Siphonaria sipho, copyright G. & Ph. Poppe.

Belongs within: Pulmonata.

The Siphonarioidea are a group of gastropods uniting the living Siphonariidae with the tentatively assigned fossil Acroreia. The Siphonariidae, false limpets, are a group of air-breathing limpet-like gastropods found in marine and brackish waters. A lateral pneumostome is present, its position marked by an inner groove on the shell and an interruption in the ring of muscle scars.

<==Siphonarioidea [Divasibranchia, Siphonariacea]
    |--Acroreia Cossmann 1885 [=Acroria Cossmann 1889; Acroreiidae, Acroriidae] BR05
    |    `--A. baylei BR05
    `--Siphonariidae [Siphonariadae] BR05
         |--Siphonacmea Habe 1958 [Siphonacmeidae] BR05
         |--Liriola Dall 1870 [Liriolidae] BR05
         |    `--L. thersites (Carpenter 1864) [=Siphonaria (Liriola) thersites] O27
         |--Williamia Monterosato 1884 O27
         |    |--W. peltoides Carpenter 1864 O27
         |    `--W. vernalis Dall 1870 O27
         |--Anisomyon Meek & Hayden 1860 [Anisomyonidae] BR05
         |    |--A. borealis (Morton 1842) [=Hipponyx borealis; incl. Helcion carinatus Meek & Hayden 1856] W77
         |    |--A. centrale Meek 1870 W77
         |    `--A. depressus Etheridge 1907 F71
         `--Siphonaria Sowerby 1823 [Siphonariinae] BR05
              |  i. s.: S. algesirae GR98
              |         S. atra Quoy & Gaimard 1833 H09
              |         S. australis Q. & G. 1833 F27
              |         S. capensis E96
              |         S. denticulata Quoy & Gaimard 1833 H09
              |         S. kurracheensis Reeve 1856 BD86
              |         S. pectinata GO06
              |         S. propria HS01
              |         S. siquijorensis Reeve 1856 H09
              |         S. zelandica Q. & G. 1833 F27
              |--*S. (Siphonaria) sipho Sowerby 1828 O27
              `--S. (Kerguelenia Rochebrune & Mabille 1889) O27
                   |--S. (K.) brannani Stearns 1872 O27
                   |--‘Kerguelenia’ innominata Iredale 1915 F27
                   |--‘Kerguelenia’ lateralis F27
                   `--‘Kerguelenia’ redimiculum F27

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[E96] Eertman, R. H. M. 1996. Comparative study on gill morphology of gastropods from Moreton Bay, Queensland. Molluscan Research 17: 3–20.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GO06] Giribet, G., A. Okusu, A. R. Lindgren, S. W. Huff, M. Schrödl & M. K. Nishiguchi. 2006. Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (20): 7723–7728.

[GR98] Giribet, G., & C. Ribera. 1998. The position of arthropods in the animal kingdom: a search for a reliable outgroup for internal arthropod phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9: 481–488.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 211–221.

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