Black-collared barbet Lybius torquatus from South Africa, photographed by Giuliano Gerra and Silvio Sommazzi.

Belongs within: Piciformes.

The Ramphastidae contain the toucans, Neotropical frugivorous birds with distinctive large, canoe-shaped bills. Many authors also include the pantropical barbets in this family.

    |--Baillonius bailloni MMJ03
    |--Psilopogon MMJ03
    |--Andigena laminirostris A61
    |--Aulacorhynchus prasinus FP64
    |    |--A. p. prasinus FS55
    |    `--A. p. stenorhabdus FS55
    |--Aulacoramphus G66
    |    |--A. atrigularis G66
    |    |--A. caeruleigularis G66
    |    `--A. cyanolaemus Gould 1866 G66
    |--Trachyphonus Ranzani 1821 MMJ03, M02 [incl. Capitonides Ballmann 1969 M02; Trachyphonidae]
    |    |--T. erythrocephalus FP64
    |    |--T. europeus (Ballmann 1969) [=*Capitonides europeus] M02
    |    |--T. margaritatus (Cretzschmar 1828) [=Bucco margaritatus, Micropogon margaritatus] S05
    |    `--T. protractus (Ballmann 1983) [=Capitonides protractus] M02
    |--Selenidera MMJ03
    |    |--S. culik MMJ03
    |    |--S. langsdorfi SS66
    |    |--S. maculirostris MMJ03
    |    `--S. reinwardtii PT03
    |--Pteroglossus Illiger 1811 [Pteroglossidae] B94
    |    |--P. aracari MMJ03
    |    |--P. bitorquatus A61
    |    |--P. castanotis SS66
    |    |--P. humboldtii SS66
    |    |--P. torquatus FS55
    |    `--P. viridis A61
    |--Lybius Hermann 1783 MMJ03, B94 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--L. bidentatus FP64
    |    |--L. guifsobalito Hermann 1783 (see below for synonymy) S05
    |    |--‘Pogonias’ saltii Swainson 1837 S05
    |    |--L. torquatus A61
    |    |--L. undatus (Rüppell 1837) [=Pogonias undatus] S05
    |    |    |--L. u. undatus S05
    |    |    `--L. u. thiogaster Neumann 1903 S05
    |    `--‘Pogonias’ vieilloti D66
    |--Ramphastos Linnaeus 1758 B94
    |    |--R. ambiguus MMJ03
    |    |--R. culminatus SS66
    |    |--R. cuvieri SS66
    |    |--R. sulfuratus FP64
    |    |--R. swainsonii KK05
    |    |--R. toco PT03
    |    `--R. vitellinus MMJ03
    `--Pogoniulus Lafresnaye 1844 M02
         `--P. chrysoconus B93
              |--P. c. chrysoconus B93
              `--P. c. extoni (Layard 1871) [=Barbatula extoni] B93

Lybius Hermann 1783 MMJ03, B94 [incl. Pogonias Illiger 1811 non Lacépède 1802 B94, Pogonorhynchus van der Hoeven 1833 B94; Pogoniidae, Pogonorhynchidae]

Lybius guifsobalito
Hermann 1783 [incl. L. abyssinicus, L. habessinicus, Pogonias brucii Rüppell 1837, Phytotoma tridactyla] S05

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327-349.

[D66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324-332.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1-2): 9-19.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[G66] Gould, J. 1866. Description of a new species of toucan belonging to the genus Aulacoramphus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 24.

[KK05] Kloet, R. S. de, & S. R. de Kloet. 2005. The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 706-721.

[MMJ03] Mayr, G., A. Manegold & U. S. Johansson. 2003. Monophyletic groups within ‘higher land birds’ – comparison of morphological and molecular data. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 41: 233-248.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[PT03] Prum, R. O., & R. Torres. 2003. Structural colouration of avian skin: Convergent evolution of coherently scattering dermal collagen arrays. Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 2409-2429.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175-201.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

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