Trophon

Trophon geversianum, copyright Femorale.


Belongs within: Muricidae.

Trophon is a genus of marine gastropods found mostly in deepish boreal waters (Oldroyd 1927).

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell rather strong, fusiform, spire produced, whorls rough, with lamellar varices, their interstices often lirally sulcated; mouth produced below into narrow canal; no teeth or plaits on pillar lip. Operculum corneous, unguicular; nucleus terminal.

<==Trophon Montfort 1810 BR05 [incl. Muricidea Swainson 1840 RA75; Trophoninae]
    |  i. s.: T. crispus Borson 1820 F27b
    |         T. polyphyllia Tenison-Woods 1879 F71
    |         T. succinctus Tenison-Woods 1879 F71
    |--T. (Trophon) O27
    |    |--T. (T.) geversianum (Pallas 1774) F27a, RA75 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--T. (T.) clathratus O27
    |--T. (Acanthotrophon Hertlein & Strong 1951) RA75
    |    `--T. (*A.) sorensoni Hertlein & Strong 1951 RA75
    |--T. (Austrotrophon Dall 1902) O27, RA75
    |    |--T. (*A.) cerrosensis Dall 1891 RA75
    |    |--T. (A.) catalinensis Oldroyd 1927 O27
    |    `--T. (A.) triangulatus Carpenter 1864 O27
    |--T. (Trophonopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg 1882) O27, RA75 [=Chalmon de Gregorio 1885 RA75]
    |    |--T. (*T.) muricatus (Montagu 1803) [=Murex muricatus, T. (*Chalmon) muricatus] RA75
    |    |--T. (T.) apolyonis Dall 1919 O27
    |    |--T. (T.) kamchatkanus Dall 1902 O27
    |    |--T. (T.) lasius Dall 1919 O27
    |    |--T. (T.) tenuisculptus Carpenter 1866 O27
    |    |--T. (T.) tolomius Dall 1919 O27
    |    `--T. (T.) tripherus Dall 1902 O27
    `--T. (Zacatrophon Hertlein & Strong 1951) BC01
         `--T. (*Z.) beebei Hertlein & Strong 1951 [=Trophon (Boreotrophon) beebei] BC01

Trophon (Trophon) geversianum (Pallas 1774) F27a, RA75 [=Buccinum geversianus RA75; incl. *Trophon magellanicus Gmelin 1791 RA75, Murex magellanicus Lamarck 1816 RA75, *Muricidea magellanica RA75]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B. & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1-170.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320-485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488-533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1-167.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. II. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[RA75] Radwin, G. E. & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279-292.

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