
         |    |--T. boreale BR65
         |    |--T. camphoratum [incl. T. douglasii] H93
         |    |--T. dolichophyllum O88
         |    |--T. gossypinum O88
         |    |--T. huronense BR65
         |    |--T. parthenium [=Chrysanthemum parthenium] H93
         |    `--T. vulgare BR65
         `--Chrysanthemum M79
              |--C. carinatum H93
              |--C. ceratophylloides C55a
              |--C. cinerariifolium BR65
              |--C. coronarium BR65
              |--C. frutescens BR65
              |--C. morifolium BR65
              |--C. roseum [=Pyrethrum roseum] BR65
              |--C. segetum PT98
              `--C. × superbum H93

Anthemideae incertae sedis:
  Ursinia M79
    |--U. anthemoides OS04
    `--U. frutescens CV06
  Artemisia M79
  Anacyclus M79
    |--A. clavatus S86
    |--A. homogamos S86
    |--A. latealatus S86
    |--A. linearilobus S86
    |--A. maroccanus S86
    |--A. monanthus S86
    |--A. nigellifolius S86
    |--A. pyrethrum S86
    `--A. radiatus S86
  Athanasia M79
  Eriocephalus M79
    |--E. dinteri CV06
    |--E. giessii CV06
    |--E. kingesii CV06
    |--E. klinghardtensis CV06
    `--E. pinnatus CV06
  Tripleurospermum M79
  Sphaeromeria M79
    |--S. cana [=Tanacetum canum] H93
    `--S. potentilloides [=Tanacetum potentilloides] H93
         |--S. p. var. potentilloides H93
         `--S. p. var. nitrophila H93
  Abrotanella Cass. 1825 A61
    |--A. caespitosa Petrie ex Kirk 1892 A61
    |--A. christenseni Petrie 1915 (n. d.) A61
    |--A. filiformis Petrie 1915 A61
    |--A. inconspicua Hooker 1864 A61
    |--A. linearis Bergg. 1877 [incl. A. linearis var. apiculata Simpson & Thomson 1943] A61
    |--A. muscosa Kirk 1892 A61
    |--A. pusilla Hooker 1864 [=Trineuron pusillum Hooker 1853] A61
    |--A. rosulata Hooker 1864 [=Ceratella rosulata Hooker 1844] A61
    `--A. spathulata Hooker 1864 [=Trineuron spathulatum Hooker 1844] A61
  Plagiocheilus S06
  Echetrosis S06
  Leptinella HFR93

Achillea millefolium [incl. A. lanulosa ssp. alpicola, A. millefolium var. alpicola. A. borealis ssp. arenicola, A. millefolium var. arenicola, A. millefolium var. borealis, A. borealis ssp. californica, A. millefolium var. californica, A. millefolium var. gigantea, A. millefolium var. lanulosa, A. millefolium var. littoralis, A. millefolium var. pacifica, A. millefolium var. puberula] H93

Centipeda minima (Linnaeus) Brown & Ascherson 1867 [=Artemisia minima Linnaeus 1753; incl. Cotula minuta Forster 1786, Myriogyne minuta (Forster) Lessing 1831, Centipeda orbicularis Loureiro 1790] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[BO08] Bönsel, D., I. Ottich, A. Malten & G. Zizka. 2008. An updated list of the vascular plants of Frankfurt am Main (Pteridophyta & Spermatophyta). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 111–121.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[HFR93] Hickey, M. J., T. R. O. Field & W. Rumball. 1993. Evaluation of native New Zealand cotula (Leptinella dioica Hook. f.) lines for lawn bowling greens. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 7: 793–797.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M79] McArthur, E. D. 1979. Sagebrush systematics and evolution. In: The Sagebrush Ecosystem: A Symposium pp. 14–22. Utah State University: Logan.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19–28.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[S86] Sneath, P. H. A. 1986. Estimating uncertainty in evolutionary trees from Manhattan-distance triads. Systematic Zoology 35 (4): 470–488.

[S06] Stuckert, T. 1906. Distribución geográfica de la flora Argentina. Géneros de la familia de las compuestas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 303–309.

[TG88] Tepfer, D., A. Goldmann, N. Pamboukdjian, M. Maille, A. Lepingle, D. Chevalier, J. Dénarié & C. Rosenberg. 1988. A plasmid of Rhizobium meliloti 41 encodes catabolism of two compounds from root exudate of Calystegium sepium. Journal of Bacteriology 170 (3): 1153–1161.

Last updated: 18 January 2019.

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