Tulip snail Fasciolaria tulipa, copyright Amy Tripp.

Belongs within: Muricoidea.
Contains: Fusinus, Latirus.

The Fasciolariidae, band shells and spindle shells, are a group of carnivorous gastropods found in both tropical and temperate seas. They have a long anterior canal (sometimes extraordinarily so), and a large horny operculum that fills the aperture when retracted (Wilson & Gillett 1971). Members of the subfamilies Fasciolariinae and Fusininae tend to be larger than the smaller, hard-shelled members of the Peristerniinae. Members of the genus Fasciolaria are commonly known as 'tulip shells' in reference to their shell's overall shape.

<==Fasciolariidae [Fasciolariacea, Fasciolariadae, Fasciolariana, Fusacea, Fusinae, Fusinidae]
    |--Fusininae BR05
    |    |--‘Fusus’ Bruguière 1789 non Helbling 1779 BR05
    |    |--Cyrtulus Hinds 1843 [Cyrtulidae] BR05
    |    |--Fusinus BR05
    |    `--Streptochetus Cossmann 1889 [Streptochetinae] BR05
    |         `--S. incertus [=Fusus incertus] F27b
    |--Peristerniinae S88
    |    |--Latirus S88
    |    `--Peristernia Mörch 1852 BR05
    |         |--P. australiensis Reeve 1847 WG71
    |         |--P. fastigium (Reeve 1847) BW09
    |         |--P. incarnata Kiener 1840 BW09 [=Turbinella incarnata H09]
    |         |--P. lyrata (Reeve 1847) [=Turbinella lyrata] H09
    |         |--P. nassatula (Lamarck 1822) WG71
    |         |--P. ustulata (Reeve 1847) BW09
    |         `--P. wagneri (Anton 1839) [=Turbinella wagneri] H09
    `--Fasciolaria Lamarck 1799 [Fasciolariinae] BR05
         |--F. australasia M54
         |--F. filamentosa (Bolten 1798) [=Fusus filamentosus] H09
         |--F. fusiformis Philippi 1845 [=Cancellaria fusiformis non Cantraine 1835] PH90
         |--F. gigas D56
         |--F. hunteria (Perry 1811) IZ77
         |--F. ligata Mighels & Adams 1842 J49
         |--F. okeechobeensis Tucker & Wilson 1932 P89
         |--F. tenisoni Tenison-Woods 1879 F71
         |--F. trapezium C60
         `--F. tulipa C60

Fasciolariidae incertae sedis:
  Saginafusus Iredale 1931 WG71
    `--S. pricei Smith 1887 WG71
  Propefusus Iredale 1924 WG71
    |--P. pyrulatus Reeve 1847 WG71
    `--P. undulatus M54
  Latirolagena Harris 1897 WG71
    `--L. smaragdula (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
  Euthriofusus tangituensis Marwick 1926 F27a
  Kryptos Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896 P66
    `--*K. elegans Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896 [=Pleurotomella elegans] P66
  Michela Gardner 1945 P66
    `--*M. trabeatoides (Harris 1895) [=Levifusus trabeatoides] P66
  Ruscula Casey 1904 P66
    `--*R. plicata (Lea 1833) [=Fasciolaria plicata, Fusus plicata] P66
  Surculofusus Vincent 1895 P66
    `--*S. bruxellensis Vincent 1895 P66
  Priscofusus Conrad 1865 P66
    |--*P. geniculus (Conrad 1849) [=Fusus geniculus] P66
    `--P. medialis P66
  Surculites Conrad 1865 P66
    |--*S. annosa (Conrad 1865) [=Surcula (*Surculites) annosa] P66
    `--S. errans (Solander 1766) [=Strombus errans] P66
  Pleuroploca Fischer 1884 WG71
    |--P. australasia Perry 1811 WG71
    `--P. filamentosa (Röding 1798) BW09
  Dennantia Tate 1888 DK08
    `--D. aldingensis (Tate 1888) [=Peristernia aldingensis] DK08
  ‘Caveola’ bellsana Stephenson 1953 PH90
  ‘Caveola’ pinguis Stephenson 1953 PH90
  Leucozonia S88
    |--L. nasa (Gmelin 1791) S88
    |--L. ocellata (Gmelin 1791) [incl. L. ocellata var. lineata Usticke 1969] BC01
    `--L. smaragdula (Linnaeus 1758) [=Buccinum smaragdulum] H09
  Metzgeria Norman 1879 non Raddi 1818 (ICBN) O27
    |--*M. alba [=Meyeria alba] O27
    `--M. californica Dall 1903 O27
  Falsilatirus Emerson & Moffitt 1988 BC01
    `--*F. pacificus Emerson & Moffitt 1988 BC01
  Turrilatirus turritus (Gmelin 1791) PK11
  Pleia Finlay 1930 P61
    |--*P. decipiens [=Fasciolaria decipiens] P61
    `--P. cryptocarinata Dell 1956 P61
  Taron Hutton 1883 P61
    |--*T. dubius (Hutton 1878) [=Trophon dubius] P61
    `--T. mouatae Powell 1940 P61
  Glaphyrina Finlay 1927 P61
    |--*G. vulpicolor (Sowerby 1880) [=Fusus vulpicolor] F27a
    |--G. plicata Powell 1929 P61
    `--G. progenitor Finlay 1927 F27a

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[IZ77] Ingham, R. E., & J. A. Zischke. 1977. Prey preferences of carnivorous intertidal snails in the Florida Keys. Veliger 20 (1): 49–51.

[J49] Johnson, R. I. 1949. Jesse Wedgwood Mighels with a bibliography and a catalogue of his species. Occasional Papers on Mollusks 1 (14): 213–231.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus Supplement 1: 1–69.

[P89] Petuch, E. J. 1989. New species of Malea (Gastropoda: Tonnidae) from the Pleistocene of southern Florida. Nautilus 103 (3): 92–95.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

[PK11] Puillandre, N., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev, A. Couloux, C. Meyer, T. Rawlings, J. A. Todd & P. Bouchet. 2011. The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 259–272.

[S88] Snyder, M. A. 1988. Latirus martini (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae), a new species from Honduras. Nautilus 102 (2): 54–55.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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