Natica canrena, copyright Laura Milano.

Belongs within: Naticidae.

Natica is a genus of predatory gastropods found in warm seas around the world, feeding on other molluscs. Members of the subgenus Cryptonatica are cold-water species found in the Arctic Ocean. Fossils have been assigned to Natica from the earliest Triassic but these assignments might be considered unlikely (Nützel & Erwin 2002).

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell oval globular, porcellanous, solid, generally smooth, covered by fine transparent epidermis that is generally not very persistent; umbilicated, or umbilicus more or less filled with callus; aperture semilunar, vertical, outer lip simple. Operculum large, semilunar, paucispiral, corneous or calcareous.

<==Natica Scopoli 1777 BR05
    |--N. (Natica) O27
    |    |--*N. (N.) vitellus (Linnaeus 1758) BR17 [=Nerita vitellus BR17, Polinices vitellus H09]
    |    |--N. (N.) canrena (Linnaeus 1758) O27, L58 [=Nerita canrena G20]
    |    `--N. (N.) scethra Dall 1908 PP78
    `--N. (Cryptonatica Dall 1892) O27
         |--N. (C.) affinis Gmelin 1792 O27 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. (C.) aleutica Dall 1919 O27
         |--N. (C.) clausa Broderip & Sowerby 1829 O27 [incl. N. beverlii Leach ms C64]
         |--‘Cryptonatica’ coosensis Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
         |--N. (C.) janthostoma Deshayes 1841 O27
         |--N. (C.) russa Gould 1859 O27
         `--N. (C.) salimba Dall 1919 O27

Natica incertae sedis:
  N. acinonyx Marche-Marchad 1957 BC01
  N. alapapilionis (Bolten 1798) H09 [=Cochlis alapapilionis H09; incl. N. zonaria C64]
  N. alderi D56
  N. alveata Conrad 1855 C64
  N. ambigua Morris & Lycett 1854 F27b
  N. arata Morris & Lycett 1854 F27b
  N. araucana [incl. N. australis d’Orbigny 1842 non Bosc 1801] F27b
  N. areolata Recluz 1844 H09
  N. australis Bosc 1801 F27b
  N. bacca A27
  N. bonplandi Valenciennes 1833 C64
  N. borealis N79
  N. bougei Sowerby 1908 BW09
  N. brunneolinea McLean 1970 BC01
  N. buriasensis Recluz 1844 H09
  N. cadorica G31
  N. callosa Cristofori & Jan 1832 F27b
  N. callosior F27b
  N. catena N79
  N. cayennensis Recluz 1850 [incl. N. hayesae Usticke 1959] BC01
  N. chinensis Lamarck 1822 H09
  N. colliei Recluz 1844 H09
  N. comelicana G31
  N. cunninghamensis Harris 1897 [=N. (Neverita) varians Tate 1893 (preoc.)] F27b
  N. deidosa Reeve 1855 H09
  N. denticulifera Marwick 1924 F27a
  N. dixoni Fernandes & Rolán 1992 BC01
  N. elenae [incl. N. excavata, N. haneti] C64
  N. floridana C60
  N. gaultieriana (Recluz 1844) BD12
  N. geniculata Conrad 1855 C64
  N. gibbosa Lea 1833 C64
  N. groenlandica C60
  N. guesti Harasewych & Jensen 1984 BC01
  N. guillemini PP64
  N. hamiltoni H86
  N. harrisensis A27
  N. haydeni Cossmann 1899 [=N. ambigua Meek & Hayden 1855 non Morris & Lycett 1854] F27b
  N. helicoides Barnes in Gray 1825 [=N. patula Sby. 1824 (preoc.)] C64
  N. helvacea Lamarck 1822 H09
  N. heros C64
  N. incerta Smith 1906 F27b
  N. islandica [=Nerita islandica] J64
  N. japovata Finlay 1927 [=N. ovata Sowerby 1914 nec Klipstein 1843 nec Hutton 1873] F27b
  N. koatensis Krumbeck 1924 NE02
  N. laevis Weerth 1884 F27b
  N. ‘laevis’ Kaunhowen 1898 nec Weerth 1884 nec N. (Ampullina) laevis Hutton 1885 nec N. levis Smith 1896 F27b
  N. limpida Smith 1884 H09
  N. lineata (Bolten 1798) F27b [=Cochlis lineatus H09]
  N. marocana G79 [=Nerita marocana G79; incl. Na. maroccana var. californica C64, Na. lurida C64]
  N. migratoria (Powell 1927) HS01
  N. montagui PP64
  N. moquiniana C64
  N. multipunctata [incl. N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848] F27b
  N. neozelanica H86
  N. neritina G31
  N. ocoyana Conrad 1855 C64
  N. oetites Conrad 1833 C64
  N. oolithica Auerbach 1871 NE02
  N. ovata Klipstein 1843 F27b
  N. percostata (Schauroth 1859) NE02
  N. phytelephas Reeve 1855 MG-H11
  N. planispira Phillips 1836 F27b
  N. polita Q72
  N. pusilla HC79
  N. pusiuncula G31
  N. raynoldiana Recluz 1844 H09
  N. robillardi Sowerby 1843 BW09
  N. ryalli Fernandes & Rolán 1992 BC01
  N. sagrayana Orbigny 1850 S11
  N. sanctaehelenae M01
  N. semicostata Lepsius 1878 NE02
  N. semilunata C64
  N. severa Gould 1859 C64
  N. seychellium Watson 1886 H09
  N. sigillata McLean 1970 BC01
  N. solida Blainville 1825 WG71
  N. sordida N79
  N. souleyetiana C64
  N. stellata (Martyn 1786) [=Nerita stellata] H09
  N. subcostata Ten.-Woods 1878 H09
  N. subinfundibulum [incl. N. subinfundibulum var. crassa Tate 1893] F27b
  N. suppleta Finlay 1927 [=N. incerta Harmer 1919 non Smith 1906] F27b
  N. suturalis H86
  N. taslei C64
  N. traillii M01
  N. turtoni PP64
  N. uber Valenciennces 1833 C64
  N. unifasciata [=N. maroccana var. unifasciata] C64
  N. variabilis Reeve 1855 F27b
  N. vixumbilicata Q72
  N. wintlei [incl. N. wintlei var. hamiltonensis Tenison-Woods 1878] F71

‘Cryptonatica’ coosensis Finlay 1927 [=Natica consors Dall 1909 non N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848] F27b

Natica (Cryptonatica) affinis Gmelin 1792 O27 [=Nerita affinis N79; incl. Na. consolidata J64, Na. glaucina J64, Na. septentrionalis J64]

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 12 June 2021.

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