Solanoideae

Kangaroo apple Solanum laciniatum, from here.


Belongs within: Solanales.

The Solanoideae is a clade within the Solanaceae characterised by the production of fleshy fruits with flattened seeds containing curved embryos (Olmstead et al. 2008). The derived succulent genus Nolana, sometimes recognised as a separate family from Solanaceae, is shown by molecular analysis to be positioned within the Solanoideae. Members of this genus are native to coastal deserts of western South America. The genus Solanum includes a number of economically significant species, most prominently the potato S. tuberosum, tomato S. lycopersicum and eggplant S. melongena. Conversely, other Solanum species such as the Jerusalem cherry S. pseudo-capsicum and apple of Sodom S. sodomaeum are highly toxic. The black nightshade S. nigrum appears to have both toxic and edible varieties. Various species of Capsicum, bell peppers and chilis, are grown for their hot-flavoured fruit.

<==Solanoideae
    |--Nolana [Nolanaceae] T00
    |    `--N. paradoxa T00
    |--Capsicum M99
    |    |--C. annuum M99
    |    |--C. chinense OC09
    |    `--C. frutescens M99
    |--Lycopersicon M99
    |    |--L. esculentum BR65
    |    |--L. peruvianum A02
    |    `--L. pimpinellifolium RS98
    |--Datura M99
    |    |--D. arborea [=Brugmansia arborea] BR65
    |    |--D. discolor D51
    |    |--D. fastuosa BR65
    |    |--D. ferox H06
    |    |--D. inoxia [incl. D. meteloides] H93
    |    |--D. leichhardtii M99
    |    |--D. metel BR65
    |    |--D. quercifolia D51
    |    |--D. stramonium [incl. D. stramonium var. tatula] H93
    |    |--D. suaveolens J87
    |    `--D. wrightii H93
    |--Physalis M99
    |    |--P. acutifolia [incl. P. wrightii] H93
    |    |--P. alkekengi BR65
    |    |--P. angulata C55
    |    |--P. crassifolia [incl. P. crassifolia var. versicolor, P. greenei] H93
    |    |--P. floridana K-WK92
    |    |--P. hederifolia H93
    |    |    |--P. h. var. hederifolia H93
    |    |    |--P. h. var. fendleri [incl. P. hederifolia var. fendleri] H93
    |    |    `--P. h. var. palmeri H93
    |    |--P. lancifolia [=P. angulata var. lancifolia] H93
    |    |--P. lobata H93
    |    |--P. longifolia H93
    |    |--P. minima P88
    |    |--P. peruviana BR65
    |    |--P. philadelphica [incl. P. ixocarpa] H93
    |    |--P. pubescens H93
    |    |    |--P. p. var. pubescens H93
    |    |    |--P. p. var. grisea [incl. P. pruinosa] H93
    |    |    `--P. p. var. integrifolia H93
    |    |--P. virginiana M99
    |    `--P. viscosa [incl. P. viscosa var. cinerascens, P. mollis] H93
    `--Solanum Linnaeus 1753 A61
         |--S. albicaule PP07
         |--S. americanum ACW01 (see below for synonymy)
         |--S. amygdalifolium OB11
         |--S. antillarum J87
         |--S. auriculatum C06
         |--S. auritulum G76
         |--S. aviculare Forster 1786 A61
         |    |--S. a. var. aviculare A61
         |    `--S. a. var. albiflorum Cheeseman 1920 [=S. aviculare var. albiflora] A61
         |--S. beaugleholei LK14
         |--S. capsicastrum TG88
         |--S. capsicoides J87
         |--S. carolinense KS98
         |--S. cataphractum LK14
         |--S. chenopodinum BR65
         |--S. cinereum BR65
         |--S. cleistogamum G04
         |--S. coactiliferum BR65
         |--S. crotonoides J87
         |--S. cyrtopodium HH03
         |--S. damarense CV06
         |--S. dimidiatum [incl. S. torreyi] H93
         |--S. dinteri CV06
         |--S. dioicum M99
         |--S. douglasii ACW01
         |--S. dulcamara C55
         |--S. echinatum VT13
         |--S. elaeagnifolium H93
         |--S. ellipticum [incl. S. ellipticum var. mollibaccalis Black 1928] BR65
         |--S. eremophilum BR65
         |--S. erianthum J87
         |--S. esculentum C55
         |--S. esuriale BR65
         |--S. ferocissimum BR65
         |--S. ferox BB07
         |--S. formonense J87
         |--S. furcatum D03
         |--S. furfuraceum M65
         |--S. giganteum BR65
         |--S. gracile A61
         |--S. gradiflorum K06
         |--S. granuloso-leprosum OB11
         |--S. hesperium KM08
         |--S. heteropodium LK14
         |--S. hispidum G76
         |--S. hoplopetalum Bitter & Summerhayes 1926 BR65
         |--S. hotteanum J87
         |--S. hystrix BR65
         |--S. indicum B88
         |--S. laciniatum Ait. 1789 A61
         |--S. lacunarium BR65
         |--S. lanceolatum H93
         |--S. lasiophyllum KM08
         |--S. leopoldense LK14
         |--S. lucani LK14
         |--S. luteum [incl. S. alatum] H91
         |--S. lycioides HH03
         |--S. lycocarpum D84
         |--S. lycopersicum D37
         |--S. malacoxylon F11
         |--S. marginatum BR65
         |--S. mauritianum Z02
         |--S. melongena B88
         |--S. nemophilum Mueller 1861 [incl. S. centrale Black 1934] BR65
         |--S. nigrescens J87
         |--S. nigrum [incl. S. opacum] BR65
         |--S. oedipus LK14
         |--S. oldfieldii BR65
         |    |--S. o. var. oldfieldii BR65
         |    `--S. o. var. plicatile BR65
         |--S. oligacanthum BR65
         |--S. orbiculatum BR65
         |--S. parishii H93
         |--S. parvifolium Ca08
         |--S. persicum C55
         |--S. petraeum LK14
         |--S. petrophilum BR65
         |--S. pseudo-capsicum C55
         |--S. quadriloculatum [incl. S. ellipticum var. duribaccalis Black 1928] BR65
         |--S. rigescentoides CV06
         |--S. rostratum Dunal 1813 [incl. S. heterandrum Pursh 1814] BR65
         |--S. salviifolium K06
         |--S. sarrachoides H93
         |--S. seaforthianum H06
         |--S. simile BR65
         |    |--S. s. var. simile BR65
         |    `--S. s. var. capsiciforme Domin 1913 [incl. S. fasciculatum, S. simile var. fasciculatum] BR65
         |--S. sinaicum AGF98
         |--S. sisymbriifolium B14
         |--S. sodomaeum BR65
         |    |--S. s. var. sodomaeum BR65
         |    `--S. s. var. hermannii BR65
         |--S. sturtianum BR65
         |--S. subinerme MM96
         |--S. symonii RL05
         |--S. triflorum BR65
         |--S. tuamotuense St. John 1959 SJP60
         |--S. tuberosum BR65
         |    |--S. t. ssp. tuberosum A02
         |    `--S. t. ssp. andigena A02
         |--S. tudununggae LK14
         |--S. turvom K03
         |--S. umbellatum J87
         |--S. umbelliferum [incl. S. umbelliferum var. glabrescens, S. umbelliferum var. incanum] H93
         |--S. valdiviense HH03
         |--S. vansittartense LK14
         |--S. verbascifolium BTA75
         |--S. viarum D07
         |--S. villosum BR65
         |--S. violaefolium RA07
         |--S. virginianum PP07
         |--S. wallacei [incl. S. wallacei var. clokeyi] H93
         |--S. wendlandti G27
         |--S. xanthocarpum Ch08
         `--S. xanti (see below for synonymy) H93

Solanum americanum ACW01 [incl. S. allanii Polgar 1940 A61, S. (Morella) apopsilomenum Bitter in Fedde 1913 A61, Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin 1787-1795 H93, A61, S. pachystylum Polgar 1940 A61]

Solanum xanti [incl. S. xanti var. hoffmannii, S. xanti var. intermedium, S. xanti var. montanum, S. xanti var. obispoense, S. tenuilobatum] H93

*Type species of generic name indicated

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Last updated: 25 November 2018.

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