Parus

Great tit Parus major, photographed by Luc Viatour.


Belongs within: Paridae.

Parus is a genus of tits found in Eurasia and Africa. The genus is used here in a more restricted sense than that used by many past authors.

Parus Linnaeus 1758 M02
    |  i. s.: P. bokharensis D51
    |         P. cinereus B66
    |         P. leuconotus Guérin-Méneville 1843 [incl. P. dorsatus Rüppell 1845] S05
    |         P. minor D51
    |         P. songarus SB98
    |         P. venustulus VP89
    |--+--+--P. fasciiventer JF06
    |  |  `--P. rufiventer JF06
    |  `--+--P. funereus JF06
    |     `--+--P. albiventris JF06
    |        `--P. niger JF06
    `--+--+--P. major Linnaeus 1758 JF06, M02
       |  |    |--P. m. major VP89
       |  |    `--P. m. commixtus VP89
       |  `--P. monticolus JF06
       `--+--P. afer JF06
          `--+--P. holsti JF06
             `--+--P. spilonotus JF06
                |    |--P. s. spilonotus VP89
                |    `--P. s. rex VP89
                `--P. xanthogenys JF06

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B66] Bulger, G. E. 1866. List of birds observed at Wellington, Neilgherry Hills, about 6000 feet above the level of the sea, during the months of April and May, 1866. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 568-571.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species, 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

[SB98] Sturmbauer, C., B. Berger, R. Dallinger & M. Föger. 1998. Mitochondrial phylogeny of the genus Regulus and implications on the evolution of breeding behaviour in sylvioid songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 10 (1): 144-149.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

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