Tachyrhynchus reticulatus, copyright Anders Warén.

Belongs within: Cerithioidea.
Contains: Turritella, Zeacolpus.

The Turritellidae are a group of high-spired marine gastropods. Fossils have been assigned to the Turritellidae going back as far as the Lower Devonian (Knight et al. 1960). Members of the subfamily Vermiculariinae are sessile with coiling becoming loose or disjointed in later whorls.

Characters (from Knight et al. 1960): High-spired, with 8 to 20 or more whorls, spiral ornament commonly conspicuous; shallow labral sinus usually culminating at or above mid-whorl with upper limb extending farther adaperturally than lower; siphonal notch or canal wanting.

<==Turritellidae [Turritellacea, Turritellae, Turritellea]
    |--Orectospira Dall 1925 [Orectospiridae, Orectospirinae] BR05
    |--Pareora Marwick 1931 [Pareoridae, Pareorinae] BR05
    |--Protoma Baird 1870 [Protominae] BR05
    |--Vermiculariinae [Vermiculariidae] BR05
    |    |--‘Pseudomesalia’ Douvillé 1916 non Ganglbauer 1900 [Pseudomesaliidae] BR05
    |    `--Vermicularia Lamarck 1799 BR05
    |         |--V. eburnea Reeve 1842 O27
    |         |--V. frisbeyae McLean 1970 PP78
    |         |--V. hedleyi Finlay 1927 [=V. nodosa Hedley 1907 non Kaunhowen 1897] F27b
    |         |--V. knorri (Deshayes 1843) HC79
    |         |--V. maxima (Sowerby 1825) [=Serpula maxima] H09
    |         |--V. novaehollandiae H09
    |         |--V. ophioides Marshall & Murdoch 1921 F27a
    |         |--‘Siphonium’ planatum Suter 1913 F27a
    |         `--V. quoyi (Adams & Adams 1854) [=Cladopoda quoyi] H09
    `--Turritellinae BR05
         |--Turritella MG-H11
         |--Zaria Gray 1842 [Zariinae] BR05
         |--Zeacolpus BR05
         |--Archimediella Sacco 1895 [Archimediellidae, Archimedielloidea] BR05
         |    `--A. dirkhartogensis Garrard 1972 MG-H11
         `--Tachyrhynchus Mörch 1868 [Tachyrhynchiinae, Tachyrhynchinae] BR05
              |--*T. acicula [=Turritella acicula] O27
              |--T. erosus Couthouy 1838 O27
              |    |--T. e. erosus O27
              |    `--T. e. major Dall 1919 O27
              |--T. lacteolus (Carpenter 1865) [=Masalia lacteola] O27
              |    |--T. l. lacteolus O27
              |    `--T. l. subplanatus Carpenter 1865 [=Mesalia lacteola subplanata] O27
              |--T. pratomus Dall 1919 O27
              |--T. reticulatus Mighels 1842 O27
              `--T. stearnsii Dall 1919 O27

Turritellidae incertae sedis:
  Glyptozaria Iredale 1924 F27a
    `--*G. opulenta [=Turritella opulenta] F27a
  Platycolpus Donald 1900 F27a
    |--*P. quadratus [=Turritella quadrata, Colpospira (*Platycolpus) quadrata] F27a
    `--P. guillaumei [=Colpospira guillaumei] F27a
  Maoricolpus Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*M. roseus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. r. roseus P61
    |    `--M. r. manukauensis Powell 1931 P61
    |--M. cavershamensis (Harris 1897) F27a (see below for synonymy)
    |--M. finlayi Powell 1940 P61
    `--M. murrayanus [=Turritella murrayana] F27a
  Colpospira Donald 1900 F27a
    |--*C. runcinata [=Turritella runcinata; incl. T. accisa] F27a
    |--C. cordismei [=Turritella cordismei] F27a
    |--C. platyspira (Tenison-Woods 1878) F27a, F71 [=Turritella platyspira F27a]
    `--C. sinuata [=Turritella sinuata] F27a
  Gazameda Iredale 1924 F27a
    |--*G. gunnii [=Turritella gunnii] F27a
    |--G. acricula [=Turritella acricula] F27a
    |--G. iredalei Finlay 1927 [=Turritella clathrata Kiener 1843 non Deshayes 1833] F27b
    `--G. tasmanica [=Turritella tasmanica; incl. T. subsquamosa] F27a
  Ctenocolpus Iredale 1925 F27a
    |--*C. australis [=Turritella australis] F27a
    |    |--C. a. australis F27a
    |    `--C. a. diffidens Iredale 1925 F27a
    |--C. pagodula [=Turritella pagodula] F27a
    `--C. warburtoni [=Turritella warburtoni] F27a
  Spirocolpus Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*S. waihaoensis (Marwick 1924) [=Turritella waihaoensis] F27a
    |--S. aldingae (Tate 1882) DK08 [=Turritella aldingae F27a]
    |--S. conspicabilis (Tate 1924) [=Turritella conspicabilis] F27a
    |--S. rudis (Marshall 1919) [=Turritella rudis] F27a
    |--S. tophina (Marwick 1926) [=Turritella tophina] F27a
    `--S. tristira (Tate 1924) [=Turritella tristira] F27a
  Callispira Nelson 1947 KC60
    `--*C. quinquecostata Nelson 1947 KC60

Maoricolpus cavershamensis (Harris 1897) F27a [=Turritella cavershamensis F27a, T. gigantea Hutton 1873 (preoc.) F27b]

*Maoricolpus roseus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) P61 [=Turritella rosea F27a; incl. T. difficilis Suter 1908 nec d’Orbigny 1842 nec Zekeli 1852 F27b]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HC79] Huff, J. A., & S. P. Cobb. 1979. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 5 (4): 1–101.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I169–I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

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