Siphonaria sipho, copyright G. & Ph. Poppe.

Belongs within: Heterobranchia.

The Siphonarioidea are a group of gastropods uniting the living Siphonariidae with the tentatively assigned fossil Acroreia. The Siphonariidae, false limpets, are a group of air-breathing limpet-like gastropods found in marine and brackish waters. A lateral pneumostome is present, its position marked by an inner groove on the shell and an interruption in the ring of muscle scars. Acroreia is a genus of smooth, thin-shelled limpets known from the Cretaceous and early Tertiary.

See also: Air-breathing limpets.

<==Siphonarioidea [Divasibranchia, Siphonariacea, Siphonariida, Siphonarimorpha]
    |--Acroreia Cossmann 1885 [=Acroria Cossmann 1889; Acroreiidae, Acroriidae] BR05
    |    |--*A. baylei (Cossmann 1882) [=Nacella baylei] BR17
    |    `--A. (Vasculum) obliqua (Cossmann 1885) TTE93
    `--Siphonariidae [Siphonariadae] BR05
         |--Pachysiphonaria C96
         |--Siphonacmea Habe 1958 [Siphonacmaeidae, Siphonacmeidae] BR05
         |    `--*S. oblongata (Yokoyama 1926) [=Acmaea oblongata] BR17
         |--Liriola Dall 1870 [Liriolidae, Liriolinae] BR05
         |    `--*L. thersites (Carpenter 1864) [=Siphonaria thersites] BR17
         |--Benhamina Finlay 1927 P61
         |    `--*B. obliquata (Sowerby 1825) P61 [=Siphonaria obliquata P61, Kerguelenia obliquata F27]
         |--Berlieria deLoriol 1903 TTE93, KC60
         |    `--*B. ledonica de Loriol 1903 KC60
         |--Williamia Monterosato 1884 O27
         |    |--W. peltoides Carpenter 1864 O27
         |    `--W. vernalis Dall 1870 O27
         |--Anisomyon Meek & Hayden 1860 [Anisomyonidae] BR05
         |    |--*A. borealis (Morton 1842) BR17 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--A. centrale Meek 1870 W77
         |    `--A. depressus Etheridge 1907 F71
         |--Kerguelenella Powell 1946 P61
         |    |--*K. redimiculum [=Siphonaria redimiculum] P61
         |    |--K. flemingi Powell 1955 P61
         |    |--K. lateralis P61
         |    |    |--K. l. lateralis P61
         |    |    `--K. l. macquariensis Powell 1939 P61
         |    `--K. stewartiana Powell 1939 P61
         `--Siphonaria Sowerby 1823 [Siphonariinae] BR05
              |  i. s.: S. aequilirata [=S. aequilorata; incl. S. leviuscula] C64
              |         S. algesirae Quoy & Gaimard 1833 TMT96
              |         S. amara C64
              |         S. atra Quoy & Gaimard 1833 H09
              |         S. capensis E96
              |         S. denticulata Quoy & Gaimard 1833 H09
              |         S. gigas [incl. S. gigas f. characteristica] EO64
              |         S. kurracheensis Reeve 1856 BD86
              |         S. lecanium [incl. S. ferruginea, S. lecanium var. maura, S. lecanium var. palmata] C64
              |         S. pectinata GO06
              |         S. pica C64
              |         S. propria HS01
              |         S. siquijorensis Reeve 1856 H09
              |         S. tristensis C64
              |         S. virgulata H15
              |--S. (Siphonaria) P61
              |    |--*S. (S.) sipho Sowerby 1823 BR17
              |    |--S. (S.) australis Quoy & Gaimard 1833 P61
              |    `--S. (S.) zelandica Quoy & Gaimard 1833 P61
              |--S. (‘Kerguelenia’ Rochebrune & Mabille 1889 non Stebbing 1888) O27
              |    |--S. (K.) brannani Stearns 1872 O27
              |    |--‘Kerguelenia’ innominata Iredale 1915 F27
              |    |--S. (K.) lateralis C64, F27
              |    `--‘Kerguelenia’ redimiculum F27
              `--S. (Simplisiphonaria Hubendick 1945) P61
                   `--S. (*S.) colliana Suter 1909 P61

*Anisomyon borealis (Morton 1842) BR17 [=Hipponix borealis BR17; incl. Helcion carinatus Meek & Hayden 1856 W77]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C96] Crame, J. A. 1996. Evolution of high-latitude molluscan faunas. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 119–131. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[E96] Eertman, R. H. M. 1996. Comparative study on gill morphology of gastropods from Moreton Bay, Queensland. Molluscan Research 17: 3–20.

[EO64] Emerson, W. K., & W. E. Old Jr. 1964. Additional records from Cocos Island. Nautilus 77 (3): 90–92.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GO06] Giribet, G., A. Okusu, A. R. Lindgren, S. W. Huff, M. Schrödl & M. K. Nishiguchi. 2006. Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (20): 7723–7728.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H15] Hedley, C. 1915. Presidential address. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (1): 1–77, pls 1–7.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I169–I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 1. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[TMT96] Tillier, S., M. Masselot & A. Tillier. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of the pulmonate gastropods from rRNA sequences, and tempo and age of the stylommatophoran radiation. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 267–284. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[TTE93] Tracey, S., J. A. Todd & D. H. Erwin. 1993. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 131–167. Chapman & Hall: London.

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

Last updated: 26 August 2021.

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