Tulip snail Fasciolaria tulipa, copyright Amy Tripp.

Belongs within: Buccinoidea.
Contains: Fusinus, Latirus.

The Fasciolariidae, band shells and spindle shells, are a group of carnivorous gastropods found in both tropical and temperate seas. They have a long anterior canal (sometimes extraordinarily so), and a large horny operculum that fills the aperture when retracted (Wilson & Gillett 1971). Members of the subfamilies Fasciolariinae and Fusininae tend to be larger than the smaller, hard-shelled members of the Peristerniinae. Members of the genus Fasciolaria are commonly known as 'tulip shells' in reference to their shell's overall shape. The Fusininae, spindle shells, have more or less elongately fusiform shells with a smooth columella (Wilson & Gillett 1971).

<==Fasciolariidae [Fasciolariacea, Fasciolariadae, Fasciolariana, Fusinae, Fusinidae]
    |--Fusininae BR05
    |    |--Fusinus BR05
    |    |--Cyrtulus Hinds 1843 [Cyrtulidae] BR05
    |    |    `--*C. serotinus Hinds 1843 BR17
    |    `--Streptochetus Cossmann 1889 [Streptochetinae] BR05
    |         |--*S. intortus (Lamarck 1803) [=Fusus intortus] BR17
    |         `--S. incertus [=Fusus incertus] F27b
    |--Peristerniinae S88
    |    |--Latirus S88
    |    `--Peristernia Mörch 1852 BR05
    |         |--*P. nassatula (Lamarck 1822) [=Turbinella nassatula] BR17
    |         |--P. australiensis Reeve 1847 WG71
    |         |--P. fastigium (Reeve 1847) BW09
    |         |--P. incarnata Kiener 1840 BW09 [=Turbinella incarnata H09]
    |         |--P. lyrata (Reeve 1847) [=Turbinella lyrata] H09
    |         |--P. nodulosa Adams 1855 H08
    |         |--P. ustulata (Reeve 1847) BW09
    |         `--P. wagneri (Anton 1839) [=Turbinella wagneri] H09
    `--Fasciolaria Lamarck 1799 [Fasciolariinae] BR05
         |--*F. tulipa (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex tulipa] BR17
         |--F. australasia M54
         |--F. filamentosa (Bolten 1798) [=Fusus filamentosus] H09
         |--F. fusiformis Philippi 1845 [=Cancellaria fusiformis non Cantraine 1835] PH90
         |--F. gigas D56
         |--F. granosa C64
         |--F. hunteria (Perry 1811) IZ77
         |--F. okeechobeensis Tucker & Wilson 1932 P89
         |--F. princeps [incl. F. aurantiaca] C64
         |--F. sulcata C64
         |--F. tenisoni Tenison-Woods 1879 F71
         `--F. trapezium C60

Fasciolariidae incertae sedis:
  Saginafusus Iredale 1931 WG71
    `--S. pricei Smith 1887 WG71
  Propefusus Iredale 1924 WG71
    |--P. pyrulatus Reeve 1847 WG71
    `--P. undulatus M54
  Latirolagena Harris 1897 WG71
    `--L. smaragdula (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
  Euthriofusus tangituensis Marwick 1926 F27a
  Kryptos Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896 P66
    `--*K. elegans Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896 BW80 (see below for synonymy)
  Michela Gardner 1945 P66
    `--*M. trabeatoides (Harris 1895) [=Levifusus trabeatoides] P66
  Ruscula Casey 1904 P66
    `--*R. plicata (Lea 1833) [=Fasciolaria plicata, Fusus plicata] P66
  Surculofusus Vincent 1895 P66
    `--*S. bruxellensis Vincent 1895 P66
  Priscofusus Conrad 1865 P66
    |--*P. geniculus (Conrad 1849) [=Fusus geniculus] P66
    `--P. medialis P66
  Surculites Conrad 1865 P66
    |--*S. annosa (Conrad 1865) [=Surcula (*Surculites) annosa] P66
    `--S. errans (Solander 1766) [=Strombus errans] P66
  Pleuroploca Fischer 1884 WG71
    |--P. australasia Perry 1811 WG71
    |--P. filamentosa (Röding 1798) BW09
    `--P. trapezium F12
  Dennantia Tate 1888 DK08
    `--D. aldingensis (Tate 1888) [=Peristernia aldingensis] DK08
  ‘Caveola’ bellsana Stephenson 1953 PH90
  ‘Caveola’ pinguis Stephenson 1953 PH90
  Leucozonia S88
    |--L. cingulata [=Monoceros cingulatum] C64
    |--L. nasa (Gmelin 1791) S88
    |--L. ocellata (Gmelin 1791) [incl. L. ocellata var. lineata Usticke 1969] BC01
    `--L. smaragdula (Linnaeus 1758) [=Buccinum smaragdulum] H09
  Metzgeria Norman 1879 non Raddi 1818 (ICBN) O27 [=Meyeria Dunker & Metzger 1874 non M’Coy 1849 N79]
    |--*M. alba (Jeffreys in Wyville Thomson 1873) N79 (see below for synonymy)
    `--M. californica Dall 1903 O27
  Falsilatirus Emerson & Moffitt 1988 BC01
    `--*F. pacificus Emerson & Moffitt 1988 BC01
  Turrilatirus turritus (Gmelin 1791) PK11
  Pleia Finlay 1930 P61
    |--*P. decipiens [=Fasciolaria decipiens] P61
    `--P. cryptocarinata Dell 1956 P61
  Taron Hutton 1883 P61
    |--*T. dubius (Hutton 1878) [=Trophon dubius] P61
    `--T. mouatae Powell 1940 P61
  Glaphyrina Finlay 1927 P61
    |--*G. vulpicolor (Sowerby 1880) [=Fusus vulpicolor] F27a
    |--G. plicata Powell 1929 P61
    `--G. progenitor Finlay 1927 F27a
  ‘Clathurella’ rugosissima Locard 1897 BW80
  Mariafusus Petuch 1988 P12
  Conradconfusus Snyder 2000 P12
    `--C. parilis (Conrad 1832) P12
  Pseudaptyxis Petuch 1988 P12
    `--P. sanctaemariae Petuch 1988 P12
  Paralgena smaragdula SP72

*Kryptos elegans Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896 BW80 [=Pleurotomella elegans P66; incl. Pleurotomella atlantica Locard 1897 BW80, Pleurotoma atlantica P66, Pleurotomella demulcata Locard 1897 BW80, Pleurotomella koehleri Locard 1896 BW80]

*Metzgeria alba (Jeffreys in Wyville Thomson 1873) N79 [=Latirus albus N79, *Meyeria alba O27; incl. Lathyrus albellus Dunker & Metzger 1874 N79, Meyeria albellus N79, Tritonium pusillum Sars 1858 (n. n.) N79]

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 25 September 2021.

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