Collared trogon Trogon collaris, photographed by Phil Gunson.

Belongs within: Anomalogonatae.

The Trogonidae includes the trogons, brightly-coloured pantropical frugivorous or insectivorous birds. Trogons are distinguished from all other birds by their heterodactyl foot, with the first and second toes reverted (Mayr 2003).

    |--Priotelus temnurus FP64
    |--Apaloderma Swainson 1833 [incl. Paratrogon Lambrecht 1933; Apalodermatidae] M02
    |    |--A. aequatoriale PT03
    |    |--A. gallica (Milne-Edwards 1871) [=Trogon gallicus, *Paratrogon gallicus] M02
    |    `--A. narina FP64
    |--Pharomachrus M03
    |    |--P. auriceps HK08
    |    |--P. mocinno M03
    |    |    |--P. m. mocinno USDI77
    |    |    `--P. m. costaricensis USDI77
    |    `--P. pavoninus M03
    |--Harpactes Swainson 1833 [Harpactidae] B94
    |    |--H. ardens M03
    |    |--H. erythrocephalus VP89 [=Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus S89]
    |    |    |--H. e. erythrocephalus VP89
    |    |    `--H. e. yamakanensis VP89
    |    |--H. oreskios M03 [=Trogon oreskios W66]
    |    `--H. reinwardtii M03
    `--Trogon Brisson 1760 B94
         |--T. clathratus Salvin 1866 S66
         |--T. collaris SS66
         |--T. curucui SO03
         |--T. elegans FP64
         |--T. massena S66
         |--T. melanocephalus PT03
         |--T. melanurus MMJ03
         |--T. mexicanus FP64
         |--T. personatus HK08
         |--T. puella S66
         |--T. ramonianus [=Aganus ramonianus] SS66
         |--T. variegatus SS66
         |--T. violaceus FS55
         |    |--T. v. violaceus FS55
         |    `--T. v. sallaei FS55
         `--T. viridis M03 [incl. T. melanopterus SS66]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1-2): 9-19.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[HK08] Hackett, S. J., R. T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R. C. K. Bowie, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, J. L. Chojnowski, W. A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C. J. Huddleston, B. D. Marks, K. J. Miglia, W. S. Moore, F. H. Sheldon, D. W. Steadman, C. C. Witt & T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

[M03] Mayr, G. 2003. On the phylogenetic relationships of trogons (Aves, Trogonidae). Journal of Avian Biology 34 (1): 81-88.

[MMJ03] Mayr, G., A. Manegold & U. S. Johansson. 2003. Monophyletic groups within ‘higher land birds’ – comparison of morphological and molecular data. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 41: 233-248.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[PT03] Prum, R. O., & R. Torres. 2003. Structural colouration of avian skin: Convergent evolution of coherently scattering dermal collagen arrays. Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 2409-2429.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX. – Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369-438.

[S66] Salvin, O. 1866. Descriptions of eight new species of birds from Veragua. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 67-76.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175-201.

[SO03] Sorenson, M. D., E. Oneal, J. García-Moreno & D. P. Mindell. 2003. More taxa, more characters: The hoatzin problem is still unresolved. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20 (9): 1484-1499.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants - republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420-36431.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[W66] Walden, A. 1866. Notes on birds collected in Tennasserim and in the Andaman Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 537-556.

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