Solanoideae

Kangaroo apple Solanum laciniatum, from here.


Belongs within: Solanales.

The Solanoideae is a clade within the Solanaceae characterised by the production of fleshy fruits with flattened seeds containing curved embryos (Olmstead et al. 2008). The derived succulent genus Nolana, sometimes recognised as a separate family from Solanaceae, is shown by molecular analysis to be positioned within the Solanoideae. Members of this genus are native to coastal deserts of western South America. The genus Solanum includes a number of economically significant species, most prominently the potato S. tuberosum, tomato S. lycopersicum and eggplant S. melongena. Conversely, other Solanum species such as the Jerusalem cherry S. pseudo-capsicum and apple of Sodom S. sodomaeum are highly toxic. The black nightshade S. nigrum appears to have both toxic and edible varieties.

<==Solanoideae
    |--Nolana [Nolanaceae] T00
    |    `--N. paradoxa T00
    `--Solanum Linnaeus 1753 A61
         |--S. albicaule PP07
         |--S. americanum ACW01
         |--S. antillarum J87
         |--S. aviculare Forster 1786 A61
         |    |--S. a. var. aviculare A61
         |    `--S. a. var. albiflorum Cheeseman 1920 [=S. aviculare var. albiflora] A61
         |--S. capsicastrum TG88
         |--S. capsicoides J87
         |--S. carolinense KS98
         |--S. chenopodinum BR65
         |--S. cinereum BR65
         |--S. cleistogamum G04
         |--S. coactiliferum BR65
         |--S. crotonoides J87
         |--S. cyrtopodium HH03
         |--S. damarense CV06
         |--S. dinteri CV06
         |--S. douglasii ACW01
         |--S. dulcamara C55
         |--S. eleagnifolium BR65
         |--S. ellipticum [incl. S. ellipticum var. mollibaccalis Black 1928] BR65
         |--S. eremophilum BR65
         |--S. erianthum J87
         |--S. esculentum C55
         |--S. esuriale BR65
         |--S. ferocissimum BR65
         |--S. ferox BB07
         |--S. formonense J87
         |--S. furcatum D03
         |--S. furfuraceum M65
         |--S. giganteum BR65
         |--S. gracile A61
         |--S. gradiflorum K06
         |--S. hesperium KM08
         |--S. hoplopetalum Bitter & Summerhayes 1926 BR65
         |--S. hotteanum J87
         |--S. hystrix BR65
         |--S. incanum PP07
         |--S. indicum B88
         |--S. laciniatum Ait. 1789 A61
         |--S. lacunarium BR65
         |--S. lasiophyllum KM08
         |--S. luteum [incl. S. alatum] H91
         |--S. lycioides HH03
         |--S. lycocarpum D84
         |--S. lycopersicum D37
         |--S. marginatum BR65
         |--S. mauritianum Z02
         |--S. melongena B88
         |--S. nemophilum Mueller 1861 [incl. S. centrale Black 1934] BR65
         |--S. nigrescens J87
         |--S. nigrum [incl. S. opacum] BR65
         |--S. nodiflorum Jacquin 1787-1795 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |--S. oldfieldii BR65
         |    |--S. o. var. oldfieldii BR65
         |    `--S. o. var. plicatile BR65
         |--S. oligacanthum BR65
         |--S. orbiculatum BR65
         |--S. persicum C55
         |--S. petrophilum BR65
         |--S. pseudo-capsicum C55
         |--S. quadriloculatum [incl. S. ellipticum var. duribaccalis Black 1928] BR65
         |--S. rigescentoides CV06
         |--S. rostratum Dunal 1813 [incl. S. heterandrum Pursh 1814] BR65
         |--S. salviifolium K06
         |--S. seaforthianum H06
         |--S. simile BR65
         |    |--S. s. var. simile BR65
         |    `--S. s. var. capsiciforme Domin 1913 [incl. S. fasciculatum, S. simile var. fasciculatum] BR65
         |--S. sinaicum AGF98
         |--S. sisymbrifolium H06
         |--S. sodomaeum BR65
         |    |--S. s. var. sodomaeum BR65
         |    `--S. s. var. hermannii BR65
         |--S. sturtianum BR65
         |--S. subinerme MM96
         |--S. symonii RL05
         |--S. triflorum BR65
         |--S. tuamotuense SJP60
         |--S. tuberosum BR65
         |    |--S. t. ssp. tuberosum A02
         |    `--S. t. ssp. andigena A02
         |--S. turvom K03
         |--S. umbellatum J87
         |--S. valdiviense HH03
         |--S. viarum D07
         |--S. villosum BR65
         |--S. virginianum PP07
         `--S. wendlandti G27

Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin 1787-1795 [incl. S. allanii Polgar 1940, S. (Morella) apopsilomenum Bitter in Fedde 1913, S. pachystylum Polgar 1940] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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