Natica canrena, copyright Laura Milano.

Belongs within: Naticidae.

Natica is a genus of predatory gastropods found in warm seas around the world, feeding on other molluscs. Members of the subgenus Cryptonatica are cold-water species found in the Arctic Ocean.

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell oval globular, porcellanous, solid, generally smooth, covered by fine transparent epidermis that is generally not very persistent; umbilicated, or umbilicus more or less filled with callus; aperture semilunar, vertical, outer lip simple. Operculum large, semilunar, paucispiral, corneous or calcareous.

<==Natica Scopoli 1777 BR05
    |--N. (Natica) O27
    |    |--*N. (N.) canrena O27
    |    `--N. (N.) scethra Dall 1908 PP78
    `--N. (Cryptonatica Dall 1892) O27
         |--N. (C.) affinis Gmelin 1792 O27
         |--N. (C.) aleutica Dall 1919 O27
         |--N. (C.) clausa Broderip & Sowerby 1829 O27
         |--‘Cryptonatica’ coosensis Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
         |--N. (C.) janthostoma Deshayes 1841 O27
         |--N. (C.) russa Gould 1859 O27
         `--N. (C.) salimba Dall 1919 O27

Natica incertae sedis:
  N. acinonyx Marche-Marchad 1957 BC01
  N. alapapilionis (Bolten 1798) [=Cochlis alapapilionis] H09
  N. alderi D56
  N. ambigua Morris & Lycett 1854 F27b
  N. arata Morris & Lycett 1854 F27b
  N. araucana [incl. N. australis d’Orbigny 1842 non Bosc 1801] F27b
  N. areolata Recluz 1844 H09
  N. australis Bosc 1801 F27b
  N. bacca A27
  N. bougei Sowerby 1908 BW09
  N. brunneolinea McLean 1970 BC01
  N. buriasensis Recluz 1844 H09
  N. callosa Cristofori & Jan 1832 F27b
  N. callosior F27b
  N. cayennensis Recluz 1850 [incl. N. hayesae Usticke 1959] BC01
  N. chinensis Lamarck 1822 H09
  N. colliei Recluz 1844 H09
  N. cunninghamensis Harris 1897 [=N. (Neverita) varians Tate 1893 (preoc.)] F27b
  N. deidosa Reeve 1855 H09
  N. denticulifera Marwick 1924 F27a
  N. dixoni Fernandes & Rolán 1992 BC01
  N. floridana C60
  N. groenlandica C60
  N. gaultieriana (Recluz 1844) BD12
  N. guesti Harasewych & Jensen 1984 BC01
  N. harrisensis A27
  N. haydeni Cossmann 1899 [=N. ambigua Meek & Hayden 1855 non Morris & Lycett 1854] F27b
  N. helvacea Lamarck 1822 H09
  N. incerta Smith 1906 F27b
  N. japovata Finlay 1927 [=N. ovata Sowerby 1914 nec Klipstein 1843 nec Hutton 1873] F27b
  N. koatensis Krumbeck 1924 NE02
  N. laevis Weerth 1884 F27b
  N. ‘laevis’ Kaunhowen 1898 nec Weerth 1884 nec N. (Ampullina) laevis Hutton 1885 nec N. levis Smith 1896 F27b
  N. limpida Smith 1884 H09
  N. lineata (Bolten 1798) F27b [=Cochlis lineatus H09]
  N. maroccana F66
  N. migratoria (Powell 1927) HS01
  N. multipunctata [incl. N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848] F27b
  N. oolithica Auerbach 1871 NE02
  N. ovata Klipstein 1843 F27b
  N. percostata (Schauroth 1859) NE02
  N. phytelephas Reeve 1855 MG-H11
  N. planispira Phillips 1836 F27b
  N. polita Q72
  N. pusilla HC79
  N. raynoldiana Recluz 1844 H09
  N. robillardi Sowerby 1843 BW09
  N. ryalli Fernandes & Rolán 1992 BC01
  N. sagrayana Orbigny 1850 S11
  N. semicostata Lepsius 1878 NE02
  N. seychellium Watson 1886 H09
  N. sigillata McLean 1970 BC01
  N. solida Blainville 1825 WG71
  N. stellata (Martyn 1786) [=Nerita stellata] H09
  N. subcostata Ten.-Woods 1878 H09
  N. subinfundibulum [incl. N. subinfundibulum var. crassa Tate 1893] F27b
  N. suppleta Finlay 1927 [=N. incerta Harmer 1919 non Smith 1906] F27b
  N. variabilis Reeve 1855 F27b
  N. vitellus Linné 1758 S11
  N. vixumbilicata Q72
  N. wintlei [incl. N. wintlei var. hamiltonensis Tenison-Woods 1878] F71

‘Cryptonatica’ coosensis Finlay 1927 [=Natica consors Dall 1909 non N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848] F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[F66] Fraser, L. 1866. Communication of a list of mollusks collected by R. Swinhoe, Esq., in Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 146.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45-80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HC79] Huff, J. A., & S. P. Cobb. 1979. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 5 (4): 1–101.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[NE02] Nützel, A., & D. H. Erwin. 2002. Battenizyga, a new Early Triassic gastropod genus with a discussion of the caenogastropod evolution at the Permian/Triassic boundary. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 76 (1): 21–27.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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