Spotted crake Porzana porzana, from here.

Belongs within: Gallinula.

Porzana is one of the primary genera of crakes, short-billed rails without significant aquatic adaptations (Livezey 1998). The phylogenetic analysis of Livezey (1998) indicated that the species included in Porzana form a paraphyletic grade within which are nested more derived aquatic groups such as the coots (Fulica) and moorhens (Gallinula).

<==Porzana Vieillot 1816 CC10
    |  i. s.: P. astrictocarpus Olson 1973 L98
    |         P. estramosi Jánossy 1979 [incl. P. estramosi veterior Jánossy 1979] M02
    |         P. keplororum Olson & James 1991 L98
    |         P. menehune Olson & James 1991 L98
    |         P. nigra HSS13
    |         P. ralphorum Olson & James 1991 L98
    |         P. rua Steadman 1986 L98
    |         P. severnsi Olson & James 1991 L98
    |         P. ziegleri Olson & James 1991 L98
    |--P. carolina (Linnaeus 1758) L98 [=Rallus carolinus G-RGT14]
    `--+--*P. porzana (Linnaeus 1766) CC10, L98, M02 [=Rallus porzana M02]
       `--P. fluminea Gould 1842 L98, G-RGT14 [=Ortygometra fluminea CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[G-RGT14] Garcia-R, J. C., G. C. Gibb & S. A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World's Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[L98] Livezey, B. C. 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 353: 2077–2151.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

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