Exoporia

Male Mnesarchaea acuta, photographed by George Gibbs.


Belongs within: Glossata.

The Exoporia is a smaller but morphologically diverse group of moths, varying from the small Mnesarchaea to the large ghost moths of the Hepialidae. Nevertheless, the group is supported by a number of morphological synapomorphies, including a female genital system with separate egg-laying and copulatory openings, with sperm transferred externally along a furrow (Wiegmann et al. 2002).

<==Exoporia [Hepialina]
    |--Mnesarchaea [Mnesarchaeidae, Mnesarchaeoidea] WRM02
    |    |--M. acuta WRM02
    |    |--M. fallax Philpott 1927 P27a
    |    |--M. fusca Philpott 1922 P27b
    |    |--M. hamadelpha Meyr. 1888 P27b
    |    |--M. loxoscia Meyr. 1888 P27b
    |    |--M. paracosma Meyr. 1886 P27b
    |    `--M. similis Philpott 1924 P27b
    `--Hepialoidea WRM02
         |--Palaeosetidae DS73
         |--Prototheoridae DS73
         |    |--Prototheora petrosema P27c
         |    `--Metatheora corvifera P27c
         `--Hepialidae GE05
              |--Aenetus virescens GE05, G01
              |--Trictena labyrinthica P27c
              |--Perrissectis australasiae P27c
              |--Oncopera mitocera P27c
              |--Leto staceyi GE05, P27c
              |--Pielus hyalinatus P27c
              |--Charagia virescens P27c
              |--Prohepialis GE05
              |--Fraus AY04
              |--Zelotypia AY04
              |--Oxycanus cervinatus D49
              |--Pharmacis fusconebulosa (De Geer 1778) JP05
              |--Korscheltellus WRM02
              |    |--K. gracilis WRM02
              |    `--K. lupulina (Linnaeus 1758) JP05
              |--Sthenopis WRM02
              |    |--S. argenteomaculatus P27c
              |    `--S. quadriguttatus WRM02
              |--Hepialus P27c
              |    |--H. gracilis P27c
              |    `--H. humuli P27c
              |--Wiseana M83
              |    |--W. cervinata M83
              |    |--W. signata H74
              |    `--W. umbraculata H74
              |--Porina P27a
              |    |--P. dinodes P27c
              |    |--P. fuscomaculata P27c
              |    |--P. jocosa P27c
              |    |--P. leonina Philpott 1927 P27a
              |    `--P. signata P27c
              `--Hectomanes P27c
                   |--H. bilineata P27c
                   |--H. crocea P27c
                   |--H. fusca P27c
                   |--H. polyspila P27c
                   `--H. simulans P27c

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects 'Down Under' - diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216-234.

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[D49] Dumbleton, L. J. 1949. Diplocystis oxycani n.sp. - a gregarine parasite of Oxycanus cervinatus Walk. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (4): 530-532.

[G01] Gibbs, G. W. 2001. Habitats and biogeography of New Zealand’s deinacridine and tusked weta species. In The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies (L. H. Field, ed.) pp. 35-55. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317-326.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[P27a] Philpott, A. 1927a. New Zealand Lepidoptera: Notes and descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 703-709.

[P27b] Philpott, A. 1927b. The genitalia of the Mnesarchaeidae. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 710-715.

[P27c] Philpott, A. 1927c. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721-746.

[WRM02] Wiegmann, B. M., J. C. Regier & C. Mitter. 2002. Combined molecular and morphological evidence on the phylogeny of the earliest lepidopteran lineages. Zoologica Scripta 31 (1): 67-81.

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