Parvanachis obesa, copyright Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.

Belongs within: Buccinoidea.
Contains: Liratilia, Zemitrella, Columbella, Pyrene, Costoanachis, Anachis, Mitrella, Amphissa, Aesopus, Astyris, Strombina.

The Columbellidae, dove shells, are a group of small to medium-sized, active marine gastropods including both carnivorous and herbivorous species. The family is divided between two subfamilies: Pyreninae tend to have narrow fusiform shells, and have a radula with sigmoid lateral teeth and a narrow median tooth, whereas Columbellinae tend to have coniform or strombiform shells, and have a radula with broad and flat lateral teeth and a broader median tooth (Radwin 1977).

Within the Pyreninae, Parvanachis is a genus of small dove shells with a very squat shell ornamented with strong axial ribs (Radwin 1977). Conella species have medium-sized biconic shells that are smooth or bear microscopic spiral striae (Radwin 1978).

Characters (from Seashells of NSW): Siphonal canal very short, often little more than a gap at anterior end of aperture. Top of outer lip with sinus present, usually shallow; denticles usually present inside outer lip, occasionally just a single indistinct bulge. Inner (columellar) lip without plaits, weak denticles often present, aligned on an axial ridge just inside edge of callus.

<==Columbellidae [Atypoglossa, Columbelloidea, Pyrenidae, Pyrenoidea]
    |--Columbellinae R78
    |    |--Columbella R78
    |    `--Zafrona R78
    |         |--Z. isomella (Duclos 1840) BD12
    |         `--Z. pulchella (Blainville 1829) (see below for synonymy) BC01
    `--Pyreninae [Atiliidae, Atiliinae, Atilinae] R78
         |--Pyrene R78
         |--Costoanachis R78
         |--Anachis R78
         |--Mitrella R78
         |--Amphissa R78
         |--Aesopus R78
         |--Parametaria dupontii (Kiener 1849–1850) R78, PP78
         |--Astyris R78
         |--Eurypyrene Woodring 1928 R78
         |--Strombina R78
         |--Atilia Adams & Adams 1853 R78
         |    `--*A. suffusa (Sowerby 1844) [=Columbella suffusa] BR17
         |--Decipifus Olsson & McGinty 1958 R78
         |    `--*D. sixaolus Olsson & McGinty 1958 [incl. Buccinum pulchellum Adams 1851 non Blainville 1829] R78
         |--Mazatlania Dall 1900 [=Euryta Adams & Adams 1853 non Gistel 1848] R78
         |    |--*M. aciculata (Lamarck 1822) R78 (see below for synonymy)
         |    `--M. fulgurata (Philippi 1846) R78 (see below for synonymy)
         |--Columbellopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg in Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus 1882 R78
         |    |--*C. minor (Scacchi 1836) [=Columbella minor, Atilia minor, Mitrella minor] R78
         |    |--C. edmondi (Briart & Cornet 1870) [=Mitrella (Columbellopsis) edmondi] TTE93
         |    `--C. nycteis (Duclos in Chenu 1846) (see below for synonymy) R78
         |--Steironepion Pilsbry & Lowe 1932 [incl. Psarostola Rehder 1943] R77
         |    |--S. tincta (Carpenter 1864) (see below for synonymy) R77
         |    |--S. minor (Adams 1845) (see below for synonymy) R77
         |    `--S. monilifera (Sowerby 1844) (see below for synonymy) R77
         |--Suturoglypta Radwin 1968 R78
         |    |--*S. pretri (Duclos in Chenu 1846) (see below for synonymy) R78
         |    |--S. albella (Adams 1850) [=Pleurotoma albella] R78
         |    `--S. iontha (Ravenel 1861) [=Columbella iontha; incl. Anachis acuta Stearns 1873] R78
         |--Cosmioconcha Dall 1913 R78
         |    |--*C. modesta (Powys 1835) R78 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--C. calliglypta (Dall & Simpson 1901) [=Anachis calliglypta] R78
         |    `--C. nitens (Adams 1850) (see below for synonymy) R78
         |--Metulella Gabb 1873 R77
         |    |--*M. fusiformis Gabb 1873 R77
         |    |--M. columbellata Dall 1889 [=M. (Nassarina) columbellata] R77
         |    |--M. venusta R77
         |    `--M. williamgabbi R77
         |--Zanassarina Pilsbry & Lowe 1932 R77
         |    |--*Z. poecila R77
         |    |--Z. albipes R77
         |    |--Z. atella R77
         |    `--Z. xeno R77
         |--Nassarina Dall 1889 R77
         |    |  i. s.: N. rietae Segers & Swinnen 2004 F05
         |    |--N. (Nassarina) R77
         |    |    |--*N. (N.) bushii (Dall 1889) [=Nassaria (*N.) bushii] R77
         |    |    |--N. (N.) glypta (Bush 1885) (see below for synonymy) R77
         |    |    `--N. (N.) metabrunnea Dall & Simpson 1901 R77
         |    `--N. (Cigclirina) helenae Keen 1971 BC01
         |--Conella Swainson 1840 [=Cionella (l. c.) non Jeffreys 1830] R78
         |    |--C. ovulata (Lamarck 1822) [=Columbella ovulata, Pyrene ovulata, *Conella picata Swainson 1840] R78
         |    |--C. cedonulli [=Meta cedonulli] C64
         |    |--C. coniformis [=Meta coniformis] C64
         |    |--‘Meta’ dupontiae C64
         |    |--C. ledaluciae (Rios & Tostes 1981) [=Pyrene (Conella) ledaluciae] BC01
         |    |--C. ovuloides (Adams 1850) (see below for synonymy) R78
         |    `--C. perplexabilis (Maury 1917) [=Meta perplexabilis] R78
         `--Parvanachis Radwin 1968 R77
              |--*P. obesa (Adams 1845) (see below for synonymy) R77
              |--P. decorata (Strebel 1905) R78
              |    |--P. d. decorata R78
              |    `--P. d. inornata R78
              |--P. isabellei (Orbigny 1839) (see below for synonymy) R77
              |--P. melvillei (Strebel 1905) R78 [=Columbella (Seminella) melvillei R77]
              |--P. ostreicola (Sowerby 1882) [=Columbella (Anachis) ostreicola, Anachis obesa ostreicola] R77
              |--P. paessleri (Strebel 1905) R78
              `--P. rhodae (Radwin 1968) [=Anachis (Parvanachis) rhodae] R77

Columbellidae incertae sedis:
  *Retizafra gemmulifera (Hedley 1907) F27, H09 [=Pyrene gemmulifera F27]
  Exomilopsis Powell 1964 P66
    `--E. spica (Hedley 1907) P66 [=Mangelia spica L54, Exomilus spica P66]
  Liratilia P61
  Macrozafra Finlay 1927 P61
    |--*M. subabnormis (Suter 1899) [=Clathurella subabnormis] P61
    |    |--M. s. subabnormis P61
    |    `--M. s. saxatilis (Murdoch 1905) P61 [=Columbella saxatilis F27]
    |--M. calva [=Pyrene calva] F27
    |--M. cophinodes (Suter 1908) P61
    |--M. enwrighti Powell 1940 P61
    |--M. mariae Powell 1940 P61
    `--M. nodicincta (Suter 1899) P61 [=Clathurella nodicincta F27]
  Antizafra Finlay 1927 P61
    |--*A. pisaniopsis [=Columbella pisaniopsis] P61
    |--A. cancellaria [=Columbella cancellaria] F27
    |--A. plexa [=Columbella plexa] F27
    |--A. speighti [=Anachis speighti] F27
    `--A. vivens Powell 1934 P61
  Paxula Finlay 1927 P61
    |--*P. paxillus (Murdoch 1905) [=Columbella paxillus] P61
    |--P. allani Finlay 1928 P61
    |--P. leptalea (Suter 1908) P61 [=Mitrella leptalea F27]
    |--P. murdochi Finlay 1927 P61
    |--P. sorenseni Powell 1955 P61
    |--P. subantarctica (Suter 1908) P61 [=Mitrella subantarctica F27]
    `--P. transitans (Murdoch 1905) P61 [=Columbella transitans F27]
  Zemitrella P61
  Euplica BD12
    |--E. deshayesii (Crosse 1859) BW09
    |--E. festiva (Deshayes 1834) BD12
    |--E. ionida (Duclos 1840) BD12
    |--E. scripta ZLK11
    |--E. turturina (Lamarck 1822) BW09
    `--E. varians (Sowerby 1832) BD12 [incl. Pyrene (Columbella) nodulosa Usticke 1959 BC01]
  Pardalina testudinaria (Link 1807) BW09
  Nitidella Swainson 1840 O27
    |--*N. nitida [=Columbella nitida] O27
    |--N. densilineata C64
    |--N. gouldi Carpenter 1856 O27
    |--N. luculenta Dall 1919 O27
    `--N. millepunctata C64
  Cotonopsis Olsson 1942 BC01
    |  i. s.: C. monfilsi Emerson 1993 BC01
    |         C. phuketensis (Kosuge, Roussy & Muangman 1998) (see below for synonymy) BC01
    |--C. (Cotonopsis) BC01
    |    |--C. (C.) deroyae (Emerson & D’Attilio 1969) [=Strombina (C.) deroyae] BC01
    |    |--C. (C.) mendozana (Shasky 1970) [=Strombina (C.) mendozana] BC01
    |    |--C. (C.) skoglundae Jung 1989 BC01
    |    `--C. (C.) suteri Jung 1989 BC01
    `--C. (Turrina) turrita [incl. Strombina elegans Li 1930] BC01
  Ruthia Shasky 1970 BC01
    `--*R. mazatlanica Shasky 1970 BC01
  Turrijaumelia BK11
  Zetekia Dall 1918 BK11, P66
    |--Z. gemmulosa (Adams 1852) [=Pleurotoma gemmulosa; incl. *Z. denticulata Dall 1918] P66
    `--Z. curta Dall 1920 P66
  Zafra BD12
    |--Z. mitriformis Adams 1860 P01
    |--Z. selasphora (Melville & Standen 1901) BD12
    |--Z. subvitrea (Smith 1879) P01
    |--Z. validicosta (Habe 1960) P01
    `--Z. zonata (Gould 1860) P01
  Pseudamycla formosa ZLK11
  Antimitrella Powell 1937 P61
    `--*A. laxa Powell 1937 P61
  Aoteatilia Powell 1939 P61
    |--*A. substriata (Suter 1899) [=Daphnella substriata] P61
    |--A. acicula (Suter 1908) P61
    |--A. amphipsila (Suter 1908) P61
    |--A. larochei Powell 1940 P61
    |--A. psila (Suter 1908) P61
    `--A. tenuistriata (Suter 1908) P61
  Seminella varia [=Cythara varia] H22

Columbellopsis nycteis (Duclos in Chenu 1846) [=Colombella nycteis; incl. Columbella belizana Duclos in Chenu 1848, Columbella fenestrata Adams 1850, Anachis (Alia) fenestrata, Mitrella (Columbellopsis) fenestrata, Colombella fusiformis d’Orbigny in Sagra 1842 non Anton 1839, Colo. plutonida Duclos in Chenu 1846] R78

Conella ovuloides (Adams 1850) [=Columbella ovuloides, Col. (Conoidea) ovuloides, Meta ovuloides, Pyrene ovuloides] R78

*Cosmioconcha modesta (Powys 1835) R78 [=Buccinum modestum R78, Amphissa (Cosmioconcha) modesta BC01; incl. Strombina laevistriata Li 1930 BC01]

Cosmioconcha nitens (Adams 1850) [=Fusus nitens; incl. Columbella (Astyris) perpicta Dall & Simpson 1901, Mitrella perpicata (l. c.)] R78

Cotonopsis phuketensis (Kosuge, Roussy & Muangman 1998) [=Strombina phuketensis; incl. C. wanwalleghemi Kronenberg & Dekker 1998] BC01

*Mazatlania aciculata (Lamarck 1822) R78 [=Buccinum aciculatum R78, Euryta aciculata C64; incl. Terebra consentini Philippi 1826 R78, Mazatlania hesperia Pilsbry & Lowe 1932 R78, T. nodosoplicata Dunker 1853 R78]

Mazatlania fulgurata (Philippi 1846) R78 [=Terebra fulgurata R78, Euryta fulgurata C64; incl. T. arguta Gould 1853 R78, Aesopus goforthi Dall 1912 R78]

Nassarina (Nassarina) glypta (Bush 1885) [=Mangelia glypta, Nassaria (N.) glypta; incl. Nassarina dalli Olsson & Harbison 1953, Columbella (Atilia) mystica Dall 1927] R77

Parvanachis isabellei (Orbigny 1839) [=Buccinum isabellei, Anachis isabellei, Columbella isabellei, Nassa isebellei; incl. Anachis (Parvanachis) radwini Altena 1975] R77

*Parvanachis obesa (Adams 1845) [=Buccinum obesum, Anachis obesa, Costoanachis obesa; incl. Buccinum concinnum Adams 1845 non Dillwyn 1817, Columbella costulata Adams 1850 non Cantraine 1835, Col. crassilabris Reeve 1859, Col. decipiens Adams 1850, Col. ornata Ravenel 1859, Col. pygmaea Adams 1850] R77

Steironepion minor (Adams 1845) [=Pleurotoma minor; incl. Colombella monilifera Duclos in Chenu 1846 non Columbella monilifera Sowerby 1844] R77

Steironepion monilifera (Sowerby 1844) [=Columbella monilifera; incl. Pleurotoma fuscolineata Adams 1845, Psarostola monilifera sparsipunctata Rehder 1943, Steironepion monilifera sparsipunctata, Columbella telea Duclos in Chenu 1848] R77

Steironepion tincta (Carpenter 1864) R77 [=Anachis tincta R77, Nassarina (Steironepion) tincta PP78; incl. Mangelia melanosticta Pilsbry & Lowe 1932 R77, *Steironepion melanosticta R77]

*Suturoglypta pretri (Duclos in Chenu 1846) [=Colombella pretrii, Columbella pretrei; incl. Columbella mangelioides Reeve 1859, Anachis samanensis Dall 1889] R78

Zafrona pulchella (Blainville 1829) [incl. Anachis multicostata Usticke 1969, A. subcostulata var. subcincta Usticke 1969] BC01

*Type species of generic name indicated


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[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

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Last updated: 27 September 2021.

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